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深对流
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  deep convection
     SUMMERTIME DEEP CONVECTION HEATING OVER SOUTHEAST OF TIBETAN PLATEAU
     青藏高原东南部夏季深对流加热研究
短句来源
     In terms of NCEP/NCAR daily reanalysis data sets, outgoing long-wave radiation (OLR) data, Reynold SST data and the R42L9 GOALS model, The effect of Bay of Bengal (BOB) deep convection heating with East Asian monsoon circulation and the relationship with ENSO were analyzed.
     利用40年逐日NCEP/NCAR再分析资料、ReynoldsSST资料和R42L9GOALS模式,研究孟加拉湾深对流加热对东亚副热带季风环流系统的影响及其与ENSO的关系。
短句来源
     The more latent heating released in the ice phase processes associated with the freezing process leads to strengthening deep convection due to the vertical gradient of buoyancy, which results in a long life of the convective system.
     数值敏感性试验结果表明,在对流上升过程中,由于与冻结作用有关的冰相微物理过程能释放更多的潜热,这种潜热能产生垂直方向上的浮力梯度从而较明显地加强系统的深对流,有利于对流系统组织性的对流带的长时间维持;
短句来源
     Also, the correlation analysis indicates that the deep convection heating contributes to the flood of the mid-lower reaches of the Yangtze river with moisture and energy transfer.
     青藏高原东南部深对流加热率与长江中下游地区降水的相关分析也表明 ,夏季青藏高原东南部深对流活动对长江中下游地区夏季降水偏多有重要影响 ,可以为长江中下游地区夏季降水提供水分和能量。
短句来源
     Mode water is a special type of water mass characterized by its vertical homogeneity, such as temperature, density and especially the potential vorticity, which is acquired during the wintertime (fall and winter) deep convection processes.
     模态水是由它在温度,盐度,位势涡度的垂直均一性所表征的一类特殊类型的水团,它的垂直均一性来源冬季的深对流过程。
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  deep convective
     while in the extratropics,Cirrus's cloud top is located between 180 hPa and 310 hPa,and deep convective cloud and Cirrostratus's cloud tops are located between 310 hPa and 440 hPa.
     在副热带和中高纬度的绝大部分地区,卷云的云顶高度在180 hPa和310 hPa之间,而卷层云、深对流云的则在310 hPa到440 hPa之间。
短句来源
     Comparative Experiments on Precipitation Prediction with Different Deep Convective Parameterization Scheme
     不同深对流参数化方案在降水预报中的比较试验
短句来源
     A deep convective. anelastic and conservative system of equations with basic variables(V.θ,π')is solved by a new method to calculate dynamic field.
     模式动力场计算以一种新的方法求解(V,θ,π')为基本变量的深对流滞弹守恒型方程组。
短句来源
     Heavy rain is close connected with the deep convective cloud clusters and convective cells with the strong radar reflectivity, high echo top and big VIL.
     强降水与深对流云团及雷达回波强度强、回波顶高、VIL大的强对流单体有密切的关系。
     Heavy rain is closely connected with the deep convective cloud clusters and convective cells with the strong radar reflectivity, high echo top and big VIL.
     强降水与深对流云团及雷达回波强度强、回波顶高、VIL大的强对流单体有密切的关系。
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  “深对流”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The direct influencing system of heavy rainfall is β convective system.
     β中尺度深对流系统是暴雨的直接影响系统。
     (2) The meso-β-scale rainstorms occur when the temperature contrast in the Meiyu front is small.
     (2 ) β中尺度深对流类暴雨发生时梅雨锋区的南北温差很小。
短句来源
     the characteristics of the eye's form and its size and the degree of clearness in the eye;
     中心深对流密蔽云区范围的大小和螺旋云带的特征。
短句来源
     In the 28 th pentad, th e abrupt onset of the SCS summer monsoon can be directly identified through the mon itoring o f OLR, BT, CMAP and 850 hPa wind.
     第28候,南海夏季风的突然爆发在降水、风场和卫星反演 的深对流特征上都有明确的反映。
短句来源
     Multi-Yariate empirical orthogonal function (MV-EOF) analysis of the post1970 data indicates that the most significant mode describes the mature phase of ENSO, and the second most significant mode describes an early stage in the ENSO warming.
     对1971-1992年间的海温、海表气压和风场以及深对流场所做的多变量经验正交函数(MV-EOF)分析指出,最重要的模态描述暖事件的成熟期,第二模态描述暖事件的发展期。 ENSO发展期具有以下主要特征;
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  deep convection
Although the theory of differential rotation is in satisfactory agreement with helioseismological data for the deep convection zone, there are considerable discrepancies near the solar surface.
      
The formation of the described deposits was related to the deep convection of fluids along shear zones followed by more local flows of postmagmatic solutions derived from the emplaced granitic magma.
      
The variances of variations in the refractive index are greater in the regions of tropospheric jet streams and in the zones of near-equatorial deep convection.
      
A conservative form of the deep convection equations and the efficiency of heat energy conversion in a polytropic mantle model
      
A variant of deep convection equations of the Ogura and Phillips type is substantiated in terms of the polytropic mantle model.
      
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  deep convective
One of the new phenomena in the multi-cloud models is the existence of suitable unstable radiative convective equilibria (RCE) involving a larger fraction of congestus clouds and a smaller fraction of deep convective clouds.
      
