In terms of NCEP/NCAR daily reanalysis data sets, outgoing long-wave radiation (OLR) data, Reynold SST data and the R42L9 GOALS model, The effect of Bay of Bengal (BOB) deep convection heating with East Asian monsoon circulation and the relationship with ENSO were analyzed.

The more latent heating released in the ice phase processes associated with the freezing process leads to strengthening deep convection due to the vertical gradient of buoyancy, which results in a long life of the convective system.

Also, the correlation analysis indicates that the deep convection heating contributes to the flood of the mid-lower reaches of the Yangtze river with moisture and energy transfer.

Mode water is a special type of water mass characterized by its vertical homogeneity, such as temperature, density and especially the potential vorticity, which is acquired during the wintertime (fall and winter) deep convection processes.

while in the extratropics,Cirrus's cloud top is located between 180 hPa and 310 hPa,and deep convective cloud and Cirrostratus's cloud tops are located between 310 hPa and 440 hPa.

Heavy rain is close connected with the deep convective cloud clusters and convective cells with the strong radar reflectivity, high echo top and big VIL.

强降水与深对流云团及雷达回波强度强、回波顶高、VIL大的强对流单体有密切的关系。

Heavy rain is closely connected with the deep convective cloud clusters and convective cells with the strong radar reflectivity, high echo top and big VIL.

In the 28 th pentad, th e abrupt onset of the SCS summer monsoon can be directly identified through the mon itoring o f OLR, BT, CMAP and 850 hPa wind.

Multi-Yariate empirical orthogonal function (MV-EOF) analysis of the post1970 data indicates that the most significant mode describes the mature phase of ENSO, and the second most significant mode describes an early stage in the ENSO warming.

Although the theory of differential rotation is in satisfactory agreement with helioseismological data for the deep convection zone, there are considerable discrepancies near the solar surface.

The formation of the described deposits was related to the deep convection of fluids along shear zones followed by more local flows of postmagmatic solutions derived from the emplaced granitic magma.

The variances of variations in the refractive index are greater in the regions of tropospheric jet streams and in the zones of near-equatorial deep convection.

A conservative form of the deep convection equations and the efficiency of heat energy conversion in a polytropic mantle model

A variant of deep convection equations of the Ogura and Phillips type is substantiated in terms of the polytropic mantle model.

One of the new phenomena in the multi-cloud models is the existence of suitable unstable radiative convective equilibria (RCE) involving a larger fraction of congestus clouds and a smaller fraction of deep convective clouds.

The first of these models describes the short-time evolution of slender, deep convective hot towers with horizontal scale ~ 1? km interacting with the linearized momentum balance on length and time scales of (10?km/3?min).

Latent heat release associated with tropical deep convective activity is investigated as a source for migrating (sun-synchronous) diurnal and semidiurnal tidal oscillations in the 80-150-km height region.

Very stratified aerosol layers, possibly transported into the lower stratosphere by deep convective systems, have been observed in the lower stratosphere between 20 and 29 km in the tropics in the Southern Hemisphere.

Lightning is more frequent in deep convective storms formed by conditional instability.

Using GMS infrared imagery we have summarized four cloud characteristics relative to the intensity of tropical cyclone as follows: the position of the circulation center relative to deep convective cloud; the characteristics of the eye's form and its size and the degree of clearness in the eye; the characteristics of central deep convective cloud; and the characteristics of spiral cloud band. To each characteristic we assigned an index of tropical cyclone intensity. Synthesizing these four indices we obtained...

Using GMS infrared imagery we have summarized four cloud characteristics relative to the intensity of tropical cyclone as follows: the position of the circulation center relative to deep convective cloud; the characteristics of the eye's form and its size and the degree of clearness in the eye; the characteristics of central deep convective cloud; and the characteristics of spiral cloud band. To each characteristic we assigned an index of tropical cyclone intensity. Synthesizing these four indices we obtained a T number characterizing the intensity of the cyclone. We correlated the T number with the central maximum wind speed of tropical cyclone and obtained empirical formula Vmax = 7.813 (T -1). It is found that we can estimated the maximum wind speed of the tropical cyclone using the GMS data.

The effect of perturbation pressure on cumulus convection is ahalysed diagnostically with simpler structure models. The results show that the perturbation pressure forces induced by buoyancy, velocity advection and dray are of the same order of magnitude as the corresponding resource terms and act against them. The perturbation pressure force is negative in the middle-upper parts of cloud, which suprces the growth of cloud, and is positive in the lower part which promotes the cloud upward acceleration. The effects...

The effect of perturbation pressure on cumulus convection is ahalysed diagnostically with simpler structure models. The results show that the perturbation pressure forces induced by buoyancy, velocity advection and dray are of the same order of magnitude as the corresponding resource terms and act against them. The perturbation pressure force is negative in the middle-upper parts of cloud, which suprces the growth of cloud, and is positive in the lower part which promotes the cloud upward acceleration. The effects of perturbation pressure fro-ces are more important in deep convection than that in shallow convection. The low centers of perturbation pressure mear the base of cloud are located at the lateral edge of cloud, themagnitudes reach -0.1-0.2 hPa for shallow and -0.2-0.4 hPa for deep convectionrespectively.

We did numerical simulation in order to understand the influence of diabatic heating, such as latent heat, sensible heat and water vapor transpiration over the sea . On the development of the cyclone in the east coast of China, we diagnosed the budgets of vorticity and energy for various experimental schemes. The results show that at the initial stage of cyclogenesis , perturbation energy comes from mean flow; at the mature stage of the cyclone , baroclinicity plays an important role in the development of the...

We did numerical simulation in order to understand the influence of diabatic heating, such as latent heat, sensible heat and water vapor transpiration over the sea . On the development of the cyclone in the east coast of China, we diagnosed the budgets of vorticity and energy for various experimental schemes. The results show that at the initial stage of cyclogenesis , perturbation energy comes from mean flow; at the mature stage of the cyclone , baroclinicity plays an important role in the development of the cyclone . Latent heat released by precipitation modifies phase speed of the system and deepenes the depression . When the cyclone moves on the sea , sensible heat and water vapor transpiration promote deep convection.