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社区监测
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  community monitoring
     The Rapid Evaluation Results of Community Monitoring and Early-warning System for Infectious Diseases as well as the Level of Perceiving of the Public in Kashgar Region of Xinjiang
     新疆喀什地区传染病社区监测与预警系统及公众认知水平快速评估结果
短句来源
     ②develop hospital and community monitoring;
     2开展医院监测和社区监测 ;
短句来源
     Objective The study aimed to evaluate the ability of community monitoring and early-warning system for infectious diseases and the level of perceiving of the public in Kashgar Region of Xinjiang for early recognition of the infectious disease, as well as timely reporting and handling.
     目的评估新疆喀什地区传染病社区监测与预警系统及公众传染病认知水平在传染病早期识别、及时上报及应对等方面的能力。
短句来源
     Yet, because the monitoring and handling ability of infectious diseases was low at the community level, the risk of failing to recognize and report suspected human cases of avian flu and other infectious diseases at early stage still exists. The construction of "community monitoring and early-warning system for infectious diseases" should be strengthened at the community levels of rural areas henceforth.
     但由于社区水平传染病监测与应对能力较低,仍存在不能早期识别和报告的可疑的人类禽流感病例及其他传染病的危险,今后要加强农村社区“传染病的社区监测与预警”系统的建设。
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  “社区监测”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Objective To understand the current situation and the trend of incidence of stroke in monitored population in Shanghai trial communities for comprehensive preventing and controlling cardio - cerebrovascular diseases from 1999 to 2001, and to explore the effective measures for decreasing the incidence rate of stroke in the community population.
     目的 了解上海市1999~2001年心脑血管疾病防治点社区监测人群中脑卒中发病现状及变化趋势,探索降低社区人群脑卒中发病率的有效措施。
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  相似匹配句对
     Community
     社区
短句来源
     Supervision and Analysis of Children Nutrition of Social District
     社区儿童营养监测分析
短句来源
     ②develop hospital and community monitoring;
     2开展医院监测社区监测 ;
短句来源
     Community Business-street
     社区的商业街
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     3)Surveillance and Monitoring;
     检测和监测 ;
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  community monitoring
Therefore, the view that RAPD could be useful for whole microbial community monitoring was strengthened.
      
The investigators used a well-tested conceptual CBM framework developed by the Canadian Community Monitoring Network (CCMN) as a basis from which to work.
      
Plant community monitoring data were assessed against reference communities from this regional baseline to illustrate the potential advantages of the method.
      
government) who occasionally conducts monitoring himself/herself and supervises the community monitoring.
      
Resource managers urgently need indicators of the biological condition of reef environments that can relate data acquired through remote-sensing, water-quality and benthic-community monitoring to stress responses in reef organisms.
      
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Since 1996,the perinatal infants had been monitored on birth defect in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. In the recent 6 years, 101 594 cases perinatal infants were monitored, 1 550 cases with birth defect were found. The occurrence rate of birth defect was 9 60‰, 12 02‰, 14 90 ‰, 15 08‰, 17 46‰, 17 97‰, respectively. The birth defect rate have upward trend from 1996 to 2001; The boys with birth defect rate is 15 32‰, the girls with birth defect rate is 14 57‰, there is significant difference ( χ 2=28...

Since 1996,the perinatal infants had been monitored on birth defect in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. In the recent 6 years, 101 594 cases perinatal infants were monitored, 1 550 cases with birth defect were found. The occurrence rate of birth defect was 9 60‰, 12 02‰, 14 90 ‰, 15 08‰, 17 46‰, 17 97‰, respectively. The birth defect rate have upward trend from 1996 to 2001; The boys with birth defect rate is 15 32‰, the girls with birth defect rate is 14 57‰, there is significant difference ( χ 2=28 56, P <0 005); The occurrence rate of birth defect in city and countryside is 14 54‰ and 16 29‰, respectively. There is significant difference in city and countryside ( χ 2=5 02, P <0 05); The age of puerpera ≥35 is a high risk factor of birth defect; death of birth defect infants is the first reason in perinatal infant death; the five former order of birth defect are Bart's fetal hydrous syndrome, polydactyly, harelip combined with palatoschisis, congenital hydrocephalus, shortening deformity of extremity. The intervene measures have: ①set up reasonably monitoring network over an area; ②develop hospital and community monitoring; ③ take 3 level prevention measures to prevent happening of birth defect; ④ bring the 3 level MCH network monitoring action into full play; ⑤ set up and switch on the "intervene project of birth defect "; ⑥ develop and perfect law system to interfere the birth defect by law.

