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相对数量
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  relative quantity
     Methods:Method of mixturing()~3H-TdR to mice spteen cell was applied. After stimulation with canavaline(ConA)or lipid polysaccharides(LPS),the radioactive relative quantity(cpm) of()~3H-TdR in DNA in spleen cell.
     方法:采用小鼠脾细胞3H-TdR掺入法,用刀豆球蛋白(ConA)或脂多糖(LPS)刺激,测定掺入细胞DNA中3H-TdR的放射性相对数量(cpm)。
短句来源
     In recent years (from 1990 to 1998), the correlation between Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and relative quantity of larvae of shrimp was more obvious (γ=-0.565 8).
     对渔业资源影响关系表明 ,环境因子对幼对虾相对数量变化均有一定的影响 ,1990~ 1998年COD与幼对虾相对数量相关性相对较明显 (γ =- 0 .5 6 5 8) ,无机磷和无机氮与幼对虾数量相关性不明显。
短句来源
     It is worth to point out that from 1994 to 1998 the negative correlation between relative quantity of shrimp larvae and COD,IP was significant (γ=-0.863 3 and -0.792 8 respectively).
     但从不同时间段看 ,1990~ 1993年只有无机氮与幼对虾数量相关性明显 ,呈正相关关系 ,而 1994~ 1998年COD、无机磷与幼对虾相对数量却呈显著负相关 (γ =- 0 .86 33,γ =- 0 .792 8)。
短句来源
     By means of SEM, physical-chemical phase analysis and X-ray diffraction, the content of allaying elements in matrix, the particle size, type, disribution, relative quantity of carbide are investigated for samples treated with different annealing technology.
     利用物理化学相分析法,扫描电镜分析,X射线衍射分析,测定研究了H13钢不同退火工艺处理后钢的基体中合金元素含量,碳化物类型、尺寸,分布和相对数量
短句来源
     This article lists the priority of protection of the top 15 animals in danger and deduces the quantity of 5 animals by means of relative quantity.
     本研究排出了前15位珍稀濒危动物的优先保护顺序,用相对数量调查法推算出其中5种的数量。
短句来源
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  relative amount
     The influence on modifying MnS and Al2O3 inclusions is dependent on the activity ratios of RE to Mn and RE to Al. The (aRe·as)/(ao·aAl) value determines the relative amount of REAlO3 and RE2O2S and the properties of steel.
     稀土变质MnS和Al2O3夹杂的程度,分别取决于钢中稀土与锰和稀土与铝的活度比值,而活度比值(aRE·as)/(ao·aAl)决定了钢中REAlO3和RE2O2S的相对数量和性能。
短句来源
     There was no significant difference between chloroplast lamella and grana lamella of Castorbean in relative amount (βmax) of PS Ⅱ β and in rate constants (kα and kβ) of PS Ⅱ α and PS Ⅱ β photo-reactions,respectivfly.
     PSⅡ_β的相对数量(β_(max))及PSⅡ_α和PSⅡ_β的光反应速度常数(k_α和k_α),在蓖麻的基粒片层中和整个叶绿体片层中没有什么差别。
短句来源
     Pretreatment reagents of different acidity may cause the transformation between Ti(OSi) 3(OH) and Ti(OSi) 4 in zeolite framework, changing the relative amount of the two acid sites thus the catalyst activity in hydroxylation of benzene.
     由于不同的预处理剂具有不同的酸性 ,会不同程度地引起骨架中Ti(OSi) 3 (OH)和Ti(OSi) 4 之间的转化 ,从而改变分子筛表面两种酸中心的相对数量 ,进而影响其对苯羟基化反应的催化活性
短句来源
     Different types of interaction in the catalyst result in difference in the type and relative amount of adsorption centers for CO and H2 on the catalyst surface.
     不同的相互作用导致CO和H2的吸附中心种类、相对数量发生变化。
短句来源
     Conclusion Glycemic control may improve islet β cell funct ion including glucose stimulated insulin secretion and non-glucose stimulated i nsulin secretion, and reduces absolute and relative amount of PI secretion in ty pe 2 diabetes.
