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诱导能力     
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  inducing ability
     Coincubation of human amnion FL cell with 0.1 μmol/L of DL-111-1T for 24 h produced a 4.5-fold induction of AHH activity of the cell. This inducing ability was 3 times that of PB, but 1/2 that of 3-MC.
     以0.1μmol/L DL-111-1T与人羊膜FL细胞孵育24 h,可使细胞内AHH活性诱导增高3.5倍左右,此诱导能力三倍于PB,但仅为3-MC的1/2左右,即DL-111-1T对人羊膜FL细胞中依赖于P-448的MFO呈现中等程度的选择性诱导作用。
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     CONCLUSION: Smoking can induce the activity of CYP1A2. The inducing ability of the allele locus of CYP1A2 2964 is stronger at both of G (w/w), and it decreased at G→A mutation.
     结论 :吸烟能诱导P4 5 0 1A2的活性。 P4 5 0 1A2 2 964位点等位基因均为G(w w)时诱导能力最强 ;
短句来源
     RESULTS:These medicine all can induce pancreatic tumor cell line SW1990.apoptosis, the apoptotic inducing ability ranks from higher to lower is taxol,5-Fu,hydroxycamptothecin, arsenic trioxide, all-trans retinoic acid and octreotide.
     结果:上述药物均可诱导SW1990细胞凋亡,凋亡诱导能力由强到弱依次为紫杉醇? 5-氟尿嘧啶?
短句来源
     And the apoptotic inducing ability of each medicine depends on dosag e and time, Taxol has the most quick and strong effect.
     全反式维甲酸和奥曲肽. 各药物的凋亡诱导能力呈剂量和时间的依赖性,其中紫杉醇的作用最强且最快.
短句来源
     But TCP only can not induce bone formation. So it has become the focus of study to improve the bone inducing ability of artificial bone.
     但单纯使用磷酸三钙不具有骨诱导能力,因此提高人工骨的骨诱导能力成为了人们研究的重点。
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  induced ability
     The results suggested that the different effect of these nitrogen sources on ammonia\|assimilating enzymes might reflect the discrepancy of the nitrogen metabolism and the distinction of the induced ability for these enzymes in roots of rice seedlings.
     这些结果提示 ,不同氮源对水稻根氨同化酶活性影响的差别也许反映了这些物质对水稻根部氮素代谢的影响以及对这些酶诱导能力的不同
短句来源
     Especially,there was some original bone induced ability in sample with higher Si content.
     而硅含量较高的试样的组织相容性较好且具有一定的骨诱导能力
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  “诱导能力”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Fourthly, the effect of various kinds of phosphates on the growth of COM crystals and the ability to induce COD decreased in the order: Na_5P_3O_(10) > Na_4P_2O_7>> Na_3PO_4 > (NaPO_3)_6. This ability increased with the increase of their concentrations.
     4.四种磷酸盐对COM晶体生长的影响作用和对COD生长的诱导能力的强弱依次为Na_5P_3O_(10)>Na_4P_2O_7>>Na_3PO_4>(NaPO_3)_6,随着添加剂浓度的增大,对COM晶体形貌的影响能力随之增强,诱导COD晶体生长的能力也增加。
短句来源
     The result shows that , The cotyledons cultured for 3~5 d on MS_2:MS+ 6-BA(1 mg/L)+AgNO_3(2 mg/L)were optimum for callus induction.
     结果表明:接种在MS2(MS+6_BA(1mg/L)+AgNO3(2mg/L))培养的3~5d子叶外植体的愈伤组织诱导能力最强.
短句来源
     The ability to prevent the gel-mediated phase transformation of COD followed: K_2NTA > K_2EDTA > K_2DTPA > K_2CDTA >> Kgly≈ 0.For mixed aminocarboxylates, mixed K_2NTA-K_2EDTA used clinically could decrease the surface area of COM, but could not increase content of COD;
     对于混合氨羧钾而言,临床上已用的K_2NTA-K_2EDTA合剂可以减小COM的比表面积,但相对于其单一组分而言,不能增加其对COD的诱导能力
短句来源
     ABA except 100 mg·L~(-1) treatment enhanced PAL activities, and 75 mg·L~(-1) ABA was the optimum treatment. After 75 mg·L~(-1) ABA treatment 4 h, the PAL activities reached zenith.
     除了 100mg·L-1 ABA处理使酶活性略有降低外,其他浓度的ABA处理都能诱导酶活性升高,以 75mg·L-1 ABA诱导能力最强,在处理 4h后酶活性最大;
短句来源
     Method:Cells were cultured from bone marrow after density fractionation and identified the expression of alkaline phosphatase and CD34.Then MSCs were plated at 8×10 3cm -2 、 3×10 3cm -2 or 8×10 2cm -2 for expansion. After 18 days,proliferation and differentiation of three groups were evaluated by analysis of number of MSCs,growth curves and phenotypes of osteoblasts.
     方法 :将第 2代MSCs以 8× 10 3 /cm2 、 3× 10 3/cm2 、 8× 10 2 /cm2 密度接种 ,分析其生长曲线 ,并扩增培养 18d ,记录细胞扩增数量 ,再分析扩增后细胞的生长曲线和成骨诱导能力
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  inducing ability
This study indicates that the nano-HA/CH composite has a good ability for apatite formation in SBF, which predicts the bone-inducing ability of natural nano-HA/CH composite in vivo.
      
