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作物生理
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  crop physiology
     Effect of atmospheric CO_2 and temperature increment on crop physiology and ecology.
     大气CO_2浓度和温度升高对作物生理生态的影响
短句来源
     This article reviews the progress and the main results of experiments on the relationship between CO_2 concentration change and crop physiology.
     国内外近年来在与CO_2,浓度影响作物生理实验方面取得了很大进展。
短句来源
     This article reviewed the progress and the main results of experiments on the relationship between CO_2 concentration change and crop physiology.
     介绍了国内外近年来在与CO2浓度有关的作物生理实验方面取得的进展及其主要结果。
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     This paper summarized the latest research progress about the effects of silicon on crop physiology under abiotic stress,including silicon's ability to raise crops resistance to disease and insect pests,to enhance plants resist to salt stress,to increase crop's ability of resistance to heavy metals and other capabilities.
     综述非生物胁迫下硅素对作物生理效应的最新研究进展,包括硅素提高作物抗病虫害的能力、提高植物抵抗盐分胁迫的能力、提高作物抵抗重金属能力等方面的研究。
短句来源
     Crop yield potential still can be improved in the future. Enchancing economic coefficient of crop should be stressed in crop physiology breeding.
     本文分析了作物高产潜力未到尽头,强调在作物生理遗传育种中,应重视经济系数提高的机理研究并客观分析了造成当前育种爬坡的主要原因。
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  crop physiological
     in terms of crop physiological index, the mode of “1 pipe for 3 lines” is not as good as the mode of “1 pipe for 4 lines”;
     在作物生理生态指标方面,1控3行整体上不如1控4行;
短句来源
     1) Based on the sequence of agricultural nature productivity(ANP), agricultural material productivity(AMP), agricultural economic productivity(AEP), agricultural technical productivity(ATP), agricultural social productivity(ASP) and agricultural comprehensive productivity(AGP), agricultural productivity evaluation model was set up. Based on crop physiological and ecological principle, ANP model was constructed, which included photosynthetic productivity, photo-thermal productivity, climatic productivity and soil productivity.
     (1)农业生产力评价按“农业自然生产力——农业物质生产力——农业经济生产力——农业技术生产力——农业社会生产力——农业综合生产力”顺序建立层次模型,其中农业自然生产力以作物生理生态原理建立“光合生产力——光温生产力——气候生产力——土地生产力”自然限制因子系统模型;
短句来源
     The Regulation of Electrical Wave on Crop Physiological Function
     动作电波传递对作物生理功能的调节
     Effects of irrigation and phosphorus on yields and crop physiological characters yield in wheat-corn-potato system
     灌溉与施磷对小麦-玉米-马铃薯间套群体作物生理特征的影响
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     Simulation studies on crop growth and development began in 1960's with the application in crop physiological ecology of system analysis methodology and computer technology.
     作物生长发育的动态模拟研究始于20世纪60年代,是在作物生理生态科学中引入系统分析方法和计算机技术而兴起的。
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  “作物生理”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The Experimental Study of the Effects of CO_2 Concentration Enrich ment on Physiological Feature of C_3 and C_4 Crops
     CO_2浓度增加对C_3、C_4作物生理特性影响的实验研究
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     Firstly, a module for greenhouse muskmelon development simulation model was developed based on the concept of physiological development time (PDT).
     通过对试验数据的系统分析,以温室网纹甜瓜的发育生理生态过程为基础,以作物生理发育时间(Physiological development time,PDT)为尺度,建立了温室网纹甜瓜发育模拟模型;
短句来源
     Firstly, a module for greenhouse tomato development simulation was developed based on the concept of physiological development time (PDT).
     通过对试验数据的系统分析,以温室番茄(Lycopersicon.Esculentum Mill)的发育生理生态过程为基础,以作物生理发育时间(Physiological development time,PDT)为尺度,建立了温室番茄发育模拟模型。
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     The Founding and the Teaching Practices of Grop Physiology Research Method
     《作物生理研究法》课程的创设与教学实践
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     This review dealt with the effects of enhanced UV-B radiation on the physiological metabolism,DNA damage and protein content of crops.
     本文讨论了UV-B辐射增强对作物生理代谢、DNA损伤和蛋白质含量的影响.
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  crop physiology
New insights in crop physiology and agronomy have led to the development of crop simulation models.
      
Crop responses to salinity may result from an osmotic component of the soil water potential or from other salt effects on the crop physiology.
      
Part 2: Changes in crop physiology and tree crop competition
      
(ed.): Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology (Books in Soil, Plants, and the Environment)
      
The factors that limit the length of the available growing season for a crop are discussed from the points of view of meteorology, crop physiology and crop management.
      
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  crop physiological
These analyses point to the profitability of involving crop physiological traits such as leaf area and nitrogen percent in selecting for relative yield performance in groundnut.
      
This single volume explores the theoretical and the practical aspects of crop physiological processes around the world.
      
The deficiencies in the crop physiological properties of the three planting systems could be improved using simple changes in canopy management.
      


This experiment was carried out to study the causes for "midnap" of wheat, i.e. photosynthetic rate decrease of wheat at midday. The main results are as follows: before or after noon, close number of the stomata in the flag leaf of wheat with the photosynthetic rate decrease is intimate interrelated; photosynthetic endogenous rhythm has nothing to do with photosynthetic rate decrese for the "midnap"; a short shading at midday improves photosynthesis and increases the biological yield.It indicates that the photosynthate...

