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肌肉生长     
相关语句
  muscle growth
     The growth hormone(GH)/insulin-like growth factor-I(IGF-I) axis is one of the most important regulators of skeletal muscle growth.
     生长激素(GH/)胰岛素样生长因子-I(IGF-I)轴是肌肉生长的重要调节因子之一。
短句来源
     Advances on Functional Gene of Regulation of Skeletal Muscle Growth in Animals
     动物肌肉生长发育调控的功能基因研究进展
短句来源
     Insulin like growth factor 2(IGF2)play an important role in fetal growth and development,tumour cell proliferation and muscle growth. IGF2 is the major candidate gene for affecting muscle mass in pig.
     胰岛素样生长因子 2在胎儿生长发育、肿瘤细胞增殖、肌肉生长等方面具有重要的调控作用 ,是影响猪瘦肉量的主要候选基因。
短句来源
     In order to better understand the function of MGF in muscle growth,this paper reviews the biological function of MGF and influence of exercise and hormone on MGF.
     为更好认识MGF在肌肉生长中的作用,对MGF的生物学作用,以及运动、激素对MGF的影响进行综述。
短句来源
     Improvement of muscle growth and meat quality, quantitative traits both controlled by multigenes, is always one of the main goals for livestock genetics and breeding.
     肌肉生长与肌肉品质性状的改良一直是家畜育种工作的主要目标之一,二者均属于多基因控制的数量性状。
短句来源
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  muscule growth
     Effects of Daidzein on Muscule Growth、The Level of Endocrinous and Cellular Immune Function in Male Rats
     大豆黄酮对大鼠肌肉生长、内分泌水平与细胞免疫功能的影响
短句来源
  skeletal muscle growth
     Advances on Functional Gene of Regulation of Skeletal Muscle Growth in Animals
     动物肌肉生长发育调控的功能基因研究进展
短句来源
     The growth hormone(GH)/insulin-like growth factor-I(IGF-I) axis is one of the most important regulators of skeletal muscle growth.
     生长激素(GH/)胰岛素样生长因子-I(IGF-I)轴是肌肉生长的重要调节因子之一。
短句来源
     Regulation Gene of the Skeletal Muscle Growth in Animals and the Adipose Aggradation in Pigs
     动物肌肉生长调控因子基因和猪脂肪沉积调控基因的研究
短句来源
     The growth rate of porcine muscle is directly related to the economic benefits of pig production, and skeletal muscle growth is an important part of muscle growth in pig.
     猪肌肉的生长速度直接关系到养猪生产的经济效益,肌肉生长主要指骨骼肌生长。
短句来源
  “肌肉生长”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Relationship between the content of Ca,P,Mg,Mn,Zn of myoplasm and the growth of muscle,bone in swine
     猪肌浆中某些元素含量与肌肉和骨骼生长的关系——定远猪及其二元杂交猪肌浆中Ca、P、Mg、Mn、Zn的含量与肌肉生长和后肢发育之间的相关性比较
短句来源
     Insulin-like growth(IGF)is multiple proliferation controlling factor of cells. It is required for normal fetal growth and development.
     类胰岛素生长因子(insulin-like growth factor,IGF)是一类多功能的细胞增殖调控因子,它在肿瘸细胞增殖、肌肉生长、胎儿发育等方面具有重要的调控作用。
短句来源
     Cloning and expression analysis of the myostatin(MSTN) gene in red seabream(Chrysophrys major)
     真鲷肌肉生长抑素(MSTN)基因的克隆及表达分析
短句来源
     This study on the relationship between the content of Ca,P,Zn,Mn or Mg of myoplasm and the growth of muscle and hind legs in swine showed that Ca content in F 1 crossbreeds decreased significantly leading to the rise of the ratio of Ca to P.There were no significant changes in the Mg,Mn,and Zn content in myoplasm by crossbreeding.
     研究了定远猪及其杂交F1 代猪肌浆中Ca、P、Zn、Mn、Mg等元素含量与肌肉生长和后肢发育之间的相关性。 结果表明 ,杂交使得猪肌浆中的Ca含量显著降低 (P <0 0 1 ) ,导致肌浆Ca、P比例改变并升高 ;
短句来源
     Myostatin(MSTN),a member of transforming growth factor(TGF)-β superfamily is a negative regulator of muscle development.
     肌肉生长抑制素(myostatin,MSTN)是动物肌肉生长发育的负调控因子。
短句来源
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  muscle growth
The obvious difference in muscle growth and meat quality traits exists between Chinese indigenous pig and exotic pigs.
      