按照卫生部关于“三网合一”监测方案的要求 ,自 1996年以来 ,系统地对全自治区围产儿进行了出生缺陷监测 ,6年中共监测围产儿 10 15 94例 ,发现出生缺陷儿 15 5 0例 ,各年度的出生缺陷发生率分别为 9.60‰、12 .0 2‰、14.90‰、15 .0 8‰、17.46‰、17.97‰ ,呈现明显的上升趋势 ;男、女婴出生缺陷发生率分别为 15 .3 2‰、14.5 7‰ ,有明显差异 ( χ2 =2 8.5 6,P<0 .0 0 5 ) ;城乡出生缺陷发生率为 14.5 4‰、 16.2 9‰ ,有明显差异 ( χ2 =5 .0 2 ,P<0 .0 5 ) ;产母年龄≥ 3 5岁是出生缺陷的高危因素 ;出生缺陷儿死亡居围产儿死亡的首位原因 ;前 5位出生缺陷为巴氏胎儿水肿综合征 ,多指 (趾 )、唇裂并腭裂、先天性脑积水、肢体短缩。干预措施为 :1合理布局监测网点 ;2开展医院监测和社区监测 ;3积极开展出生缺陷发生的三级预防措施 ;4充分发挥三级妇幼保健网对出生缺陷的监测作用 ;5建立和启动“出生缺陷干预工程”;6培育和健全法律体系 ,使出生缺陷的干预有法可依

Objective To understand the current situation and the trend of incidence of stroke in monitored population in Shanghai trial communities for comprehensive preventing and controlling cardio - cerebrovascular diseases from 1999 to 2001, and to explore the effective measures for decreasing the incidence rate of stroke in the community population. Methods Data on morbidity of stroke were collected and analyzed from the monitoring system of cardio - cerebrovascular diseases in Shanghai. Results In the recent three...

Objective To understand the current situation and the trend of incidence of stroke in monitored population in Shanghai trial communities for comprehensive preventing and controlling cardio - cerebrovascular diseases from 1999 to 2001, and to explore the effective measures for decreasing the incidence rate of stroke in the community population. Methods Data on morbidity of stroke were collected and analyzed from the monitoring system of cardio - cerebrovascular diseases in Shanghai. Results In the recent three years, the average incidence rate of stroke was 154.84/105 (the standardized morbidity was 77.00/105) in 1.2 million monitored population in Shanghai trial communities, in which the urban and the rural population accounted for 51% and 49%, respectively. The average incidence rate of stroke in the urban and the rural areas was 174.92/105 (the standardized morbidity was 75.88/105) and 133.77/105 (the standardized morbidity was 84.7/105), respectively. During the recent three years, the total incidence rate of stroke in monitored population had a tendency of declining. The declining of incidence rate was more remarkable lower in the urban areas than that in the rural areas. In both of the urban and the rural areas, the incidence rate of ischemic stroke was in the highest ranking of the incidence of all types of stroke. However, the incidence rate of stroke in males was higher than that in females. The incidence rate of stroke ascended exponentially with the age increasing. The numbers of stroke patients aged above 60 years old accounted for 88.79% in total numbers of stroke patients. Conclusions It was demonstrated that the comprehensive intervention measurements for preventing and controlling stroke, which were conducted in Shanghai trial communities, made it possible to decline the total incidence rate of stroke in monitored population. It is suggested that more attention should be paid to preventing and controlling stroke in Shanghai, especially in the rural areas, and the population aged above 60 years old should be considered as the most important target persons for community- based intervention.

目的 了解上海市1999~2001年心脑血管疾病防治点社区监测人群中脑卒中发病现状及变化趋势,探索降低社区人群脑卒中发病率的有效措施。方法 利用上海市1999~2001年心脑血管疾病防治监测网络系统收集的脑卒中新发病例登记报告及汇总资料进行统计分析,并对监测人群脑卒中发病率进行趋势分析。结果 上海市1999~2001年120万监测人群,脑卒中3年平均发病率为154.84/10万(标化发病率为77.00/10万),市区和郊区脑卒中3年平均发病率分别为174.92/10万(标化发病率为75.88/10万)和133.77/10万(标化发病率为84.71/10万)。3年来全市监测人群脑卒中总发病率呈下降趋势,其中市区下降较明显,而郊区略有上升。无论市区和郊区均以缺血性脑卒中发病率最高,脑卒中发病率男性均高于女性,35岁以上各年龄组发病率随年龄增长呈几何级数增加,60岁以上发病人数占总发病人数的88.79%。结论 3年来上海市监测人群脑卒中总发病率呈下降趋势,可能与上海市在心脑血管疾病防治点社区开展以控制高血压为主的社区人群综合性干预措施有关。建议以点带面加强全市社区人群脑卒中的防治工作,尤其要加强郊区人群...

