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肉眼血尿
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  gross hematuria
The patient was a 28-yr-old man who presented with intermittent episodes of gross hematuria due to a mass in the urinary bladder.
      
Morphologic contribution on gross hematuria in mild mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis without crescents
      
Acute urinary retention, interrupted or weak stream, pain (penile, urethral, perineal) and gross hematuria were the main presenting symptoms in 7 (46.7%), 4 (26.7%), 3 (20%) and 1 (6.6%) patient, respectively.
      
A case of bladder hemangioma with recurrent gross hematuria is described with particular emphasis on angiographic diagnosis.
      
A case ofBrucella septicemia presenting at the onset as a severe microangiopathic hemolytic anemia with coexisting dramatic hemorrhagic syndrome (severe epistaxis, gross hematuria, and skin purpura) is reported.
      
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  macroscopic hematuria
Two women visited our department complaining of sudden asymptomatic macroscopic hematuria.
      
IVP should be performed as an emergency procedure when macroscopic hematuria is present, or when an isolated renal injury is clinically suspected.
      
Acute reversible renal failure with macroscopic hematuria in Henoch-Sch?nlein purpura
      
A Japanese girl aged 5 years 4 months developed macroscopic hematuria and acute renal failure (ARF) 8 days before the appearance of purpura rash.
      
Although ARF during or after episodes of macroscopic hematuria has been observed in IgA nephropathy, it may occur as an uncommon complication in Henoch-Sch?nlein nephritis, which is a common glomerulonephritis in children.
      
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The clinical and pathological features of 307 patients of primary ■glomerulonephritis

本文对307例经肾活检有完整资料的原发性肾小球肾炎患者的临床及病理类型进行分析,从而探讨它们之间的关系。结果:肾小球肾炎10种主要病理类型的分布以系膜增殖性肾小球肾炎居首位,占30.9%,其次为IgA 肾病(18.9%)及局灶性节段性肾小球硬化(14.7%);男女性分别占74.3%及25.7%;各型中患病平均年龄以膜性肾病(37.6岁)为最大;肾病综合征最常见于膜性肾病,占66.67%;反复发作性肉眼血尿则以IgA 肾病居多;40.00%的局灶性节段性肾小球硬化发生高血压;肾功能减退最明显的是局灶硬化和IgA 肾病。实验室检查有助于判断肾小球、肾小管和间质病变的轻重。本文探讨了微小与非微小病变的计算机分型,其分辨率可达90%以上。

Eighteen patients with primary carcinoma of the ureter were treated at our hospital from 1955 to 1980. Among them, 11 cases were male, seven were female. The most common symptoms were painless gross hematuria and flank pain. Two thirds of the tumors occurred in the lower one third of the ureter. The principle diagnostic methods utilized were intravenous pyelography and retrograde pyelography. Nephroureterectomy is the safest operation in advanced cases. In some other conditions more conservative procedures may...

Eighteen patients with primary carcinoma of the ureter were treated at our hospital from 1955 to 1980. Among them, 11 cases were male, seven were female. The most common symptoms were painless gross hematuria and flank pain. Two thirds of the tumors occurred in the lower one third of the ureter. The principle diagnostic methods utilized were intravenous pyelography and retrograde pyelography. Nephroureterectomy is the safest operation in advanced cases. In some other conditions more conservative procedures may be performed. The higher the grade of the tumor, the poorer the prognosis will be. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are emphasized.

我院1955~1980年治疗了原发性输尿管癌18例,男11例,女7例。主要的临床症状是无痛性肉眼血尿及腰痛。2/3的肿瘤位于输尿管的下段。膀胱镜、逆行造影和静脉尿路造影是主要诊断方法。依具体情况手术可采取肾输尿管全长切除或较保守的手术方法。肿瘤分期愈高预后愈差,因此早期诊断和治疗很重要。

From 1980-1986,percutaneous renal biopsies were performed in 1,000 consecutive

本文分析我院1980~1986年间1000例肾活检(IVP 法263例,B 超法737例)术后副作用及并发症。手术成功率99.2%。术后肉眼血尿IVP 法2.1%,B 超法18.2%;提示肾包膜血肿临床表现者IVP 法18.6%,B 超法2.7%,术后SCr 上升IVP 法2.67%,B 超法0.08%;尿潴留IVP6.5%,B 超法1.8%,均未行特殊处理,5例因术后出血、血色素下降而输血,其中3例行手术缝合肾脏。本组无1例死亡或肾切除。

 
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