The Community Co-management, a fire-new management mode of the natural reserve, according to the co-participation of the local community and the natural reserve on the tactics and the appraisal systems of the natural resources in the natural reserve, the purpose will be achieved, which is to protect the biodiversity and enhance human living conditions.
Finally,the present paper proposed the pointed and effective measures of development and protection,such as setting up scientific management model,developing forest eco-tour and diversified businesses,strengthening the communication with the outside to protect bio-diversity,and developing the community condominium path.
Starting with the concept of community co-management,resources and management problems of National Natural Reserve in the Taibai mountain of Shaanxi, the background of testing area and the needs of local farmers, the realizing of community condominium and realevant problems are analyzed.
Based on the investigation of PRA in neighbouring community of Jianfengling natural reserve asˉsisted by GEF project,the paper aims to study and analyse the existent problems of resource use by surrounding community,to put forward the primary solutions,and to provide the basis for community jointly managing in natural reserve.
Starting from the pressure on habitat of Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve brought about by traveling activity, this paper puts forward such philosophy of community co-management of conservation-based tourism development for Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve.
To cope with the conflicts between community economy development and biodiversity conservation, effective mechanisms, such as Public Compensation, and Community Co-management should be introduced.
Creative solutions and opportunities for community co-management and empowerment have emerged in some instances.