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小肾癌     
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  small renal cell carcinoma
     Methods:We compared the clinical data of 43 cases with small renal cell carcinoma (≤3 cm) and 153 cases with renal cell carcinoma (>3 cm).
     方法:对我院收治的 43 例小肾癌(直径≤3 cm)患者(小肾癌组)和153例肾癌(直径>3cm)患者(大肾癌组)的临床资料进行对比。
短句来源
     8 small renal cell carcinoma(<3cm in diameter) were detected by means of dynamic thin-section contrast enhancement.
     应用动态薄层增强CT扫描法准确检出小肾癌(最大径<3cm)8例,该法为目前检查小肾癌的最佳影像方法。
短句来源
     Nephron-sparing surgery for small renal cell carcinoma: clinical analysis of 21 cases
     保留肾单位手术治疗早期小肾癌21例临床分析
短句来源
     Small renal cell carcinoma(≤3 cm) protrude out of contour of the kidney mostly; most middle(3 cm<<7 cm) and large size(≥7 cm) RCC breakthrough the parenchyma of kidney,and the borderline of the normal kidney and the carcinoma resemble a defect shape of arc.
     小肾癌(≤3 cm)多突出于肾轮廓外,中等(3 cm<<7 cm)和大肾癌(≥7cm以上)多贯通肾实质,与正常肾实质分界形态多为弧形缺损。
短句来源
     Helical CT Scan:the Value in the Diagnosis of Small Renal Cell Carcinoma
     螺旋CT在小肾癌诊断中的价值
短句来源
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  small renal carcinoma
     Spiral CT diagnosis and differential diagnosis of small renal carcinoma
     小肾癌螺旋CT诊断和鉴别诊断
短句来源
     Results:The final diagnosis of 26 patients included 14 of small renal carcinoma and 12 of benign lesions.
     结果:26例肾脏病变最后确定依断小肾癌14例,良性病性变12例。
短句来源
     Clinical application of helical CT scanning in the diagnosis of small renal carcinoma
     螺旋CT在小肾癌诊断中的临床应用
短句来源
     Objective:To evaluate the value of CT scan in diagnosis of small renal carcinoma.
     目的:评价CT扫描在小肾癌诊断中的应用价值。
短句来源
     Objective:To evaluate helical CT scanning in the diagnosis of small renal carcinoma.
     目的 :评价螺旋 CT多期扫描在小肾癌诊断中的价值。
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  small rcc
     Objective To study the diagnostic value of ultrasonography (US) in earlier detection of asymotomatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC)and small RCC(≤3 cm).
     目的评价超声体检在早期发现无症状性肾癌(RCC)和小肾癌(SRCC、直径≤3cm)中的临床诊断价值。
短句来源
     Results Of all these 79 cases, tumor echogenicity was relatively homogeneous in small RCC(≤3 cm), while mixed echoes or echoes showing calcification were uncommon in these patients.
     结果 79例小肾癌(≤3 cm)瘤体内回声相对比较均匀,表现为混合性回声、或伴有钙化形成者较少。
短句来源
     Results On most sonograms of RCC,tumors were with clear b oundaries and relatively homogeneous echoes,Echogenicity night be hypoechoic or medium echoic,and small RCC (≤3 cm) may be hyperechoic or medium-hyperechoic.
     结果肾细胞癌超声表现多为边界较清的均匀低回声及等回声团块,小肾癌(≤3cm)可表现为高回声或等高回声。
短句来源
     The small RCC prognosis was extremely good after operation and no metastasis was either in group A and B.All the 26 patients were still alive and the mean survival time wes 5.6 years ranging from 1-9 years.
     小肾癌术后预后好,无1例转移,全部生存至今,为1~9年,平均5.2年。
短句来源
     Conclusion:The multiphasic enhancement of helical CT scan is more superior than conventional CT in diagnosis of small RCC. In most cases ,tumor enhancement was strong in cortical or artery phase, but weak in parenchymal phase and in pyelographic phase.
     结论:螺旋CT多期增强扫描在小肾癌的诊断中较常规CT有明显优越性,多数小肾癌动脉期强化明显,实质期强化迅速减退,肾盂期呈更低密度,呈“快进快退”表现,这一强化形式有定性意义;
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  “小肾癌”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of the three modaloties were:92.9%,91.7% and 92.3% in angiograme,85.7%,16.7% and 53.8% in CT scans and 64.3%,33.3% and 50.0% in sonogrames respectively.
     血管造影对该组小肾癌诊断检出率、特异性及符合率分别为:92.9%、91.7%、和92.3%; CT 为85.7%、16.7%和53.8%;
短句来源
     METHODS Image examination showed T1a 19 cases,T1b 7 cases.
     方法采用NSS治疗小肾癌26例,T1a期19例、T1b期7例。
短句来源
     Results:Of 14 patients 12 cases were detected by US and all cases were detected by CT.
     结果:14例小肾癌,US检出12例,CT检出14例,定性正确CT14例,US8例。
短句来源
     Methods:The clinical data in 52 cases of SRCC(diameter of the tumor less than 3 cm) were analyzed retrospectively. 40 patients(76.9%) were asymtomatic,while 10(19.6%) complained of lumbago and 2(3.8%) of hematuria.
     方法:回顾性分析我院52例直径<3cm小肾癌患者,其中,体检发现40例(76.9%),腰部酸痛10例(19.6%),血尿2例(3.8%);
短句来源
     Results Of 17patients,carcinoma (14cases)were diagnosed by BUS,the diagnostic accuracy rate was 82.4%.
     结果:17例小肾癌中,B超诊断恶性肿瘤14例,诊断准确率82.4%。
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  small renal cell carcinoma
Minimally invasive treatment for small renal cell carcinoma (RCC) can be necessary in selected patients and, anyway, is desirable.
      
