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粘膜癌
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  mucosal carcinoma
     MUCOSAL CARCINOMA AND SUBMUCOSAL CARCINOMA OF THE ESOPHAGUS:A CLINICAL AND PATHOLOGICAL STUDY OF FORTY EIGHT CASES
     48例食管粘膜癌及粘膜下癌的临床病理研究
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     PURPOSE In order to study the clinicopathologic characteristics of mucosal carcinoma and submucosal carcinoma of the esophagus.
     目的 探讨食管粘膜癌和粘膜下癌的临床病理特征。
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     it was the best method to diagnose mucosal carcinoma and submucosal carcinoma. Conclusion TEMP has important value in the differentiation among mucosal. submucosal carcinoma and extragastric compression.
     结论 内镜超声是诊断早期胃粘膜癌、粘膜下肿瘤的最佳方法 ,对胃壁粘膜 ,粘膜下肿瘤与壁外压迫性病变有较高鉴别诊断价值
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     Conclusion: EMR and operation for gastrointestinal mucosal carcinoma have the same effect,EMR is especially suitable for elderly.
     结论 :EMR治疗消化道粘膜癌效果与手术相同 ,对老年更适合。
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  “粘膜癌”译为未确定词的双语例句
     P21 and P53 protein expression in intestinal metaplasia and dysplasia of gastric mucosa
     胃粘膜癌前病变P21和P53蛋白的表达
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     RESULTS The 3 ,5 ,10 year survival rates of MEC were 87.5%,83.3% and 85.7% respectively,and SUBC were 58.3%,45.5% and 45.5% respectively.
     结果 粘膜癌和粘膜下癌的3、5 、10 年生存率分别为87-5% ,83-3% ,85-7% 和58-3 % ,45-5% ,45-5% 。
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     The Significance of the Diagnosis in Gastric Carcinoma and Precancerous Lesion of Endoscopic Biopsy by Detecting the Expression of Ras,C-myc and P 53 Gene
     Ras、C-myc、P~(53)基因联合检测对胃镜下活检粘膜癌及癌前病变的诊断意义
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     Cell apoptosis and proliferation in oral cancer and precancerous lesions
     口腔粘膜癌前病变和鳞癌组织细胞增殖和凋亡的原位观察
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     Study on the expression of p53、 p16 protein and PCNA in oral precancerous lesion and oral squamous cell carcinoma
     口腔粘膜癌前病变及口腔鳞状上皮细胞癌p53、p16蛋白和PCNA的表达
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  相似匹配句对
     PRECANCEROUS LESION IN THE STOMACH
     胃粘膜前病变
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     Study of scanning electron microscopy on colorectal carcinoma and its adjacent mucosa
     人大肠粘膜的扫描电镜研究
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     Pancreatic Cancer
     胰
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     Temporal bone carcinoma
     颞骨
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  mucosal carcinoma
In both collectives the prognosis for the patients with mucosal carcinoma was good no matter which operation was carried out.
      
To clarify the exact radiologic features of mucosal carcinoma of the esophagus with a favorable prognosis, contact radiography was performed on 8 surgical specimens diagnosed preoperatively as showing early or superficial carcinoma.
      
Mucosal carcinoma appeared as a well-defined smooth or nodular protrusion or as a feathered flat mucosa with tiny nodulations and barium poolings.
      
The histology of the biopsy specimens from mucosal carcinoma of the stomach grossly satisfies one of the criteria for limited surgery, but moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma may not be suitable for this treatment.
      
The carcinomas satisfying the following criteria are node-negative and eligible for limited surgery: (1) mucosal carcinoma; (2) elevated lesion >amp;lt;10 mm in diameter; (3) differentiated adenocarcinoma; and (4) no ulcer or ulcer scar.
      
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Thirteen cases of early gastric cancer are reported. The diagnosis first made by gastrofiberscopic and histologic examinations are further verified, and studied in detail by serial llock sections of the resected specimens. There are 7 mucosal and 5 submucosal carcinomas. In the remaining 1, as the very small initial lesion had been totally removed with the biopsy forceps, the resected stomach showed no further evidence of malignancy after thorough search. The tumors are located at the greater curvature in 3...

Thirteen cases of early gastric cancer are reported. The diagnosis first made by gastrofiberscopic and histologic examinations are further verified, and studied in detail by serial llock sections of the resected specimens. There are 7 mucosal and 5 submucosal carcinomas. In the remaining 1, as the very small initial lesion had been totally removed with the biopsy forceps, the resected stomach showed no further evidence of malignancy after thorough search. The tumors are located at the greater curvature in 3 cases, and at lesser curvature in,10 cases. Except 2 cases in the cardiac region, all the rest are in the pylorus, antrum and their nearby regions. Histologically they are: 1 papillary adenocarcinoma; 5 well differentiated tubular adenocarcinomas; 6 poorly differentiated tubular adenocarcinomas of which 1 showed signet ring cells in part. Metastases to regional lymph nodes are present in 3 cases.The diagnosis of early gastric cancer is succeeded by the intimate collaboration of clinic roentgenologic, endoscopic and histopathologic examinations. During the gastrofiberscopic examination, apart from thorough inspection of all accessible areas of the gastric mucosa, special attention should be paid on the pylorus and antrum regions (the locations being more biable to the development of cancer). Biopsied specimens should be taken from the sides around the center of the lesion as well as from the center itself. No less than 4 pieces must be taken. The possibility of malignant change in the lesion of patients with prolonged history of chronic gastric ulcer should arouse our great attention.

