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高音线
相关语句
  top line
     In the top and bottom-line Chinese intonational model, the variation of top line, and the comparisonof the high point of the pitch between former and later syllables are the cues to the stress degree of syllables.
     高音线-低音线双线语调模型中,高音线起落的变化,前后音节高音点的对比关系表明句中音节的重读程度。
短句来源
  “高音线”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The Meridians possess the biophysical characteristics of acoustic, photo, thermal, electric and migration of isotope etc.
     它们距背中线的距离因动物大小而定,叩听高音线与低电阻线基本重合,且其在体表的循行路线与传统经络基本相吻合。
短句来源
     In automatic downstep, the topline of intonational phrase pitch contour is presented as a linear downtrend.
     在自动降阶中,高音线的下降趋势是线性的,它受重音位置及重读程度的影响,在发音人中有较大差异。
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  相似匹配句对
     ONLINE
     在线
短句来源
     On Lines in Drawing
     线
短句来源
     For tenors: high pitch is difficult
     男高音——“高音难”
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  top line
You can only select from operators that are turned on, as shown by the six 1's or 0's in the top line of the programming display.
      
About 200 go through a top line scorecard covering 14 business areas on demand, supply and enabling technologies.
      
Amino acids in the top line are found less frequently in these positions.
      
Amino acids that do not match those in the consensus sequence are indicated by dots in the top line.
      
Acquisition of Immunex was a step in the direction, consolidate market position add blockbusters to the top line revenue drivers and diversify R>amp;D.
      
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In recent years, studies on the biophysical characteristics of Meridians and acupuncture points in human and animals have extensively been interested. A great deal of scientific experimental results have shown that the Meridians really exist in the body of human being. The location of the Meridian line is relatively stable. The Meridians possess the biophysical characteristics of acoustic, photo, thermal, electric and migration of isotope etc. But, it is rarely reported that whether the animal Meridians do really...

In recent years, studies on the biophysical characteristics of Meridians and acupuncture points in human and animals have extensively been interested. A great deal of scientific experimental results have shown that the Meridians really exist in the body of human being. The location of the Meridian line is relatively stable. The Meridians possess the biophysical characteristics of acoustic, photo, thermal, electric and migration of isotope etc. But, it is rarely reported that whether the animal Meridians do really exist, where their locations lie and how their biophysical characteristics are. The aim of this study is to further expound the objective existance and superficial locations of the Meridians in various types of animals. 12 sheep, 10 goats, 13 pigs, 11 cats and 7 donkeys were used to determine the low impedance line (LIL) and high procussion sound line (HPSL) on the animal skin surface along the vertical lines of the dorsal line, using impulsive electrical method and high procussion sound method. The results are as follows:

本实验采用脉冲电流法和叩听高音法在动物皮肤表面沿背中线的垂线作各个水平的扫描测定在12只绵羊、10只山羊、3只北京白猪、10只小香猪、11只家猫和7头驴体上的测定结果表明,不同种属动物的背部体表(从百会穴垂线水平至肩胛后缘)每侧均存在有两条低电阻线和叩听高音线,它们均与背中线平行,左右两侧呈对称分布,而且相对稳定。它们距背中线的距离因动物大小而定,叩听高音线与低电阻线基本重合,且其在体表的循行路线与传统经络基本相吻合。并在猪、猫背部扫描对所记录的低阻电流变化曲线与高音量变化曲线相一致,表明经络除具有上还低电阻特性外,还具有叩听高音的特性,由之进一步证明了经络在动物体上存在的客观性。同时,我们应用脉冲电流经络电阻测定仪,在驴体上进行了十二经脉体表循行线低阻抗特性的初步探测,结果表明,在驴体表存在有十二条低电阻线,其基本稳定,而且可以重复测出,它们在体表的循行路线与有关资料所描述的马的经络循行路线大部分相吻合。通过对家兔抢风穴的测试,证明穴位点电阻值低于周围非穴位点,当动物处于抑制状态时虽二者的电阻值均有下降,但穴位点电阻值低于非穴位点的特性未能改变。循经加压阻滞有抑制激光作用于穴位使痛阈...

本实验采用脉冲电流法和叩听高音法在动物皮肤表面沿背中线的垂线作各个水平的扫描测定在12只绵羊、10只山羊、3只北京白猪、10只小香猪、11只家猫和7头驴体上的测定结果表明,不同种属动物的背部体表(从百会穴垂线水平至肩胛后缘)每侧均存在有两条低电阻线和叩听高音线,它们均与背中线平行,左右两侧呈对称分布,而且相对稳定。它们距背中线的距离因动物大小而定,叩听高音线与低电阻线基本重合,且其在体表的循行路线与传统经络基本相吻合。并在猪、猫背部扫描对所记录的低阻电流变化曲线与高音量变化曲线相一致,表明经络除具有上还低电阻特性外,还具有叩听高音的特性,由之进一步证明了经络在动物体上存在的客观性。同时,我们应用脉冲电流经络电阻测定仪,在驴体上进行了十二经脉体表循行线低阻抗特性的初步探测,结果表明,在驴体表存在有十二条低电阻线,其基本稳定,而且可以重复测出,它们在体表的循行路线与有关资料所描述的马的经络循行路线大部分相吻合。通过对家兔抢风穴的测试,证明穴位点电阻值低于周围非穴位点,当动物处于抑制状态时虽二者的电阻值均有下降,但穴位点电阻值低于非穴位点的特性未能改变。循经加压阻滞有抑制激光作用于穴位使痛阈提高的效应等,说明激光照射穴位所引起的信号,具有循经传导