目的 了解上海市1999~2001年心脑血管疾病防治点社区监测人群中脑卒中发病现状及变化趋势,探索降低社区人群脑卒中发病率的有效措施。方法 利用上海市1999~2001年心脑血管疾病防治监测网络系统收集的脑卒中新发病例登记报告及汇总资料进行统计分析,并对监测人群脑卒中发病率进行趋势分析。结果 上海市1999~2001年120万监测人群,脑卒中3年平均发病率为154.84/10万(标化发病率为77.00/10万),市区和郊区脑卒中3年平均发病率分别为174.92/10万(标化发病率为75.88/10万)和133.77/10万(标化发病率为84.71/10万)。3年来全市监测人群脑卒中总发病率呈下降趋势,其中市区下降较明显,而郊区略有上升。无论市区和郊区均以缺血性脑卒中发病率最高,脑卒中发病率男性均高于女性,35岁以上各年龄组发病率随年龄增长呈几何级数增加,60岁以上发病人数占总发病人数的88.79%。结论 3年来上海市监测人群脑卒中总发病率呈下降趋势,可能与上海市在心脑血管疾病防治点社区开展以控制高血压为主的社区人群综合性干预措施有关。建议以点带面加强全市社区人群脑卒中的防治工作,尤其要加强郊区人群的脑卒中防治工作,并以60岁以上人群为重点防治对象。

Objective The study aimed to evaluate the ability of community monitoring and early-warning system for infectious diseases and the level of perceiving of the public in Kashgar Region of Xinjiang for early recognition of the infectious disease, as well as timely reporting and handling. Methods The qualitative analysis and evaluation were carried out by collecting existing information, organizing personal interviews with members of the institutes and interviews with the special groups of students and residents,...

Objective The study aimed to evaluate the ability of community monitoring and early-warning system for infectious diseases and the level of perceiving of the public in Kashgar Region of Xinjiang for early recognition of the infectious disease, as well as timely reporting and handling. Methods The qualitative analysis and evaluation were carried out by collecting existing information, organizing personal interviews with members of the institutes and interviews with the special groups of students and residents, together with obtaining information through rapid evaluation, such as on-site observation etc. Results Preliminary monitoring and reporting system for the epidemic situation has been established for the healthcare systems at levels of county and village. Favorable department collaboration, information communication and emergency system have been established for dealing with sudden epidemic situations, such as avian influenza. The capability for early recognition, timely reporting and handling of infectious diseases was low relatively at the community level, which was characterized by the follows: doctors in the village health center were lacking in enough alert to avian influenza epidemic and in understanding of the diagnostic criteria, as well as in the skill of making rapid diagnosis and handling to the diseases according to the existing clinical and epidemic historical data; the schools lacked the mechanism of recognition, monitoring and reporting for the infectious diseases; the level of perceiving of the local public to the infectious diseases, such as avian influenza, was very low, and their ability for self-care and seeing the doctor at early stage according to the symptoms was insufficient; the public propaganda and education, especially the school health education, was rather limited. Conclusion The monitoring and reporting system of infectious diseases in health care system of Kashgar should be able to handle the possible outbreak and spread of avian influenza and sudden epidemic situation timely and effectively at least at the county level. Yet, because the monitoring and handling ability of infectious diseases was low at the community level, the risk of failing to recognize and report suspected human cases of avian flu and other infectious diseases at early stage still exists. The construction of "community monitoring and early-warning system for infectious diseases" should be strengthened at the community levels of rural areas henceforth.

目的评估新疆喀什地区传染病社区监测与预警系统及公众传染病认知水平在传染病早期识别、及时上报及应对等方面的能力。方法采用收集现有资料、组织对机构人员进行的个人访谈、以及对学生与居民的专题小组访谈,同时结合现场观察等快速评估方法收集信息,进行定性分析和评估。结果在县乡级卫生系统内已建立了初步的疫情监测与报告系统,针对禽流感等突发疫情,已建立了良好的部门配合、信息沟通与应急机制。社区水平传染病早期识别、及时报告与应对能力较低,表现在乡卫生院医生缺乏对禽流感流行的足够警觉及对诊断标准的了解,缺乏在现有临床及流行病史资料基础上对疾病做出快速诊断与处理的技能。学校缺乏传染病识别、监测与报告机制,当地公众对禽流感等传染病的认知水平非常低,自我保健与发现症状早期求医行为能力不足,公众宣传教育特别是学校健康教育非常薄弱等。结论喀什卫生系统传染病监测与报告系统应该能够至少在县级水平,及时有效应对可能的禽流感及突发疫情发生与蔓延。但由于社区水平传染病监测与应对能力较低,仍存在不能早期识别和报告的可疑的人类禽流感病例及其他传染病的危险,今后要加强农村社区“传染病的社区监测与预警”系统的建设。

 
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