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外侧皮支
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  lateral cutaneous branch
     The length of the tenth and the elev-enth intercostal nerves and the subco-stal nerve from the lateral border oferector spinal muscle are 10.4cm,8.8cm and 6.5cm respectively to the origin of its lateral cutaneous branch,and are 31.2cm,27.3cm and 22.0cmto the penetrating point of pudendalnerve at the inferior border of piriformmuscle.
     第十、十一肋间神经和肋下神经从骶棘肌外缘至分出外侧皮支间的长度分别为10.4cm、8.8cm 和6.6cm; 至梨状肌下缘阴部神经出盆处的距离为31.2cm、27.3cm 和22.0cm。
短句来源
     Methods: T2 -T6 anterior cutaneous branch of intercostal nerve (ACIN) and T2 - T6 lateral cutaneous branch of intercostal nerve (LCIN) were dissected on 52 sides of adult female specimens.
     方法:对26具成年女性的52例标本胸部进行解剖,观测第2~6肋间神经外侧皮支(LCIN)和第2~6肋间神经前皮支(ACIN)的分支分布。
短句来源
     As the pedicle of the flap contains the lateral cutaneous branch of the intercostal nerve, the flap can bring sensation function to the recipient area.
     血管蒂可分离得较长,皮瓣能移转到达的部位较广,并可带有肋间神经外侧皮支,成为有感觉的皮瓣。
短句来源
     RESULTS: ① Nerve which was distributed in nipple and areola of breast was derived from the lateral cutaneous branch and anterior cutaneous branch of the 3rd, 4th and 5th intercostal nerves and deep branch of mammary cancer.
     结果:①分布于乳头、乳晕区的神经来自第3、第4、第5肋间神经的外侧皮支和前皮支,以及穿乳腺组织的深支。
短句来源
     ② The lateral cutaneous branch of the 4th intercostal nerves went into nipple and areola of breast with the directions like 4 o'clock in the left and 8 o'clock in the right, and nerves dominated nipple were derived from the lateral cutaneous branch of the 4th intercostal nerves.
     ②第4肋间神经外侧皮支于左乳4点钟,右乳8点钟位置进入乳头、乳晕区,支配乳头的神经主要来自第4肋间神经外侧皮支
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  “外侧皮支”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results: Anatomical data about nerves was provided. The diameters of T2 - T6 LCIN of the site perforating were gradually decreasing. The diameter of T2 's was 2.12 ±0.26 mm and the diameter of T6' s was 0.94 ± 0.25 mm.
     结果:第2~6肋间神经外侧皮支穿出点横径依次递减,T2为(2.12±0.26)mm,T6为(0.94±0.25)mm;
短句来源
     Applied Anatomical Study on the Lateral Crural Flap with the Cutaneous Branch
     小腿外侧皮支皮瓣的应用解剖学研究
短句来源
     Results:The breast received its innervation from the lateral and anterior cutaneous branches of the second to the sixth intercostal nerves.
     结果 :第 2~ 6肋间神经的外侧皮支与前皮支都到达并支配乳房 ,未发现锁骨上神经分支到达乳房。
短句来源
     145 artery perforating points in 30 legs were detected by Doppler,with an average points of 4.8.The skin flaps taken in the 21 clinical cases were 5.0 cm×3.5 cm~28 cm×11 cm in size. All the transferred free flaps survived uneventfully.
     30侧活体小腿共测到小腿外侧皮支血管穿出点145个,平均每侧4.8个。 临床切取皮瓣大小5.0 cm×3.5 cm~28 cm×11 cm,21块皮瓣均成活。
短句来源
     2. The main nerve supplying the nipple was the lateral cutaneous branches of the 4th intercostal nerves.
     ②第4肋间神经外侧皮支于左乳4点钟、右乳8点钟位置进入乳头、乳晕区,支配乳头的神经主要来自第4肋间神经外侧皮支
短句来源
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  相似匹配句对
     ③ Skin flap of anterolateral region of thigh.
     ③降股前外侧瓣。
短句来源
     Applied Anatomical Study on the Lateral Crural Flap with the Cutaneous Branch
     小腿外侧瓣的应用解剖学研究
短句来源
     LATERAL MYOCUTANEOUS FLAP OF TRAPEZIUS MUSCLE
     外侧斜方肌
短句来源
     Applied Anatomy and Chinical Application of Medial and Lateral Calcaneal Nerve Branches in the Treatment of Heel Pain
     跟内、外侧神经的局部解剖与临床应用
短句来源
     THE BLOOD SUPPLY OF THE RAMUS SUPERFICIALIS OF THE RADIAL NERVE, AND NERVUS CUTANEOUS ANTEBRACHII LATERALIS
     桡神经浅前臂外侧神经及其动脉供应
短句来源
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  lateral cutaneous branch
The hypothesis that the lateral cutaneous branch from the fourth intercostal nerve is the only nerve supplying the nipple was tested in a clinical experiment and anatomical dissections.
      
