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   慢性肾衰竭 在 泌尿科学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:1.636秒
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  chronic renal failure
Renal transplantation (RT) is one of the renal replacement therapy options in the terminal stage of chronic renal failure.
      
New alternatives for erythropoietin therapy in chronic renal failure
      
In this review, we present some general aspects of EPO biology, with emphasis on chronic renal failure, and expose some of the alternatives to EPO used for anemia correction.
      
The objectives, however, differ from those for patients with chronic renal failure because diets that satisfy minimal requirements will not be sufficient for an acute catabolic illness.
      
In both groups progression of chronic renal failure slowed down, but the delay was more pronounced in group B.
      
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  chronic kidney failure
Oral vitamin E therapy reduced endothelial dysfunction, lipid peroxidation and oxidative stress in patients with chronic kidney failure (CKF).
      
A product that is capable of treating acute and chronic kidney failure would, therefore, have significant commercial potential.
      
At that time, in contrast to the present, the only issue was that of withholding treatment for chronic kidney failure.
      
Dyslipidemia is common in chronic kidney failure and is typically present when kidney function begins to decline.
      
ESRD almost always follows chronic kidney failure, which may exist for 10-20 years or more before progression to ESRD.
      
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  chronic renal function
Nomogram for modification of dosage regimens in patients with chronic renal function impairment
      
A nomogram is presented for modifying dosage regimens of drugs administered to patients with chronic renal function impairment.
      
Chronic renal function loss occurs in a substantial proportion of patients with an initially successful renal transplantation as well.
      
Chronic renal function curves in SHR and WKY rats before and during chronic treatment with omapatrilat.
      
However, intriguingly one does not only observe chronic renal function loss after renal transplantation.
      
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Objective\ To investigate the changes of parathyroid hormone(PTH) and calcitonin(CT) and the correlative factors in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF).\ Methods\ PTH and CT in 30 CRF patients were measured with radioimmunoassasy, and the plasma blood urea nitrogen(BUN), creatinine(Cr), calcium(Ca), phosphorus(P), CO 2 combined power(CO 2 CP) and totle protein (TP) were also measured and compared with 12 controls.\ Results\ The PTH, CT and PTH/CT ratio were significantly higher than those...

Objective\ To investigate the changes of parathyroid hormone(PTH) and calcitonin(CT) and the correlative factors in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF).\ Methods\ PTH and CT in 30 CRF patients were measured with radioimmunoassasy, and the plasma blood urea nitrogen(BUN), creatinine(Cr), calcium(Ca), phosphorus(P), CO 2 combined power(CO 2 CP) and totle protein (TP) were also measured and compared with 12 controls.\ Results\ The PTH, CT and PTH/CT ratio were significantly higher than those in the controls( t=50.70-177.20,P <0.01). The PTH was positively correlative to the BUN, P, Cr,TP, and negatively correlative to the Ca ( r=0.728-0.819,-0.818,P<0.01 ).\ Conclusion\ The increase of PTH in CRF patients resuits from the retention of PTH in the bodies because of the decrease of renal function, but the incerease of CT has also relation to its secretion chart.

目的探讨慢性肾衰竭(CRF)病人甲状旁腺素(PTH)、降钙素(CT)的变化及其与相关因素的关系。②方法应用放射免疫法对30例CRF病人的PTH,CT进行了测定,同时测定了尿素氮(BUN)、肌酐(Cr)、钙(Ca)、磷(P)、二氧化碳结合力(CO2-CP)和总蛋白,并与对照组(12例)进行比较。③结果CRF病人PTH,CT及PTH/CT高于对照组(t=50.70~177.20,P<0.01),PTH升高与BUN,P,Cr,总蛋白呈正相关,与血钙呈负相关(r=0.728~0.819,-0.818,P<0.01)。④结论CRF病人PTH升高主要与肾功能减退使其体内潴留所致,而CT升高还与其分泌谱改变有关。

To study and compare the effect of homemade recombinant human erythropoietin(rHuEPO) with that of imported rHuEPO on patients with anemia in chronic renal failure(CRF) undergoing longterm maintenance hemodialysis. Sixty patients with anemia in CRF undergoing longterm hemodialysis in our hospital were divided into two groups at random. The two groups were treated with homemade and imported rHuEPO respectively. The rate of retculocyte of the patients in both groups increased significantly after a week. HCT reached...

