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下游组分
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  downstream components
     H_2O_2 also interacts with other signal systems,especially hormone signal system,and forms upstream or downstream components of hormone-mediated signal-transmitting passageways;
     H2O2还与其它信号系统特别是激素信号相互作用,是激素介导的信号传导通路上的上游或下游组分;
短句来源
     In order to study the upstream and downstream components in G protein and calmodulin signal pathways, a yeast two-hybrid system was used to screen interaction partners of these two proteins.
     本文利用酵母双杂交系统分别筛选了与这两种蛋白相互作用的蛋白质,以进一步研究G蛋白和CaM信号转导途径中的其它上下游组分
短句来源
     This review focuses on advances in our understanding of the functions and signal transduction of blue-light receptors and downstream components in plants on the basis of molecular biological analysis of blue-light-respon- sive mutants.
     本文综述了植物蓝光反应突变体分子生物学研究进展,探讨蓝光受体及信号转导下游组分在植物发育中的作用及蓝光诱发植物作出反应的分子机制。
短句来源
  “下游组分”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Downstream of EIN2, EIN3 and EILs function as primary transcription factors that can induce expression of ERF1 and other secondary transcription factors, which in turn regulate a large number of ethylene response genes.
     EIN2的C端是一个新的未知结构域,与乙烯信号途径的下游组分相互作用。 EIN3位于EIN2的下游,EIN3和EILs诱导ERF1和其它转录因子的表达,这些转录因子依次激活乙烯反应目的基因的表达,表现出乙烯的反应。
短句来源
     We also measure the free Ca~(2+) level in germinating pollen grains, and found that exogenous purified calmodulin was able to increase the free Ca~(2+) level, and their effects on Ca~(2+) level were inhibited by U-73122.Two kinds of full length of PLC cDNAs (LdPLCl and LdPLC2) were cloned from Lily pollen.
     利用confocal技术检测了PLC对花粉细胞游离钙离子的影响,观察到U-73122抑制细胞质游离钙离子水平的升高和钙震荡。 上述结果表明,在花粉体系中,PLC-IP_3-Ca~(2+)做为G蛋白的下游组分,参与了G蛋白介导的胞外CaM的信号传递途径。
短句来源
     Integrins, which are important known as adhesion factors, with growth factor receptor mediate those actions.
     而偶联这些受体与下游组分的胞内效应物对胞外基质的信号传导起到关键作用。
短句来源
     Integrin plays an important role in extracellular signal transduction and mediates adhesion of cells to ECM. ILK(integin-linked kinase), which is a critical component in the integrin signaling pathway, controls many downstream targets that connect integrin to its effectors in vivo.
     整合素参与细胞的黏附过程并介导其信号传导,偶联整合素与其下游组分的胞内效应物对细胞黏附的信号传导起到关键作用,整合素连接激酶(Integrin-linked kinase ILK)就是其中之一。
短句来源
     After function factors, encoded by S-locus, which initiated SI signal transduction were found and their function were researched, the separation and purification of some new proteins suspected as the substrate proteins of S receptor kinase have already been made. However, some further questions must still be solved.
     继发现并阐明了由S-locus基因编码的引发SI信号传导途径的功能因子及其功能之后,又先后发现了几类与SI信号传导途径相关疑似为该途径下游组分的蛋白质,对其功能的研究已经取得了一定的成果,但尚有很多问题亟待解决。
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  相似匹配句对
     Genetic engineering downstream procession
     基因工程的下游技术
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     Z is the difference between upsteam and downstream water surface;
     Z为上下游水位差;
短句来源
     STUDY ON COMPONENTS OF ACETYLSPIRAMYCIN
     乙酰螺旋霉素组分的研究
短句来源
     Novel Active Cosmetic Ingredients
     最新化妆品组分
短句来源
     Significant advances had been achieved on screening photoreceptor mutants and downstream component mutants.
     目前在植物光信号受体及下游转导组分突变体筛选方面已经取得许多重要结果。
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  downstream component
Meanwhile, pulses of water upstream of the plant produced turbulence in the downstream component, but not in the cross-stream component.
      
These results suggest that this novel zinc-finger protein with a proline-rich N-terminus is an important downstream component of the ABA signaling pathway that mediates ABA-regulated seed dormancy in Arabidopsis.
      
A key downstream component of the PI3K pathway is the cellular protein mTOR.
      
A potential downstream component of several RLKs in plants is KAPP.
      
As a result, the kinases dissociate from the receptor complex and interact with the downstream component TRAF6.
      
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  downstream components
Cross correlations between transversal and downstream components are strongly asymmetric and provide a clear indication of non-normal amplification.
      
The molecular basis of this regulation and the downstream components transducing signals from the photoreceptors are not fully understood yet, but recent evidence suggests that some of those routes are rather short.
      
Genetic interactions of pokkuri with seven in absentia, tramtrack and downstream components of the sevenless pathway in R7 photo
      
Nematostella also has genes that encode upstream and downstream components of the vertebrate NF-κB signaling pathway.
      
Downstream components include the NF-κB coactivator protein Bcl-3 and several NF-κB target genes.
      
