[Results] Stones were successfully fragmented on one session in 89.9% of the cases(241/268). Complications were observed in 4.1% of the cases (11/268), including 9 cases of ureteral perforation and 2 cases of urinary infection.
Results 163 cases underwent elective operations. The Morbidity of postoperative complications:wound infection was in 32 cases (19.6%), pneumonia 12 cases (12.3%), and anastomotic leakage 6 cases ( 3.7%), and urinary tract infection 4 cases (2.5%), and hyper osmotic coma 2 cases (1.2%),1 cases died, the mortality was 0.6%.
Results:92.2%(188/204) were succeed in one treatment session. Complications were observed in 4.9%(10/204),of which,4 cases ureteral fenestration,1 case ureteral mucosa avulsion as rolled up,2 cases of ureteral mucosa false canal,3 cases urinary system infection.
Sixty patients (M 27, F 33; age 52 ± 15a) with lower respiratory tract infections and urinary tract infections received isepamicin 0.4-0.8g in 2 divided doses daily in- travenously or intramuscularly for 9 ± 3 d.
The diagnosis of urinary tract infection in renal transplant patients is important because unrecognized bacterial infection may lead - in the worst case - to graft loss.
Results: In 55 % (17/31), diagnosis of urinary tract infection was confirmed by single bladder catheterization; in 26 % (8/31), urinary tract infection could be excluded, and in 19 % (6/31), bladder colonization without pyuria was found.
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common infection and the first cause of bacteremia in the elderly.
In contrast, serum of patients with urinary tract infection or enteritis contained CA antibodies in significant titers in only out of 21 subjects, although the O antibody titers were comparable to those observed in patients with peritonitis.
It is concluded that CA antibodies are produced far more frequently and in higher titers in children with peritonitis than in those with urinary tract infection or enteritis.
Urinary tract infections are the most frequent nosocomial infections, accounting for about 40% of all nosocomial infections.
We have, therefore, performed a literature search for randomized, controlled studies on the prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (Medline, Cochrane Library, reference text books) published since 1981.
Based upon the CDC guideline, whose principles are still valid, updated guidelines for the prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract infections have been developed by the National Reference Center for Hospital Hygiene.
Routine measurements of IAP by means of bladder pressure are not associated with an increased rate of urinary tract infections.
Management of urinary tract infections in the elderly