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无偿献血员     
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  voluntary blood donor
     Analysis of the Anti-HIV Positive Blood Samples of Voluntary Blood Donor
     无偿献血员检测抗HIV阳性资料分析
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  volunteer blood donors
     Investigation on infection of the human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-Ⅰ) among volunteer blood donors in Yancheng city
     无偿献血员中人类T淋巴细胞病毒感染状况调查
短句来源
     Methods:Anti HGV and HGVRNA were tested by ELISA and reverse transcription polgmerase chain reaction for 189 volunteer blood donors,404 professional blood donors and 169 plasmapheresis blood donors in Taian City.
     方法 :采用EL ISA法和 RT- PCR法 ,对泰安市 189名无偿献血员、40 4名职业献血员、16 9名单采血浆献血员进行抗 - HGV和 HGVRNA检测 ;
短句来源
     Result 5 of 1436 sera from volunteer blood donors were positive by ELISA,all of them confirmed false positive by Western blot.
     结果 :14 3 6份采自无偿献血员的血清中检出抗体可疑阳性 5份 ,WB试验证实为假阳性。
短句来源
     Objective To study Helicobacter pylori(HP) infection situation among volunteer blood donors in Bengbu area.
     目的调查幽门螺杆菌(Hp)在蚌埠地区无偿献血员中的感染状况。
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  free donors
     objective To analyze the state of HIV, HBV and HCV infection among free blood - - donors and paid blood - - donors for the conference of screening free donors.
     目的分析无偿献血员和有偿献血员HIV、HBV、HCV感染伏况,为无偿献血员的筛选提供参考依据。
短句来源
     from January 2002 to October 2004, 41466 free donors were tested and their positive ratioS of HIV antibody, HCV antibody and HBsAg are separatively 0.01% ,0.51% and 0.45% The tested positive ratios of the three blood - -epidemic diseases of free donors are signihcantly lower than that of paid - - donors.
     2002年1月至2004年10月共检测无偿献血员41466人次,HIV抗体、HCV抗体及HBsAg阳性率分别为0.01%、0.51%和0.45%结论无偿献血员三种血源性传染病检测阳性率显著低于有偿献血员。
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  “无偿献血员”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results Among the professional blood donors, voluntary blood donors and normal persons, HGV infection rates were 2.69%(8/297), 0.33%(1/300), 0.70%(5/721) respectively, and the positive rates for HGV RNA were 75%(6/8),100%(1/1),60%(3/5) respectively in anti HGV positive sera.
     结果 职业献血员、无偿献血员、正常人群抗 - HGV阳性率分别为 2 .6 9% (8/ 2 97) ,0 .33% (1/ 30 0 ) ,0 .70 % (5 / 72 1) ,抗 - HGV阳性者 HGV RNA阳性率分别为 75 % (6 / 8)、10 0 % (1/ 1)、6 0 % (3/ 5 )。
短句来源
     The positive rates in the different groups were:0.39% in blood donors,0.61 % in restaurant and hotel employees, 18.04% in female sex workers, and 6.90% in drug users.
     无偿献血员、饮服业从业人员、卖淫妇女、吸毒人员中梅毒阳性率分别为0.39%、061%、18.04%、6.90%;
短句来源
     Methods The ORF2 gene of TTV was amplified from the serum of a blood donor in Lanzhou region by nest PCR and inserted into vector pGEM-T then,after identification by DNA sequencing,subcloned to expression vector pET22b(+).
     方法通过巢式PCR,从一份兰州地区无偿献血员血清中扩增TTV病毒的ORF2基因,并克隆到pGEM-T载体中,进行核苷酸序列分析。
短句来源
     Mithwt 1161 professional andvolunteer donors were investigated with the shyness-scale.
     方法应用羞怯量表(shyness-scale)对1161名职业献血员和无偿献血员进行测定。
短句来源
     Method:300 blood donors were tested by SCL- 90,compare with domestic norm.
     方法:对300名无偿献血员进行症状自评量表(SCL-90)测试,并与国内常模比较。
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  volunteer blood donor
One of these relatives admitted to having served repeatedly as a volunteer blood donor.
      
  voluntary blood donor
They were significantly more common in Pityriasis rosea cases than in either controls or voluntary blood donor population.
      
Based on these results, we feel that to reduce the risk of these infections, non-remunerated repeat voluntary blood donor services are needed.
      
  volunteer blood donors
However, the prevalence of hepatitis B antibodies in out-patient alcoholics is significantly (p>amp;lt;0.01) higher when compared with the prevalence in healthy volunteer blood donors (5/114 [4%] were positive for one or both antibodies).
      
All consecutive blood donations from volunteer blood donors collected during 1?year were incorporated into the study.
      
Forty lymphoblastoid (lymphoid) lines were established from 42 volunteer blood donors, including healthy individuals and patients with head and neck carcinomas.
      
There was an increase from 29% to 50% who stated that, following their autologous donation experience, they would consider being homologous volunteer blood donors in the future.
      
This positive rate was significantly higher than the anti-HCV-positive rate in age-matched volunteer blood donors in our district (8.75% vs.
      
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  free donors
In this study, blood samples were obtained from 325 donors with SM and UM and malaria-free donors (including asymptomatic submicroscopic malaria-ASUM), from Eastern Sudan.
      
We analyzed sera from 165 multiple-myeloma patients, 29 patients with monoclonal gammopathies of unknown significance, and 20 normal disease-free donors.
      
Under sterile conditions, blood from medication-free donors was drawn using a heparin-coated syringe and immediately mixed with 0.9% NaCl.
      