本文报告早期胃癌病例13例,均经胃切除标本连续取块切片检查证实,其中粘膜癌7例,粘膜下癌5例,1例因于活检时已将癌灶全部切净,故切除标本中未再见到癌。癌组织位大弯侧者3例,小弯侧者10例,除2例在贲门部外其余均在幽门、胃窦及其邻近部。组织学检查呈乳头状腺癌1例、管状腺癌5例、管状腺癌合并局部低分化或未分化癌5例,低分化腺癌合并局部印戒细胞癌1例。局部淋巴结见转移癌者3例。 早期胃癌的诊断是以临床、X线、纤维胃镜及病理等多方面的检查密切协作来完成的。作纤维胃镜检查时应多注意观察胃幽门区及窦部这些好发胃癌的部位。活检应自病变四周及中心部取材,不应少于4块。对有长期慢性胃溃疡史的患者应十分警惕其发生恶变。

2000 NPC cases from 1960 to 1966 (Group A) and 1000 cases from 1979 to 1980 (Group B) were collected from our hospital for a comparative analysis. After a comparison, we found that some clinical factors and biological behavior of NPC remained relatively stable in an interval of 13 years from 1960-1966 to 1979-1680. But the early cases (Stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ) increased from 13.5% in Group A to 45.1% in Group B with an increased rate of 31.25%; while those late cases (Stage Ⅲ and Ⅳ) decreased from 86.15% (Group A) to...

2000 NPC cases from 1960 to 1966 (Group A) and 1000 cases from 1979 to 1980 (Group B) were collected from our hospital for a comparative analysis. After a comparison, we found that some clinical factors and biological behavior of NPC remained relatively stable in an interval of 13 years from 1960-1966 to 1979-1680. But the early cases (Stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ) increased from 13.5% in Group A to 45.1% in Group B with an increased rate of 31.25%; while those late cases (Stage Ⅲ and Ⅳ) decreased from 86.15% (Group A) to 54.90% (Group B). The time of coming to consult is earlier in Group A than in Group B. The duration of<3 months from the onset of initial symptom to consultation time was 21.9% in Group A and increased to 44.1% in Group B with an increased rate of 22.4%, and the status of sickness and symptoms were also comparatively milder. It is possible that the propaganda of scientific knowledge relevant to cancer have been emphazied in recent years so that people and medical (personels) at grassroot level can get better understanding about NPC and pay more attention to it.But the frequency of early diagnosis of Stage I cases is still quite low (averaged 4.5%). It is very important for us to do our best to raise the early diagnosis rate. It is impossible for those patient with prominent aureo-nasal symptoms when coming to consult doctor. to realize this purpose. It is too expensive for early detection by mass screening. Based on our recent data, we consider that EBV serology can overcome the above shortcomings and is the method of choice for early detection of NPC. Further study on the clinical behavior of Stage I patients, EBV serology and precancerous mucosal hyperplastic lesion with its cancerous change are very necessary for elevating the rate of early diagnosis of NPC

本文选择我院1964-1966年鼻咽癌2000例及1979-1980年1000例的临床资料进行对比分析。认为近十三年来鼻咽癌的发病因素和生物学特性是相对稳定的。发现相隔十三年,早期(ⅠⅡ期)诊断率提高了31.25%,晚期(ⅡⅣ期)病例相应减少了。这与近年来我们加强了防癌知识宣传、群众和基层医务人员的癌瘤知识提高有关。因而来诊时间较前提早,症状及病情有所减轻。 但是Ⅰ期病例的诊断率仍低(平均4.5%),要提高早诊率,不能单靠病人出现耳鼻症状才来诊,大规模人群普查耗费又巨大。认为EB病毒血清学检测可以克服上述缺点。今后应继续加强对Ⅰ期病人的临床特性分析,EB病毒血清学及鼻咽粘膜癌前期病变等多种早期诊断方法的研究。

This paper report our experimental observation of the biologic effects of freezing of various tissues of the maxillofacial region. These tissues are skin, blood vessels, nerve, cartilage and bone. Skin after freezing with subzero temperature (-180℃) induced necrosis and regeneration. The characteristics of regenerated skin are no obvious contraction of the scar. But the hair may be absent or lesser. Blood vessels after freezing, injury of the endothelial cells are obviously, elastic fibres are more cryotolerant....

This paper report our experimental observation of the biologic effects of freezing of various tissues of the maxillofacial region. These tissues are skin, blood vessels, nerve, cartilage and bone. Skin after freezing with subzero temperature (-180℃) induced necrosis and regeneration. The characteristics of regenerated skin are no obvious contraction of the scar. But the hair may be absent or lesser. Blood vessels after freezing, injury of the endothelial cells are obviously, elastic fibres are more cryotolerant. The walls of the cappilaries are perforated with interstitial hemorrage. Thrombosis was seen in vein 4 weeks later. The internal membrane of arterial wall were thickened and the lumen of artery become narrowed in later stage. Organization happened in canal of arteria in some other specimens. Paralyze of facial nerve happened immediately after freezing, but this disfunction is reversible. The function of the nerve may rccovered 4-6 weeks after freezing. Cartilage and bone after freezing have no change in shape. The cell elements were destroyed and disappeared. New cartilage and bone formation have been seen on the surface of necrotic cartilage and bone in later stage. These results are valuable to cryotherapy in maxillofacial region.

本文阐述家兔颌面部多种组织,包括皮肤、血管、面神经、耳软骨和下颌骨冷冻后生物学效应的实验观察,以及采用冷冻外科治疗口腔颌面部多种疾病,如血管瘤、淋巴瘤、乳头状瘤、色素痣、白斑、口腔粘膜癌和面部皮肤癌等的疗效和进一步提高的途径。

 
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