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判断基准
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  judgment standard
     How to confirm the judgment standard of two designs are same or similar when someone appeals that one designs doesn’t possess novelty in The Procedure of Invalid Declaration.
     以不具有新颖性为由提出无效请求时外观设计相同或者相近似的判断基准为相同和相似的判断,不仅是以外观设计要素相比较,而且还要与产品的用途相比较。
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     Based on the judgment standard and element management analysis of industry competitive power, combining WEF and IMD research, the influencing factor system of China construction industry has been put forward.
     在产业竞争力因素判断基准以及产业竞争力因素管理分析的基础上,结合WEF和IMD产业竞争力的研究,得出了中国建筑业产业竞争力的影响因素体系。
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  “判断基准”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Based on 0.99 criterion of polymorphism, the proportion of polymorphic loci were 0%-12.5%. Based on 0.95 criterion, the proportion of polymorphic loci were 0%.
     以最高基因频率小于0.99为判别基准,大银鱼多态基因座位比例为0%到12.5%,若以小于0.95为判断基准,则大银鱼中没有多态基因座位。
短句来源
     the proportion of polymorphic loci were 0 and 12.5% in two species on the basis of 0.95 criterion of polymorphism.
     若以小于0.95为判断基准,则大银鱼中没有多态基因座位,太湖新银鱼的多态基因座位比例为12.5%;
短句来源
     The analysis and adjustment of industrial structure are researched traditionally based on the economic growth theory, contrary to the traditional ways they are researched based on the sustainable development theory in the dissertation.
     影响经济稳定和发展的因素有多种,不能仅仅根据经济是否稳定和发展来评判产业结构的合理性。 为了分析产业结构合理性,人们提出产业结构合理性判断基准,依据判断基准建立相应的分析方法,应用所建立的分析方法来分析产业结构合理性。
短句来源
     The main research in the dissertation as following 1. Criterion of Rationality of Industrial Structure Because there are many factors affecting economic stableness and growth, so we can not simply make an evaluation of rationality of one industrial structure according to the economy stabilizing and growing.
     在传统经济增长理论下人们建立了产业间比例判断基准和产业关联判断基准,随着可持续发展理论逐渐取代传统经济增长理论,仅有这两个判断基准已显得不足。 为此,本文增添了产业结构影响环境状况和产业结构影响自然资源利用两个判断基准,完善了可持续发展理论下产业结构合理性判断基准
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     The dissertation introduces the Hamming close degree to measure the difference between one industrial structure and the reference structure.
     4.产业结构影响环境状况和自然资源利用分析依据产业结构影响环境状况判断基准和产业结构影响自然资源利用判断基准,本文应用绿色投入产出模型,结合环境经济学的理论,建立了产业结构影响环境状况和产业结构影响自然资源利用程度的度量指标,并根据这些指标建立了产业结构合理性分析方法。
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  相似匹配句对
     Research on causality judgments
     因果关系的判断
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     length standard;
     长度基准
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     Disproportionation's ascertain
     判断歧化反应
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     The Discussion of Voltage Reference and it's Application
     电压基准
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     Criterion Transition in Perceptual and Judgment and Its Attributive Coordinate Analytics Orientation
     感知和判断中的基准变换及其性质坐标分析法
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  judgment standard
According to one influential decision making standard, the substituted judgment standard, a surrogate decision maker ought to make the decision that the incompetent patient would have made, had he or she been competent.
      
Empirical research has been conducted in order to find out whether surrogate decision makers are sufficiently good at doing their job, as this is defined by the substituted judgment standard.
      
"What the patient would have decided": A fundamental problem with the substituted judgment standard
      
According to one influential decision making standard, the substituted judgment standard, the decision that ought to be made for the incompetent patient is the decision the patient would have made, had he or she been competent.
      
One fundamental problem is that the substituted judgment standard, as commonly formulated, is indeterminate in content and thus offers the surrogate little or no guidance.
      


The experiment of the uncertainty of the K-meaus method is described in this paper. A data set of two-dimensional 210 samples and the IRIS data set o'f four-dimensional 150 patterns are analyzed. In order to compare different results of experiment, three kinds of approaches to select initial centers of classes are considered. In the comparison process, three performance indexes are employed as criteria of the results of K-means method. A new clustering method OUPIC is developed.

