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避孕服务
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  contraceptive service
     Objective To investigate the rural female's knowledge of reproduction and contraception and the present status of the reproduction and contraceptive service,so as to provide information for improving family planning service and policy making.
     目的了解湖北省农村育龄妇女生殖与避孕知识以及生殖与避孕服务现状,为计划生育决策和服务提供依据。
短句来源
     Objective: To study the conventional contraceptive methods and emergency contraceptive methods among woman with induced abortion in order to improve emergency contraceptive service.
     目的:调查人工流产妇女常规避孕和紧急避孕的使用情况,寻找紧急避孕药物服用后非意愿妊娠的原因,从而改善紧急避孕服务的模式和内容,以提高紧急避孕药物使用的有效率,降低非意愿妊娠的发生率。
短句来源
     An analysis of Family Planning Staff's Attitude Towards Unmarried Young Man and Woman While Offering Contraceptive Service to Them.
     计划生育工作人员对向未婚年轻成人提供避孕服务的态度分析
短句来源
     The results of logistic regression analysis revealed that knowledge about contraception, boyfriend's approval of contraceptive use, perceived the risk of getting pregnancy, perceived availability of contraceptive service and discussion of contraception with boyfriend were important indicators of young women's behavior on contraceptive use.
     logistic逐步回归分析显示 ,女青年对避孕知识的了解 ,对意外妊娠风险的认识 ,男友对避孕方法使用的态度 ,与男友讨论避孕方法 ,对避孕服务可及性的感受是影响女青年既往避孕行为的主要因素。
短句来源
     Objective To understand attitude of Chinese urban and rural residents to provide contraceptive knowledge and contraceptive service for adolescent.
     目的 探讨我国城乡居民对给未婚青少年提供避孕知识和药具的态度和提供避孕知识及避孕服务的可接受性和可行性。
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  contraceptive services
     Conclusion: To increase premarital con traceptive use, it is necessary to increase unmarried women's contraceptive know ledge and their recognition of the harm of induced abortion, and improve the acc eptability and availability of contraceptive services.
     结论 :加强对避孕知识和人工流产危害性的宣传及提高避孕服务的可及性和可得性 ,有助于增加婚前避孕措施的使用。
短句来源
     Objective: To explore the attitude of family planning worker toward contraceptive services for sex-active unmarried young adults and identify the acceptable and feasible ways to provide the services for unmarried young adults in different areas in China.
     目的 :了解我国不同地区计划生育工作者对向 1 8~ 2 4岁未婚年轻成人提供避孕服务的态度及其可接受的服务方法。
短句来源
     Objective; To understand the unmet needs of unmarried young adults aged 18-24 for contraceptive services including counseling services and identify their acceptable ways to provide the services.
     目的:了解18~24岁未婚年轻成人对避孕服务包括咨询服务的态度与需求,为今后向未婚青年提供服务提供科学依据。
短句来源
     Conclusion It should be urgent to improve contraception knowledge and cognition among vocational high school students and provide youth-friendly contraceptive services.
     结论亟待提高职业学校学生的避孕相关知识和认知水平,并提供适宜的避孕服务
短句来源
     Methods: The intervention project lasted twenty months based on two suburban towns of Shanghai, and it comprised three main areas of activities, i.e. building awareness, offering counseling and contraceptive services.
     方法:在上海市郊两个镇开展以社区为基础的干预研究,干预持续20个月,干预活动包括性与生殖健康知识教育、咨询及避孕服务
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  “避孕服务”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results: Needs of rural women to reproductive health is accessible, comprehensive, high quality and affordable, in-cluding antenatal check - up, postpartum visit and contraception and preventive service.
     结果:农村妇女对产前检查、产后访视和避孕服务等预防性服务,以及孕产期危急情况的治疗和管理、常见生殖道感染的诊治、节育术后的随访等基本生殖健康服务的需求是可及、综合、质优并负担得起。
短句来源
     They had special needs for reproductive information and services.
     调查对象对性与生殖健康信息和服务、包括避孕服务具有特殊的需求。
短句来源
     Objective We investigate the acceptable level for the knowledge of emergency contraception in unwilling pregnant women.
     目的 了解人工流产妇女避孕状况及对紧急避孕法 (EC)的可接受程度 ,有的放矢的提高避孕服务 ,提高妇女生殖健康水平。
短句来源
     Based on the survey carried out in 8 provinces,the attitude of 1927 family planning workers on providing contraceptives to unmarried youth who need them was analyzed.
     本文利用8个省市对1927名避孕药具提供者和避孕药具发放者调查的问卷资料就我国计划生育工作人员对向需要避孕药具的18~24岁未婚年轻成人提供避孕服务的态度进行了分析。
短句来源
     The influencing factors include the working years, area of household register, their awareness and attitude to premarital sexual behavior and so on.
     影响他们对向需要避孕药具的未婚年轻成人提供避孕服务态度的可能影响因素包括工作年限、户口性质、对婚前性行为情况的了解及看法等。
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  contraceptive services
Some priorties in maximizing access to and quality of contraceptive services
      