The pitch movement of stressed syllable in Chinese sentences was studied on three aspects, that is, perceptualexperiment, matched question and statement experiment and prosodic labeled corpus analysis. The pitch cues to stressedword perception were studied in the perceptual experiment. To get the pitch movement of stressed syllable in sentences,we investigated not only multi-speaker's data but also a large database of one professional speaker. In the matchedquestion and statement experiment, /DAO4/ was selected...

The pitch movement of stressed syllable in Chinese sentences was studied on three aspects, that is, perceptualexperiment, matched question and statement experiment and prosodic labeled corpus analysis. The pitch cues to stressedword perception were studied in the perceptual experiment. To get the pitch movement of stressed syllable in sentences,we investigated not only multi-speaker's data but also a large database of one professional speaker. In the matchedquestion and statement experiment, /DAO4/ was selected as the target syllable. The locations of /DAO4/ in sentenceswas systematically arranged at initial, medial and final position. Whether /DAO4/ was stressed or not depended onaccordingly question. In the prosodic labeled corpus analysis, all syllables were labeled with relevant stress degree andbreak degree through psychological perception experiment.The results of the stressed syllable perception experiment show that though both the shifting of pitch contour andthe rising of the high point of pitch are the stressed syllable perception cues, the later is more important. From thematched question and statement experiment and prosodic labeled corpus analysis, we can draw the conclusion that thepitch movement of stressed word is on basis of top-and bottom-line declination intonation pattern. The rising of highpoint of the pitch is the main cue to stressed syllable while the movement of low point of the pitch is not that much andis limited by the intonational bottom-line declination. While the syllable of tone 3 is stressed, sometimes the low point ofthe pitch is lower. In the top and bottom-line Chinese intonational model, the variation of top line, and the comparisonof the high point of the pitch between former and later syllables are the cues to the stress degree of syllables.

对汉语重读音节知觉的音高线索及句中重读音节的音高变化模式进行了研究。论文分3部分:重音知觉实验、问答匹配实验和语料库分析。重音知觉实验主要考察了重音知觉的音高线索,主要是高音点、低音点对重音知觉的贡献。重读音节音高变化模式的研究,一方面从发音人的角度,用问答匹配实验,选取/DAO4/为代表音节,设计少量实验句请多位发音人郎读,系统安排/DAO4/在句中的位置,用问句自然地引导/DAO4/重读或非重读,对这两种情况做比较;另一方面从听者的角度,用语料库分析,对一个大规模语料库通过感知实验进行重音和停顿两方面韵律标注,比较标为重和标为轻的音节的音高值。重音知觉实验结果表明,音域平移和高音点提高都是重音知觉的线索,但是高音点的提高对词重音知觉的作用更明显。重读音节音高变化模式的两项研究表明,重读音节的音高在高音线-低音线渐降汉语语调模式上变化,高音点的提高是重读音节音高变化的主要声学表现,低音点的变化更多地受到低音线渐降的限制,变化的幅度不十分明显,而且不足必须提高。高音线-低音线双线语调模型中,高音线起落的变化,前后音节高音点的对比关系表明句中音节的重读程度。

A method is proposed to get the bottom line of intonation phrase by the bottom points and sub-bottom points of tone range in Standard Chinese. And on the basis of the bottom line, the intonation features of the natural sentences drawn randomly from the large-scale speech database were explored. The primary research results demonstrate that different from the view that the intonation in Chinese only appears at the ending of sentence, there exist in Standard Chinese the intonation features of the pitch declination...

A method is proposed to get the bottom line of intonation phrase by the bottom points and sub-bottom points of tone range in Standard Chinese. And on the basis of the bottom line, the intonation features of the natural sentences drawn randomly from the large-scale speech database were explored. The primary research results demonstrate that different from the view that the intonation in Chinese only appears at the ending of sentence, there exist in Standard Chinese the intonation features of the pitch declination and resetting universally found in other languages. The declination and resetting can be observed in different prosodic units such as foot, intonation phrase and prosodic utterance, and most obviously in intonation phrase. The research result supports the view that the top lines and the bottom lines have different linguistic functions in the two-line model of Standard Chinese intonation.

提出了一种通过语句中声调音域低音点和次低音点求出语调短语低音线的方法,并以低音线为基准,考察从大规模言语语料库中随机抽取的汉语自然语句的语调特征。研究结果表明,与已有的汉语句末语调理论不同,汉语同样具有各种语言中普遍存在的音高下倾和重置的语调特征。低音线的下倾和重置可以出现在音步、语调短语和语句等不同的韵律单元中,表现最明显的是在语调短语这一级。实验结果支持汉语语调双线模型中高音线和低音线语言学功能不同的观点。

 
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