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   林业补贴 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.254秒
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林业补贴
相关语句
  forestry subsidy
     Research on the Innovations of China Forestry Subsidy Policies Based on WTO "Green Box Policies"
     利用WTO“绿箱”措施创新中国林业补贴政策研究
短句来源
     Forestry is the important component of agriculture, so after entrance into WTO, in order to accelerate sustainable development of forestry, we should also consider how to take advantage of "Green Box Policies" and how to perfect forestry subsidy policies of our own country.
     林业是农业的重要组成部分,故在加入WTO后,我国也须考虑如何依据WTO“绿箱”措施,完善我国林业补贴政策机制,促进我国林业的持续发展。
短句来源
     Compared with "Green Box Policies", the current situations and some features of China forestry subsidy policies were portrayed thoroughly;
     与“绿箱”措施相比,我国林业补贴政策的现状及特点;
短句来源
     Agreements on Agriculture are such international regulations that standard agricultural subsidy policies of member states. It is inevitable for us to perfect our forestry subsidy policies according to Agreements on Agriculture,especially according to Green Box Policies included in Agreements on Agriculture.
     《农业协议》是规范成员国农林业补贴政策的国际规则,依据《农业协议》,特别是依据其中的“绿箱”措施来完善我国的林业补贴政策是我国的必然选择。
短句来源
  forestry allowance
     Forestry allowance is a negative forestry tax in theory.
     林业补贴是一种负的林业税收。
短句来源
  “林业补贴”译为未确定词的双语例句
     that the assistance to forestry should be improved and governments' support to forestry be enhanced;
     提高林业补贴 ,加大国家对林业的扶持力度 ;
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Forestry allowance is a negative forestry tax in theory.
     林业补贴是一种负的林业税收。
短句来源
     Forestry's Contract
     林业的契约性
短句来源
     Remote Sensing in Forestry
     林业遥感
短句来源
     the classification of subsidy;
     补贴的分类;
短句来源
     that the assistance to forestry should be improved and governments' support to forestry be enhanced;
     提高林业补贴 ,加大国家对林业的扶持力度 ;
短句来源
查询“林业补贴”译词为用户自定义的双语例句

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The paper, using supply and demand curves, explores the function mechanism and connotation of forestry tax on commercial forest. It holds that the production of commercial forest has positive externalities and its producers can't provide enough commercial forest truly required by the society under market failure. In the closed market, forestry tax directly becomes a part of the price and commercial forest producers should gain the normal profit regardless of forestry tax, but some woodland will exit from the...

The paper, using supply and demand curves, explores the function mechanism and connotation of forestry tax on commercial forest. It holds that the production of commercial forest has positive externalities and its producers can't provide enough commercial forest truly required by the society under market failure. In the closed market, forestry tax directly becomes a part of the price and commercial forest producers should gain the normal profit regardless of forestry tax, but some woodland will exit from the production. Forestry allowance is a negative forestry tax in theory. In the open market, domestic supply of commercial forest is less than that when there is no forestry tax and even less than that when its social and ecological needs are considered, which causes social welfare suffer greatly. So forestry tax should be reduced, forestry support should be enhanced and price control should be canceled. The paper also probes into the cutting quota policies, thinking that the cutting quota policies should be canceled for commercial forests.

该文运用经济学的基本工具———供给和需求曲线 ,以商品林为研究对象 ,探讨了林业税费的作用机理和内涵。该文认为商品林生产具有正的外部性 ,市场失灵使生产者将不能提供社会真正所需要的商品林数量。在封闭的市场条件下 ,林业税费会直接成为价格的一部分 ,商品林生产者应当能够获得正常利润 ,与税费高低无关 ,但会使一部分林地退出生产。林业补贴是一种负的林业税收。在开放市场经济条件下 ,国内商品林供应量低于没有林业税收时的商品林供应量 ,更低于考虑社会生态需求时的商品林供应量 ,造成巨大的社会福利损失 ,应减免林业税费、增加林业扶持、取消价格管制。该文进一步研究了与林业税费密切相关的森林采伐限额政策 ,认为对商品林应该完全取消采伐限额政策

In times of giving priority to ecological forestry in China, the commercial forestry should not be ignored because only when the commercial forestry is well developed,can the demands of social and economic sustainable development for wood, forest products and other basic raw and processed materials be satisfied and thus the pressure to ecological forestry be remitted. The paper holds that,for commercial forestry, the policies of cutting quota should be canceled, property right be settled, and management be...