To study and compare the effect of homemade recombinant human erythropoietin(rHuEPO) with that of imported rHuEPO on patients with anemia in chronic renal failure(CRF) undergoing longterm maintenance hemodialysis. Sixty patients with anemia in CRF undergoing longterm hemodialysis in our hospital were divided into two groups at random. The two groups were treated with homemade and imported rHuEPO respectively. The rate of retculocyte of the patients in both groups increased significantly after a week. HCT reached above thirty percent within twelve weeks and the quality of living was also improved after treatment. There are some side effects such as hypertension, headache, hyperkalemia et al in both group. Either homemade or imported rHuEPO could improve the anemia in CRF safely and effectively. There is no significant difference in the effect of treatment between the two groups.

研究和比较国产与进口基因重组人红细胞生成素(rHuEPO)对长期血液透析(HD)慢性肾衰竭(CRF)贫血患者的影响。将60例长期血透慢性肾衰竭贫血病人随机分成2组,分别应用国产rHuEPO(益比奥)、进口rHuEPO(生血素)100μg/(kg·周),均分3次治疗。2组患者在治疗第2周网织红细胞(RRBC)均显著上升,治疗12周内血细胞比容(HCT)均达到0.30以上,且生活质量均有所改善。表明国产、进口rHuEPO疗效无显著性差异,均可安全、有效地改善CRF患者贫血状态。

To investigate the effect of continuous low dosage gastrointestinal dialysis in uremic patients ,fiftyeight patients with uremia were divided into two groups at random, the treatment group in which thirty patients were given non absorbed mannitol solution and the control group in which twenty eight patients were given Coated Aldehyde Oxystarch. After treatment, there were significant improvement of uremic symptoms, living quality and nutritional satatus,significant reductions of serum creatinine, blood...

To investigate the effect of continuous low dosage gastrointestinal dialysis in uremic patients ,fiftyeight patients with uremia were divided into two groups at random, the treatment group in which thirty patients were given non absorbed mannitol solution and the control group in which twenty eight patients were given Coated Aldehyde Oxystarch. After treatment, there were significant improvement of uremic symptoms, living quality and nutritional satatus,significant reductions of serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen,serum phosphorus and uric acid, and significant increment of creatinine clearance in the treatment group. The results of the treatment group was obviously better than that of the control group ( P <0.01). Either in treatment group or control group, no significant changes in blood pressure、 body weight、total plasma protein、serum albumin、proteinuria and urine amout were observed. The results showed that the effect of continuous low dosage gastrointestinal dialysis in uremic patients was obvious. It might play an important role in delaying the progression of chronic renal failure.

为评价小剂量持续胃肠透析治疗尿毒症的效果 ,观察了 30例口服胃肠透析液的尿毒症患者治疗效果 ,并与 2 8例口服包醛氧化淀粉的尿毒症患者进行了比较。结果显示 ,小剂量持续胃肠透析治疗后 ,治疗组患者的临床症状改善 ,生活质量提高 ,营养状况良好 ,血肌酐、尿素氮、血磷、血尿酸水平明显下降 ,内生肌酐清除率水平明显升高 ,疗效显著高于对照组 (P <0 .0 1 )。 2组病人的血压、体质量、血浆总蛋白、血浆白蛋白、2 4h尿蛋白及尿量治疗前后均无明显改变。提示 :小剂量持续胃肠透析治疗尿毒症疗效确切 ,可以明显地延缓慢性肾衰竭的进展

 
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