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气候温跃层
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  climatic thermocline
     Analysis on the data of 45 years'sea temperature anomaly in western tropical Pacific subsurface layer from 1955 to 1999 and the depth distribution along equatorial anomaly extremum curved surface shows that the curved surface is basically similar to the depth distribution of climatic thermocline.
     分析了从 1 955~ 1 999年 45年热带、副热带太平洋地区次表层温度距平资料 ,在分析沿赤道距平极值曲面的深度分布后 ,认为它基本接近气候温跃层的深度分布。
短句来源
     The results show that, the interannual and interdecadal variabilities of equatorial SOTA have similar spatial distribution and evolution processes as ENSO mode. Both of them have major spatial distribution with the obvious SOTA center in the equatorial western Pacific warm pool and obvious opposite SOTA center in the equatorial eastern Pacific, and then the center in the warm pool propagates eastward and upward along the ocean climatic thermocline, ENSO events happen when the center reaches east coast of equatorial Pacific.
     结果指出,赤道太平洋次表层海温异常年际和年代际变率具相似的ENSO模分布和演变过程,二者均以赤道西太平洋暖池次表层海温显著的异常中心与赤道东太平洋表层海温异常中心显著反号为主要分布特征,其演变过程通过赤道西太平洋暖池次表层海温异常中心沿海洋气候温跃层向东向上传播来完成.
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  “气候温跃层”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The results show that,the initial source of the subsurface temperature anomaly in the Eastern pattern ENSO events comes from the western Pacific, and that of the Central pattern ENSO events occurs in the central Pacific,then the center of the subsurface temperature anomaly moves upward and eastward along the climate thermocline driven by air-sea interaction,and the ENSO events happen when they reach the sea surface of the eastern Pacific.
     结果指出,东部型ENSO事件的初始海温异常源来自赤道西太平洋次表层,海温异常中心沿气候温跃层向东向上传送,至赤道东太平洋表层形成ENSO事件。
短句来源
     But the Central pattern ENSO events develop under the weak ENSO state with long-time succession,and they disturb the regularity of the ENSO cycle and may cause the break of the ENSO cycle.
     中部型ENSO事件的初始海温异常源出现在赤道中太平洋次表层,海温异常中心沿气候温跃层向东向上传送至赤道中东太平洋表层形成ENSO事件。 中部型ENSO事件多在前次事件减弱中断后出现。
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  相似匹配句对
     Climates of North America
     《北美的气候
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     Atmosphere and Climate
     大气层和气候
短句来源
     The reflected Rossby modes on the eastern boundary play important roles both in the thermoclinic disturbance development and in the restore of oceanic climate state.
     东边界反射Rossby模对温跃层扰动和海洋气候状态恢复具有重要作用。
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In past years it is believed that El Nio comes from warm water events of equator east Pacific Ocean. But in recent years, we find that the sources of El Nio Warm water and La Nia cold water are both near the the thermocline of warm pool of Tropical West Pacific. After they get stronger , they propagate to east along the thermocline. When they arrive the surface of equator east pacific, and they become so-called El Nio and La Nia. On the other hand, when the warm water of El Nio goes east along the equator,...

In past years it is believed that El Nio comes from warm water events of equator east Pacific Ocean. But in recent years, we find that the sources of El Nio Warm water and La Nia cold water are both near the the thermocline of warm pool of Tropical West Pacific. After they get stronger , they propagate to east along the thermocline. When they arrive the surface of equator east pacific, and they become so-called El Nio and La Nia. On the other hand, when the warm water of El Nio goes east along the equator, the cold water of equator east pacific goes north to northern latitude 10, near the northern equator ocean current, and propagate to west, finally arrive the subsurface of warm pool, and become the source of cold water of La Nia. So we get the conclusion that there is a movement circle of cold and warm water in the sub-surface in Tropical Pacific. Then El Nio and La Nia alternately appear.

过去认为厄尔尼诺是起源于赤道东太平洋的暖水事件 ,近年来的资料分析表明 ,厄尔尼诺的暖水及拉尼娜的冷水其源头均在热带西太平洋次表层的温跃层附近 ,在那里加强后沿着气候的温跃层向东、向上传输 ,到赤道东太平洋表层后形成通常认为的厄尔尼诺或拉尼娜事件。当厄尔尼诺的暖水沿赤道向东传输时 ,在赤道东太平洋的冷水同时向北传输到北纬 10°附近北赤道洋流所在的位置 ,并向西传输 ,在西太平洋向南传到暖池 ,形成一次拉尼娜的冷水源头。即在热带太平洋的次表层海洋中存在冷暖水相间的一个运动环路 ,使厄尔尼诺和拉尼娜事件相间出现

Analysis on the data of 45 years'sea temperature anomaly in western tropical Pacific subsurface layer from 1955 to 1999 and the depth distribution along equatorial anomaly extremum curved surface shows that the curved surface is basically similar to the depth distribution of climatic thermocline. So, the analysis of sea temperature anomaly evolution along the surface between 1994 and 1999 indicates that the sea temperature positive anomaly in "warm pool" subsurface (about 160 meters) of western tropical Pacific,...