To analyze this hypothesis two fusion proteins of VP22 and full-length Apoptin were constructed, namely VP22-VP3 and VP3-VP22, and their apoptosis-inducing ability and intercellular spreading behavior were analyzed by transfection in tumor cells.
      
Is the 'rejection reaction' inducing ability in sporophytic self-incompatible systems restricted only to pollen and tapetum
      
Activation of the tumor-inducing ability of Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Smith and Townsend) Conn.
      
The order of AHH inducing ability was TCDD >amp;gt; PCDFs ? PCBs in kidney, lung, and liver.
      
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  inducing capability
With the monochlorobenzoates, this inducing capability decreased with increasing proximity of the chlorine atom to the carboxyl group, i.e.
      
Little information is available with regard to the apoptosis-inducing capability of resveratrol in tumor cells.
      
These effects may possibly be mediated by the phase 2 enzyme-inducing capability of enterolactone.
      
The inducing capability of keratansulfate isincreased by Smith degradation, and mucin was found to be the most inducer.
      
  induced ability
stellula still exhibits its induced ability to divide transversly if transferred into fresh Mediterranean seawater.
      
We conclude, therefore, that socially induced ability to overcome physiological stresses in termites may be expressed even under "non-natural" stresses, such as poisoning by insecticides.
      
The induced ability of LHC2 for enhanced phosphorylation may enable better energy distribution in favour of photosystem 1.
      


(1) A comparative study has been made on the induction of tryptophan pyrrolase by substrate and corticoids in liver tumor and the precancerous liver induced by 3'-MeDAB.(2) The liver tumor, contrary to normal liver, was inactive in response to both tryptophan and hydrocortisone for the induction of tryptophan pyrrolase, while the tissue adjacent to the tumor was active with respect to both substrate and hormonal induction.(3) A decrease in both substrate and hormonal induction was observed in the precancerous...

(1) A comparative study has been made on the induction of tryptophan pyrrolase by substrate and corticoids in liver tumor and the precancerous liver induced by 3'-MeDAB.(2) The liver tumor, contrary to normal liver, was inactive in response to both tryptophan and hydrocortisone for the induction of tryptophan pyrrolase, while the tissue adjacent to the tumor was active with respect to both substrate and hormonal induction.(3) A decrease in both substrate and hormonal induction was observed in the precancerous liver developed by feeding 3'-MeDAB for different time intervals. In experiments by injecting intraperitoneally the carcinogen into animals,for 25 hours, similar results were obtained as in the feeding experiments.(4) 2-MeDAB, a non-carcinogenic substance, caused the same effect on the induction of tryptophan pyrrolase in every case as did 3'-MeDAB. It thus appears that the effect of 3'-MeDAB on the enzyme induction may not be specific.(5) No inhibitors of tryptophan pyrrolase or activators of kynureninase were found in the cell sap of liver tumor and the liver of rats fed 3'-MeDAB or 2-MeDAB in the course of induction.(6) The cell sap from liver tumor (non-induced) contained only a small amount of enzyme protein, as shown by the fact that the enzyme activity being only slightly increased by the addition of either normal microsome or hematin, of which the level has not elevated by the administration of tryptophan or hydrocortisone.(7) Similar experiments have shown that the cell sap from the substrate and hormonal induced liver in the precancerous stage contained a decreased amount of enzyme protein as compared to that of the control. The same was true of the rats fed 2-MeDAB.(8) Microsomes from liver tumor have lost almost completely the ability of activating tryptophan pyrrolase in the cell sap. The ability of activation due to microsomes from the precancerous liver was remarkably reduced, though not yet completely lost, while the microsomes from the liver of rats fed 2-MeDAB were normal. It was in this respect that the effect of non-carcinogen (2-MeDAB) was found to be different from that of the carcinogen (3'-MeDAB).(9) From the results presented, it was concluded that the default of tryptophan pyrrolase induction observed in the liver tumor and the precancerous liver was mainly due to an inadequate amount of apoenzyme, rather than a deficiency of co-factor (hematin) or an increment of protein other than the enzyme. The possible cause of these effects was briefly discussed.