Local anaesthetic block was applied to the lateral cutaneous branch of the fourth nerve during augmentation mammaplasty.
      
Bifurcation of the intercostal nerve into a deep branch and the lateral cutaneous branch was found in the majority of the cases, 9.5―21?cm from the emergence of the intercostal nerve in the posterior intercostal space.
      
Other nerves that also traverse the iliac crest include the superior cluneals and the lateral cutaneous branch of the iliohypogastric nerve.
      
Six peripheral axon bundles, corresponding to the lateral cutaneous branch were analyzed for each embryo and noted in micrometer.
      
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With the aim of further understanding of the nerve supply of the Iumbodorsal region,and its relation to the pathogenesis of lumbago and lumbocrural pain,the superior chnial nerves of lilty adult Chinese cadavers were dissected. In the present study,it was shown that the superior clunial nerve consists of lateral branches of the posterior rami of spinal nerves rarying from T_(12)L_(1~5)and S_1 segments. The contribution of these branches to this nerve is as follows,T_(12):40 cases,L_1 and L_2: 100 cases each,L_3:96...

With the aim of further understanding of the nerve supply of the Iumbodorsal region,and its relation to the pathogenesis of lumbago and lumbocrural pain,the superior chnial nerves of lilty adult Chinese cadavers were dissected. In the present study,it was shown that the superior clunial nerve consists of lateral branches of the posterior rami of spinal nerves rarying from T_(12)L_(1~5)and S_1 segments. The contribution of these branches to this nerve is as follows,T_(12):40 cases,L_1 and L_2: 100 cases each,L_3:96 cases,L_4:48 cases,L_5:11 cases,and S_1:4 cases.Our observation revealed the fact that the posterior rami of L_(4,s)spinal nerves consist of a lot of lateral cutaneous branches,which is not in accordance with embroyological descriptions cited in literature which deny their existence. Basing on our data,we classify the superior clunial nerve into 4 types,Viz:one- branched:1 case;two-branched:15 cases;three-branched:66 cases;and four-branched:18 cases. More than one half of the medial and the most medial branches of the superior clunial nerves perforate through the deep surface of the attachment of the posterior layer of the lumbodorsal fascia on to the iliac crest,and enter the superficial fascia of the buttock.During acute wriggle of the loin,the firm fixation and tight stretching of the perforating branches by this attachment may cause partly the injury of the branches. The crossing point of the lateral margin of the sacrospinalis muscle and iliac crest or the area slightly medial to this point is the site where the perforating superior clun- ial nerve could be localized supeficialiy.

为了进一步了解腰背区的神经供给及配合腰腿痛病因研究的目的,我们解剖了100侧中国成人尸体的臀上皮神经。据本组观察,臀上皮神经可由胸_(12)、腰_(1~5)和骶_1脊神经后外侧支的皮支成分组成。参与此神经的组成情况如下:胸_(12)40例,腰_1及腰_2各100例,腰_3 96例,腰_4 48例,腰_5 11例,骶_1 4例。我们的观察表明腰_(4,5)脊神经后支有大量的外侧皮支,这与以往文献引用的胚胎学的说法不一致——后者否认腰_(4,5)脊神经后支有外侧皮支。根据我们的资料,我们把臀上皮神经分成四型:单支型1例;二支型15例;三支型66例;四支型18例。臀上皮神经的内侧支和最内侧支之半数以上,穿过附于髂嵴的腰背筋膜后层附着部的深面,进入臀部浅筋膜中。当腰部急剧扭转时,此附着部对神经的牢固固定及紧张的牵拉可能部分地有助于这些穿支的损伤。骶棘肌外侧缘与髂嵴之交点或该点稍内侧处,为臀上皮神经穿出的体表定位点。

The origin. external-caliber. length, course. branches and anastomosis of the cutaneous arteries (CA) of the lateral thoracic-abdominal skin flaps were studied in 34 cases(sides). The chief resulfs are as follows: (1) By seventh rib every skin flap may be divided into two parts: the upper part and lower part. (2) CA within the upper part of skin flap devive from the branches of axillary artery and brachial artry. Their Course are all longitudinal. The number of CA in every skin flap averages 3. Lateral thoracic...

