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政府开支
相关语句
  government spending
     Inequality and Growth in Government Spending Model
     政府开支模型中的收入分配与增长(英文)
短句来源
     The Government Spending Model of Production and Consumption
     兼具生产与消费功能的政府开支模型
短句来源
     This paper will build a more general theoretical model by considering government spending as both production services and consumption services.
     本文建立了一个更一般的模型 ,在此模型中将政府开支分为消费型与生产型的 .
短句来源
     In this paper,we study the government spending model of production and consumption,and make equilibrium analyses and dynamic analyse about the model.
     本文研究了兼具生产与消费功能的政府开支模型 ,对这个模型进行了均衡分析与动态分析 ,由此得到了四个相关的例题 .
短句来源
  government expenditure
     Government expenditure and optimal consumption
     政府开支与最优消费选择
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     The land reclamation programme has transcended 8 general elections and 4 changes of Government and even today is considered an important area of Government expenditure.
     自从英国开始实施破坏土地复垦计划或纲要以来,已经经过了八次大选和更换了四届政府,即使在今天,土地复垦仍然是政府开支中一项重要的内容。
     Abstract Correct meaning of Crowding-out effect is the substitution of investment (both private and public investments) by consumption in a certain period (both private and public consumption), which does not only mean the substitution of private expenditure by government expenditure.
     挤出效应的正确含义是指一定时期消费(私人消费或公共消费)对投资(私人投资或公共投资)的替代,而并非仅指政府开支对私人开支的替代。
短句来源
     At present, many countries in the world adopt contracting out to reduce government expenditure, hold back the size of government, improve the quality of public services.
     目前在世界范围内许多国家都采用外包,目的在于减少政府开支,遏止政府规模的扩张,提高公共服务的质量。
短句来源
     As to the case of China, standard Crowding-out effect by expanded government expenditure as defined by monetarist has not been found at present, and in several years ahead there may occur Crowding-in effect radically different from Crowding-out effect.
     就中国而言,目前尚未发现如货币主义者定义的政府开支扩大带来的标准挤出效应,未来几年中可能会出现一种根本不同于挤出效应的挤入效应。
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  administrative expenditure
     The main reasons why federal financial deficits re-appeared were that the decrease of government tax revenue brought by the tax reduction plan of Bush administra- tion and the great increase of administrative expenditure since Sept. 11 attack.
     布什政府推行的减税 计划造成政府税收下降和9. 11事件以后美国政府开支的大幅度增加是联邦财政重现赤字的主要原因;
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  “政府开支”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Green Policies Could Save Government Money
     绿色政策能够节省政府开支
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     The essay reviews the theory's development of dynamic gains from international trade first. Then it analyses the empirical research of economists aimed at the dynamic trade from trade.
     本文首先回顾了国际贸易动态利益理论的演变,然后综合分析了国内外学者对国际贸易动态利益进行的实证研究,在此基础上,提出中国国际贸易通过宏观政策质量、政府开支、价格扭曲、国内投资、制成品出口和外国直接投资这六个作用渠道促进了我国的经济增长。
短句来源
     One is divided according to investment and consumption, another kind is divided according to the function nature of the expenditure.
     在政府支出与民间投资的挤出效应分析中,凯恩斯主义者认为, 政府开支、私人投资、私人消费三者具有相互补充的作用, 政府开支的增加刺激了私人投资、私人消费, 引发乘数效应;
短句来源
     In the theory, the developmentof e-government supplies a super technical support for the scientification andthe modernization of government management. And it will reach its farinfluence into the transform of government function, the improvement ofgovernment of efficiency, the scientification of government policy decision,the prospect of government affairs, the economy of government experiencesand so on.
     从理论上讲,电子政府的建立和电子政务的发展,为政府管理科学化和现代化提供了强有力的技术支持,将在政府职能的转变、政府效率的提高、政府决策的科学化、政务的公开透明以及政府开支的节约等方面产生重大而深远的影响。
短句来源
     Government has multi-aspect functions in the social economy system, for instance: imposing, issuing bonds and government public expenditure etc.
     政府在社会经济体中具有多方面的职能,如:征税、发行国债、用于公共目的的政府开支等。
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  government spending
Globalization, government spending and taxation in the OECD
      
Year-to-year increases in total trade and international financial openness in the past three decades have been associated with less government spending.
      
This research explores public judgments about the threat-reducing potential of experts, individual behavior, and government spending.
      
Faith in more government spending is highest for AIDS and the other two health items, lowest for the trio of violent crime, automobile accidents, and global warming, and moderate for the remaining threats.
      
Business and government spending on physician services
      
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  government expenditure
Recursive utility, productive government expenditure and optimal fiscal policy
      
Pollution, government expenditure, taxes and stochastic growth
      
One is government expenditure which usually invests in regional facility and amenity block, which is regarded as stimulus for attracting investment.
      
