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套管针留置
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     Results The results suggested that there was a higher incidence of phlebitis in control group (81.58%). The incidence of phlebitis in observation group was 19.44% and this lower incidence showed a statistic significance (P<0.01).
     结果对照组静脉炎发生率为81.58%,观察组静脉炎发生率为19.44%,明显低于对照组,套管针留置时间进行统计学比较(P<0.01),明显延长。
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     To explore the influence of indwelling position of intravenous trocar on the indwelling time and effect in the course of injecting mannitol. 82 cases of stroke were divided into two groups randoly,42 of observation and 40 of control group. The trocars were put into the external jugular vein and superfacial vein respectively.
     为探讨静滴甘露醇过程中静脉套管针留置部位对留置效果的影响 ,将 82例脑卒中患者随机分为观察组 (42例 )和对照组 (40例 ) ,于静滴甘露醇过程中分别采用颈外静脉及四肢静脉留置套管针 ,对两组套管针留置时间及效果进行比较。
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     The result for the time of retaining needks of these two groups and phlebitis taking place is that time for retaining is≤4 days to 7 days. The result is evenly χ2=5.54,P<0.01,the retaining time is 5~6 days,the result is χ2=15.66,P<0.005. Conclusion:moxibusion is effective in preventing phlebitis.
     两组套管针留置时间与静脉炎发生情况结果为:留置时间≤4天两组静脉炎发生率分别为2、10例 (P<0.01) ,留置时间5~6天两组静脉炎发生率分别4、24例 (P<0.005) ,留置时间>7天2组静脉炎发生率分别为10、22例 (P<0.01)。
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     A correlative study on hyperviscosity and indwelling time of retaining needle at vein in patients
     高血粘度患者静脉套管针留置时间相关性研究
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     In conclusion,the external jugular vein should be the indwelling position of choice of the trocar.
     认为采用静脉留置套管针静滴甘露醇过程中 ,套管针留置部位应首选颈外静脉
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     A Survey of Indwelling Time of Trocar and Bacterial Culture of the Tube
     套管针留置时间及细菌培养观察
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     Complications of patients accepted venous indwelling needle and its prevention and treatment
     留置静脉套管针的并发症及防治
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     All the patients were detained Double-J stent.
     皆留置D-J管。
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     New progress on nursing care of patients undergoing indwelling urethral catheterization
     留置导尿护理进展
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     Analysis on the common problems in the transfusion using trocar
     套管针输液中常见问题的分析
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This article reported our clinical experience of using INTIMA needle catheter.The result showed that the catheter could be used 5 days in 68% of 125 patients.The main inference to the result is phlebitis.However,phlebitis was caused by the positions of IV injection and concentration of liquid drugs.It was not linked with factors including age,sex,the method of dressing,times of enveloping venous and using anti-bacteria.In additional,nursing skill and the kind of disorder such as the change of blood dynamics...

This article reported our clinical experience of using INTIMA needle catheter.The result showed that the catheter could be used 5 days in 68% of 125 patients.The main inference to the result is phlebitis.However,phlebitis was caused by the positions of IV injection and concentration of liquid drugs.It was not linked with factors including age,sex,the method of dressing,times of enveloping venous and using anti-bacteria.In additional,nursing skill and the kind of disorder such as the change of blood dynamics and increase of vascular permeability could shorten using time.We suggest that:(1)choose right vein and accommodate appropriate transfusion speed.(2)improve the nursing technique and prevent occurring phlebitis to prologn using time.

通过125 例头皮套管针的使用,观察套管针的留置时间并探讨其影响因素。结果表明,68 % 的患者可置管5 天。影响留置时间的原因主要是静脉炎的发生,而导致静脉炎发生的原因是置管部位的不同和输注高分子液体,与患者的年龄、性别、换药方式、封管次数、抗生素的使用无关。另外,穿刺技术不熟练、封管方法不正确、患者自身疾病如血液动力学的改变、血管通透性的增加等因素均有可能导致液体渗漏、导管堵塞或脱出而致置管失败。建议使用头皮套管针的时候注意选择合适的血管,正确调节输液速度,同时加强静脉穿刺技术的管理,减少静脉炎的发生,延长置管时间。

ve In order to study the factors affecting the remaining time for peripherally indewelled catheter (PIC). Methods 120 patients were divided into A, B and C group, according to the stimulation of injection, location of injection and patients' age. The complication caused by PIC was observed. Results The Complication mostly happened after the third day of injection, especially in old patients and the patients who accepted stimulation injection and near joint injection. It also happened early in these patients...

ve In order to study the factors affecting the remaining time for peripherally indewelled catheter (PIC). Methods 120 patients were divided into A, B and C group, according to the stimulation of injection, location of injection and patients' age. The complication caused by PIC was observed. Results The Complication mostly happened after the third day of injection, especially in old patients and the patients who accepted stimulation injection and near joint injection. It also happened early in these patients ( P < 0.05). Conclusions Stimulation of injection, location of injection and patients'age are three factors that affect the remaining time of PIC.

探讨浅静脉封闭式套管针留置时间的影响因素。方法 将120例患者按年龄、留针部位及输液种类等因素分为3组,观察其并发症出现的时间。结果 其并发症在3天以后多见。输刺激性药物、关节附近留针和老年患者并发症明显增多,而且发生较早(P<0.05)。结论 浅静脉封闭式套管针的留置时间受药物的刺激性、留针部位及年龄等因素的影响,留置时间应根据具体情况而定。

To infuse mannite often leads to the symptoms of phlebitis such as redness,swelling,hotness,and pain etc, so we used 75 percent alcohol gauze hydropathic compress in the needle region to observe its effects .The results indicated that phlebitis incidence was lowered significantly, and the needle's remain time was prolonged significantly. It is suggested that this method of hydropathic compress should be adopted when infusing mannite in order to decrease the occurence of phlebitis.

使用静脉套管针输注甘露醇易引起局部血管红、肿、热、痛等静脉炎的症状 ,我们采用 75 %酒精湿敷置管部位 ,结果显示 ,静脉炎发生率降低 ,套管针留置时间延长。建议在使用套管针静滴甘露醇时用酒精纱布湿敷局部 ,以预防和减少静脉炎的发生

 
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