本文详细描述了K均值聚类法结果的非确定性实验。测试了二维的210点子样集合和四维的150点IRIS数据。比较了三种聚类初始中心的选择方法。在比较的过程中采用了三种性能指标作为聚类结果好坏的判断基准,验证了m性能指标的合理性。在实验分析的基础上,提出了一种新的聚类算法OUPIC。

In this paper, comparisons of spark ignition characteristics between different metal materials arc proposed. The mixed combustible fuel gases used in the experiments arc: liquefied petroleum gas/air and hydrogenn/air. The results show that the spark caused by. friction between carbon steel and grinding wheel is the most intensive, but ignition of liquefied petroleum gas/air fuel is still difficult. In the process of ffriction between beryllium bronze,and grinding wheel, there is no spark produced. And Cu-Ni-Mn...

In this paper, comparisons of spark ignition characteristics between different metal materials arc proposed. The mixed combustible fuel gases used in the experiments arc: liquefied petroleum gas/air and hydrogenn/air. The results show that the spark caused by. friction between carbon steel and grinding wheel is the most intensive, but ignition of liquefied petroleum gas/air fuel is still difficult. In the process of ffriction between beryllium bronze,and grinding wheel, there is no spark produced. And Cu-Ni-Mn alloy can produce more spark in the same experimental conditions. Giving a longer friction time, both the two experiments ignite the hydrogen/air fuel, but explosion take place short after. FFrom the experimental results, we can see that the hot surface caused by friction is the direct source o ignition and the ignition ability of metals are not fully rely on the spark caused by friction between different metal materials.

在本研究中,对碳钢、铍青铜和铜镍锰合金等三种金属与砂轮和45号钢轮摩擦时产生火花的能力和引燃能力作了对比实验。用于实验的可燃混合气为液化石油气/空气和氢/空气。实验表明,碳钢和砂轮摩擦产生的火花最强烈,但仍很难引燃液化石油气/空气混合气;铍青铜与砂轮摩擦时几乎看不到火花,铜镍锰合金在同样条件下产生火花的几率销大。在摩擦时间较长的条件下,两者均能引燃极易爆炸的氢/空气混合气,但爆炸却并不是在火花出现时立即发生的。可以推断:在上述条件下,摩擦造成的炽热表面是引燃的主要原因,而材料的引燃能力的强弱,不能只以是否产生火花为判断基准

Judgment or recognition which criterion is some kind of conscious memory patterns is one of the most essential operators of conscious thought of human.The phenomenon that criteria of qualitative judgment varying as both external conditions and thinker's cognitive structure is a logical cause of the uncertainty and the contradictory effects of human's judgment and thinking the logical definitions of the consistency and the contradictory of judgment and it's criterion transition are given in this paper.By using...

Judgment or recognition which criterion is some kind of conscious memory patterns is one of the most essential operators of conscious thought of human.The phenomenon that criteria of qualitative judgment varying as both external conditions and thinker's cognitive structure is a logical cause of the uncertainty and the contradictory effects of human's judgment and thinking the logical definitions of the consistency and the contradictory of judgment and it's criterion transition are given in this paper.By using the mathematical representative method of criterion transition,some of intelligence effects emerged by human thought,such as understand,fuzziness,nonmonotonic,and clever,are explained and described in a new way.

感觉和知觉是人类思维的基础,基于某种有意识记忆模式的识别或判断,可认为是人脑有意识思维的事实上的基础.判断基准可随外部条件和思维者认知结构而变的现象,是人脑感知与判断产生一系列不确定性和矛盾性的最基本原因之一.传统数理逻辑以推理为其研究的主要对象的倾向,忽略了判断不确定性及其变化规律的研究.从而提出从基准变换入手,去研究各种判断不确定性的逻辑方法,给出了判断和基准的一致性、相容性和矛盾性的逻辑定义,并利用基准变换的数学表示方法,为人类思维的某些智能化特征,如可理解性、模糊性、非单调性和灵活性等效应,提供了一条新的逻辑解释和刻划途径.

 
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