Because social workers often have professional contact with teenagers who are in need of contraceptive services, a nationwide survey was conducted to ascertain the attitudes of social work faculty and students toward birth control for teenagers.
      
Spanish-speaking Latinas differed from English-speaking Latinas in other attitudinal dimensions, contraceptive use prevalence, and access to contraceptive services.
      
About 1419 private hospitals are approved for performing vasectomy, tubectomy, MTP and other contraceptive services in the State.
      
Access to contraceptive services, pregnancy testing, and other reproductive issues was an issue during the planning phase.
      
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Objective: To provide the experience of emergency contraception service. Design: A clinical service trial. Setting: Outpatient department of TMRIFP. Subjects: 250 women requesting emergency contraception were recruited from May 1994 to May 1996.Most of them attended this trial within 72 hours after intercourse,only a few came between 73 ̄120 hours after coitus. Methods: On the basis of actively publishing the knowledge of emergency contraception and giving full play of the family planning network,the three...

Objective: To provide the experience of emergency contraception service. Design: A clinical service trial. Setting: Outpatient department of TMRIFP. Subjects: 250 women requesting emergency contraception were recruited from May 1994 to May 1996.Most of them attended this trial within 72 hours after intercourse,only a few came between 73 ̄120 hours after coitus. Methods: On the basis of actively publishing the knowledge of emergency contraception and giving full play of the family planning network,the three kinds of safe and effective methods of mifepristone,Yuzpe regimen and levonorgestrel were provided for emergency contraception.250 women requesting emergency contraception were treated in our outpatient department.The acceptability and efficacy of emergency contraception service was observed. Results: Many forms such as the newspaper,television,leaflet,forum,blackboard bulletin and telephone etc.were adopted to widespreadly publicizing the knowledge of emergency contraception.More than 3 000 women consulting the emergency contraception were received.The data of treatment with emergency contraception for 250 women were come from two different studies:(1)using mifepristone for 150 women there was one pregnancy;(2)using Yuzpe/levonorgestrel for another 100 women there were three pregnancies,giving a total failure rate of 1.6%.Through the publicity and conduct of emergency contraception,many women were aware of the benefit of proventing unwanted pregnancies and visited us for emergency contraception more and more early. Conclusion: The emergency contraception is safe and effective method and can prevent unwanted pregnancy.An active publicity of the knowledge on emergency contraception is indispensable to reproductive health.The family planning programme should provide emergency contraception service as a part of their routine services.

为在天津开展紧急避孕服务,通过报纸、电视台、传单、座谈会、黑板报、义诊和热线电话等多种形式向广大群众积极宣传了紧急避孕的知识;同时发挥三级计划生育网的作用,在医院、诊所、公园、商场、工厂、街道及学校等场所向3000多名妇女提供了紧急避孕咨询。在此基础上,按科研课题设计的条件,收治了250名要求紧急避孕的妇女,其中采用米非司酮治疗150名中1名妊娠;Yuzpe/左旋18甲基炔诺酮治疗100名中3名妊娠,总失败率为1.6%。认为积极宣传紧急避孕知识,使广大妇女能普遍了解和应用紧急避孕法,方能防止绝大多数非意愿的妊娠。

Emergency contraception is an effective compensatory measure which could be taken after unprotected intercourse. A large portion of unwanted pregnancies could be prevented and a substantial number of induced abortion could be avoided by providing of e-mergency contraceptive service. It is beneficial to women' s health. Since June 1995>the emergency contraception service was established in National Research Institute for Family Planning. For introducing emergency contraception into Family Planning program .our...