On age distribution of population, government expenditure and fiscal federalism
      
I assume, first, that some government expenditure items can be classified according to the age of their recipient individuals and, second, that different levels of government are usually assigned different expenditure programs.
      
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  administrative expenditure
Commission administrative expenditure is integrated in the first four expenditure headings.
      
In some instances, the Steering Committee has also developed separate measures for recurrent and administrative expenditure.
      
In addition, they would require a high administrative expenditure since filter lists would have to be defined on layer 2 and layer 3.
      
The downside of this is that the administrative expenditure associated with structural actions will rise appreciably.
      


Abstract Correct meaning of Crowding-out effect is the substitution of investment (both private and public investments) by consumption in a certain period (both private and public consumption), which does not only mean the substitution of private expenditure by government expenditure. The occurance of Crowding-out effect is conditional and has to be analyzed and studied with wide visual panorama. As to the case of China, standard Crowding-out effect by expanded government expenditure as defined by monetarist...

Abstract Correct meaning of Crowding-out effect is the substitution of investment (both private and public investments) by consumption in a certain period (both private and public consumption), which does not only mean the substitution of private expenditure by government expenditure. The occurance of Crowding-out effect is conditional and has to be analyzed and studied with wide visual panorama. As to the case of China, standard Crowding-out effect by expanded government expenditure as defined by monetarist has not been found at present, and in several years ahead there may occur Crowding-in effect radically different from Crowding-out effect.As China at present has far from attained economic equilibrium with full employment, therefore, it is necessary to practise a kind of fiscal policy to stimulate social investment in a comparative long period.

挤出效应的正确含义是指一定时期消费(私人消费或公共消费)对投资(私人投资或公共投资)的替代,而并非仅指政府开支对私人开支的替代。挤出效应的发生是有条件的,必须以广阔的视野对此加以分析和研究。就中国而言,目前尚未发现如货币主义者定义的政府开支扩大带来的标准挤出效应,未来几年中可能会出现一种根本不同于挤出效应的挤入效应。由于中国目前远未达到充分就业的宏观经济均衡,政府开支的挤入效应,亦即能在较长时期内刺激社会投资适度增长的财政政策是必要的。

The focus of government intervention in Argentina varied at different times. After the 1930s it emphasized on building infrastructures with funds from tax collection and foreign debt. After the 1970s, rapid expansion of public spending resulted in huge deficits and galloping inflation. Three rounds of reforms during the last quarter of the 20th century has greatly changed the role of the government.

在阿根廷的经济发展进程中 ,政府干预始终是一个关键因素。在不同的历史时期 ,政府干预的侧重点有所不同 ,其成败得失亦有很大差别。 1 9世纪后期 ,国家开始积极介入经济生活 ,其作用主要表现在提供公共物品和部分基础设施方面。这一时期政府资金来源主要是关税和外债 ,但政府开支并不很大。 2 0世纪 3 0年代特别是 40年代以后 ,政府通过公共设施的国有化以及在其他生产领域的直接投资 ,日益成为经济发展中的重要角色。公共机构和就业以及社会保障体系迅速膨胀。这一时期 ,公共支出的扩大带动了经济较为迅速的增长 ,但同时财政赤字日益增大 ,生产效益低下和资源浪费问题也日趋严重。 2 0世纪 70年代和 80年代 ,随着公共支出过度膨胀和税收状况的日益恶化 ,导致财政赤字难以控制 ,财政危机爆发 ,宏观经济动荡和恶性通货膨胀。 2 0世纪最后 2 5年里 ,阿根廷政府进行了 3次较大的经济改革尝试 ,政府的经济作用开始发生了新的变化。

The central fiscal department can increase the fiscal expenditure by issuing more treasury bill. The issurance of treasury bill results in two effects: multiplier effect and crowding out effect. From the viewpoint of outcome the issuance of treasury bill gave rise to during the past twenty years period in China, the treasury bill promoted the increase of the national economy. So it is feasible, at the present inflationary period, to coordinate the positive fiscal policy in order to increase the economy by issuing...

The central fiscal department can increase the fiscal expenditure by issuing more treasury bill. The issurance of treasury bill results in two effects: multiplier effect and crowding out effect. From the viewpoint of outcome the issuance of treasury bill gave rise to during the past twenty years period in China, the treasury bill promoted the increase of the national economy. So it is feasible, at the present inflationary period, to coordinate the positive fiscal policy in order to increase the economy by issuing more treasury bill and expanding the government issuance, the management of it is becoming more and more challenging, so we should put up positive management countermeasures in two aspects of the scale and structure of the treasure bill.

中央财政可以通过增发国债来增加财政支出。国债发行产生两种效应。从中国20多年来国债发行结果看,国债促进了经济的增长。所以在经济衰退时期配合积极财政政策增加国债发行扩大政府开支以促进经济增长是可行的。但是随着国债发行量的增加,中国国债管理也面临严峻挑战,因此,在国债规模和结构两个方面我们都应拿出积极的管理对策。

 
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