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欺诈例外     
相关语句
  fraud exception
    Analysis of Rights and Obligations of the Bank under the Principle of L/C Fraud Exception
    信用证欺诈例外原则下的银行权利义务分析
短句来源
    Legal Problems of Fraud Exception in Independent Guarantee
    独立担保欺诈例外法律问题研究
短句来源
    Legal Research on the Principle of "Fraud Exception" of Letter of Credit
    信用证欺诈例外原则之法律研究
短句来源
    A Study on the Fraud Exception of the Letter of Credit
    信用证欺诈例外原则研究
短句来源
    Legal Research on the Principle of the Fraud Exception in Letter of Credit
    信用证欺诈例外原则的法律研究
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  cheating exception
    On applicability of credit letter cheating exception principle
    信用证欺诈例外原则适用问题探讨
短句来源
    Credit letter cheating exception principle is the conception from the middle twentieth century and is a reasonable exception towards independence abstraction principle in the need of international trade.
    信用证欺诈例外原则是20世纪中期发展起来的一个概念,是应国际贸易的需要对独立抽象原则的合理例外。
短句来源
  “欺诈例外”译为未确定词的双语例句
    National Park Bank and the Sztejn case.
    National Park Bank案,其中持反对意见的Cardozo法官对欺诈例外原则的阐述;
短句来源
    Analysis on the Legal Issues of the Fraud Rule in the Common Law Countries
    英美国家欺诈例外原则的法律问题研究
短句来源
    The Principles about Exception on Fraud on L/C and Implementation
    信用证欺诈例外原则及其实施
短句来源
    The fraud rule is an integral part of the law governing letters of credit and was developed to fill a gap in that law - to prevent unscrupulous beneficiaries from abusing the letter of credit system and defrauding the applicant and the issuer.
    欺诈例外原则是信用证法律体系中不可分割的一部分,其发展弥补了法律的缺失——阻止不道德的受益人滥用信用证体系以对申请人和开证人实施欺诈。
短句来源
    Through comparative and analytical approach, based on the legal practice and statute law of the common law countries, this thesis makes a comprehensive and profound study of the legal issues on the fraud rule.
    本文主要运用案例分析的方法,以英美法系国家的实践为核心,结合相关的立法,全面深入地研究了信用证欺诈例外原则中的法律问题。
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  fraud exception
Application of the law of privilege, and the crime-fraud exception were properly applied by the Special Master.
      
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The Exception of Independence Rule concerning fraud in LC transact,establishedfirst by U.S.court,has been affirmed and adopted by many countries.However,itsrange of application and theoretical basis are so far in lack of unanimous agreement.Hence a lack of definite measurement.This essay,by combining with practical cases,expounds the relationship between the principle of independence rule and the exceptionto independence rule,the difference between fraud and violation of contract.Stress islaid on an explanation...

The Exception of Independence Rule concerning fraud in LC transact,establishedfirst by U.S.court,has been affirmed and adopted by many countries.However,itsrange of application and theoretical basis are so far in lack of unanimous agreement.Hence a lack of definite measurement.This essay,by combining with practical cases,expounds the relationship between the principle of independence rule and the exceptionto independence rule,the difference between fraud and violation of contract.Stress islaid on an explanation of both the subjective and objective components of LC fraudAs a result,the author puts forth a number of standards for telling fraud from,ordinary violation of contract.

美国法院首次确立的信用证交易欺诈例外原则已为各国司法实践肯定和采用。但对其运用范围和理论基础尚无定论,因而持之有据,却衡之无度。本文结合实际案例,对该原则与独立原则的关系、欺诈同违约的区别和运用条件作了阐述,进而着重论述了信用证欺诈的主客观构成要件,综合提出了衡量欺诈与违约的若干标准。

Letter of credit is a kind of independent and autonomous contract. However, the bank may refuse to pay or accept a letter of credit and the court may issue order to prohibit the payment of it if fraud is found in the transaction. The exception of fraud is only a kind of legal remedy, which may not be abused.

信用证为独立自主的契约 ,但是在肯定这一原则的前提下如有欺诈发生则允许银行不予付款或承兑 ,法院也可发布禁止支付令。但是 ,欺诈例外原则只是一种法律救济手段 ,不得滥用。

The letter of credit system allows the beneficiary to secure payment without having to submit to scrutiny of whether it has fulfilled its contractual duties with the applicant. This is referred to as the principle of independence (or autonomy). However, an exception to the principle of independence has been recognized in the cases of fraud on the part of the beneficiary. The purpose of this paper is to: (a) analyze the development and the nature of the fraud exception; (b) deal with "fraud" defined, the exception...

The letter of credit system allows the beneficiary to secure payment without having to submit to scrutiny of whether it has fulfilled its contractual duties with the applicant. This is referred to as the principle of independence (or autonomy). However, an exception to the principle of independence has been recognized in the cases of fraud on the part of the beneficiary. The purpose of this paper is to: (a) analyze the development and the nature of the fraud exception; (b) deal with "fraud" defined, the exception of the fraud exception, the duties of the issuing bank once fraud is alleged, alleging fraud and seeking injunction; (c) review the practice of China's courts applying the principle of the fraud exception, and suggest alternatives to perfect the legal system of the fraud exception.

信用证的独立性 (或自主性 )原则是信用证体系赖以生存和发展的根本性原则 ,依据该原则信用证及相关的单据与合同交易是分离的。但是这种机制为受益人从事欺诈行为创造了条件 ,基于此 ,各国逐渐地发展了遏制信用证欺诈的重要制度———信用证欺诈例外。本文拟对欺诈例外的涵义及特征作一分析 ,并就欺诈例外适用中的何谓“欺诈”、欺诈例外适用的排除、开证行应如何应对欺诈例外欺诈例外与法院禁付令的关系等重要问题进行探讨 ,并在评论我国司法实践中存在的问题的基础上 ,就我国相关法制的完善问题作一思考。

 
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