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联合皮瓣
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  combined flap
     Methods Based on the anatomical studies, series flaps include the medialis pedis island flap, instep island falp, the combined flap and the hifoliated flap pedicle with the medial plantar artery and its cutaneous branches were designed, the proximally or distally based island flaps and free flaps were used to resurfacing 53 cases with skin and soft tissue defects of the hand and foot.
     方法在解剖基础上以足底内侧动脉及其分支为血管蒂,设计足内侧皮瓣、足底内侧皮瓣、联合皮瓣及双叶皮瓣顺、逆行转位或游离移植修复53例手足部皮肤缺损创面。
短句来源
     Conclusions: Dorsum flap can be combined with lateral dorsum flap or superior lateral malleolus combined flap at the reparative surgery.
     结论:可以在形成以胫前血管为蒂的足背皮瓣同时,以胫前血管的外踝前动脉为血供设计足外侧或外踝上联合皮瓣应用。
短句来源
     After drastically debriding, the wound was repaired through transplanting combined flap that was anstomosed a set of blood vessels. The 6 types flaps were selected, it demonstrated signs of adequate circulation. The longest was 70cm,the largest was 42×24cm.
     创面选用吻合一组血管的联合皮瓣移植修复, 皮瓣最长为 70cm, 皮瓣面积最大为 42cm×24cm。
短句来源
     VAGINOPLASTY BY LABIUM MINIMUM FLAP AND POSTERIOR COMBINED FLAP
     小阴唇皮瓣加后联合皮瓣阴道成形术
短句来源
     Applied anatomy of the dorsum flap and lateral dorsum flap or superior lateral malleolus combined flap
     足背皮瓣与足外侧或外踝上哑铃状联合皮瓣设计的解剖基础
短句来源
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  combined skin flap
     Comparision of a Combined Skin Flap of DIEP and TRAM and Bipedicled DIEP Flap for Breast Reconstruction
     DIEP+TRAM联合皮瓣与双侧DIEP皮瓣乳房再造比较
短句来源
     REPAIR OF SOFT TISSUE DEFECT WITH COMBINED SKIN FLAP
     联合皮瓣修复软组织缺损
短句来源
     Objective To investigate the clinical result in repair of soft tissue defect with combined skin flap vascularized by pedicle on the one end and vascular anastomosis on the other end.
     目的 报告一端带蒂另一端吻合血管的联合皮瓣修复软组织缺损的临床结果。
短句来源
     Of the 29 patients, 21 patients underwent reconstruction using the combined skin flap and 8 patients using bipedicled DIEP flap.
     其中,采用TRAM+DIEP联合皮瓣再造乳房21例,均为单侧乳房再造;
短句来源
  “联合皮瓣”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Fat necrosis occurred in 33.3% of the united flap and 12.5% in the bipedicled flap.
     腹部切口脂肪液化联合皮瓣组7例(33.3%),DIEP组1例(12.5%)。
短句来源
     Methods From October 1990 to August 1995, 5 cases with soft tissue defect at the extremities and 1 cases with sacral bed sore were repaired by the combined skin flaps transfer, ranged from 15 cm×30 cm to 16 cm×70 cm in defect, among them, 5 cases with myocutaneous flap and 1 case with skin flap, and the size of the combined skin flaps was 15 cm×40 cm to 12 cm×80 cm.
     方法 1990 年10 月1995 年8 月应用联合皮瓣技术修复5 例肢体软组织缺损和1 例骶部褥疮,缺损范围为15 cm ×30 cm 16 cm ×70 cm 。 其中5 例应用肌皮瓣,1 例应用皮瓣。
短句来源
     [Method]A total of 26 cases were operated with combination of a single group anastomotic blood vessel with flaps. In all the cases, the longest flap was 70 cm, the largest flap was 1 008 cm2 (42 cm ×24 cm) , which was to repair the wound with super areas of (60 × 10) cm ~ (38 ×20) cm.
     [方法]本组26例吻合一组血管的联合皮瓣,皮瓣最长70cm,皮瓣面积最大1008cm2(42cm×24cm),用来修复超大面积创面,创面大小为(60×10)cm~(38×20)cm。
短句来源
     lateral lower leg flap transfer for thumb reconstruction and wound covering;
     游离第2足趾带足背皮瓣、小腿外侧联合皮瓣再造拇指及修复创面;
短句来源
     The distal portion of the flap necrosed in 1 case of the united flap group and necrosis of flap occurred in 2 cases of the bipedicled DIEP flap group.
     结果随访3月~3年,2组均取得较满意效果,联合皮瓣组术后皮瓣尖端部分血运障碍1例(4.8%),双侧DIEP组皮瓣血运障碍2例(25%);
短句来源
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  combined flap
In harvesting the combined flap, the latissimus dorsi is usually elevated first.
      