     结论 血糖控制可改善胰岛 β细胞葡萄糖刺激的及非葡萄糖刺激的胰岛素分泌功能 ,减少PI分泌绝对及相对数量
短句来源
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  relative number
     (3) When the concentration of Bacillus were 3.0×10~11 cfu/kg feed, 5.0×10~11 cfu/kg feed, the relative number of iIEL of grass carp increased significantly.
     (3)当芽孢杆菌在饲料中添加浓度为3.0×10~(11)cfu/kg饲料和5.0×10~(11)cfu/kg饲料时,草鱼iIEL的相对数量显著增加。
短句来源
     43 species are identified,including 6 common species,and the relative number of soil protozoa in compound sewage pollution soil is low.
     共记录了43种土壤原生动物,6种共有种,污染土壤中原生动物相对数量少.
短句来源
     4. Relative number (in 10×40 field) of the follicles was the most at birth, thereafter it gradually reduced with age.
     甲状腺滤泡的相对数量(在10×40倍视野内)初生时最多,以后随年龄而逐漸减少。
短句来源
     It together with the experimental lattice constants of solid solutions of the various concentration gives the relative number of interstitial and substitutional phosphorus atoms. The approximete valence electron structure of αFe-P solid solution is obtained, its precipiate of γ′-Fe_(>4)P phase during the aging and. the anormal lattice constant changes with it are discussed.
     结合固溶体不同成分下晶格常数实验资料,导出了各种成分固溶体内代位磷原子和间隙磷原子的相对数量,提出了αFe-P固溶体的近似价电子结构,并讨论了γ′Fe_(>4)P相的时效析出及伴随的反常点阵常数变化。
短句来源
     The paper reported the bird composition,the relative number change,the climate bird's coming and going as well as the time of travelling bird's travelling through Qionghai lake and its coast in September to November,1988.
     报道了1988年9~11月初,西昌邛海及海滨区的鸟类组成,相对数量的变动,候鸟的来去和旅鸟旅经的时间,可供鸟类生态学、野生动物保护管理部门参考.
短句来源
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  “相对数量”译为未确定词的双语例句
     X-ray analysis shows that the addition of rare-earth can change the relative content of the γ-Fe/Go/Ni and α- Fe/Co/Ni.
     X衍射分析显示稀土的添加可改变粘结相中γ-Fe/Co/Ni和α-Fe/Co/Ni的相对数量
短句来源
     The percentage of OKT~+_3, OKT~+_4, OKT~+_8 cells and total E-rosettes(Et)as well as active E-rosettes(Ea)in PBL of healthy chinese people are respectively similar to those reported previously, The percentage of OKT~+_3, OKT~+_4 and Et in viral hepatitis patients decrease significantlY.
     本文报告了用单克隆抗体法及E—玫瑰花环法对比研究正常人及病毒性肝炎患者外周血T淋巴细胞亚群的初步结果。 我国正常人外周血OKT_3~+、OKT_4~+及OKT_8~+三类T细胞的相对数量,总E(Et)及活性E(Ea)花环正常值均与文献报道极为接近。
短句来源
     Inhibitory effect of VP-16 and DDP on survival of K562 cells was m easured by MTT assay.
     应用噻唑蓝(MTT)法检测用药后细胞的存活相对数量,计算VP鄄16和DDP应用对K562细胞的抑制作用;
短句来源
     Results CHB patients with serum HBV DNA <106 copies/ml exhibited a significant increase in the percentage of circulating DC2 in comparison with those of CHB patients with serum HBV DNA ≥ 106 and with healthy donors (P < 0.05). The two latter groups showed no significant differences between each other.
     结果血清HBV DNA<106拷贝/ml慢乙肝患者外周血DC2相对数量显著高于HBV DNA≥106拷贝/ml患者和健康者(P<0.05),而后两组间DC2的差异无统计学意义;
短句来源
     Percentage analysis of peripheral dendritic cells in patients with chronic hepatitis B
     慢性乙型肝炎患者外周血树突状细胞亚群相对数量特点的分析
短句来源
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  relative quantity
The relative quantity or cell volume is changed together with the concerted behavior of other WBC classes, i.e., content, volume, and distribution of the cells.
      
