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   中耳癌 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.453秒
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肿瘤学
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中耳癌     
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  middle ear carcinoma
     CT and MRI in the preoperative evaluation of primary middle ear carcinoma
     CT、MRI术前评价原发性中耳癌
短句来源
     Of the 9 patients, jugular bulb tumor was 2,neurilemmoma 3,meningioma 2,chordoma 1,and middle ear carcinoma 1. The charactersof the CT and MRI findings in benign tumors were extensive change in jugular f0ramenarea or slight broken bone. On the other hand,the malignant tumor showed extensivebone damage,and the structure of jugular foramen area was seriously broken.
     对CT与MRI显示颈静脉球瘤(2例)、神经鞘瘤(3例)、脑膜瘤(2例)、脊索瘤(1例)及中耳癌(1例)在颈静脉孔改变,病灶的内部结构、病灶生长侵犯方向与范围进行分析。
短句来源
     Objective To analyze the CT and MRI manifestation of middle ear carcinoma,and to discuss the characteristic manifestation of tumor encroaching the important anatomic structures.
     目的分析中耳癌的CT、MRI表现,探讨中耳癌侵犯重要解剖结构的影像特点。
短句来源
     Methods All 8 cases (6 male, 2 female, aged 38-74, mean 55 years old) of middle ear carcinoma confirmed by operation underwent high-resolution CT (HRCT),in which 4 cases also performed enhanced CT scanning, 3 cases had MRI scanning.
     方法8例经手术病理证实的原发性中耳癌术前接受高分辨率CT扫描,其中4例同时行增强CT扫描,3例同时行MRI检查。
短句来源
     Conclusion HRCT and enhanced CT scanning can correctly diagnosis primary middle ear carcinoma according to the characteristic manifestations.
     结论根据高分辨率CT及增强CT特点可以正确诊断原发性中耳癌
短句来源
  middle ear cancer
     Methods Expression of S-100 protein and PCNA were detected by ABC method in ultrathin section samples of middle ear cancer tissue.
     方法 石蜡包埋标本超薄切片,ABC法检测中耳癌S-100蛋白和增殖细胞核抗原PCNA的表达情况。
短句来源
     S-100 protein may become an index to assess tissue origin of middle ear cancer.
     S-100蛋白可能成为判断中耳癌组织来源的一个指标。
短句来源
     Expressions of MMP 2 and MMP 9 were closely related in cholesteatoma. There was no relationship between expressions of MMP 2 and MMP 9 in middle ear cancer.
     ④中耳癌组织中MMP 2的表达与MMP 9表达不一致 ,而胆脂瘤组织中MMP 2和MMP 9的表达密切相关。
短句来源
     Methods MMP 2 and MMP 9 were detected with immunohistochemiscal methods using monoclonal antibody in 36 cholesteatomas, 10 CAMS and 16 middle ear cancer.
     方法 采用免疫组织化学方法检测 36例胆脂瘤上皮 ,10例胆脂瘤外耳道皮肤、16例中耳癌组织及正常组织中MMP 2和MMP 9的表达。
短句来源
     Objective To study various expressions and roles of MMP 2, 9 in cholesteatoma and middle ear cancer.
     目的 探讨基质金属蛋白酶 (matrixmetalloproteinases,MMP)的MMP 2和MMP 9在胆脂瘤和中耳癌中的表达差异及其在骨浸润作用。
短句来源
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  cancer of middle ear
     Results 9 samples of the cancer of middle ear showed a positive reaction on PCNA( 100% ), 6 samples of membrane of chronic otitis media showed a negative reaction on PCNA, 2 of 6 (33%) normal membrane of middle ear showed a positive reaction of S-100 protein.
     结果 9例中耳癌标本100%PCNA阳性,6例中耳炎粘膜PCNA阴性,6例正常中耳粘膜中2例(33%)S-100蛋白阳性。
短句来源
  carcinoma of middle ear
     Four of them were advanced(T_4 N_(0-3)M_0)hypophary-ngeal carcinoma,five laryngeal carcinoma with extensive recurrences afterexcision,and one advanced carcinoma of middle ear.
     晚期喉咽癌(T_4N_0(?) M_0)4例,喉癌切除后广泛复发者5例,晚期中耳癌1例。
短句来源
     Methods:35 cases of otic neoplasms confirmed by clinic and biopsy, including 16 cases of acoustic neuroma, 3 cases of facial nerve neuroma, 10 cases of glomus jugulare tumor, 3 cases of carcinoma of middle ear, 3 cases of congenital cholesteatoma. All cases had CT examination and some of them had MRI examination when needed.
     方法 :35例经临床病理证实的耳部肿瘤 ,其中听神经瘤 16例 ,面神经瘤 3例 ,颈静脉球瘤 10例 ,中耳癌 3例 ,先天性胆脂瘤 3例 ,全部病例均行CT检查 ,根据需要部分病例行MRI检查。
短句来源
     Conclusions According to involve regions of carcinoma of middle ear, the operative approaches were selected. It is important to understand early diagnosis and early treatment increasing 5-year more survival rates.
     结论 根据中耳癌所累及的范围而选择术式 ,提高对本病的认识 ,早期诊断 ,早期治疗是提高 5年生存率的关键。
短句来源

