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户等
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  “户等”译为未确定词的双语例句
     That demands controling the production and the use of feed. In addition,it advocates using green feed additive to ensure the safety of food and guarantee the heath of humankind.
     文中提出了减少饲料添加剂对食品安全影响的措施:从国家、社会和养殖户等多方入手,控制饲料生产和使用环节,提倡使用绿色饲料添加剂确保食品安全,保障人类健康。
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     A Study on an Official Document of Gaochang County of the Tang Dynasty
     唐代《高昌县为百姓按户等贮粮事下太平乡符》疏考
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     A Study on the Grades of Families in Sun Quan Period Shown in the Sun-Wu Slips
     吴简中所见孙权时期户等制度的探讨
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     On the other hand, the government also has to choose appropriate level of tax burden by its power in order to raise sufficient capitals which is necessary to the running of the national machine in gear and the flourish of variable of projects.
     它是小至一个企业大至一个地区乃至国家社会经济发展水平的综合反映,不仅与国家产业政策、宏观经济调控目标,政府财政收入规模等国家重大财经方针政策息息相关,而且与所有国有、集体、股份制、外资、私营企业及个体业户等不同纳税主体的经济利益分配关系紧密相连,甚至与国际税制接轨、符合WTO规则和创造公平税负、平等竞争税收环境亦密不可分。
短句来源
     The dishui (地税, land tax) tax in Dunhuang documents refers to a tax paid by households according to the area of farmland they held.
     而敦煌文书中的“地税” ,当为依据田地面积划定户等之产物 ;
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     263as well. [
     263
短句来源
     Tanaka etc. growing together.
     Tanaka)
短句来源
     A Study on the Grades of Families in Sun Quan Period Shown in the Sun-Wu Slips
     吴简中所见孙权时期制度的探讨
短句来源
     It is fit for the inverter of the UPS,Inverter for Solar Energy System.
     特别适用于 UPS、太阳能用逆变电源逆变电路中使用。
短句来源
     A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON FIXING QUOTA HANDED IN FOR EACH PEASANT HOUSEHOLD
     对“包干到”的初探
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  based on household
The empirical analysis is based on household surveys in Bolivia and Venezuela.
      
Comparisons are also made to estimates of inequality based on household income.
      
The results confirmed that farmers make decisions about tree culture based on household- and field characteristics.
      
An alternative perspective based on household change considered as an evolving network is proposed.
      
The analysis is based on household profiles and characteristics (e.g., gender, caste, population and income) in a livelihood framework.
      
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In the present work, the authors have been firstly derived the general spherical harmonic expressions in the spherical coordinate system for"quasi-gravity potential" V (p), the "quasi-gravity field" F(p), the magnetic potential U(P), the total magnetic field T(P)and its components in arbitrary direction n (p). They prooed then to develop the theory and method of omndirectional imagery of 3D magnetic residual anomaly sources in the complex condition using the general spherical harmonic expression for V(P), F(P),...

In the present work, the authors have been firstly derived the general spherical harmonic expressions in the spherical coordinate system for"quasi-gravity potential" V (p), the "quasi-gravity field" F(p), the magnetic potential U(P), the total magnetic field T(P)and its components in arbitrary direction n (p). They prooed then to develop the theory and method of omndirectional imagery of 3D magnetic residual anomaly sources in the complex condition using the general spherical harmonic expression for V(P), F(P), n (p ). Finely,the example of practical application of imagery imagery has been given.

首先在球坐标系中导出了三度磁性体的“拟引力位”V(p)、“拟引力场”F(p)、磁位U(p)、总磁场T(p)和任意方向磁场分量(p户)等球谐级数正演通式.然后,采用(p),F(p)和V(p)等3个球谐级数正演通式,建立了复杂条件下三度剩余磁力异常源全方位成像方法.最后,给出了“成像”理论方法体系的应用实例.

Because historians do not understand the "Pinshi" system of the Wei and the Jin dynasties and its coming influence, they can neither explain "Shuji-Ding-Yang" of the Sui dynasty nor understand their meanings. "Shuji" is a household register with the required taxes. "Shuji-Yang" was modeled after "Hudiaoshi" of the West Jin dynasty and included "sample household" and "sample taxes" which were used to divide households. "Shuji-Yang" was the sample basis for contrast and conversion.

由于不了解魏晋的“品式”制度及其对后来的影响 ,治史者难以解释隋代的“输籍定样” ,不知“输籍”为何物 ,更不懂“样”的意思。“输籍” ,“课输之籍” ,记载有编户课输数额的户籍 ,即“计帐户籍”。“输籍样”借鉴西晋的“户调式” ,包括“户样” (一夫一妻丁男作户主的户 )和“赋税额样” (租粟三石、绢二丈 )两项内容 ,用来划分户等。在划分户等时 ,“输籍样”是比照和折算的“基样”。

The dizi tax has been much debated in recent years by both domestic and foreign scholars. Most hold the view that the tax, mentoined in Dunhuang documents in the Guiyi Army period, refers to a land tax levied according to the number of mu (a traditional Chinese unit of area) of farmland. The dishui (地税, land tax) tax in Dunhuang documents refers to a tax paid by households according to the area of farmland they held. Therefore, dishui tax in the Guiyi Army period was a synonym for the household...

The dizi tax has been much debated in recent years by both domestic and foreign scholars. Most hold the view that the tax, mentoined in Dunhuang documents in the Guiyi Army period, refers to a land tax levied according to the number of mu (a traditional Chinese unit of area) of farmland. The dishui (地税, land tax) tax in Dunhuang documents refers to a tax paid by households according to the area of farmland they held. Therefore, dishui tax in the Guiyi Army period was a synonym for the household tax. In our view, dishui had a wider coverage than dizi ; apart from dizi tax, dishui also included cloth, grass and wood to be delivered to the State as part payment of taxes. Dizi tax in the form of grain as a part of dishui was paid according to the amount of farmland. When farmland was rented out, the dizi tax was to be paid by the landowner instead of the tenant. The rate of dizi tax was eight sheng (a traditional Chinese unit of measure, equal to 0 1 dou , 斗) of grain per mu .

近年来 ,国内外学者对晚唐五代的“地子”进行了讨论。论者多认为 ,归义军时期敦煌文书中的“地子”就是“地税” ,按田亩征收 ;而敦煌文书中的“地税” ,当为依据田地面积划定户等之产物 ;因此 ,归义军时期的地税为户税之代称。笔者认为 ,“地税”的范围广 ,“地子”的范围小 ,“地税”中除了“地子”外还有官布、税草和税柴。作为“地税”中交纳粮食的部分———“地子”是据地交纳的。农民常常租种土地 ,“地子”原则上是由土地拥有者交纳 ,并非由租佃人 ,即土地耕种者交纳。“地子”的税率约为亩税 8升。

 
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