Therefore, the multiplying factor virtually expresses the relative quantity of structural units in the alloying elements-containing austenite.
      
The degree of polymerization and the relative quantity of the different series of macromolecular chains of polyisobutylene were estimated.
      
The dependence between the relative quantity E and the mean size dm of satellite-drops formed in fluid atomization by a rotating disk and the parameters of the process is investigated experimentally.
      
The relative quantity of each of the proteins resolved from plants was correlated with proteins of other plants via the Pearson's product-moment correlation.
      
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  relative amount
The relative amount of primary alkyl radicals formed in the degradation of excited states and the subsequent charge neutralization processes should be insignificant.
      
The activation energies of the luminescence-active chemisorption of oxygen on electron-donor centers of the zeolite surface and relative amount of centers were determined.
      
In addition to that, simple diffuse reflectance spectra give information about a relative amount of two spin states of the cobalt bipyridine complexes and their alteration upon the method used.
      
The relative amount of products undergoing oxidation at the aromatic ring and at the methyl group depends on the ozonation conditions, especially on the process temperature.
      
Nonzero modes of the sigma model increase the mean interlevel distance by the relative amount [2 ln (1/ω0τ)]-1.
      
更多          
  relative number
The maximum relative number-average molecular weight (
      
The results of Monte Carlo calculations on the relative number of spatially overlapping holes Wover in track membranes, depending on porosity P for possible angular distributions of ion incidence (pore orientation) are presented.
      
The values of the relative number of overlapping pores in the bulk, Wm (m = 2, 3, ..., 10), were calculated and the relative hole overlap areas were determined.
      
In a submerged staphylococcal culture, the relative number of cells producing G-type colonies varied from 10 to 90%, depending on the concentration of the AHB added.
      
The relative number of microaerobic denitrifying microorganisms steeply increased with depth.
      
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The simplified Coal characteristic Coefficient β' = 2.35, as proposed in author's two previous papers to ho used with Vr for coal classification, has been for the first time repeatedly proved as shown in many graphs (Fig. 2-Fig 9) to represent (a) the foundamental characteristics of coal, like caking property, heating value, plastic layer thickness. etc. (b) the quality of the side Chain of the coal crystal (c) the percentage proportion of vitrain composition with respect to the other constitutents in petrographic...

The simplified Coal characteristic Coefficient β' = 2.35, as proposed in author's two previous papers to ho used with Vr for coal classification, has been for the first time repeatedly proved as shown in many graphs (Fig. 2-Fig 9) to represent (a) the foundamental characteristics of coal, like caking property, heating value, plastic layer thickness. etc. (b) the quality of the side Chain of the coal crystal (c) the percentage proportion of vitrain composition with respect to the other constitutents in petrographic components, during the different stages of coalification. (2) The simplified coal characteristic coefficient β' can be used to substitute the free swelling index, Roga number L.R. and the plastic layer thickness y etc in the coal classification of type together with the volatile matter on combustible basis VP for the coal classification of rank. (graph 10-graph 16) (3) Besides the VP and β' coal classification system,(Fig - 18), Carbon content on combustible basis CP with the free hydrogen H°= (HP=)for coal classification (Fig-23), VP vervus classification (Fig.-24), VP versus H°(Fig. -25) and VP versus (Fig-26) coal classification are also proposed. Comparisons of the different systems are made with the conclusion of adopting VP versus β' as the most logical system. (4) In the VP versus β' graph; the plastic layer thickness y curves (Fig.-27) represent the the rate of vitrinification during the different stages of coalification due to the different constituents of principal peat-forming plant substances. So a new international three-parameter coal classification system is proposed with the volatile matter on combustible basis VP as the first parameter and the simplified coal characteristic coefficient β' as the second principal parameter with the thickness of plastic layer y in mm as the third parameter. (Fig-28)

(1)简化特性系数β’=2.35代表着煤的分子结构中侧链的本质,而纯燃质挥发分 VP代表着煤的原始物质中侧链与核心部分的相对数量. (2)简化特性系β',即自由氢碳比率函数,是煤岩成分比例不同的标志;角质类和不透明质与透明基质数量的相对比例的标志;是镜煤质与非镜煤质含量相对数值比例的标志,亦即是镜煤化程度的标志。 (3)简化特性系β'反映了煤的特性,焦油产率,炼焦性质,胶层厚度,发热量及碳含量,氢含量,氧含量等,并有充分的证明。 (4)简化特性系β’揭露了近百年来国际间对於煤的特性的秘密,而是国际上有最完善的理论根据的分类指标。 (5)因此,作者建议(a)用VP及β’来作为中国煤工艺技术分类指标(6)用VP,β'与y作为国际煤分类指标,其中 厚度y,根据作者的见解,代表着煤在碳化过程中,凝 化的速度的标志。

The simplified coal characteristic coefficient as proposed in author's previous paper "New Industrial-genetic Classification for Chinese Coals and a New Proposal for International Coal Classification system", has been for the second time proved to represent: (a) The quality of the coal crystal; (b) The percentage proportion of vitrinite composition with respect to the other constituents in petrographic components, exinite and micrinite, during the different stages of coalification. (2) With the use of the...

