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气味记忆
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     Doodle Memory
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     While the scent of apple has no effect on learning and memory ability and hippocampal CREB and pCREB expression.
     苹果气味对小鼠记忆能力无明显影响。
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  olfactory memory
Formation of long term olfactory memory in honeybees does not require protein synthesis
      
The larval behaviour described and the results of the manipulations performed are discussed as evidences for the acquisition of olfactory memory during the larval stage and its persistence through metamorphosis.
      
Pharmacological data support a role for acetylcholine release in the development of social recognition as an olfactory memory, or through modulation of olfactory perception.
      
The present experiments study the ability of SR 141716 (from 0.03 to 3 mg/kg SC) to facilitate short-term olfactory memory in the social recognition test in rodents.
      
Elimination of the olfactory sensory inputs from the anterior and/or posterior tentacles prior to conditioning revealed that the acquisition of the olfactory memory requires olfactory stimulation of the sensory epithelia on the anterior tentacles.
      
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To investigate odor recognition and memory among Brandt's voles (Microtus brandti), We tested reactions to odors of their mates and to those of novel individuals of the opposite gender after the mating pair had been separated for 12 hours,1 day,2 days,3 days,5 days, and 7 days.Males showed significantly more interest in novel female odors than in familiar odors after being separated for 12 hours, 1 day and 2 days. Females showed no significant differences in odor choice preferences.There were no significant...

To investigate odor recognition and memory among Brandt's voles (Microtus brandti), We tested reactions to odors of their mates and to those of novel individuals of the opposite gender after the mating pair had been separated for 12 hours,1 day,2 days,3 days,5 days, and 7 days.Males showed significantly more interest in novel female odors than in familiar odors after being separated for 12 hours, 1 day and 2 days. Females showed no significant differences in odor choice preferences.There were no significant differences in odor preference among either males and females after separation of 2,3,5 and 7 days.These results suggested that males can retain odors in memory for about 2 days.Olfactory signals play an important role in individual communication and the social structure of Brandt′s voles.

将配对饲养的成年雌雄布氏田鼠分离 ,通过分开单独饲养 12h ,1d、 2d、 3d、 5d和 7d后雌、雄鼠对原配偶异性和陌生异性气味信号的选择实验 ,探讨布氏田鼠对气味信号的识别和记忆。实验表明 :在分离 12h和 1d后 ,雄鼠对陌生雌性气味的选择和探究行为显著多于对熟悉雌鼠气味 ,而雌鼠对两种气味并未表现显著的探究差异 ;布氏田鼠对气味信号的记忆维持的强度和时间随个体不同而产生差异 ,雄鼠在分离后 12h、 1d、 2d中对陌生雌鼠气味均表现出差异明显的探究行为 ,而后 ,各项探究行为的差异均不明显。雌鼠探究行为变化比较缓慢。据此推测雄鼠对气味的记忆维持在 2d左右

To research the retention of parental odours of female root voles (Microtus oeconomus), the behavioural responses to urine from parents were recorded 0, 10, 20, 30, and 40 days after weaning (20, 30, 40, 50, 60 days of age respectively). The results showed that: (1) The frequency of self-grooming in the presence of paternal or a strange male's odour was significantly different when subjects were 20 days of age. The frequency of approach to paternal odour was higher than to a stranger's odour. In addition, the...

To research the retention of parental odours of female root voles (Microtus oeconomus), the behavioural responses to urine from parents were recorded 0, 10, 20, 30, and 40 days after weaning (20, 30, 40, 50, 60 days of age respectively). The results showed that: (1) The frequency of self-grooming in the presence of paternal or a strange male's odour was significantly different when subjects were 20 days of age. The frequency of approach to paternal odour was higher than to a stranger's odour. In addition, the counter-mark frequency for paternal odours was less than for strange odours when subjects were 30 days of age. (2) There was no difference between the behavioural responses to paternal and strange odours when subjects were 40 days of age. (3) There was no difference between the behavioural responses to maternal and strange odours when subjects were 20 days of age. (4) Females showed different behavioural patterns to maternal and strange odours 10-40 d after weaning. In conclusion, the retention of paternal odour can continue until 10-20 d after weaning, and maternal odour can continue until 40 d after weaning.

为研究亲子分开后雌性根田鼠对亲本气味的记忆持续时间,分别在未分开(20日龄)、分开10d(30日龄)、20d(40日龄)、30d(50日龄)、40d(60日龄)时,以新鲜尿作气味源,在行为观察箱中记录雌性根田鼠对不同气味源的行为响应模式,结果表明(1)未分开时,雌鼠遭遇父本气味时自我修饰的频次极显著高于陌生雄鼠气味,在分开10d时,雌鼠接近父本气味的频次显著多于接近陌生雄鼠气味的频次,其对前者反标记显著少于后者;(2)分开20d后,雌鼠对父本和陌生雄鼠气味的行为响应无明显差异;(3)未分窝时,雌性根田鼠幼仔对母本和陌生雌鼠气味的行为响应无差异;(4)分开10—40d时,雌性根田鼠对母本和陌生雌鼠气味表现出不同的行为响应模式。以上结果表明,在亲子分开10d时,雌鼠仍能识别父本和陌生雄鼠的气味;分开20d后,雌鼠不再能够识别父本和陌生雄鼠的气味;在亲子分开40d时,雌鼠仍能识别母本和陌生雌鼠的气味。因此,雌鼠对父本气味的嗅觉记忆时间可以持续到亲子分开10—20d之间;而对母本气味的嗅觉记忆时间则可以持续到亲子分开40d以上。

 
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