The reduction in capillary density in LVH may be explained on the basis of increased muscle growth without appropriate capillary proliferation indicating an inadequate neovascular response to this form of overload.
      
The postmenopausal metabolic syndrome is very frequent, with obesity, insulin resistance, and hyperinsulinemia, which convey increased sodium reabsorption, stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system, and smooth muscle growth.
      
Rather than the age-old debate regarding overall protein and amino acid needs of athletes, this paper focuses on the importance of timing and type of protein and amino acid ingestion relative to both muscle growth and exercise performance.
      
Increases in airway smooth muscle mass are probably the main mechanism causing airway hyperresponsiveness, and changes in the extracellular matrix may stimulate smooth muscle growth and contribute to the mechanics of airway obstruction.
      
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  meat growth
Meat growth showed strong annual variations mainly due to gonad production.
      
Shell and meat growth, condition indexes and a macroscopic maturity index were determined on oysters deployed at the six stations in order to assess spatial variability in the influence of environmental conditions.
      
The number of muscle fibers at birth appears to determine the maximal lean meat growth capacity in pigs and in cattle.
      
This difference corresponded to the age when meat growth rate increased in both strains and sexes.
      
  skeletal muscle growth
Skeletal muscle growth was measured 16 days after gastrocnemius muscle ablation.
      
Castration of animals (TCR 0.024) resulted in less whole body and skeletal muscle growth.
      
Both Pax3 and Pax7 are expressed in myogenic progenitor cells derived from the central dermomyotome that make a major contribution to skeletal muscle growth.
      
mTOR pathway inhibition attenuates skeletal muscle growth induced by stretching
      
For example, the anabolic autocrine/paracrine skeletal muscle growth factors prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) could be measured accurately in collected media fractions, even after storage at 37° C for up to 10 d.
      
更多          


The present study was undertaken to define the relationship between the glycogen content changes and the growth of the levator ani muscle induced by anabolic steroids in the rat and the mouse.The results obtained showed that the increase in weight of the levator ani and bulbocavarnosus muscles was closely related to the potency and dosage of the anabolic steroids.However,there was no parallelism between the glycogen content and the amount of growth of the muscles.In castrated rats and mice,a significant increase...

The present study was undertaken to define the relationship between the glycogen content changes and the growth of the levator ani muscle induced by anabolic steroids in the rat and the mouse.The results obtained showed that the increase in weight of the levator ani and bulbocavarnosus muscles was closely related to the potency and dosage of the anabolic steroids.However,there was no parallelism between the glycogen content and the amount of growth of the muscles.In castrated rats and mice,a significant increase in weight of the seminal vesicle was elicited by 17-α-methyltestosterone administration,but this increase was not accompanied by a corresponding increase in glycogen content.When the effects of testosterone propionate on the weights and glycogen contents of the levator ani,rectus femoris and tibialis antericus muscles of castrated rats were studed,it was found that testosterone propionate administration resulted in a significant increase in the glycogen content of all three muscles,while only the levator ani of the medicated rats increased significantly in weight.Castration of rats and mice led to a decrease in weight of the levator ani muscle,while the glycogen content of the muscle remained unchanged or even increased.In the intact mice both insulin and cortisone were capable of producing elevation of the glycogen level in the levator ani without inducing growth of the muscle.Besides,in castrated rats testosterone propionate in doses sufficient to induce growth of the levator ani did not affect glucose utilization of the muscle in vitro.

