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优势规则
相关语句
  dominance rules
     Two dominance rules are proved according to the natural features of the problem.
     发现了反映问题特性的两条优势规则.
短句来源
     An algorithm based on Ragatzs branch-and-bound permutation schemes is thus developed including the implementation of lower and upper bounding procedures and dominance rules.
     最后依托Ragatz提出的分枝定界算法框架,引入上界和下界方法,以及两条优势规则,形成了求解该问题的分枝定界枚举算法.
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  “优势规则”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Studied the isoprenoid hydrocarbons of 50 Oligocene samples collected fromthe Dongpu Depression, the authors found that there are much of phytane,regular iC_(25) and some regular iC_(17) in the sediments of high saline environment. They are probably derived from archaebacteria.
     在高盐环境下沉积的地层,具有强值烷优势,规则i-C_(25)烷的丰度也较高,并有规则i-C_(17)烷,这些类异戊二烯烷烃可能来自古细菌。
短句来源
     For Majority rule-based aggregation, Kappa index for quantity decreased gradually, but for random rule-based aggregation, it maintained 100%.
     在优势规则分析法中数量 Kappa指数减少 ,但在随机规则为基础的处理中它保持 10 0 %。
短句来源
     Agreements of maps obtained from majority rule-based aggregation are higher than those from random rule-based aggregation.
     优势规则处理中的正确率大于随机规则处理的。
短句来源
     Agreements due to quantity increased in majority rule-based aggregation, but it maintained a fixed value 9.64% in random rule-based aggregation with increasing resolutions.
     由景观类型的面积百分比引起的数量正确率在优势规则处理中增加 ,但在随机规则处理中保持 9.6 4 %不变 ; 相反数量错误在优势规则处理中明显增加 ,但在随机规则处理中少量增加。
短句来源
     If standard kappa was higher than 70% was considered satisfactory, the critical value in spatial scale was 210m for majority rule-based aggregation, and it was 150m for random rule-based aggregation. If a higher critical value was needed in study, the extent or classification system should be altered according to objective of study.
     标准Kappa指数大于等于 70 %作为选择依据 ,认为 2 10 m是优势规则处理法的尺度阈值 ,15 0 m是随机规则处理法的尺度阈值 ,欲提高尺度阈值 ,必须改变研究范围或?
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  相似匹配句对
     were the dominant species.
     为优势种群。
短句来源
     Two dominance rules are proved according to the natural features of the problem.
     发现了反映问题特性的两条优势规则.
短句来源
     Net Rules
     网络规则
短句来源
     The Superiority of Literal Translation
     直译的优势
短句来源
     The Rules
     游戏规则
短句来源
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  majority rule
A 50% majority rule consensus tree was calculated for the 32 most parsimonious trees analyzed in the PAUP computer program.
      
Application of the complex model of rRNA evolution, considering paired nucleotides for the stem and unpaired nucleotides for the loop region, resulted in a majority rule consensus Bayesian tree with unresolved relationships between main clades.
      
Majority rule voting in a multi-level system is studied using tools from the physics of disorder.
      
The expression absorption by the board of directors refers to the practice wherein the majority directors decide on important corporate matters in accordance with the majority rule.
      
These candidates are combined and categories are decided with a majority rule.
      
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  dominance rules
The proposed CGA incorporates dominance rules for the problem under consideration into the GA operators.
      
Dominance rules for single machine schedule with sequence dependent setup and due date
      
Some dominance rules are proposed for the problems of scheduling N jobs on a single machine with due dates, sequence dependent setup times and no preemption.
      
Two algorithms based on Ragatz s branch and bound scheme are developed including the dominance rules where the objective is to minimize the maximum tardiness or the total tardiness.
      
Computational experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of the dominance rules.
      
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The methods of spatial data aggregation based on majority and random rules were used in this study to reveal the scaling effects on landscape pattern in a classified TM imagery with 8 land cover types. For the majority rule based aggregations,the proportion of most common cover types increased slowly,while that of less common cover types decreased rapidly with increasing grain. For random rule based aggregation,each cover remained its original area on the aggregated maps. The largest patch sizes of shrub decreased,and...

