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加热作用
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  heating effect
     Generally,the cumulus convection parameterization scheme has taken account the heating effect of internal latent heat,but the changes of surface pressure and geopotential height fields associated with condensation and precipitation must also be considered.
     一般积云对流参数化方案都已考虑内潜热对大气的加热作用,但还须考虑因凝结与降水造成地面气压场及高空位势高度场的变化,后者应是外潜热作用的结果。
短句来源
     By this technique, the laser heating effect of the Raman spectrometer on the measured samples was also investigated.
     同时,还使用这个方法研究了Raman谱仪激光束对退火样品的加热作用
短句来源
     Seven numerical experiments are carried out, namely: (1) The rediative heating effect under the condition without cloud;
     进行了7种数值试验,即:(1)只考虑无云情况下的辐射加热作用;
短句来源
     and the heating effect is just equivalent to the effect of horizontal convergence.
     高原加热作用与水平辐合作用相当。
短句来源
     Mechanical mass transfer, heating effect and cavitation effect are physical mechanism.
     超声波作用的物理机制主要包括机械传质作用、加热作用和空化作用。
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  heating action
     In March the heating action of the plateau to the atmosphere is remarkable compared with the round regions.
     与周边地区相比较,高原对大气的加热作用在三月份最为显著。
短句来源
     When irradiated with Ar+ laser, an inverse colour-change occurs presumably from the heating action of the laser.
     用Ar~+激光照射后,它又可从红色变为原来的黄色,这可能由于激光加热作用所致。
短句来源
     the production and rock porosity are the important factors of influencing the distribution of the temperatures, condensate saturations and gas relative permeability; the larger the production, the smaller the heating action radius; when the production was small and the high temperature only occurred to the vicinity of the borehole wall, the heating action radius might be up to 3 m;
     产量和岩石孔隙度是影响温度、含油饱和度和气相相对渗透率分布的重要因素 ,产量大时加热作用半径小 ,只有井壁附近存在高温 ,而产量小时加热半径可达到 3m ;
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  “加热作用”译为未确定词的双语例句
     We found that the HCPEB bombardment of the H13 steel,coated with 10 μm thick Al film,results in rapid surface alloying because of heating,melting and diffusing of Al layer.
     我们首先采用电弧离子镀的方法在H13钢表面沉积了约 10 μm厚的纯铝层 ,然后用强流脉冲电子束对铝膜进行后处理 ,Al在电子束瞬间加热作用下 ,熔入基体表面中 ,实现了表面快速合金化。
短句来源
     The temperature changes of the nano-particles of Mn_(0.5)Zn_(0.5)Fe_2O_4 and its magnetic fluid explored in radiofrequency(RF,200 KHz,4 KW) were measured.
     将M n0.5Zn0.5F e2O4纳米粒子以及其不同浓度的磁流体置于200 KH z的交变磁场中照射,检测其磁感应自控加热作用;
短句来源
     A Computing Scheme of the Numerical Contributions for the Terrain, Friction and Heating Effects in Omega Equation
     地形、摩擦和加热作用在ω方程中数值贡献的计算方案
短句来源
     STABILITY ANALYSIS OF THE EQUATORIAL WAVES UNDER THE HEATING OF CUMULUS CONVECTIONS
     积云对流加热作用下赤道波的稳定性
短句来源
     Activating of fly ash, in the different admixtures and temperatures, had been studied by the methods of TGA, XRD,pore structure and TSC-TG analysis.
     通过热失重(TGA)、XRD、孔结构和综合热分析(TSC-TG)的测试,研究了粉煤灰在不同外加剂和加热作用下的活化机制。
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  heating effect
On the heating effect in gas flow over deep cavities
      
The heating effect of photosynthetic active radiation on the zooxanthellar cells in coral polyps was verified theoretically.
      
The lattice heating effect on the kinetics of attaining the steady state of hot carrier thermoelectric power in a p-n junction is theoretically studied.
      
It is pointed out that the land-sea contrast and the topography influence the atmosphere mainly through the heating effect and the former has larger influences on the simulated large scale climate fields than the latter.
      
Based on the analogy between viscous effect and heating effect a thermal drag factor has been defined, which can predict the flow property variation due to heating and the relative importance of viscous effect and heating effect.
      
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  heating action
Microwave irradiation involves the destruction of microorganisms through the microwave heating action of water contained within the waste.
      
Therefore, the heating action of the Plateau makes the tropopause of this region extend higher than elsewhere at the same latitude.
      


An ideal numerical experimental model of the general circulation of the atmosphere is constructed with simple considerations of the radiation, turbulence exchange and condensation heatings and orographic effect. The effects of ocean and continent are presented by giving the earth's surface temperature. The derived ordinary differential equations are numerically integrated on electronic computer by Runge-Kutta method.Starting with an atmosphere in rest, the basic current is established by the effects of non-adiabatic...