Thus, the combined flap can be helpful in reconstructing complex three-dimensional composite defects of the head and neck.
      
Three cases will be described in detail to illustrate the use of this combined flap in reconstructing scalp, midface, and oromandibular defects.
      


The origin. external-caliber. length, course. branches and anastomosis of the cutaneous arteries (CA) of the lateral thoracic-abdominal skin flaps were studied in 34 cases(sides). The chief resulfs are as follows: (1) By seventh rib every skin flap may be divided into two parts: the upper part and lower part. (2) CA within the upper part of skin flap devive from the branches of axillary artery and brachial artry. Their Course are all longitudinal. The number of CA in every skin flap averages 3. Lateral thoracic...

The origin. external-caliber. length, course. branches and anastomosis of the cutaneous arteries (CA) of the lateral thoracic-abdominal skin flaps were studied in 34 cases(sides). The chief resulfs are as follows: (1) By seventh rib every skin flap may be divided into two parts: the upper part and lower part. (2) CA within the upper part of skin flap devive from the branches of axillary artery and brachial artry. Their Course are all longitudinal. The number of CA in every skin flap averages 3. Lateral thoracic CA. thoracodorsal CA and subscapula(?) CA. predominate. (3) CA within the lower part of skin flap derive from 7-12th lateral cutaneous branches of intercostal artery. Their course correspond with the intercostal space. (4) CA within the skin flap of upper and lowev part send out branches and form an arterial network which spreads all sver the whole skin flap. (5) External-calibers and lengths of accompanied weins are larger than the corresponding CA. The veins within the upper part of skin flap. especial the thoraco-epigastric vein which drainges blood into the lateral thoracic cutaneous veins may extend to the lower part of skin flap. (6) The cutaneous veins within the skin flap form an veins network which spreads all over the whole skin flap also.

在34个侧胸腹联合皮瓣内观察测计了它们的血管。1.根据血管的走行,分支分布范围,每个皮瓣都可以第7肋为界分为上、下两部分。2.上部皮瓣内的皮动脉主要来自腋动脉的分支和肱动脉,它们都呈纵向走行,平均每个皮瓣内有这样的皮动脉3条,其中以胸外侧皮动脉、胸背皮动脉和肩胛下皮动脉的出现率最高。3.下部皮瓣内的皮动脉来自第7~12肋间动脉外侧皮支,其走向与肋间隙相一致,每个肋间隙均有相应的皮动脉出现。4.上、下部皮瓣内皮动脉各发出分支互相吻合成网,构成遍布于整个皮瓣内的动脉网。5.皮静脉基本上与皮动脉伴行,它们的外径与长度均大于相应的皮动脉。皮瓣上部的皮静脉特别是注入胸外侧皮静脉的胸腹壁静脉可延伸到下部皮瓣内。6.皮瓣内的皮静脉也都有分支互相吻合成网,构成遍布于整个皮瓣的静脉网。

The medial plantar flap and medial pedal flap were studied on 42 sides ofadult specimens. The result shows that the medial plantar artery could be takenas the pedicle for the united flaps of the medial plantar flap and medial pedalflap; its deep branch is the axial vessel of the medial plantar flap and its super-ficial branch is the axial vessel of the medial pedal flap.

在42侧成年标本上解剖观察了足底内侧血管及其主要分支。结果表明足底内侧动脉可作为足底内侧和足内侧联合皮瓣的血管蒂;足底内侧动脉深支可作为足底内侧皮瓣的轴心血管;足底内侧动脉浅支作为足内侧皮瓣的轴心血管。

An operative technique of vaginal re-construction by labium minimum flap andposterior combined flap was introduced。Clin-ical application in six cases has shown satis-factory result。The author declared that itwas an ideal technique for vaginoplasty withadvantages of obtaining material easily,mini-mal trauma, thin soft and mucoid flap withsensation, high survival rate, and few con-tractures postoperatively。

作者报道应用小阴唇、后联合皮瓣再造阴道的手术方法,临床应用6例均获得满意效果。作者认为此法有:取材方便、损伤小、皮瓣薄软、近似粘膜、有感觉、易成活,术后不易挛缩等优点,是一种较为理想的阴道成形术。

 
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