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On signal transduction of self-incompatibility in Brassica, the signal molecule-SCR ligandis produced by the pollen grain, recognized by SRK receptor in stigmatic papillae, and transducedinto a cellular response. The receptor-ligand pairs are two S locus-encoded highly polymorphicproteins that determine specificity of self-incompatibility. The ligand encoded by SCR gene is a smallpollen coat protein present on the surface of pollen grains. The receptor localized to the plasmamembrane of the stigmatic papillae...

On signal transduction of self-incompatibility in Brassica, the signal molecule-SCR ligandis produced by the pollen grain, recognized by SRK receptor in stigmatic papillae, and transducedinto a cellular response. The receptor-ligand pairs are two S locus-encoded highly polymorphicproteins that determine specificity of self-incompatibility. The ligand encoded by SCR gene is a smallpollen coat protein present on the surface of pollen grains. The receptor localized to the plasmamembrane of the stigmatic papillae on the surface of the pistil is encoded by SRK gene. During self-pollination, SCR interacts with its cognate receptor to activate SRK, which mediates the ubiquitinationof substrates by ARC1. ARC1 functions downstream of the SRK. Ubiquitinated substrates, whichmay represent pistil compatible factors and normally promote pollen hydration, germination, andtube growth, are degraded by the proteasome/CSN, there by resulting in the response of self-incompatibility. In this paper, we give a detailed review about signal transduction of self-incompat-ibility in Brassica.

在芸苔属植物的自交不亲和细胞信号转导过程中,信号分子-SCR配体是由花粉粒产生的,被柱头乳突细胞SRK受体识别后,进行细胞内信号转导。这对受体-配体是两个由S位点编码的且高度多态的蛋白质,它们决定着自交不亲和反应。配体是位于花粉粒表面的一个小的胞被蛋白,由SCR基因编码;受体是位于柱头乳突细胞原生质膜上的跨膜的蛋白质激酶,由SRK基因编码。在自交授粉过程中,配体SCR和受体SRK的相互作用激活了受体SRK,被激活的SRK通过其下游组分ARC1介导底物的泛肽化,然后泛肽化的底物在蛋白酶体/CSN中被降解,从而导致了自交不亲和性反应。这些降解的底物可能是促进花粉水合、萌发和花粉管生长的雌蕊亲和因子。主要针对芸苔属自交不亲和细胞信号转导作一综述。

To monitor the quantity, direction, and duration of blue light signals, higher plants rely on a sophisticated photosensory system consisting of three blue-light receptors —cryptochrome 1, cryptochrome 2 and phototropin —and various signal transduction factors. This review focuses on advances in our understanding of the functions and signal transduction of blue-light receptors and downstream components in plants on the basis of molecular biological analysis of blue-light-respon- sive mutants.

植物具备一套复杂的由3种蓝光受体和多种信号转导下游组分组成的蓝光感应系统,通过感受光照强度、光的方向和光周期,调节自身对蓝光的应答。本文综述了植物蓝光反应突变体分子生物学研究进展,探讨蓝光受体及信号转导下游组分在植物发育中的作用及蓝光诱发植物作出反应的分子机制。

More and more evidences showed that H_2O_2 as signal molecule plays an important role inside plant bodies.It is the key factor regulating programmed cell death in pathogen,evocator and hormone responses.H_2O_2 has also been proved to play the signal role in defensive response to environmental stresses.H_2O_2 is known of directly regulating the expressions of numerous genes and some of these genes relate to plant defense and hypersensitive response.H_2O_2 also interacts with other signal systems,especially hormone...

More and more evidences showed that H_2O_2 as signal molecule plays an important role inside plant bodies.It is the key factor regulating programmed cell death in pathogen,evocator and hormone responses.H_2O_2 has also been proved to play the signal role in defensive response to environmental stresses.H_2O_2 is known of directly regulating the expressions of numerous genes and some of these genes relate to plant defense and hypersensitive response.H_2O_2 also interacts with other signal systems,especially hormone signal system,and forms upstream or downstream components of hormone-mediated signal-transmitting passageways;more importantly,H_2O_2 also work to exert influence on or modify other secondary signals such as calcium signal between which and H_2O_2 many interactions take place;and both of these two signals regulate interactive tolerances of plants.In addition,it is widely recognized that H_2O_2-related redox regulation is the key factor regulating cell activities.The paper mainly outlines and discusses signal roles in different biological processes.

越来越多的证据表明,植物体内的H2O2作为信号分子发挥作用.在病原、诱发因子和激素应答中是调节细胞程序性死亡的关键因子.H2O2在环境胁迫防御反应中的信号作用也得到证实.已知H2O2直接调节无数基因的表达,其中有些基因与植物防御和超敏反应有关.H2O2还与其它信号系统特别是激素信号相互作用,是激素介导的信号传导通路上的上游或下游组分;更重要的是H2O2还影响和修饰其它第二信使如钙信号的作用,在H2O2信号和钙信号之间发生众多的交互作用且这两种信号分子都调节植物对多种胁迫的交互耐性.此外,现已广泛地认识到与H2O2相关的氧还状态调节是调整细胞活动的关键因子.本文主要概括和讨论了H2O2在不同生物过程中的信号作用.

 
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