本文对大鼠肝癌及癌前期肝内TP的底物诱导和激素诱导作了比较研究。在3′-MeDAB诱发的肝癌中,TP活性很低,且不因注射色氨酸或氢可地松而升高,而癌周组织则仍保留对底物和激素诱导的能力。喂3′-MeDAB 13天、28天、90天大鼠肝内TP的底物诱导效应都较对照组为低。急性注射3′-MeDAB25小时,以100毫克/100克体重的L-色氨酸进行诱导,TP的诱导效应亦较对照组为低。氢可地松诱导的结果与底物诱导的相似,无论在喂或急性注射3′-MeDAB的情况下,TP的诱导效应都受到抑制。但在相同条件下,非致癌物,2-MeDAB,对TP的底物诱导和激素诱导(慢性的或急性的实验)也有相似的作用。诱导后肝癌组织或喂偶氮染料的肝组织中都未发现有TP的抑制物或狗尿酸酶的激活物。微粒体及正铁血红素与上清液的加合实验表明:(1)肝癌微粒体几乎完全不具有激活TP的活力;癌前期(3′-MeDAB组)肝微粒体已部分失去此种生化功能,但2-MeDAB组微粒体则否。3′-MeDAB对肝微粒体中辅助因子(正铁血红素)的结构并无破坏,而可能使辅助因子的含量减少。(2)微粒体对激活上清液TP的效果较自由的正铁血红素差,即使加入过量微粒体亦不能...

本文对大鼠肝癌及癌前期肝内TP的底物诱导和激素诱导作了比较研究。在3′-MeDAB诱发的肝癌中,TP活性很低,且不因注射色氨酸或氢可地松而升高,而癌周组织则仍保留对底物和激素诱导的能力。喂3′-MeDAB 13天、28天、90天大鼠肝内TP的底物诱导效应都较对照组为低。急性注射3′-MeDAB25小时,以100毫克/100克体重的L-色氨酸进行诱导,TP的诱导效应亦较对照组为低。氢可地松诱导的结果与底物诱导的相似,无论在喂或急性注射3′-MeDAB的情况下,TP的诱导效应都受到抑制。但在相同条件下,非致癌物,2-MeDAB,对TP的底物诱导和激素诱导(慢性的或急性的实验)也有相似的作用。诱导后肝癌组织或喂偶氮染料的肝组织中都未发现有TP的抑制物或狗尿酸酶的激活物。微粒体及正铁血红素与上清液的加合实验表明:(1)肝癌微粒体几乎完全不具有激活TP的活力;癌前期(3′-MeDAB组)肝微粒体已部分失去此种生化功能,但2-MeDAB组微粒体则否。3′-MeDAB对肝微粒体中辅助因子(正铁血红素)的结构并无破坏,而可能使辅助因子的含量减少。(2)微粒体对激活上清液TP的效果较自由的正铁血红素差,即使加入过量微粒体亦不能使TP活性增高到加入正铁血红素的水平;微粒体对3′-MeDAB组上清液的激活不如对2-MeDAB组及对照组上清液(底物或激素诱导)的激活显著,而正铁血红素对三组上清液都有显著激活。(3)肝癌细胞上清液只合有极少量的TP蛋白,且不因注射色氨酸或氢可地松而增加;癌前期肝细胞上清液的TP蛋白因底物或激素诱导而增加的量都较对照粗低。2-MeDAB组也有相似现象。以上结果表明,肝癌及癌前期肝内TP诱导的受损,主要是由于诱导后TP蛋白的缺少,而不是由于辅助因子(如正铁血红素)的不足,或非酶蛋白的增多。