An ideal numerical experimental model of the general circulation of the atmosphere is constructed with simple considerations of the radiation, turbulence exchange and condensation heatings and orographic effect. The effects of ocean and continent are presented by giving the earth's surface temperature. The derived ordinary differential equations are numerically integrated on electronic computer by Runge-Kutta method.Starting with an atmosphere in rest, the basic current is established by the effects of non-adiabatic heatings in 40 days.The basic current has the annual variation under the influences of solar radiation, earth's surface temperature and condensation heatings, all with an annual period. The amplitudes of disturbances decrease in summer, and increase in winter. The seasonal variation of earth's surface temperature controls the movements of ultra-long waves. The cold troughs are situated at the east of oceans in summer, and at the east of continents in winter.Finally, we find in the numerical experiment that the influence of initial values may last for about 100 days.

本文建立了一个理想的大气环流数值试验模式,其中简单地考虑了辐射、湍流、凝结加热及地形的动力作用。模式中放了两个陆地和两个海洋,海陆的影响由给定的下垫面温度表现出来。把方程组化成常微分方程组后,用Runge-Kutta方法在电子计算机上求数值解。 首先,在非绝热加热的作用下,由静止大气开始经过40天就建立起基本气流。其次,在具有年周期的太阳辐射、下垫面温度及凝结加热的作用下,基本气流以年周期变化。扰动也有明显的年周期,夏季扰动振幅变小,冬季扰动振幅变大,而且海陆温度的季节变化能控制波数为2的超长波的进退。夏季温度槽位于海洋东部,冬季位于大陆东部。 最后,在数值试验中看到初始场的影响只有100天左右。

A numerical experimental model of the general circulation of the atmosphere is constructed based on a two-level quasi-geos trophic model with the dynamical effects of topography and land-and-sea distribution and the radiation, turbulent and condensation heatings included. In the radiation heating, the influences of clouds on the long wave and short wave radiations are considered, by assuming that the appearance of cloud depends on the vertical current only. The surface temperature is obtained by solving the...

A numerical experimental model of the general circulation of the atmosphere is constructed based on a two-level quasi-geos trophic model with the dynamical effects of topography and land-and-sea distribution and the radiation, turbulent and condensation heatings included. In the radiation heating, the influences of clouds on the long wave and short wave radiations are considered, by assuming that the appearance of cloud depends on the vertical current only. The surface temperature is obtained by solving the heat-transfer equation. The derived non-linear ordinary differential equations are numerically integrated on electronic computer by using Runge-Kutta method.In the absence of disturbances the surface temperature and basic currents are gradually set up by the excitement of solar radiation with an annual period. The surface temperature has an apparent seasonal fluctuations, which lag behind that of the solar radiation about one month. The obtained values of surface temperature in winter and summer are in accord with the actual climatic values. The basic currents also have an apparent seasonal fluctuations, which also lag behind that of the solar radiation more than one month. In summer, the basic currents decrease in intensity and the jet stream shifts towards the north, and in winter, the basic currents increase in intensity and the jet stream shifts towards the south.In winter, the thermal properties of the actual land-and-sea distribution of northern hemisphere enable the air over Asia and the Pacific to cool down and the air over Europe and Atlantic Ocean to warm up. Under the mutual effects of topography and non-adiaba'tic heatings, troughs form over eastern Asia and northern America. The process of cold-air activity is also discovered in the experiment. This cold-air activity has its favourite origin which is Novaya Zemlya in Europe. Further the cold air originated from Novaya Zemlya has its favourite southeastward track.

考虑地形及加热作用,建立了一个大气环流数值试验准地转二层模式。在辐射加热中考虑了云对长短波辐射的影响,而假定云的出现与否仅依赖于垂直速度。在模式中放置了北半球实际的地形及海陆分布,而下垫面的温度由求解下垫面热传导方程得出。把方程组化成非线性常微分方程组,用Runge-Kutta方法在电子计算机上求解。 在不计扰动的情况下,在具有年周期的太阳短波辐射的作用下,逐渐建立起下垫面纬圈平均温度梯度及基本气流。下垫面温度具有很清楚的季节变化,位相落后于太阳短波辐射一个月,求得的冬夏季的下垫面温度值与实际的气候值相当。基本气流也有明显的季节变化,夏季风速减弱,急流向北移,冬季风速增强,急流向南移,位相落后于太阳短波辐射一个多月。 北半球实际的海陆分市的热力特性,在冬季能使亚洲及太平洋上空变冷,并能使大西洋及欧洲上空变暖。在非绝热加热和地形的共同作用下,在冬季出现了随时间变化着的东亚大槽和北美大槽,以及冷空气活动过程。这种冷空气活动有其偏爱地区:起源于苏联新地岛上空,并向东南方向移动。

With the help of a two--level model the effect of releasing condensa-tion latent heat on the flow field in the geostrophic adaptation processis discussed in this paper. It is shown by theoretical analyses that therelease of latent heat makes a contribution to the formation and development of the low--level jet stream and cyclone.

为了探讨凝结加热场影响流场的动力学过程,本文把凝结加热看作影响地转平衡的外部因子,利用二层模式,讨论在凝结加热作用下的地转适应过程,从而揭示它在线性过程中的动力作用,并由此从理论上来说明一下凝结加热对低空急流形成和加强有一定作用和对气旋发生有很大贡献等意见。

 
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