We have analyzed DNA repair capacity in nearly 100 lymphocyte cultures obtained from consented normal cancer-free donors.
      


To understand the state of HGV infection and ther risk factors in blood donors,404 professinal blood tested with ELIST adn reverse transeriptin -polymerase 169 plasmapheresis boood donors in Taina city results showed that the positi rates of the antibodies detected are 0,0.25%(1/404)and 2.37%(4/169)respectyively Results indicated that the plasmapheresis blood donors will be focus population of screening anti-HGV

为了解献血员中庚型肝炎病毒(HGV)感染状况,并探讨感染的危险因素。采用ELISA法和RT-PCR技术,对泰安市189名无偿献血员、404名职业献血员和169名单采血浆献血员进行了病毒抗体和病毒核酸的检测。结果显示三种献血人群抗-NGV阳性率分别为1.59%(3/189)、0.99%(4/404)和5.33%(9/169);HCVRNA阳性率分别为0、0.25%(1/404)和2.37%(4/169)。结果表明单采血浆献血员和以前曾献血浆的职业献血员为今后HGV筛检的重要人群。

Objective To investigate TT virus infection and distribution of genotypes, and to build up an effective method for detecting TT virus infection in blood donor.Methods\ Nested polymerase chain reaction(nPCR),enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) and microporous plate hybridization methods were performed to detect TT virus DNA,anti-TT virus IgG, and TT virus genotypes. Results\ TT virus DNA and anti-TT virus IgG were detected in 40(14 9%)and 24(9 0%) of 268 blood donors,The positive rates of TT virus...

Objective To investigate TT virus infection and distribution of genotypes, and to build up an effective method for detecting TT virus infection in blood donor.Methods\ Nested polymerase chain reaction(nPCR),enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) and microporous plate hybridization methods were performed to detect TT virus DNA,anti-TT virus IgG, and TT virus genotypes. Results\ TT virus DNA and anti-TT virus IgG were detected in 40(14 9%)and 24(9 0%) of 268 blood donors,The positive rates of TT virus DNA in remunerated regular and non-remunerated blood donors was 35 2%(32/91) and 4 5%(8/177),respectively, There was significant difference between the two groups ( χ 2 =42 1, P <0 005).The TT virus genotypes were genotype I in all 40 cases of TT virus DNA positives. Conclusion\ TT virus infection is common in the blood donors and a high prevalence of TT virus infection in remunerated regular blood donors has been demonstrated. It is necessary to strictly control the number of professional blood donors and encourage the practice of donating blood gratis. At present, nPCR is an effective method for detecting TT virus infection. Most of TT virus genotypes detected in blood donors are genotype I.

目的 了解献血员中TT病毒感染状况和基因型分布特征 ,建立TT病毒感染的检测方法。方法 采用巢式PCR ,ELISA和微孔板杂交 -ELISA法分别检测TT病毒DNA、抗体IgG及基因型。结果  2 6 8例血清标本中 ,TT病毒DNA和抗体IgG阳性率分别为 14 .9% (40 / 2 6 8)和 9 0 % (2 4/ 2 6 8)。职业和无偿献血员TT病毒DNA阳性率分别为 35 2 % (32 /91)和 4 5 % (8/ 177) ,两者比较差异有显著性 (χ2 =42 1,P <0 0 0 5 ) ;40例TT病毒DNA阳性血清标本 ,其病毒核酸基因型均为Ⅰ型。结论 献血员中普遍存在TT病毒感染 ,其中职业献血员是感染的高危人群 ;严格控制职业献血员 ,大力提倡义务献血非常必要 ;目前 ,巢式PCR是检测TT病毒感染的有效方法 ;研究人群中TT病毒感染以基因Ⅰ型为主。

Objective To study the seroepidemiology of hepatitis G virus (HGV) infection in blood donors. Methods Anti HGV IgG and HGV RNA in sera of 297 professional blood donors and 300 voluntary blood donors and 721 normal persons were detected with enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT PCR). Results Among the professional blood donors, voluntary blood donors and normal persons, HGV infection rates were 2.69%(8/297), 0.33%(1/300), 0.70%(5/721) respectively,...

Objective To study the seroepidemiology of hepatitis G virus (HGV) infection in blood donors. Methods Anti HGV IgG and HGV RNA in sera of 297 professional blood donors and 300 voluntary blood donors and 721 normal persons were detected with enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT PCR). Results Among the professional blood donors, voluntary blood donors and normal persons, HGV infection rates were 2.69%(8/297), 0.33%(1/300), 0.70%(5/721) respectively, and the positive rates for HGV RNA were 75%(6/8),100%(1/1),60%(3/5) respectively in anti HGV positive sera. Conclusions There was existance of HGV infection in Dalian. Professional blood donors were the high risk population for HGV infection.

目的 研究庚型肝炎病毒 (HGV )在献血员中的感染状况。方法 采用酶联免疫吸附试验(EL ISA)和逆转录聚合酶链反应 (RT- PCR)法检测 5 97名献血员 (包括职业献血员 2 97例和无偿献血员 30 0例 )和 72 1例正常人群血清标本。结果 职业献血员、无偿献血员、正常人群抗 - HGV阳性率分别为 2 .6 9% (8/ 2 97) ,0 .33% (1/ 30 0 ) ,0 .70 % (5 / 72 1) ,抗 - HGV阳性者 HGV RNA阳性率分别为 75 % (6 / 8)、10 0 % (1/ 1)、6 0 % (3/ 5 )。结论 大连地区存在 HGV感染。职业献血员为 HGV感染的高危人群。

 
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