Clinically, radiofrequency ablation of small renal cell carcinoma is increasingly being performed in selected patients who are not ideal surgical candidates.
      
  small renal carcinoma
Contrast-enhanced computed tomogram of a small renal carcinoma in a 59-year-old asymptomatic woman with microscopic hematuria.
      
  small rcc
Diagnosis of a small RCC (1.6 × 1.6?cm), which was made by renal biopsy and histology, was impossible by other, imaging, methods.
      
These findings revealed small RCC to demonstrate biologically less malignant behaviour.
      
Mice treated with C225 had little or no ascitic fluid accumulation and only local growth of small RCC tumors on the abdominal wall.
      


One hundred and tewenty five cases of renal cell carcinoma were treated from 1966 to 1989. Therewere 10 cases of small renal cell carcinoma(3. 0cm in diameter )and 8 cases of asymptomatic renal cell carcinoma in this group. Three of the 8 asymptomatic patients were detected by B ultrasound. Hematuria and flank pain may be the early symptoms of renal cell carcinoma. This paper puts forward two new concepts:narrow and broad early diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma. By narrow diagnosis it means that the disease...

One hundred and tewenty five cases of renal cell carcinoma were treated from 1966 to 1989. Therewere 10 cases of small renal cell carcinoma(3. 0cm in diameter )and 8 cases of asymptomatic renal cell carcinoma in this group. Three of the 8 asymptomatic patients were detected by B ultrasound. Hematuria and flank pain may be the early symptoms of renal cell carcinoma. This paper puts forward two new concepts:narrow and broad early diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma. By narrow diagnosis it means that the disease is in its early stage. By broad diagnosis it means that the disease may not in its early stage but still asymptomactie.

1966年至1989年,我科收治肾癌125例,其中小肾癌10例,无症状肾癌8例。对于小肾癌的影像学检查,我们体会,应该用B超、IVU及CT进行联合影像学诊断。10例小肾癌中,6例有血尿或腰疼,说明血尿及腰疼并不全是肾癌的晚期症状,而也可以是肾癌的早期临床表现。8例无症状肾癌中,3例为B超查体发现,我们建议推广对40岁以上中老年人B超查体。本文还提出了肾癌的狭义早期诊断及广义早期诊断的两个新概念。

Forty-five cases with preoperative diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma were presented. Of them pathological section confirmed the diagnosis of carcinoma in 43 cases, misdiagnosis in 2 cases, in whom one case was renal cyst and the other no pathological finding. The value of modern techniques of diagnosis of renal carcinoma, factors of misdiagnosis and surgical management concerning the smaller tumor and incidental cancer of the kidney were discussed. The diagnosis of renal carcinoma couldn't absolutely depend...

Forty-five cases with preoperative diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma were presented. Of them pathological section confirmed the diagnosis of carcinoma in 43 cases, misdiagnosis in 2 cases, in whom one case was renal cyst and the other no pathological finding. The value of modern techniques of diagnosis of renal carcinoma, factors of misdiagnosis and surgical management concerning the smaller tumor and incidental cancer of the kidney were discussed. The diagnosis of renal carcinoma couldn't absolutely depend only on the ultrasonography and CT findings, and should adopt a precautious policy in surgical treatment of renal smaller tumor. The importance of early diagnosis and radical nephrectomy for renal carcinoma were emphasized.

报告术前诊断为肾癌者45例,经病理诊断证实者43例,误诊2例,1例为肾实质内囊肿,1例活检阴性。作者评价了现代诊断手段并分析了误诊原因,对术前诊断为“小肾癌”、“偶发癌”以及外科治疗的有关问题进行了讨论。认为不能绝对相信B超、CT之诊断,对术前诊为“小肾癌”的病例应持慎重态度,不能一概切除患肾;强调早期诊断和早期行肾癌根治术的意义。

178 Cases of renal cell carcinoma treated from 1986 to 1991 have been divided into two groups,according to the appearant of the clinical symptom. The results indicated that the peak ages of two groups are similar (46~65 years old). Asymptomatic tumors have a smaller volume and invasion. The 1,3,5 year survival rate of the asymptomatic tumor has been 93.0%, 76.5% and 60.0% respectively,symptomatic one has been 82.1%, 63.8% and 35.0%. The differentiation is significant. The routine B-Ultrasonography made the more...

178 Cases of renal cell carcinoma treated from 1986 to 1991 have been divided into two groups,according to the appearant of the clinical symptom. The results indicated that the peak ages of two groups are similar (46~65 years old). Asymptomatic tumors have a smaller volume and invasion. The 1,3,5 year survival rate of the asymptomatic tumor has been 93.0%, 76.5% and 60.0% respectively,symptomatic one has been 82.1%, 63.8% and 35.0%. The differentiation is significant. The routine B-Ultrasonography made the more asymptomatic renal cell carcinoma be found. Extensively checkup and B-Ultrasonis screening is necessary to detect the earlier carcinoma of kidney.

本文将1986~1991年收治的178例肾癌患者根据有无症状分为两组进行临床分析。结果表明:两组发病年龄相似,均以46~65岁为高峰。无症状组肿瘤大小与浸润程度明显低于有症状组;无症状组1、3、5年生存率分别为93.0%、76.5%、60.0%;有症状组分别为82.1%、63.8%、35.0%,有显著差异。认为:B超在临床上的广泛应用,使无症状肾癌检出率逐年升高,提出:早期发现肾癌,需扩大体检普查范围,探索诊断小肾癌的新技术。

 
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