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椎体定位
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  “椎体定位”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Conclusions With the assistance of anatomic landmarks,accurate localization of the vertebral body is possible,which is helpful to the prevention of spinal cord injury and the decrease of frequency of radiation exposure.
     结论 借助于解剖标志可对椎体定位 ,以避免操作进入椎管损害脊髓 ,并大大减少X线的投照次数
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     the transverse length of the S1 vertebral body,C②.
     C⑥.定位点到S_1椎体后缘的距离;
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     the distance from the location to the posterior edge of S1 vertebral body,X⑦.
     X⑥.定位点到S_1椎体后缘的距离;
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     Video Text Location
     视频文本定位
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     The Orientation of Universities
     大学的定位
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     severe vertebral fraction;
     严重椎体骨折;
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A new method "displaced posterior partial vertebrectomy the Pediculus arcus vertebrae" designed by the authors was reported and 68 cases of the thoracolumbar vertebral fracture - dislocation with paraplegia were treated successfully. The characteristics of the method: An extrapleural or retroperitoneal exposure is adopted, which is aid to reduce complications; Location of injuried segment is according to the twelfth rib and vertebra without X-ray film during the operation; In order to decompress successfully...

A new method "displaced posterior partial vertebrectomy the Pediculus arcus vertebrae" designed by the authors was reported and 68 cases of the thoracolumbar vertebral fracture - dislocation with paraplegia were treated successfully. The characteristics of the method: An extrapleural or retroperitoneal exposure is adopted, which is aid to reduce complications; Location of injuried segment is according to the twelfth rib and vertebra without X-ray film during the operation; In order to decompress successfully and avoid resecting the vertebra blindly, a line between the posterior edges of the upper and the lower vertebra is used as a symbol to determine the range of decompression. After follow-up of 7 to 26 months, it is shown that the neural function in all 68 cases has improved in varying degree. The authors believe that the method has the following advantages: less trauma and complications from operation, precise decompression can be made with less injury to the stability of the spine so that internal fixation is unnecessary.

本文报告68例胸腰椎骨折脱位伴截瘫患者,采用作者改良设计的“经椎弓根椎体后份切除术”的治疗结果。该术特点:手术途径采取胸腔外和腹膜后间隙显露伤椎,减少了对胸腹腔脏器的干扰;术中根据12肋和胸12椎体定位而不需用X线监控或摄片;术中将伤椎上、下正常椎体后缘连线作为判断切除伤椎后份的标记线,既可避免盲目切除伤椎,又能有效地解除脊髓受压。68例患者通过7~26个月的随访,神经功能按Frankel分级标准,较术前改善Ⅰ~Ⅱ级。作者认为该术式创伤较小,并发症少,减压准确,对脊柱稳定性损害小。

Objective: To explore the x-ray manifestation of cervical vertebra with anterior subluxation.Methods:From 1990 to 1995. 14 patients with anterior subluxation of cervical vertebra were treated by cervicaltraction. The angles of relevant adjacent lower cervical vertebra were measured. Results: Before traction, theangles of instablecervical vertebra were 1 7. 2 ±4. 9 °;after traction. the angles were reduced to 5. 0 ±2. 8 °(p <0. 001 ). Concl usions:X-ray measurement of cervical vertebra with anteror subluxation...

Objective: To explore the x-ray manifestation of cervical vertebra with anterior subluxation.Methods:From 1990 to 1995. 14 patients with anterior subluxation of cervical vertebra were treated by cervicaltraction. The angles of relevant adjacent lower cervical vertebra were measured. Results: Before traction, theangles of instablecervical vertebra were 1 7. 2 ±4. 9 °;after traction. the angles were reduced to 5. 0 ±2. 8 °(p <0. 001 ). Concl usions:X-ray measurement of cervical vertebra with anteror subluxation is helpful to making a correct diagnosis and evaluating the treatment effect.

为了探讨小儿颈椎前半脱位的X线特点。方法:对1990~1995年收治的14例颈椎前半脱位患儿下颈椎后突节段相邻椎体所成角作了测量。结果:牵引前不稳定椎体间所成角为17.2±4.9°.牵引后此角平均为5.0±2.8°(P<0.001)。结论:牵引前测定相邻椎体所成角.有助于不稳定椎体的定位诊断;牵引后复测此角.对判断牵引效果及预后评估也有裨益。

Objective To observe the anatomic landmarks in the thoracic cavity under thoracoscope in procedures for scoliosis,so as to facilitate the intraoperative localization and the prevention of complications. Methods During 23 cases of thoracoscopic anterior procedure,anatomic landmarks,including the segmental vessels,azygous vein,intervertebral discs,rib heads and great splanchnic nerve,were observed. Results The segmental vessels of T 6~10 were situated at the center of the vertebral body and their position...

Objective To observe the anatomic landmarks in the thoracic cavity under thoracoscope in procedures for scoliosis,so as to facilitate the intraoperative localization and the prevention of complications. Methods During 23 cases of thoracoscopic anterior procedure,anatomic landmarks,including the segmental vessels,azygous vein,intervertebral discs,rib heads and great splanchnic nerve,were observed. Results The segmental vessels of T 6~10 were situated at the center of the vertebral body and their position was relatively constant.The T 7~10 intervertebral discs were a little bit prominent and white-colored,which were easily distinguished.The rib heads corresponding to their vertebral bodies were good landmarks.The great splanchnic nerve crossed over the T 7~9 vertebral bodies arrisways. Conclusions With the assistance of anatomic landmarks,accurate localization of the vertebral body is possible,which is helpful to the prevention of spinal cord injury and the decrease of frequency of radiation exposure.

目的 观察胸腔内解剖结构在胸腔镜下的标记 ,以助于术中的定位及预防并发症。 方法 对 2 3例胸腔镜下的脊柱前路手术进行了解剖标志的观察 ,主要指标为节段血管、奇静脉、椎间盘、肋骨头及内脏大神经。 结果 T6~ 10 节段血管位于椎体中央 ,较为恒定。T7~ 10 椎间盘隆起 ,呈白色 ,易于辨别。各椎体对应的肋骨头清晰可辨。内脏大神经于T7~ 9处斜行跨越椎体。 结论 借助于解剖标志可对椎体定位 ,以避免操作进入椎管损害脊髓 ,并大大减少X线的投照次数

 
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