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   膀胱灌注 在 泌尿科学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:1.37秒
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膀胱灌注     
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  intravesical instillation
Intravesical instillation therapy can provide an alternative method of managing bladder overactivity.
      
Intravesical instillation of anticholinergics such as oxybutynin and atropine can achieve cholinergic blockade without producing systemic side effects.
      
Intravesical instillation therapy can provide an alternative treatment for the management of overactive bladder.
      
For superficial disease, intravesical instillation of chemotherapeutic agents after transurethral resection is quickly becoming the standard of care.
      
Intravesical instillation therapy can provide an alternative method of managing bladder overactivity.
      
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  bladder instillation
During a bladder instillation procedure, 1.000 ml of a 3% boric acid solution was inadvertently instilled into the connective tissue of the pelvis, of which only approximately one-half returned.
      
To investigate the mechanism of Bacillus de Calmette Guérin (BCG) bladder instillation therapy, the killer cell activity induced in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs) after BCG instillation was examined.
      
Rats given BBN for 10 weeks were divided into six groups: 1) control; 2) saline; 3) OK432 0.05 KE/ml; 4) OK432 0.05 KE/ml bladder instillation with 0.01 KE/ml foot pad inoculation; 5) OK432 0.05 KE/ml, every other week; and 6) OK432 0.5 KE/ml.
      
Only LY was noted within the prostatic stroma of the rats 2?h after bladder instillation.
      
Bladder instillation of Adriamycin in the treatment of bladder cancer
      
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  bladder perfusion
Toxicity of local, continuous and cyclic, high-dose bladder perfusion with recombinant and natural interleukin-2 in advanced can
      
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This article reported the experiences in the treatment and prevention of 16 cases of bladder carcinoma by the application of intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) immunotherapy. There were 13 postoperative eases, in which 3 cases sbowing recurrences,and the rest 3 cases were superficial migratory cell carcinoma. Follow-up observations were made for all the i6 cases in 2.7-12.0 months (average 6.6 months).Twelve out of 13 operated cases showed no recurrence. The rest one showed marked reduction of tumor...

This article reported the experiences in the treatment and prevention of 16 cases of bladder carcinoma by the application of intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) immunotherapy. There were 13 postoperative eases, in which 3 cases sbowing recurrences,and the rest 3 cases were superficial migratory cell carcinoma. Follow-up observations were made for all the i6 cases in 2.7-12.0 months (average 6.6 months).Twelve out of 13 operated cases showed no recurrence. The rest one showed marked reduction of tumor in size and amount. Among the 3 nonoperated cases,2 cases were cured and only one case remained unchange as before, after follow-up survey for 6 months. The pattern of the BCG immunotherapy and its possible complications were discussed. The authors considered that simple BCG bladder perfusion revealed best effcects。Adopting catheter perfusion and using anti-tuberculatics timely, serious complications may be aveted effectively.

本文报告了应用卡介苗(BCG)免疫疗法对16例膀胱肿瘤切除术后和浅表性膀胱肿瘤防治的体会,并对BCG治疗的方式以及所产生的合并症进行了讨论。作者认为:BCG单纯膀胱灌注疗效最佳,采用导尿管灌注及适时使用抗结核药物,可有效地避免严重合并症的发生。

Intravesical instillation of BCG was employed to prevent recurrence after surgical management in 95 cases with bladder cancer from January 1983 to July 1990. Complications occurred in 91 cases (95. 89%). Serious complications occurred in 8 cases (8. 42%) including serious hematuria in 2, epididymal tuberculosis in 1, periurethral granuloma and abscess in 11, prostatic granuloma in 1,BCG hepatitis in 1, tuberculous bloodstream dissemination inl. Instillation of BCG was discontinued in one case due to increased...

Intravesical instillation of BCG was employed to prevent recurrence after surgical management in 95 cases with bladder cancer from January 1983 to July 1990. Complications occurred in 91 cases (95. 89%). Serious complications occurred in 8 cases (8. 42%) including serious hematuria in 2, epididymal tuberculosis in 1, periurethral granuloma and abscess in 11, prostatic granuloma in 1,BCG hepatitis in 1, tuberculous bloodstream dissemination inl. Instillation of BCG was discontinued in one case due to increased urinary frequency and urgency, dysuria and hematuria. The morbidity, cause and the ways to prevent and manage such complications are discussed.

报告自1983年1月至1990年7月95例膀胱癌以ECG膀胱灌注的并发症,其中严重并发症8例(8.42%),尿频尿痛尿急伴有血尿不能耐受而中止治疗1例,较严重血尿2例,附睾结核1例,前尿道周围肉芽肿及脓肿1例,前列腺肉芽肿1例,结核感染血行扩散1例,BCG肝炎1例。对其发生率、原因、预防与治疗进行了讨论。

During the period of March 1986 to March 1991 65 cases of tumors on particular parts of bladder were transurthral resected, among which, 61 (93.8%) were papillary transitional cell carcinoma and 4 (6.2%) were papilloma. Tumor on rear wall was transurethrally resected by side-shifting into deep layer of muscles following the outline of bladder wall. Nervous blockage obstruction was performed before tumor on side wall was removed. The tissue removed by each cutting shoud not be too great in size. The electric...

During the period of March 1986 to March 1991 65 cases of tumors on particular parts of bladder were transurthral resected, among which, 61 (93.8%) were papillary transitional cell carcinoma and 4 (6.2%) were papilloma. Tumor on rear wall was transurethrally resected by side-shifting into deep layer of muscles following the outline of bladder wall. Nervous blockage obstruction was performed before tumor on side wall was removed. The tissue removed by each cutting shoud not be too great in size. The electric current emplayed shout be as weak as possible. For tumor at interior mouth of urethra of male accompanied with prostauxe, one must prevent the cutter from touching the tumor, part of the neck of bladder, or prostate must be removed prior to tumor removing, tumor at ureterostoma mouth was removed together with ureterostoma, no supporter was kept in it after operation. To remove tumor at bladder top, the electric cutter was reversed to 180°, with about 150 ml of fluid filld the bladder, pressing the left hand downward along pubis and cutting the tumor with the right hand. For bladder pouring, 75mg of BCG with 20ml of N.S was used according to Lamm, and the results of following up were recoved in due order of operation dates as follows: cases of non-recurrence within 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 years were 8(12.3%), 20(30.8%), 15(23.1%), 8(12.3%), 8(12.3%) respectively.

采用经尿道切除膀胱特殊部位的肿瘤65例。其中乳头状移行细胞癌61例(92.8%);乳头状瘤4例(6.2%)。膀胱后壁肿瘤用侧方移动的方法进行切割;膀胱侧壁肿瘤切除先行闭孔神经封闭,电流强度应尽量小些;男性尿道内口肿瘤同时伴有前列腺肥大时,电切器不能放置肿瘤处,先行部分膀胱颈或前列腺切除后再行肿瘤切除;输尿管口处肿瘤应将输尿管口与肿瘤一起切除;切除顶部肿瘤时应将电切器倒转180°,膀胱内充盈液体约150ml,左手在耻骨上向下推压膀胱,右手操作电切器切除肿瘤。术后用BCG75 mg加N.S20ml按Lamm方法进行膀胱灌注,随访1~5年,其中3~4年肿瘤复发者6例占9.2%。

 
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