已有的资料指出,给去势大鼠注射同化类固醇的最初几天内,提肛肌内糖元含量明显增加。随后提肛肌开始迅速生长,而肌糖元含量逐渐减少。本文研究了同化类固醇对去势或正常大鼠与小鼠的提肛肌或 LBM 重量和对肌糖元含量的影响。结果表明,去势小鼠 LBM 生长速度与所给同化类固醇作用强度和剂量大小有关,但LBM 糖元含量与肌肉生长速度无平行关系。大鼠和小鼠去势后提肛肌和 LBM 重量明显减轻,但糖元含量并不减少。胰岛素和可的松可引起小鼠 LBM 糖元明显增加,但肌肉重量并未增长。MT 刺激小鼠精囊的生长,但精囊的糖元含量反而下降。给去势大鼠注射 TP 后,提肛肌、胫前肌和股直肌糖元含量均有显著增加,然而三种肌肉重量与对照组比较,唯提肛肌重量有显著增加。此外,TP 虽促进大鼠提肛肌的生长,而体外试验表明,给药动物提肛肌利用葡萄糖的能力与对照动物并无显著不同。以上结果似可说明,同化类固醇促进肌肉生长的作用非继发于肌糖元含量的增加。至少可以说,同化类固醇促进糖的利用不是引起肌肉生长的主要条件。

To comply with a breeding project,data were collected on the growth and development of Harbin White pigs and their crossbreds.Herein are presented the developmental specifieities of this breed group and treatise made with regard to their general trend: 1.During the first post-partum year,the Harbin White pigs grew initially at a fast rate, followed by a slow growth rate,thus exhibiting the characteristic features of an early-maturing, easily-fattening type,capable of adipose deposition at a very early stage.Intensive...

To comply with a breeding project,data were collected on the growth and development of Harbin White pigs and their crossbreds.Herein are presented the developmental specifieities of this breed group and treatise made with regard to their general trend: 1.During the first post-partum year,the Harbin White pigs grew initially at a fast rate, followed by a slow growth rate,thus exhibiting the characteristic features of an early-maturing, easily-fattening type,capable of adipose deposition at a very early stage.Intensive grewth of lean meat also commenced at a relatively young age.On the ether hand,sacral vertebrae grew at a slow rate and hind-quarters were not as fully developed. 2.Among the various parts of the carcass,the loin grew with the greatest intensity, followed by the hind-quarters and shoulder-breast.Change in the composition of the carcass was reflected by a narrowing of the lean-fat ratio.Lean predominated at first,their ratio was 9:1.The ratio narrowed with increasing age,the proportion of fat increased while that of lean decreased.Under adequate feeding regime,the lean-fat ratio at 8 months of age was 1:1,however,under adverse feeding regime,it was only 1:0.6 at 12 months of age.The rela- tive percentages of mesentery and kidney fat to subcutaneous fat was 15:85. Among the various tissue components,fat grew at the greatest intensity and ascended from birth at a continuous rate,that of lean increased at an early stage,but declined after- wards.Skeletal growth was less intensive.The spinal column and pelvis grew at compara- tively faster rate.Along the spinal column,the lumbar vertebrae grew the fastest. 3.The digestive organs grew with the greatest intensity at the 1-4 month period.Their relative rates were large intestine,stomach and small intestines in a descending order.On the other hand,the small intestines showed a higher intensity at an earlier age than the stomach or large intestines. 4.Grewth intensity of tissues and organs during the first year of a pig’s life,when re- presented by growth curves may be classified under three categories:1)ascending order, such as fat,2)descending order,such as skeleton,3)parabolical order,such as digestive organs.The various tissues and organs were also characterized by specific periodism.The digestive organs grew more intensively during the nursing period,muscle grew at a faster rate at the 2-6-month stage.These periodic developmental features may be employed by swine breeders as bases to outline appropriate rearing programs.