The origin. external-caliber. length, course. branches and anastomosis of the cutaneous arteries (CA) of the lateral thoracic-abdominal skin flaps were studied in 34 cases(sides). The chief resulfs are as follows: (1) By seventh rib every skin flap may be divided into two parts: the upper part and lower part. (2) CA within the upper part of skin flap devive from the branches of axillary artery and brachial artry. Their Course are all longitudinal. The number of CA in every skin flap averages 3. Lateral thoracic CA. thoracodorsal CA and subscapula(?) CA. predominate. (3) CA within the lower part of skin flap derive from 7-12th lateral cutaneous branches of intercostal artery. Their course correspond with the intercostal space. (4) CA within the skin flap of upper and lowev part send out branches and form an arterial network which spreads all sver the whole skin flap. (5) External-calibers and lengths of accompanied weins are larger than the corresponding CA. The veins within the upper part of skin flap. especial the thoraco-epigastric vein which drainges blood into the lateral thoracic cutaneous veins may extend to the lower part of skin flap. (6) The cutaneous veins within the skin flap form an veins network which spreads all over the whole skin flap also.

在34个侧胸腹联合皮瓣内观察测计了它们的血管。1.根据血管的走行,分支分布范围,每个皮瓣都可以第7肋为界分为上、下两部分。2.上部皮瓣内的皮动脉主要来自腋动脉的分支和肱动脉,它们都呈纵向走行,平均每个皮瓣内有这样的皮动脉3条,其中以胸外侧皮动脉、胸背皮动脉和肩胛下皮动脉的出现率最高。3.下部皮瓣内的皮动脉来自第7~12肋间动脉外侧皮支,其走向与肋间隙相一致,每个肋间隙均有相应的皮动脉出现。4.上、下部皮瓣内皮动脉各发出分支互相吻合成网,构成遍布于整个皮瓣内的动脉网。5.皮静脉基本上与皮动脉伴行,它们的外径与长度均大于相应的皮动脉。皮瓣上部的皮静脉特别是注入胸外侧皮静脉的胸腹壁静脉可延伸到下部皮瓣内。6.皮瓣内的皮静脉也都有分支互相吻合成网,构成遍布于整个皮瓣的静脉网。

1. Fifty upper limbs of adult cadavers were dissected under an operating microscope.2. The ramus superficialis of the radial nerve is about 180 mm long, and springs from the radial nerve at a level about 16 mm below the medial epicondyle of the humerus. As the radial artery, it can be divided into superficial and deep parts by the overlapping of musculus brachioradialis. The junction between the two parts corresponds to a plane which divides the forearm into upper 2/3 and lower 1/3. The width of the ramus superficialis...

1. Fifty upper limbs of adult cadavers were dissected under an operating microscope.2. The ramus superficialis of the radial nerve is about 180 mm long, and springs from the radial nerve at a level about 16 mm below the medial epicondyle of the humerus. As the radial artery, it can be divided into superficial and deep parts by the overlapping of musculus brachioradialis. The junction between the two parts corresponds to a plane which divides the forearm into upper 2/3 and lower 1/3. The width of the ramus superficialis increases gradually as it runs downwards, and its cross section looks elliptical distally and somewhat circular proximally. Each of the two parts of the ramus superficialis receives 1~4 arteries from the lateral cutaneous arteries or muscular branches of the radial artery. Measurements were made to determine the position of the origin of these arteries.3. The nervus cutaneous antebrachii lateralis divides into two branches in the forearm, and receives 2~8 arteries mainly from the lateral cutaneous branches of the radial artery. It usually gives a branch communicating with the ramus superficialis of the radial nerve. The nervus cutaneous antebrachii lateralis can be found easily at the point just 5~6 mm lateral to the junction of the superficial and deep parts of the radial artery.4. The applied anatomy of the vascular pedicle nerve graft was discussed.

在手术显微镜下解剖50例成人上肢。多数(68%)桡神经浅支在内上髁平面之下约16mm处由桡神经分出。浅支干长约180mm,以被肱桡肌遮盖与否分为浅、深两段。两段交界处相当于前臂上2/3与下1/3的分界平面。浅支从上而下逐渐变宽,其横断面近侧段近似圆形,远侧段为椭圆形。分布于桡神经浅支的动脉主要来自桡动脉的外侧皮支和肌支。浅支的浅、深两段各有1~4支动脉分布,测量了这些动脉支的起始位置。前臂外侧皮神经在前臂分为两支,并发支与桡神经浅支交通。供应神经的动脉有2~8支,多来自桡动脉的外侧皮支。在桡动脉浅、深段交界的外侧约5~6mm处,易于找到前臂外侧皮神经。讨论了带血管蒂神经移植的局部解剖问题。

 
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