This experiment was carried out to study the causes for "midnap" of wheat, i.e. photosynthetic rate decrease of wheat at midday. The main results are as follows: before or after noon, close number of the stomata in the flag leaf of wheat with the photosynthetic rate decrease is intimate interrelated; photosynthetic endogenous rhythm has nothing to do with photosynthetic rate decrese for the "midnap"; a short shading at midday improves photosynthesis and increases the biological yield.It indicates that the photosynthate accumulation seem to be one of the important factor for the photosynthetic rate decrease of wheat at midday.

本文报道了用小麦作材料,从作物生理生态特性方面研究了小麦光合作用午休的原因。试验结果证明:在中午前后,小麦叶片气孔开关数目与光合作用午休密切相关;大部分小麦光合作用午休与生物节律无关;中午遮光后,光合作用加强和生物学产量提高,说明光合产物的累积是形成光合作用午休的重要因素之一。

According to the data from two year succesive experiments with diallel crossdesigns in winter wheat, the correlationts between the grain yield of the mainspike with its components and 23 characters (including some anatomical characters)above the penultimate leaf and "Sequential characters" have been studied by meansof different statistical methods: simple correlation and stepwise stepwise regression.The results of statistical analyses were discussed in respect of crop physiology.The results of the differfnt...

According to the data from two year succesive experiments with diallel crossdesigns in winter wheat, the correlationts between the grain yield of the mainspike with its components and 23 characters (including some anatomical characters)above the penultimate leaf and "Sequential characters" have been studied by meansof different statistical methods: simple correlation and stepwise stepwise regression.The results of statistical analyses were discussed in respect of crop physiology.The results of the differfnt statistical analyses are shown, in concord, asfollows: Under the experimental conditions, the metabolic source is the maior limitingfactor for grain production The area of photosynthetic organs above the penultimateleaf and their dry weight have close relationship with grain yield. Directly and indirectly, grain yield and its components owe a great deal to thepenultimate leaf which plays an imporsant role in the source-sink relation, whilethe flag leaf is less important than the penultimate leaf. There is a significant negtive correlation between the length ang the grain yieldof the main spike. There is a significant positive correlation between the dry weight of both awnsand glumes and the main spike yield with its components. Both awn and glunesmay be considered as selective characters in the breeding programs for high-yieldvarietes.

本文根据连续两年的完全双列杂交试验资料,使用多种统计分析方法,研究了冬小麦倒二叶以上的23个形态特征(包括某些解剖特征)和6个“顺序性状”与主穗产量及其组成因子的相关性,并以作物生理为依据,讨论了统计分析的结果,各种分析一致表明: 在本试验条件下,“源”是冬小麦籽粒生产的主要限制因素。光合器官面积和干重与籽粒产量密切相关。倒二叶对籽粒产量有较大的直接作用和重要的间接作用。倒二叶在小麦的库——源关系中的意义超过旗叶。穗颈长度与主穗产量呈显著的负相关,而芒和护颖干重与主穗产量呈显著的正相关,芒和颖壳可以作为高产育种的选择指标。

It is summarized the relationship between the three macronutrition elements——Nitrigen, phosphorus, potassium and the drought resistance of crop plants in the paper. There are many ways for the adaptation of crop plants to drought.And the effects of mineraI nutrition on every mechanism of drought resistance are not totally consistent. Some effects are helpful for the drought resistance of crop plants and others are not. Also, mineral nutrition influences the mechanism of physiological drought resistance to a...

It is summarized the relationship between the three macronutrition elements——Nitrigen, phosphorus, potassium and the drought resistance of crop plants in the paper. There are many ways for the adaptation of crop plants to drought.And the effects of mineraI nutrition on every mechanism of drought resistance are not totally consistent. Some effects are helpful for the drought resistance of crop plants and others are not. Also, mineral nutrition influences the mechanism of physiological drought resistance to a certain extent The leaf stomatic conductivity in the general high nutrition crop plants decreases more than that in the low under drought circumstance. The research achievement shows that the effects of mineral nutrition on the crop osmotical adjustment are changeable. The result is the same that the increase of mineral nutrition in crop plants can promote the accumulation of free proline in crop plants.In terms of dehydration endurance, the dehydration tolerance of protoplasm and the stability of protoplasmic in higt mineral nutrition can be strengthened

本文总结概述了氮、磷、钾三种大量营养元素与作物抗旱性关系的研究结果,认为作物对干旱的适应方式是多途径的,然而无机营养对作物抗旱性各种机制的影响并不都是完全一致的,有的作用利于作物抗旱性提高,有的作用则不利于作物的抗旱性。在某种程度上无机营养也影响作物的生理抗旱机制。在干旱条件下,一般高营养水平作物叶片气孔导度的下降幅度比低营养水平作物叶片气孔导度的下降幅度大。无机营养对作物渗透节调影响的研究结果不一致,然而无机营养水平提高能够促进游离脯氨酸积累,这一结果是共同的。在耐脱水性方面,高营养水平作物原生质的耐脱水性和原生质膜的稳定性都增强。

 
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