The first of these models describes the short-time evolution of slender, deep convective hot towers with horizontal scale ~ 1? km interacting with the linearized momentum balance on length and time scales of (10?km/3?min).
      
Latent heat release associated with tropical deep convective activity is investigated as a source for migrating (sun-synchronous) diurnal and semidiurnal tidal oscillations in the 80-150-km height region.
      
Very stratified aerosol layers, possibly transported into the lower stratosphere by deep convective systems, have been observed in the lower stratosphere between 20 and 29 km in the tropics in the Southern Hemisphere.
      
Lightning is more frequent in deep convective storms formed by conditional instability.
      
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Using GMS infrared imagery we have summarized four cloud characteristics relative to the intensity of tropical cyclone as follows: the position of the circulation center relative to deep convective cloud; the characteristics of the eye's form and its size and the degree of clearness in the eye; the characteristics of central deep convective cloud; and the characteristics of spiral cloud band. To each characteristic we assigned an index of tropical cyclone intensity. Synthesizing these four indices we obtained...

Using GMS infrared imagery we have summarized four cloud characteristics relative to the intensity of tropical cyclone as follows: the position of the circulation center relative to deep convective cloud; the characteristics of the eye's form and its size and the degree of clearness in the eye; the characteristics of central deep convective cloud; and the characteristics of spiral cloud band. To each characteristic we assigned an index of tropical cyclone intensity. Synthesizing these four indices we obtained a T number characterizing the intensity of the cyclone. We correlated the T number with the central maximum wind speed of tropical cyclone and obtained empirical formula Vmax = 7.813 (T -1). It is found that we can estimated the maximum wind speed of the tropical cyclone using the GMS data.

本文根据日本的地球静止卫星红外云图,概括了与热带气旋强度有关的四方面云图特征,即:环流中心与深对流密蔽云区的相对位置关系;眼区的形状、大小和清晰程度;中心深对流密蔽云区范围的大小和螺旋云带的特征。然后,把上述四个因素作为热带气旋强度的指数。综合这些因素,得到热带气旋的强度特征数T。由近100次观测得出热带气旋中心的最大风力V_(max)与T的相关曲线和描写它们的经验关系式V_(max)=7.813(T-1)(米/秒)。在仅有卫星观测的情况下,用上述关系可以估计热带气旋的强度。

The effect of perturbation pressure on cumulus convection is ahalysed diagnostically with simpler structure models. The results show that the perturbation pressure forces induced by buoyancy, velocity advection and dray are of the same order of magnitude as the corresponding resource terms and act against them. The perturbation pressure force is negative in the middle-upper parts of cloud, which suprces the growth of cloud, and is positive in the lower part which promotes the cloud upward acceleration. The effects...

The effect of perturbation pressure on cumulus convection is ahalysed diagnostically with simpler structure models. The results show that the perturbation pressure forces induced by buoyancy, velocity advection and dray are of the same order of magnitude as the corresponding resource terms and act against them. The perturbation pressure force is negative in the middle-upper parts of cloud, which suprces the growth of cloud, and is positive in the lower part which promotes the cloud upward acceleration. The effects of perturbation pressure fro-ces are more important in deep convection than that in shallow convection. The low centers of perturbation pressure mear the base of cloud are located at the lateral edge of cloud, themagnitudes reach -0.1-0.2 hPa for shallow and -0.2-0.4 hPa for deep convectionrespectively.

本文用简单的结构模式分析诊断了扰动压力对积云对流的效应.结果表明:由浮力项、平流项和拖曳力项触发引起的扰动气压垂直梯度力与各对应源项具有同等量级,但与其源项的作用力方向相反.扰动气压梯度力在云的中上部为负力,它抑制了云的生长发展;在云的下部为正力,它使云向上的加速度增大.扰动气压梯度力对深对流的影响要大于对浅对流的影响.在云下部的扰动低压中心位于云边缘附近.浅对流与深对流的量级分别达-0.1— -0.2hPa和-0.2— -0.4hPa.

We did numerical simulation in order to understand the influence of diabatic heating, such as latent heat, sensible heat and water vapor transpiration over the sea . On the development of the cyclone in the east coast of China, we diagnosed the budgets of vorticity and energy for various experimental schemes. The results show that at the initial stage of cyclogenesis , perturbation energy comes from mean flow; at the mature stage of the cyclone , baroclinicity plays an important role in the development of the...

We did numerical simulation in order to understand the influence of diabatic heating, such as latent heat, sensible heat and water vapor transpiration over the sea . On the development of the cyclone in the east coast of China, we diagnosed the budgets of vorticity and energy for various experimental schemes. The results show that at the initial stage of cyclogenesis , perturbation energy comes from mean flow; at the mature stage of the cyclone , baroclinicity plays an important role in the development of the cyclone . Latent heat released by precipitation modifies phase speed of the system and deepenes the depression . When the cyclone moves on the sea , sensible heat and water vapor transpiration promote deep convection.

本文采用数值模拟方法考察了潜热、感热和水汽蒸发等诸因素对江淮气旋的影响。对各种试验进行了涡度平衡与能量平衡的诊断分析,结果表明:江淮气旋初生时,扰动从基本气流中获得能量,正压不稳定起着重要作用;在江淮气旋发展后期,斜压性比较明显。潜热释放有意义地修正了系统的相速,一定程度上加强了系统的强度。海上感热和水汽蒸发促进了深对流发展,加大降水,同时加强了有效位能的释放,从而加强了系统发展,但它们的作用是有阶段性的。

 
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