 

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      middle ear carcinoma
    Significance of tubal resection in surgical treatment of middle ear carcinoma
          


    This is a modification of Fisch's procedure. There are three different ways of approch for resection of tumors over the base of middle cranial fossa. The first approach is through a long incision from the pinna down, along the anterior border of sternomastoid muscle, ligating the external carotid artery, placing a ligature around the internal carotid artery in case of emergency, protecting the vagus and hypoglossal nerves, excising the external auditory canal, exposing the petrous portion of the temporal bone,...

    This is a modification of Fisch's procedure. There are three different ways of approch for resection of tumors over the base of middle cranial fossa. The first approach is through a long incision from the pinna down, along the anterior border of sternomastoid muscle, ligating the external carotid artery, placing a ligature around the internal carotid artery in case of emergency, protecting the vagus and hypoglossal nerves, excising the external auditory canal, exposing the petrous portion of the temporal bone, reaching posteriorly to the sigmoid sinus, anteriorly to the jugular fossa, internal carotid canal and internally to the cochlea, the inter- nal auditory canal and tip of the petrous bone. For better exposure, the midportionof the zygomatic arch may be fractured with radical mastoideotomy. When needed, the mandible could be displaced out of the glenoid fossa, drilling the osseous portion of the Eustachian tube and/or tracing the carotid artery canal to the petrous bone. This approach is mainly for excision of glomus jugularis. The second approach is similar to the above with additional tracing of the internal carotid to the foramen lacerum, exposing the area near the clivus. This approach is useful for excision of cancer of the middle ear and cholesteatoma. The third approach sacrificed the carti-lagenous portion of the Eustachian tube, reaching the nasopharynx. After excision of the tumor, the operative defect is obliterated with abdominal adipose tissue and temporal muscle sutured to the mastoid fascia for pressure hemostasis and prevention of leakage of cerebrospinal fluid. Two suction drainage tubes were used to prevent hematoma.From April 1981, 2 cases of glomus jugularis, 1 case of cholesteatoma, 3 cases of cancer of the middle ear and 2 cases of nasopharyngeal cancer, refractory to irradiation were treated using the above exposure. To date, 1 patient died 8 months post-operatively from intracranial metastasis.

