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   政府公共支出 在 宏观经济管理与可持续发展 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.081秒
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宏观经济管理与可持续发展
财政与税收
数学
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政府公共支出    
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  public expenditure
Governments seek to decrease public expenditure and regulatory control by selling off public services, including prisons and police forces, supposedly to be run more efficiently under competitive market conditions.
      
As a consequence, there are persistent uncertainties in the quantification of the exact economic returns of public expenditure on basic research.
      
The influence analysis on public expenditure to the technique efficiency of China
      
The results tell us that raising the proportion of public expenditure in GDP can lower the technological efficiency, but raising some parts of public expenditure in GDP can promote the technological efficiency.
      
Its realistic meaning is that it is excellent to turn the public expenditure structure to promote the technological efficiency.
      
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  government spending
Globalization, government spending and taxation in the OECD
      
Year-to-year increases in total trade and international financial openness in the past three decades have been associated with less government spending.
      
This research explores public judgments about the threat-reducing potential of experts, individual behavior, and government spending.
      
Faith in more government spending is highest for AIDS and the other two health items, lowest for the trio of violent crime, automobile accidents, and global warming, and moderate for the remaining threats.
      
Business and government spending on physician services
      
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For a long term,because our government monopolize the provision of the public property and service,at the same time,our government have expent more money on providing economic service than on providing social service,those make our government fall short in providing public service and be unable to guarantee the basic social candor,moreover,those have affect the stable of the society and impede the pulsion of the market economy innovation.Therefore,we must reform the supply mechanism of the public service.We...

For a long term,because our government monopolize the provision of the public property and service,at the same time,our government have expent more money on providing economic service than on providing social service,those make our government fall short in providing public service and be unable to guarantee the basic social candor,moreover,those have affect the stable of the society and impede the pulsion of the market economy innovation.Therefore,we must reform the supply mechanism of the public service.We can use the experience of the western government’s practice in new public management movement,which is to marketize the public service. In the process of the marketization,our government should create and perfect the conditions for the marketization.

长期以来,由于我国在公共产品和服务提供方面实行政府高度垄断,并且政府公共支出重经济建设、轻社会服务,这些导致我国政府目前的公共服务供给能力不足,不能保证基本的社会公平,并已经成为影响我国社会稳定、阻碍我国市场经济改革进一步推进的重要因素。因此,必须对我国的公共服务供给机制进行改革。这种改革可以借鉴西方发达国家在新公共管理运动中的做法,实行公共服务市场化改革。在市场化过程中,我国政府应努力创造和完善推行市场化的各种条件。

Public expenditure and city sustainability are two important aspects in city management decision makings. Principle of need, principle of respect and principle of compensation have long been play important role in public expenditure management and thus led to scientifically development of the public expenditure, led to well understanding and fairly treatment of social appeals for the sustainable development of a city, and led to identification of the difference between the local government's expected expenditure...

Public expenditure and city sustainability are two important aspects in city management decision makings. Principle of need, principle of respect and principle of compensation have long been play important role in public expenditure management and thus led to scientifically development of the public expenditure, led to well understanding and fairly treatment of social appeals for the sustainable development of a city, and led to identification of the difference between the local government's expected expenditure and the public's expected expenditure. Exploration of self-determined finance resource and wholly planed distribution of the resource are suggested to be taken into consideration of justice principle of public expenditure, for that they can benefit the realization of sustainable development of a city.

需求、尊重权利、补偿等原则对公共支出的发展起着重要的作用,它们能指引公共支出更好地体现科学发展观的基本要求;能更好地把握城市可持续发展对公共支出在社会公正方面的诉求;能更好地分析、了解地方政府公共支出与民众期望支出间的差异。地方自主财源的筹措方向与统筹分配资源的改善建议,能够使公共支出更加符合正义原则,实现城市的可持续发展目标。

This paper presents the analytical results of substitution and complementary effect of fiscal changes,by systematically analyzes the long-term relationship between components of Chinese government's special public expenditures and GDP.It also applies the variation decomposition technique to totally isolate the growth effect of components in government's public expenditures on GDP.From the empirical analysis,we concluded that the government's purchase expenditure has a significant explanatory power on the long-term...

This paper presents the analytical results of substitution and complementary effect of fiscal changes,by systematically analyzes the long-term relationship between components of Chinese government's special public expenditures and GDP.It also applies the variation decomposition technique to totally isolate the growth effect of components in government's public expenditures on GDP.From the empirical analysis,we concluded that the government's purchase expenditure has a significant explanatory power on the long-term economic growth.However,extra-budget expenditure has a substitution effect with the government's infrastructure investments,which has only a limited impact on the long-term economical growth.

本文通过对财政变量的替代效应及互补效应的分析,系统地研究了中国政府特殊公共支出体系各组成部分与GDP之间的长期动态关系,并利用方差分解技术具体分离了政府公共支出各组成部分对GDP的增长效应。通过实证研究我们认为,政府购买支出表现出一定的互补性、对经济的长期增长有一定的解释能力,而预算外支出、政府基础设施投资则表现出一定的替代性,对经济的长期增长解释能力十分有限。

 
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