The methods of spatial data aggregation based on majority and random rules were used in this study to reveal the scaling effects on landscape pattern in a classified TM imagery with 8 land cover types. For the majority rule based aggregations,the proportion of most common cover types increased slowly,while that of less common cover types decreased rapidly with increasing grain. For random rule based aggregation,each cover remained its original area on the aggregated maps. The largest patch sizes of shrub decreased,and those of the others increased in the majority rule based aggregations with increasing scales. For random rule,the largest patch size of water (smallest cover type) decreased,but that of the others increased. The smallest patch size of each cover type was equal to the square of grain sizes. The average patch size of each cover type increased with increasing scales. However,the average patch size of dominant cover types increased rapidly in majority rule based aggregations,while that of less common cover types increased rapidly in random rule based aggregation. The patch count of each cover types decreased substantially with increasing grain. Random rule based aggregation made landscape more fragmented and remained more patches. The diversity decreased in majority rule based aggregation,and maintained its original value in random rule based aggregation with increasing scales. Aggregation indices decreased with increasing map and measurement resolution,and the landscape became more aggregated in majority rule based aggregation. However,under fixed measurement resolution (e.g.,30 m),aggregation indices increased and cover types were more clustered with increasing resolution. Moran's I decreased rapidly with increasing measurement and map resolution,and each cover type tended to be arranged randomly and independently in space. However,under fixed measurement resolution (e.g.,30 m),Moran's I increased and cover types were more clustered on aggregated maps than on original map with increasing map resolution.

采用优势规则和随机规则为基础的两种尺度分析方法 ,对分类的TM数据进行了尺度变换分析 .结果表明 ,随着尺度 (粒度 )增加 ,优势规则处理法使景观中优势类型的面积增加 ,非优势类型的面积减少 .随机规则处理法使各景观类型的面积基本上保持不变 .随尺度变大 ,整个景观和多数类型的最大斑块面积指标增加 ;最小斑块面积等于尺度大小的平方 ;平均斑块面积都增加 ;斑块数迅速减少 .在优势规则系列中 ,多样性指标减小 ,而在随机规则处理中 ,基本没有变化 .聚集度随尺度的增大而减小 ,但测量尺度固定的情况下 ,随图分辨率的提高而增大 .随尺度的增加 ,Moran’sI指标减小 ,景观类型在空间上趋于随机分布 .但是测量尺度固定的情况下 ,随图分辨率的提高而增大 ,景观类型在空间上趋于聚集分布 .

Spatial aggregation of raster data based on majority and random rule were used in this study. To access the agreement of aggregation/scaling-up effects on landscape patterns, a classified TM imagery (8 cover types) covering 1.37 million ha with 30m resolution was aggregated incrementally from 30m to 990m. For proportions of most common cover types in majority rule-based aggregation increased slowly, whereas proportions of less common cover types decreased rapidly with increasing resolutions. For random rule-based...

Spatial aggregation of raster data based on majority and random rule were used in this study. To access the agreement of aggregation/scaling-up effects on landscape patterns, a classified TM imagery (8 cover types) covering 1.37 million ha with 30m resolution was aggregated incrementally from 30m to 990m. For proportions of most common cover types in majority rule-based aggregation increased slowly, whereas proportions of less common cover types decreased rapidly with increasing resolutions. For random rule-based aggregation, proportion of each cover type remained constant value. Kappa index for no ability, for location, for quantity and standard Kappa index decreased with increasing scales in majority and random rule-based aggregations. For Majority rule-based aggregation, Kappa index for quantity decreased gradually, but for random rule-based aggregation, it maintained 100%. Agreements of maps obtained from majority rule-based aggregation are higher than those from random rule-based aggregation. Agreements due to quantity increased in majority rule-based aggregation, but it maintained a fixed value 9.64% in random rule-based aggregation with increasing resolutions. Agreement due to chance maintained 12.50% in all aggregations. Agreement due to location obviously decreased, whereas error due to location substantially increased. There were no apparent changes in agreement and error due to location at stratum and substratum levels in all aggregations. To the contrary, agreement and error due to location at grid cell levels substantially increased in all aggregations. Agreement and error due to location at grid cell levels determined the agreement and error due to location, furthermore, agreement and error due to location determined the agreement and error of the whole map. If standard kappa was higher than 70% was considered satisfactory, the critical value in spatial scale was 210m for majority rule-based aggregation, and it was 150m for random rule-based aggregation. If a higher critical value was needed in study, the extent or classification system should be altered according to objective of study.