Analysis on the data of 45 years'sea temperature anomaly in western tropical Pacific subsurface layer from 1955 to 1999 and the depth distribution along equatorial anomaly extremum curved surface shows that the curved surface is basically similar to the depth distribution of climatic thermocline. So, the analysis of sea temperature anomaly evolution along the surface between 1994 and 1999 indicates that the sea temperature positive anomaly in "warm pool" subsurface (about 160 meters) of western tropical Pacific, when 1997/1998 El Nio occurs, is from the signal of maximum positive temperature anomaly in Nio 3 region of 1994/1995 El Nio.The propagating trajectory of maximum positive temperature anomaly is similar "8" in form. In the same time, as the positive anomaly spreads eastwards from "warm pool", a maximum negative anomaly occurs in Nio 3 region and spreads eastwards accompanied with the equatorial positive anomaly. Then it spreads westwards in the north (about 5~10°N) and eastwards to Nio 3 region finally. Its propagating trajectory is similar the flat "O" in form. The analysis states that the total event of 1997/1998 El Nio/La Nia mainly forms and propagates near thermocline of tropical stream system.

分析了从 1 955~ 1 999年 45年热带、副热带太平洋地区次表层温度距平资料 ,在分析沿赤道距平极值曲面的深度分布后 ,认为它基本接近气候温跃层的深度分布。由此分析了 1 994~ 1 999年该曲面上温度距平的演变发现 :1 997/ 1 998年ElNi no产生时 ,在热带西太平洋暖池次表层 (1 60m附近 )的温度正距平 ,是从 1 994/ 1 995年ElNi no在Ni no 3区的最大正距平信号传播或演变过来的 ,整个最大正距平信号的传播轨迹形成一似“8”字的形状。与此同时 ,当正的温度距平开始从暖池向东传播时 ,一最大温度负距平信号在Ni no 3区出现 ,并伴随赤道最大正距平信号的东传 ,在其北部 (5~ 1 0°N)向西传 ,然后又向东传最后到达Ni no 3区 ,其传播轨迹形成一扁“0”字形状。分析表明 ,1 997/ 1 998年这次完整的ElNi no/LaNi na事件主要是在热带流系的温跃层附近形成并传播的。

Based on the simple ocean data assimilation (SODA) data set from the University of Maryland, the characteristics of interannual and interdecadal variability of equatorial Pacific subsurface ocean temperature anomalies (SOTA)were analyzed, and its impacts on ENSO cycle were discussed. The results show that, the interannual and interdecadal variabilities of equatorial SOTA have similar spatial distribution and evolution processes as ENSO mode. Both of them have major spatial distribution with the obvious SOTA...

Based on the simple ocean data assimilation (SODA) data set from the University of Maryland, the characteristics of interannual and interdecadal variability of equatorial Pacific subsurface ocean temperature anomalies (SOTA)were analyzed, and its impacts on ENSO cycle were discussed. The results show that, the interannual and interdecadal variabilities of equatorial SOTA have similar spatial distribution and evolution processes as ENSO mode. Both of them have major spatial distribution with the obvious SOTA center in the equatorial western Pacific warm pool and obvious opposite SOTA center in the equatorial eastern Pacific, and then the center in the warm pool propagates eastward and upward along the ocean climatic thermocline, ENSO events happen when the center reaches east coast of equatorial Pacific. The interannual variability of SOTA in the equatorial Pacific has decisive effects on the ENSO cycle, it has close relations to nino3 index. The interdecadal variability of SOTA , which mainly affects on the SOTA in middle equatorial Pacific, also has some important influence on the ENSO cycle, it causes ENSO mode interdecadal variation. When the interdecadal variation is in normal condition, ENSO cycle mainly is the transfer between different types of eastern pattern ENSO events; when the interannual and interdecadal variabilities are in phase, ENSO events will strengthen or occur central pattern events; when the two variabilities are out of phase, ENSO events will weaken.

用美国马里兰大学提供的海洋同化(SODA)月平均资料,分析了赤道太平洋次表层海温异常年际和年代际变率的演化特征,讨论了它们对ENSO循环的影响.结果指出,赤道太平洋次表层海温异常年际和年代际变率具相似的ENSO模分布和演变过程,二者均以赤道西太平洋暖池次表层海温显著的异常中心与赤道东太平洋表层海温异常中心显著反号为主要分布特征,其演变过程通过赤道西太平洋暖池次表层海温异常中心沿海洋气候温跃层向东向上传播来完成.赤道西太平洋暖池次表层海温异常年际变率决定了ENSO循环,年代际变率对ENSO循环也有重要影响,其影响主要在中太平洋, 造成ENSO模的年代际变化.当年代际变率处于正常状态时,ENSO循环基本上是东部型冷暖事件之间的转换;当年际和年代际变率位相相同时,ENSO事件强度将会加强和持续,并出现中部型ENSO事件;当二者位相相反时, ENSO事件强度将会减弱.

 
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