    颞下窝进路摘除中颅窝底部肿瘤术野暴露满意,便于操作。尤其是肿瘤与颅底附近和重要结构的解剖关系,如颈内动脉,颈静脉球,第Ⅸ、Ⅹ、Ⅺ、Ⅻ对脑神经等循此进路暴露十分清楚,便于术中分离保护。面神经改道前移,可避免术后并发面瘫。本文报道经此进路手术者8例,计有颈静脉球体瘤2例,中颅窝底胆脂瘤1例,侵犯中颅窝底部中耳癌3例及放射未能治愈的鼻咽癌2例。简要地介绍了手术操作的方法和步骤。

    Ten patients of advanced or recrudescent otolaryngologealcancers repaired successfully with pectoralis major myocutaneous skin flaps afterexcision are reported.Four of them were advanced(T_4 N_(0-3)M_0)hypophary-ngeal carcinoma,five laryngeal carcinoma with extensive recurrences afterexcision,and one advanced carcinoma of middle ear.All but one were healduneventfully after operation.In this paper,the advantages of pectoralis major myocutanteous skin flap,attentions of flap-making and complications are discussed.It...

    Ten patients of advanced or recrudescent otolaryngologealcancers repaired successfully with pectoralis major myocutaneous skin flaps afterexcision are reported.Four of them were advanced(T_4 N_(0-3)M_0)hypophary-ngeal carcinoma,five laryngeal carcinoma with extensive recurrences afterexcision,and one advanced carcinoma of middle ear.All but one were healduneventfully after operation.In this paper,the advantages of pectoralis major myocutanteous skin flap,attentions of flap-making and complications are discussed.It is experienced thatthe advanced or extensive recurrences cases could be treated surgically by usingpectoralis major flap resulting in elimination or alleviation,of patient's suffer-ing and prolonging their life.

    10例晚期及复发性耳鼻咽喉癌用胸大肌皮瓣整复切除后的缺损11次。晚期喉咽癌(T_4N_0(?)M_0)4例,喉癌切除后广泛复发者5例,晚期中耳癌1例。除1例喉咽癌因术后感染皮瓣坏死外,余均一期愈合。胸大肌皮瓣的应用对晚期癌肿或切除后广泛复发的患者,能消除或减轻痛苦及延长生命。

    During a period of twenty years from 1966 to 1985, 16,149 patients were admitted and hospitalized in our depar tment. Among them 1,309 patients ware histologically proved to be tumors;450 patients were benign, tumors and 859 were malignant. The benign tumors arose from the ear, nose, pharynx, larynx and other locations. The incidences in sequence were 86 cases (19%), 203 cases (45%), 105 cases (23%), 40 cases (8.9%) and 16 cases (3.6%), respectively. The most frequent occurence was papilloma in 104cases (23%),...

    During a period of twenty years from 1966 to 1985, 16,149 patients were admitted and hospitalized in our depar tment. Among them 1,309 patients ware histologically proved to be tumors;450 patients were benign, tumors and 859 were malignant. The benign tumors arose from the ear, nose, pharynx, larynx and other locations. The incidences in sequence were 86 cases (19%), 203 cases (45%), 105 cases (23%), 40 cases (8.9%) and 16 cases (3.6%), respectively. The most frequent occurence was papilloma in 104cases (23%), the others were fibroangioma in 71 cases, fibroma in 40 cases and the osteoma in 34 cases, etc. Among the malignant tumors, the incidence of carcinnoma was 782 cases (91%), the sarcomas 73 (8.5%) and the others in 4 (0.5%). The age and the sex of patients with tumors at various locations were also analyzed.

    对1309例经病理学证实为肿瘤的住院病人进行临床分析。良性肿瘤计450人。位于耳、鼻、咽、喉和其他部位,依次为19%、45%、23%、8.9%和3.6%。其中以乳头状瘤最多,次为纤维血管瘤、纤维瘤和骨瘤等。恶性肿瘤859例,其中癌为91%、肉瘤为8.5%。在癌肿中以喉癌为最多,次为鼻咽癌、鼻窦癌和中耳癌。对各部份肿瘤的发病年龄、性别等作了分析。

     
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