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无偿献血员
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  voluntary blood donor
    Analysis of the Anti-HIV Positive Blood Samples of Voluntary Blood Donor
    无偿献血员检测抗HIV阳性资料分析
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  “无偿献血员”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Mithwt 1161 professional andvolunteer donors were investigated with the shyness-scale.
    方法应用羞怯量表(shyness-scale)对1161名职业献血员和无偿献血员进行测定。
短句来源
    The infection rate of TTV in blood donors with an elevated ALT levels (31.0%) was obviously higher than in qualified blood donors (14.7%,P<0.01).
    ALT异常献血员中TTVDNA检出率为明显高于无偿献血员人群(P<0.05);
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  voluntary blood donor
They were significantly more common in Pityriasis rosea cases than in either controls or voluntary blood donor population.
      
Based on these results, we feel that to reduce the risk of these infections, non-remunerated repeat voluntary blood donor services are needed.
      


Objective To investigate TT virus infection and distribution of genotypes, and to build up an effective method for detecting TT virus infection in blood donor.Methods\ Nested polymerase chain reaction(nPCR),enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) and microporous plate hybridization methods were performed to detect TT virus DNA,anti-TT virus IgG, and TT virus genotypes. Results\ TT virus DNA and anti-TT virus IgG were detected in 40(14 9%)and 24(9 0%) of 268 blood donors,The positive rates of TT virus...

Objective To investigate TT virus infection and distribution of genotypes, and to build up an effective method for detecting TT virus infection in blood donor.Methods\ Nested polymerase chain reaction(nPCR),enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) and microporous plate hybridization methods were performed to detect TT virus DNA,anti-TT virus IgG, and TT virus genotypes. Results\ TT virus DNA and anti-TT virus IgG were detected in 40(14 9%)and 24(9 0%) of 268 blood donors,The positive rates of TT virus DNA in remunerated regular and non-remunerated blood donors was 35 2%(32/91) and 4 5%(8/177),respectively, There was significant difference between the two groups ( χ 2 =42 1, P <0 005).The TT virus genotypes were genotype I in all 40 cases of TT virus DNA positives. Conclusion\ TT virus infection is common in the blood donors and a high prevalence of TT virus infection in remunerated regular blood donors has been demonstrated. It is necessary to strictly control the number of professional blood donors and encourage the practice of donating blood gratis. At present, nPCR is an effective method for detecting TT virus infection. Most of TT virus genotypes detected in blood donors are genotype I.

目的 了解献血员中TT病毒感染状况和基因型分布特征 ,建立TT病毒感染的检测方法。方法 采用巢式PCR ,ELISA和微孔板杂交 -ELISA法分别检测TT病毒DNA、抗体IgG及基因型。结果  2 6 8例血清标本中 ,TT病毒DNA和抗体IgG阳性率分别为 14 .9% (40 / 2 6 8)和 9 0 % (2 4/ 2 6 8)。职业和无偿献血员TT病毒DNA阳性率分别为 35 2 % (32 /91)和 4 5 % (8/ 177) ,两者比较差异有显著性 (χ2 =42 1,P <0 0 0 5 ) ;40例TT病毒DNA阳性血清标本 ,其病毒核酸基因型均为Ⅰ型。结论 献血员中普遍存在TT病毒感染 ,其中职业献血员是感染的高危人群 ;严格控制职业献血员 ,大力提倡义务献血非常必要 ;目前 ,巢式PCR是检测TT病毒感染的有效方法 ;研究人群中TT病毒感染以基因Ⅰ型为主。

Objective To evaluate the state of mental health of blood donors. Mithwt 1161 professional andvolunteer donors were investigated with the shyness-scale. Results The score of professional donors was signif-icantly higher than that of volunteer donors. Age, sex, settlement, with others, and whether worry about ex-posing his donation had great influence on behavioral inhabition and intercourse getting on axial anxiety. Con-clusion Under the mental pressure and other factors, the professional donors may have some...

Objective To evaluate the state of mental health of blood donors. Mithwt 1161 professional andvolunteer donors were investigated with the shyness-scale. Results The score of professional donors was signif-icantly higher than that of volunteer donors. Age, sex, settlement, with others, and whether worry about ex-posing his donation had great influence on behavioral inhabition and intercourse getting on axial anxiety. Con-clusion Under the mental pressure and other factors, the professional donors may have some problems in men-tal health. PsycholOgical dredge and intervention shOuld be carreed out for them.

目的了解合肥市献血员的心理健康状况。方法应用羞怯量表(shyness-scale)对1161名职业献血员和无偿献血员进行测定。结果职业献血员的均值大于无偿献血员的均值,两者差异有高度显著性(P<0.01),职业献血员的年龄、性别、居住地、与周围人相处情况以及是否担心别人知道献血情况对献血员的社交焦虑及行为抑制影响较大。结论职业献血员由于各种压力,可能存在心理问题,应加强心理疏导和加强社会重视。

objective To analyze the state of HIV, HBV and HCV infection among free blood - - donors and paid blood - - donors for the conference of screening free donors. Method Analyzing the test results of blood - donors'HIV antibody, HCV antibody and HBsAg from the Central blood Station of Shangqiu City in different peruiod. Results From Januaryl996 to October 1997,19891 paid blood - -donor? were tested and theirpositive ratios of HIV antibody, HCV antibody andHBSAg areseparatively 0.08% , 2. 23% and 2.01% ; from January...

objective To analyze the state of HIV, HBV and HCV infection among free blood - - donors and paid blood - - donors for the conference of screening free donors. Method Analyzing the test results of blood - donors'HIV antibody, HCV antibody and HBsAg from the Central blood Station of Shangqiu City in different peruiod. Results From Januaryl996 to October 1997,19891 paid blood - -donor? were tested and theirpositive ratios of HIV antibody, HCV antibody andHBSAg areseparatively 0.08% , 2. 23% and 2.01% ; from January 2002 to October 2004, 41466 free donors were tested and their positive ratioS of HIV antibody, HCV antibody and HBsAg are separatively 0.01% ,0.51% and 0.45% The tested positive ratios of the three blood - -epidemic diseases of free donors are signihcantly lower than that of paid - - donors.

目的分析无偿献血员和有偿献血员HIV、HBV、HCV感染伏况,为无偿献血员的筛选提供参考依据。方法分析商丘市中心血站不同时期献血员HIV抗体、HCV抗体及HBsAg检测结果。结果1996年1月至1997年10月共检测有偿献血员19891人次,HIV抗体、HCV抗体及HBsAg阳性率分别为0.08%2.23%和2.01%;2002年1月至2004年10月共检测无偿献血员41466人次,HIV抗体、HCV抗体及HBsAg阳性率分别为0.01%、0.51%和0.45%结论无偿献血员三种血源性传染病检测阳性率显著低于有偿献血员。

 
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