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图形-背景理论
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  figure-ground theory
     A Cognitive Comparison to English and Chinese Relative Clause——From the Point of Figure-Ground Theory
     基于图形-背景理论的英汉关系分句认知对比分析
短句来源
     This paper analyzes the pragmatic functions of the nicknames,based on the abundant nicknames of the novels by Zhao Shu-li,the Figure-Ground Theory,the Polite Principle,the Aesthetic theory of the Indirect Speech Acts and Language Visual Rhetoric theory.
     本文以《赵树理文集》小说卷中的绰号为语料,以现代语言学中的图形-背景理论、礼貌原理、间接言语行为的美学理论及语言视觉修辞理论为理论依据,简明扼要地分析了绰号修辞的语用功能。
短句来源
     Based on the figure-ground theory of Gestal psychonology, this paper analyses the reason that the pattern of the information presentation must accord with the perceptional mode of the learners. Meanwhile, it hopes our discussion is helpful for the construction of FLM coursewares.
     本文以格式塔心理学图形-背景理论为依据,从外语多媒体的构成元素诸如色彩、色度、背景图案、动画、字体、版式、声音、音乐等方面,分析了如何使其信息呈现方式与学习者的认知方式一致的问题,并祈对于课件的优化设计提供方法论的参考。
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  “图形-背景理论”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The Cognitive Explication of Idiom-like Partial tone Advertisement
     成语谐音广告的认知阐释—图形-背景理论的应用
短句来源
     The paper suggests two possible motivations: the conflict between iconicity and figure-grounding theory and that between iconicity and economy principle.
     文章认为象似原则和图形-背景理论的冲突与相互竞争、象似性和经济原则的冲突与相互竞争促使了英语名词化的形成。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     On the Application of Figure-background Theory in College English Teaching
     试论图形——背景理论及其应用
短句来源
     Realization of Figure-Ground
     图形-背景的现实化
短句来源
     Figure/Ground and Its Application in Syntactic Analysis
     图形/背景理论在句法分析中的作用
短句来源
     The Application of Figure/Ground Theory in English Subordinate Construction
     图形/背景理论在英语从属结构中的应用
     [Background]Major depression is a severe, chronic clinical syndrome that having high rates of prevalence and relapse.
     [背景]
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Cognitive linguistics provides a new theoretical framework for the study of presupposition. The paper follows this new approach to analyze presupposition and explain some presuppositional problems in terms of Idealized Cognitive Model (ICM) and figure_ground image schema. The paper also aims at introducing a significant method (within and cross_ICM negation) to handle problems of presupposition cancellation concerning the interaction of presupposition and negation. This theoretical framework may be used to...

Cognitive linguistics provides a new theoretical framework for the study of presupposition. The paper follows this new approach to analyze presupposition and explain some presuppositional problems in terms of Idealized Cognitive Model (ICM) and figure_ground image schema. The paper also aims at introducing a significant method (within and cross_ICM negation) to handle problems of presupposition cancellation concerning the interaction of presupposition and negation. This theoretical framework may be used to explain some difficult problems of presupposition in English and Chinese.

认知语言学为预设研究提供了新的理论框架。本文运用理想化认知模式 (ICM)和图形背景理论来解释预设的成因和预设消失现象 ,将否定分为两种 :同一ICM下的否定和不同ICM之间的否定 ,后者导致预设消失。这一理论框架可以解释英语和汉语使用中关于预设的一些问题。

In the paper the author has used “figure/ ground” theory in cognitive linguistics to explain object-introduction of transitive verbs and objects afterintransitive ones. The paper holds that the cognitive motivation of the phenomena lies in different salience of background and ground, the cognitive specificity of the speaker and the difference in the subjective selection of a figure, background and ground.

文章运用认知语言学的“图形 /背景”理论来解释及物动词的宾语代入现象和不及物动词带宾语的现象。文章认为 ,后景与背景的不同凸显程度 ,说话者的认知详细程度以及对图形、背景和后景的主观选择差异 ,是宾语代入现象产生的认知动因。

Regarding the figure and background theory in the cognitive linguistics as the visual angle and combing the information theory and language structure theory in the pragmatics,the salient function of English inversion sentence focus have been expounded again.It is believed that the English inversion sentence accords with the salient principle in the figure and background theory.Among speech communication and language structure,speakers move the figures of natural ordered sentences to the end of the inverted sentences...

Regarding the figure and background theory in the cognitive linguistics as the visual angle and combing the information theory and language structure theory in the pragmatics,the salient function of English inversion sentence focus have been expounded again.It is believed that the English inversion sentence accords with the salient principle in the figure and background theory.Among speech communication and language structure,speakers move the figures of natural ordered sentences to the end of the inverted sentences in order to form an end-focus,make the information focus drop on the new information,and thus reach the best salient result.

以认知语言学中的图形背景理论为视角,结合语用学中的信息理论与语篇建构理论,对英语倒装句的焦点凸显功能进行了重新阐释,认为英语倒装句符合图形背景理论中的凸显原则。在言语交际与语篇建构中,说话人将正常语序句子中的图形后移,形成句末焦点,使信息焦点落在新信息上,从而达到了最佳凸显效果。

 
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