围绕哈白猪育种工作,对哈白猪及其杂种进行生长发育试验。本文综合这些资料,探讨哈白猪的发育特点及猪的生长发育一般规律。1.哈白猪前期生长快,后期生长慢,表现早熟易肥小型猪的特点。其沉积脂肪能力很强,尤共早期更为突出;肌肉组织早期进入强度生长时期;荐椎发育较弱,后躯不够丰满。2.以腰部生长强度为最大,腿臀和肩胸次之。胴体组成的变化主要决定于肉、脂的变化。生后肌肉的此重占绝对优势,肉、脂此例约为9:1;随着年龄的增长脂肪此例增加,而肌肉比例减少。正常饲养条件下,哈白猪八个月龄肉、脂此例可达1:1,而低营养水平下十二个月龄仅达1:0.6。水油及板油与膘油的此例,一般保持在15:85左右。在各组织和器官中,脂肪的生长强度为最大,而且生后一直上升。肌肉的生长强度早期上升而后期下降。骨骼的生长强度较小,共中以脊椎和髋骨的生长强度较大。脊椎之中以腰椎生长强度为最大。3.消化器官以1—4个月龄生长强度为最大,其中大肠生长强度为最大,胃次之,小肠最小。但小肠出现生长强度最大时期较早,而胃和大肠较晚。4.猪由初生到一年各组织和器官的生长强度变化曲线可分为三种类型:1)一直上升者,如脂肪;2)一直下降者,如骨骼;3)上升到一定程度而...

围绕哈白猪育种工作,对哈白猪及其杂种进行生长发育试验。本文综合这些资料,探讨哈白猪的发育特点及猪的生长发育一般规律。1.哈白猪前期生长快,后期生长慢,表现早熟易肥小型猪的特点。其沉积脂肪能力很强,尤共早期更为突出;肌肉组织早期进入强度生长时期;荐椎发育较弱,后躯不够丰满。2.以腰部生长强度为最大,腿臀和肩胸次之。胴体组成的变化主要决定于肉、脂的变化。生后肌肉的此重占绝对优势,肉、脂此例约为9:1;随着年龄的增长脂肪此例增加,而肌肉比例减少。正常饲养条件下,哈白猪八个月龄肉、脂此例可达1:1,而低营养水平下十二个月龄仅达1:0.6。水油及板油与膘油的此例,一般保持在15:85左右。在各组织和器官中,脂肪的生长强度为最大,而且生后一直上升。肌肉的生长强度早期上升而后期下降。骨骼的生长强度较小,共中以脊椎和髋骨的生长强度较大。脊椎之中以腰椎生长强度为最大。3.消化器官以1—4个月龄生长强度为最大,其中大肠生长强度为最大,胃次之,小肠最小。但小肠出现生长强度最大时期较早,而胃和大肠较晚。4.猪由初生到一年各组织和器官的生长强度变化曲线可分为三种类型:1)一直上升者,如脂肪;2)一直下降者,如骨骼;3)上升到一定程度而又下降者,如消化器官。同时,各组织和器官具有某种程度的阶段性特征;如哺乳期消化器官生长强度较大;二——六个月肌肉生长强度较大。育种实践中应利用这些阶段发育特点制定相应的培育措施。

1 . Comparative studies of growth of bones, skin, muscles, fat and internal organs of 3 different groups of pigs were made. 14 weaned pigs of either Kwangtung Large White-and-Black breed (local breed),F, crossbred (KLWB× Berkshire) or offsprings of self-crossed backcrossbred were allocated to one of the 3 groups respectively. All the pigs used are males, castrated at the age of one months old. Two pigs of each group were killed at an interval of every two months, begining from birth to one years old. Self-crossed...