The simplified coal characteristic coefficient as proposed in author's previous paper "New Industrial-genetic Classification for Chinese Coals and a New Proposal for International Coal Classification system", has been for the second time proved to represent: (a) The quality of the coal crystal; (b) The percentage proportion of vitrinite composition with respect to the other constituents in petrographic components, exinite and micrinite, during the different stages of coalification. (2) With the use of the latest published international data of elementary ultimate analysis and petrographic analysis of pure macerals of coal, the physical meaning of the simplified coal characteristic coefficient has been definitely proved to represent the quality index of the coal crystal as well as the relative proportion of petrographic constituents. (3) With banded coal of vitrain and clarain, the proposed coal classification system with the use of Vr and B' as two parameters can be used perfectly well as the other classification systems in other countries. With the non-banded coal like cannel coal and boghead coal, which are of the different origin of algae and spores, resins, then the quality of the coal will be slightly different even with the same value of B'. (4) The simplified coal characteristic coefficient is the most interesting and wonderful coefficient ever discovered to interpret the different characteristics of coals at the different stages of coalification. (5) Critical opinions are heartily welcomed by the author of this Paper.

在前一研究报告“中国煤工艺技术分类及国际煤分类新方案建议”(21)中,作者即根据许多证明而提出用Vr及简化特性系数来分类,其中 (1)纯燃质挥发份Vr代表煤分子结构侧链与核心相对数量的标志, (2)简化特性系数代表(a)煤分子结构侧链质量的新指标,(6)代表煤中镜煤含量 与非镜煤含量相对数量的标志。 但许多科学家指出原报告主要系根据中国数据经过图解分析而得出结论,而原报告内对于镜煤含量 的区域注解未曾获得最后结论,应再利用国际间公布的数据,进行验证* 此研究报告的结论证明:1简化特性系数代表着煤分子结构的质量指标;2代表着煤的岩相组成的相对数量;3代表着煤的物理化学特性;4对腐植煤来说,煤分类新方案建议是完全正确可用。 作者声明,国际间所有分类指标,均系各国科学家们深湛研究及坚苦劳动的成果,作者绝不存有把简化特性系数取而代之的意思;但这新发现的煤分子质量指标,已经一再的被证明准确,是值得考虑采用的。希望国际间科学家们正视这个新发现而提出指正的意见。 本研究报告的主要任务是: (1)运用国际间公布的数据来证明简化特性系数 代表煤分子结构侧链质量的新指标; (II)运用国际数据...

在前一研究报告“中国煤工艺技术分类及国际煤分类新方案建议”(21)中,作者即根据许多证明而提出用Vr及简化特性系数来分类,其中 (1)纯燃质挥发份Vr代表煤分子结构侧链与核心相对数量的标志, (2)简化特性系数代表(a)煤分子结构侧链质量的新指标,(6)代表煤中镜煤含量 与非镜煤含量相对数量的标志。 但许多科学家指出原报告主要系根据中国数据经过图解分析而得出结论,而原报告内对于镜煤含量 的区域注解未曾获得最后结论,应再利用国际间公布的数据,进行验证* 此研究报告的结论证明:1简化特性系数代表着煤分子结构的质量指标;2代表着煤的岩相组成的相对数量;3代表着煤的物理化学特性;4对腐植煤来说,煤分类新方案建议是完全正确可用。 作者声明,国际间所有分类指标,均系各国科学家们深湛研究及坚苦劳动的成果,作者绝不存有把简化特性系数取而代之的意思;但这新发现的煤分子质量指标,已经一再的被证明准确,是值得考虑采用的。希望国际间科学家们正视这个新发现而提出指正的意见。 本研究报告的主要任务是: (1)运用国际间公布的数据来证明简化特性系数 代表煤分子结构侧链质量的新指标; (II)运用国际数据来证明简化特性系数 代表镜煤含量 与非镜煤含量相?