采用优势规则和随机规则为基础的尺度分析方法 ,对分类的 TM数据 (景观类型图 ,包含 8类型 )进行了尺度变换分析。随着尺度的增加 ,优势规则分析方法使景观中优势景观类型的面积增加 ,相反 ,面积较小的非优势景观类型的面积减少。随机规则使各景观类型的面积基本上保持不变。随着尺度的增加 ,随机 K appa指数、位置 Kappa指数和标准 Kappa指数减少。在优势规则分析法中数量 Kappa指数减少 ,但在随机规则为基础的处理中它保持 10 0 %。优势规则处理中的正确率大于随机规则处理的。由景观类型的面积百分比引起的数量正确率在优势规则处理中增加 ,但在随机规则处理中保持 9.6 4 %不变 ;相反数量错误在优势规则处理中明显增加 ,但在随机规则处理中少量增加。偶然正确率保持 12 .5 0 %不变。位置正确率减少 ,相反位置错误明显增加。层和亚层水平上的位置正确率和错误的变化不明显 ,而网格水平上的位置正确率和错误大幅度减少。网格水平上的位置正确率和错误率决定了整个位置正确率和错误率 ,同时位置正确率和错误率基本上决定了整个正确率和...

采用优势规则和随机规则为基础的尺度分析方法 ,对分类的 TM数据 (景观类型图 ,包含 8类型 )进行了尺度变换分析。随着尺度的增加 ,优势规则分析方法使景观中优势景观类型的面积增加 ,相反 ,面积较小的非优势景观类型的面积减少。随机规则使各景观类型的面积基本上保持不变。随着尺度的增加 ,随机 K appa指数、位置 Kappa指数和标准 Kappa指数减少。在优势规则分析法中数量 Kappa指数减少 ,但在随机规则为基础的处理中它保持 10 0 %。优势规则处理中的正确率大于随机规则处理的。由景观类型的面积百分比引起的数量正确率在优势规则处理中增加 ,但在随机规则处理中保持 9.6 4 %不变 ;相反数量错误在优势规则处理中明显增加 ,但在随机规则处理中少量增加。偶然正确率保持 12 .5 0 %不变。位置正确率减少 ,相反位置错误明显增加。层和亚层水平上的位置正确率和错误的变化不明显 ,而网格水平上的位置正确率和错误大幅度减少。网格水平上的位置正确率和错误率决定了整个位置正确率和错误率 ,同时位置正确率和错误率基本上决定了整个正确率和错误率。标准Kappa指数大于等于 70 %作为选择依据 ,认为 2 10 m是优势规则处理法的尺度阈值 ,15 0 m是随机规则处理法的尺度阈值 ,欲提高尺度阈值 ,必须改变研究范围或?

Researches about Executive Function (EF) have been based on neuropsychology for a long time. However, recently a lot of researches appeared in the field of developmental psychology, and new research methods appeared constantly. This essay analyzes common methods to research hot EF and cool EF from the view of developmental psychology, includes Search Tasks, Rule Use Tasks, Inhibit Dominant Response Tasks, Conflict tasks, Problem Solving Tasks, Picture Working Memory Tasks, Tasks of Theory of Mind, Delay of Gratification...

Researches about Executive Function (EF) have been based on neuropsychology for a long time. However, recently a lot of researches appeared in the field of developmental psychology, and new research methods appeared constantly. This essay analyzes common methods to research hot EF and cool EF from the view of developmental psychology, includes Search Tasks, Rule Use Tasks, Inhibit Dominant Response Tasks, Conflict tasks, Problem Solving Tasks, Picture Working Memory Tasks, Tasks of Theory of Mind, Delay of Gratification Task, Childrens Gambling Task and Object Reversal Task. From these analyses, we find that the concept of EF has gradually extended to contain the whole cognitive processes. The existing theories emphasized one or several aspects of EF, yet there has not been a theory which can sum up all the aspects of EF researched by the above methods. The nature of EF has not been clear to us.

虽然对执行功能的研究长期以来都是从神经心理学角度出发的,但现在发展心理学领域中也出现了大量的研究,其研究方法也层出不穷。该文从发展心理学角度分析了研究儿童冷执行功能和热执行功能的常用方法,包括搜寻任务、规则运用任务、优势规则抑制任务、矛盾冲突任务、问题解决任务、图片工作记忆任务、心理理论任务、延迟满足任务、儿童博弈任务和反向择物。通过对这些方法的分析,作者发现,执行功能的概念已逐步扩展到包容整个认知过程,而已有的关于执行功能的观点都只强调了其中某一个或几个方面,还没有一种观点能够将上述方法所研究的执行功能概括完整。执行功能的本质还远远不能清晰地展示在我们面前。

 
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