Emergency contraception is an effective compensatory measure which could be taken after unprotected intercourse. A large portion of unwanted pregnancies could be prevented and a substantial number of induced abortion could be avoided by providing of e-mergency contraceptive service. It is beneficial to women' s health. Since June 1995>the emergency contraception service was established in National Research Institute for Family Planning. For introducing emergency contraception into Family Planning program .our experience was reported.Emergency contraception service has not been available in China. The main barriers are lack of information and dedicated products. Publicity mainly by news papers plays very important role for spreading the information. The number of clients who sought for emergency contraception increased obviously immediate after publishing the information. Six thousand phone calls were received through the emergency contraception hot line within 4 months. And more than one thousand clients took the emergency contraceptive pills within 11 months. Providing telephone service is a convenient approach to serve the people. Most of the clients . asking emergency contraception are the younger, unmarried or nulliparous women. Their privacy should be protected. The counselling for emergency contraception should focus on the effi- cacy,possible side effects and delay of menstruation related to the particular regimen. Unprotected intercourse after the pill taken should be carefully avoided. The clients should also be advised for further contraception. The recommendations for making emergency contraception more available are, to enhance clinical study to defive the optimal regimen and make it available. To spread emergency contraception services by organizing an introductory trial in a wider range and to enhance the information with the help of public media.

紧急避孕是避孕失败的一种有效补救措施,可有效降低人工流产率,对保护妇女身心健康有积极意义。我国紧急避孕服务尚不普遍,服务提供者和使用者的信息不足及缺乏可行的措施是目前存在的主要问题。通过以报纸为主要媒介的科普宣传后要求紧急避孕咨询和服务的人数明显增加,提示加强宣传是开展紧急避孕的基本措施。据统计,在加强宣传的四个月中,咨询电话的数目多达6000余次,1995年9月~1996年8月共为1000例妇女提供了紧急避孕服务,反映出群众对紧急避孕服务的迫切需求。建立热线电话也是便利群众和加强宣传的有效措施。在提供紧急避孕服务时根据紧急避孕服务使用者的特点,尊重其隐私权。对紧急避孕服务的咨询要点是,应说明所提供的紧急避孕服务方案的效果(失败率),可能的副反应及对下次月经的影响,对采用药物紧急避孕的妇女要强调本周期内用药后的避孕,并对今后常规避孕给予切实的指导。对进一步开展紧急避孕的建议包括:加强临床研究、筛选优选方案及促进紧急避孕获得性;以引入性试验方式推广紧急避孕服务及呼吁媒介加强对紧急避孕服务宣传等。

In order to evaluate the accessibility, availability and quality of contraceptive service in drug stores in Shanghai, three urban districts and two rural counties were selected for the study in 1996. There were more than 20 drug stores in all study areas. The categories of contraceptives sold in the drug stores included pills,condom, spermicide, injectable, test reagent for early pregnancy and so on. The categories of contraceptives sold in the drug stores in three urban districts were more than these in two...

In order to evaluate the accessibility, availability and quality of contraceptive service in drug stores in Shanghai, three urban districts and two rural counties were selected for the study in 1996. There were more than 20 drug stores in all study areas. The categories of contraceptives sold in the drug stores included pills,condom, spermicide, injectable, test reagent for early pregnancy and so on. The categories of contraceptives sold in the drug stores in three urban districts were more than these in two rural counties. All unmarried youth may buy contraceptives in drug stores. Most of the drug store salesmen surveyed believed that it was convenient for unmarried youth to buy contraceptives from their stores. Scores of contraceptive knowledge among trained drug store salesmen were higher that of salesmen without being trained. To meet the needs of unmarried youth, contraceptive service of drug stores need to be improved.

根据1996年对上海三个市区和两个郊县药店进行调查的资料,对该地区药店避孕药具的可及性、可得性及其服务质量进行分析。研究结果表明,各区、县销售避孕药具的药店都超过20个。药店销售的避孕药具种类包括口服药、避孕套、外用避孕药、避孕针、早孕诊断试剂等。三个市区药店避孕药具种类比两个郊县多。所有未婚青年在药店都能买到避孕药具。大部分营业员认为未婚青年到本店购买避孕药具较方便。经过培训的营业员,其药具知识得分高于未经培训的营业员。为更好地满足未婚青年的需求,药店的避孕服务有待进一步改善。

 
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