1 . Comparative studies of growth of bones, skin, muscles, fat and internal organs of 3 different groups of pigs were made. 14 weaned pigs of either Kwangtung Large White-and-Black breed (local breed),F, crossbred (KLWB× Berkshire) or offsprings of self-crossed backcrossbred were allocated to one of the 3 groups respectively. All the pigs used are males, castrated at the age of one months old. Two pigs of each group were killed at an interval of every two months, begining from birth to one years old. Self-crossed hogs, showed better results in weight gain, body conformation, meat production and higher dressing percentage than Kwangtung Large White -and -Black hogs. It may thus be said that the back -crossed offspring inherited the ability in having better body conformation, weight gain and more meat production from Berkshire breed and a good extent of adaptiblity -in utilizing feeds and to environmental conditions from local breed, although F1 crossbred hogs surpassed them somewhat in body conformation and weight gain. 2.The study on growth of bones, skin, muscles and fat revealed in such order : the growth of bones in local breed, F1 crossbred and self -crossed hogs started early and advanced steadily; the growth of skin and muscles ranked second with fat the latest, As to the growth of mnscles, a difference in relation to age existed, the rate of its growth for local breed up to 6 months old was apparently declining; that of F1 crossbred hogs began to decrease at age of 10 months old, only that of self-crossed hogs from 4 months onward maintained fairly constant. As to the fat growth, the local breed showed an intensive rate of growth since 4 months old; F1 crossbred hogs-frotn 4 months onward,the rate of growth increased gradually but was hastened after the age of 10 months old; while that of self -crossed hogs grew steadily from 4 to 12 months old.It was thus odserved that the growth of muscles for Kwangtung Large White-and-Black hogs covered a comparatively shoat period with fat starting early and growing intensively, that for F1 crossbred and self -crossed hogs lasted a longer time but with the growth of fat in self -crossed hogs appeared later and assumed a slower rate only. 3. ln regard to the growth of skeleton,the rate of growth along vertebral for Kwangtung Large White-and-Black breed occurred more intensive in thoracic vertebrae than any other parts of bony skeleton, but for F1 crossbred and self -crossed hogs were in lumbar vertebrae. In the fore -limbs, the growth of scapula and humerus appeared most intensively as well as pelvis and femur in the hind limbs for all the hogs of three groups.4. The growth of muscles in different parts was also compared, intensive growth ranked first in pelvic region, next in lumbar region for F1 hybrid and self -crossed hogs, and for Kwangtung Large White-and -Black hogs abdominal muscles grew faster than those- in trunk and lumbar regions.

用42头广东大花白品种猪、杂种一代猪(巴克夏品种公猪×广东大花白品种母猪)以及回交自繁后代猪(大花白品种公猪×巴杂一代母猪,并经横交自群繁殖)的去势小公猪,分三组,每组14头进行试验。观察三组猪从出生至12月分期间的增重、发育,饲料利用效能,同时把每组试验分别于出生、2、4、6、8、10及12月令等7个阶段每次屠宰二头,进行尸体分解,研究其骨骼、皮肤、肌肉,内部主要器官及组织的生长。 试验证明,回交自繁后代猪在增重、发育、饲料利用效能及产肉性能上均比大花白猪有明显的改进。对肌肉生长的观察,表明大花白猪的肌肉生长期限比回交自繁后代猪和杂种一代猪短暂;而脂肪的生长期,大花白猪又比回交自繁后代猪及杂种一代猪早且强烈。 头骨、颈椎等前部骨骼为早期生长的骨骼,早期令时生长己趋于稳定;而离头骨越远的脊椎骨(如腰、荐椎)均属于后期生长强烈的骨骼。四肢骨中以靠近脊椎骨的肩胛骨、肱骨、盆骨及股骨为后期生长迅速的骨骼。 臀部肌肉是在后期生长最为强烈,在回交自繁后代猪及杂种一代猪中得到证实。皮下脂肪的生长是随着年令的增长从体躯中部向体躯后部渐次加强。

 
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