In times of giving priority to ecological forestry in China, the commercial forestry should not be ignored because only when the commercial forestry is well developed,can the demands of social and economic sustainable development for wood, forest products and other basic raw and processed materials be satisfied and thus the pressure to ecological forestry be remitted. The paper holds that,for commercial forestry, the policies of cutting quota should be canceled, property right be settled, and management be freed;that the transfer of the title of woodland should be promoted and the woodland market be opened; that the system of wood price, taxes and charges should be reformed and the burden of the forest producers be lightened;that the assistance to forestry should be improved and governments' support to forestry be enhanced;that the bank loans should be made good use of and channels for financing be expanded;that forestry of non\|public ownership should be fully developed and social capitals be actively attracted;that favorable policies should be adopted and large\|and\|medium\|sized wood enterprises be encouraged to construct their raw material bases;that forest certification should be advanced and sustainable management be realized;that the advance of science and technology should be stressed and technological supporting and protecting systems be established;and that forestry policies should be long stabilized and transparent and government role be properly played.

目前我国林业以生态建设为主 ,但也不能忽视商品林业的发展。只有将商品林业建好做大 ,才能满足社会和经济可持续发展对木材和林产品等基础性原材料的需求 ,从根本上缓解其对生态建设的巨大压力。该文针对商品林业建设提出取消商品林的采伐管理制度 ,落实产权 ,放开商品林经营 ;推进林地使用权的流转 ,开放林地市场 ;改革价格与税费制度 ,减轻森林经营者的负担 ;提高林业补贴 ,加大国家对林业的扶持力度 ;积极争取和用好银行的贷款 ,拓展商品林业对外融资渠道 ;放手发展非公有制林业 ,全方位吸引社会资本 ;采取优惠政策 ,鼓励大、中型工业用材企业建设原料林基地 ;推进森林产品认证制度 ,实现商品林可持续经营 ;依靠科技进步 ,建立商品林科技支撑和保障体系 ;长期稳定林业政策 ,增加林业政策透明度 ,强化政府服务职能等制度创新措施。

To encourage afforestation and improve the social welfare,governments provide subs-i-dies to support the forestry.Different types of subsidies give different results.Some can improve the social welfare,but the others cannot.The reason is that the subsidy changes the benefit and cost cash flow during the farmers'planting process and influences the time that maximizes the net present value of the farmers,which causes the optimal harvest time delayed or ahead to the social one.In order to distinguish the different...

To encourage afforestation and improve the social welfare,governments provide subs-i-dies to support the forestry.Different types of subsidies give different results.Some can improve the social welfare,but the others cannot.The reason is that the subsidy changes the benefit and cost cash flow during the farmers'planting process and influences the time that maximizes the net present value of the farmers,which causes the optimal harvest time delayed or ahead to the social one.In order to distinguish the different effects,this paper sets up a quantitative model for forestry management,which includes the social benefit due to carbon sequestration of forest.Then the model is employed to analyze a subsidy provided by a city government in East China to support a local forest farm.The result shows the optimal harvesting age excluding social benefits is 19 years.When including social benefits,the optimal harvesting age increases from 19 year to 31 years as the carbon price rises from 0 yuan/t to 1 000 yuan/t.The inclusion of subsidies to encourage afforestation shortens the optimal harvesting age to 11 years from the forest owner's point of view.Compared with no subsidy,the subsidy causes much more social loss,which increases from 7 750 yuan/t to 17 704 yuan/t.The reason is that the subsidy brings forward the optimal harvest time,and the farm owner will not concern the externalities of the forest.The result indicates that not only to consider the social benefit but also to maximize the net social present value is important to a reasonable forestry subsidy.

不同的林业补贴产生不同的效果:可能提高社会福利,也可能降低社会福利。出现这种差别的原因是补贴使林业生产收益流发生了变化,从而使得林业生产收益最大净现值到来的时间相对于社会最优时间提前或延后。论文建立了一个以林木吸收碳来衡量森林生态效益的林业生产收益定量模型,并通过该模型对华东某市的一项林场补贴政策进行分析。分析结果是,在没有补贴的情况下,该林场最优砍伐时间为第19年,当存在补贴的情况下,林场的最优砍伐时间提前到第11年,而随着碳价格从0增加至1000元/t,社会最优砍伐时间从第19年增加到第31年,造成的社会净损失从7750元/hm2增加到17704元/hm2。鉴于此,合理的林业补贴要能够促使私人效益与社会效益相统一。

 
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