By means of the gradiant technique, 93 different kinds of chemicals were tested for the induction of lysogenie bacteria to liberate phages in E. coli K12 W1177 and W1485 his~- system. The chemicals used included those known to be mutagenic, tumoricidal, carcinogenic, anti-radiation and/or anti-metabolite.There were found 15 chemicals that gave about 5% induction (about 25 times spontaneous liberation), and 3 chemicals that gave at least 45% induction. Among these effective chemicals, at least 60% were known...

By means of the gradiant technique, 93 different kinds of chemicals were tested for the induction of lysogenie bacteria to liberate phages in E. coli K12 W1177 and W1485 his~- system. The chemicals used included those known to be mutagenic, tumoricidal, carcinogenic, anti-radiation and/or anti-metabolite.There were found 15 chemicals that gave about 5% induction (about 25 times spontaneous liberation), and 3 chemicals that gave at least 45% induction. Among these effective chemicals, at least 60% were known to be mutagenic agents. Of the 6 chemicals that were found to be inhibitory to the spontaneous liberation of phages, 4 were uracil analogues.The results are briefly discussed in connection with the relationship between the bactericidal and the induction potency of these chemicals, and with the possible mechanism of the action of such base analogues as 5-bromodeoxyuridine, diazouracil and 2-thiouracil.

应用浓度梯度培养皿的方法,在Escherichia coli K12 W1177和K12 W1485 his~-系统中测定了93种药物对于溶源性细菌释放噬菌体的诱导能力.这些药物包括已知的基因诱变剂、抗肿瘤药物、致癌药物、辐射防护剂以及代谢抑制剂等.诱导量达到5%(约25倍于自发释放量)的药物共15种,诱导量在45%以上的有3种.在具有诱导作用的药物中至少有60%的药物对于基因有诱变作用.有6种药物对于自发释放有抑制作用,其中尿嘧啶的结构类似物占4种.实验表明许多同时具有致癌和抗肿瘤作用及诱变作用的药物都具有诱导作用.文中简单地讨论了药物的杀菌作用和诱导作用之间的关系,以及5-溴脱氧尿核苷和重氮尿嘧啶及2-硫尿嘧啶等天然碱基结构类似物的可能作用机制.

Molasses from glucose refinery, could strongly induce cellulase formation in washed mycelia of various strains of Trichoderma pseudokoningii. After the components of molasses from glucose refinery were seperated by charcol and paper chromatography and tested for inductive activity individually, it was evident that the induction of cellulase formation by the molasses was mainly due to its sophorose impurity, the other impurity gentiobiose had only feeble inductive activity. The extracts of pods of Sophora japonica...

Molasses from glucose refinery, could strongly induce cellulase formation in washed mycelia of various strains of Trichoderma pseudokoningii. After the components of molasses from glucose refinery were seperated by charcol and paper chromatography and tested for inductive activity individually, it was evident that the induction of cellulase formation by the molasses was mainly due to its sophorose impurity, the other impurity gentiobiose had only feeble inductive activity. The extracts of pods of Sophora japonica L. had similarly the ability to induce the production of cellulase. The principle and methods for increasing production were proposed on the basis of regulatory mechanism of cellulase formation.

葡萄糖母液对拟康氏木霉1096,木_3,EA_3-867和N_2-78的洗涤菌丝体的纤维素酶形成,有强力的诱导效应。用活性炭层析分离和纸谱分离证实,葡萄糖母液对纤维素酶的诱导效应主要是由于其中含有的槐糖杂质的缘故。龙胆二糖是葡萄糖母液中另一含量较高的杂质,但它对纤维素酶的诱导能力较槐糖低得多。槐豆荚提取液同样具有诱导木霉纤维素酶形成的作用。本文讨论了如何利用木霉纤维素酶形成的调节控制原理来加速和增加纤维素酶的产量。

 
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