Rolling textures and recrystallization textures have been studied in iron siliconalloys containing silicon 4.15%,2.9% and 3.35% respectively.X-ray pole figures haveshown that rolling textures can be described as(001)[110],(112)[110]and(111)[112]in all alloys after cold reductions greater than 60%.Upon annealing,recrystalli-zation textures are as follows:(001)[110]with a rotation of 0°-30° about[001]axis,(111)[112]and(110)[001].The mechanism of formation of recrystallization textures has been investigated bysuccessive...

Rolling textures and recrystallization textures have been studied in iron siliconalloys containing silicon 4.15%,2.9% and 3.35% respectively.X-ray pole figures haveshown that rolling textures can be described as(001)[110],(112)[110]and(111)[112]in all alloys after cold reductions greater than 60%.Upon annealing,recrystalli-zation textures are as follows:(001)[110]with a rotation of 0°-30° about[001]axis,(111)[112]and(110)[001].The mechanism of formation of recrystallization textures has been investigated bysuccessive stages of annealing.The following conclusions have been obtained:1)The(100)[110]texture having a rotation of 0°-30° about[001]axis wasdeveloped through the process of“recrystallization-in-situ”.2)Since the intensity of(110)[001]annealing texture seemed to vary in cor-respondence with the intensity of(111)[112]rolling texture,the mechanism of(110)[001]formation could be considered preferably from the point of view of“orientednucleation”hypothesis.3)There existed a definite sequence of disappearance of the various rolling texturecomponents,the(111)[112]texture disappeared first and the(001)[110]last.Thisobservation is in agreement with what has been found in single crystals of iron silicon.However,it is shown that this capability of recrystallization does not depend on therelative amount of the given rolling texture present,rather it depends on the type ofthe given texture itself.

本文研究了含矽量为4.15%,2.9%和3.35%的矽钢片的加工结构和再结晶结构。用X射线测定极图的结果证明:在所有合金中,当最后冷轧轧下量大于60%时,其加工结构是(001)[110],(112)[(?)]及(111)[(?)]。退火后的初次再结晶结构是(001)[110]绕[001]轴旋转0°—30°,(111)[(?)]及(110)[001]。本文还研究了再结晶结构的形成过程,借以了解它的形成机构。结果表明:(1)再结晶结构(001)[110]绕[001]轴旋转0°—30°是通过“同位再结晶”(recrystallizatton in-situ)的过程,然后围绕垂直于压延平面的轴旋转而成。(2)再结晶的最初阶段的(110)[001]结构与加工结构(111)[(?)]在数量上有对应的关系,因此,我们认为用定向生核理论来解释(110)[001]的形成较为适当。在几何关系上,前人曾指出,再结晶结构(110)[001]可认为是由加工结构(111)[112]绕〈110〉轴旋转35°而来,这个观点是与本文结果符合的。(3)在退火过程中,加工结构的消失具有一定顺序:(111)[(?)]最先消失,(001)[110]最...

本文研究了含矽量为4.15%,2.9%和3.35%的矽钢片的加工结构和再结晶结构。用X射线测定极图的结果证明:在所有合金中,当最后冷轧轧下量大于60%时,其加工结构是(001)[110],(112)[(?)]及(111)[(?)]。退火后的初次再结晶结构是(001)[110]绕[001]轴旋转0°—30°,(111)[(?)]及(110)[001]。本文还研究了再结晶结构的形成过程,借以了解它的形成机构。结果表明:(1)再结晶结构(001)[110]绕[001]轴旋转0°—30°是通过“同位再结晶”(recrystallizatton in-situ)的过程,然后围绕垂直于压延平面的轴旋转而成。(2)再结晶的最初阶段的(110)[001]结构与加工结构(111)[(?)]在数量上有对应的关系,因此,我们认为用定向生核理论来解释(110)[001]的形成较为适当。在几何关系上,前人曾指出,再结晶结构(110)[001]可认为是由加工结构(111)[112]绕〈110〉轴旋转35°而来,这个观点是与本文结果符合的。(3)在退火过程中,加工结构的消失具有一定顺序:(111)[(?)]最先消失,(001)[110]最后消失。某一加工结构的再结晶本领并不决定于它的相对数量的多少,而是决定于该结构的类型。在含矽量为2.9%的样品中,经一系列的加工及热处理后,获得了发展良好的第二次再结晶结构(110)[001],其偏离度为15°(110)[001]结构即一般取向矽钢片所要求的择尤取向。

 
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