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道路交通伤害     
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  road traffic injury
     An Epidemiological Study on Road Traffic Injury in China,1951 - 1999
     1951~1999年中国道路交通伤害流行病学分析
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     Study on Status of Rescue Treatment and Outcome of Road Traffic Injury Patients in One Certain Hospital during 1999~2004
     1999~2004年期间某医院道路交通伤害住院患者救治与转归的现状研究
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     A key point in road traffic injury prevention: pedestrian road safety education
     道路交通伤害预防的一个关键点:行人道路安全教育
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     Estimate the Number of Road Traffic Injury by Capture-recapture Method in a Shanghai District
     运用捕获再捕获法估算上海某地区道路交通伤害发生人数
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     Conclusion Children's safety and health is seriously threatened by road traffic injury. Children traffic injury is related to many factors,so many departments should cooperate to prevent it.
     结论道路交通伤害严重威胁儿童安全与健康,儿童步行者发生道路交通伤害与多种因素有关,需社会各个部门参与预防。
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  road traffic injuries
     Descriptive Epidemiological Study on Road Traffic Injuries
     道路交通伤害描述性流行病学研究
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     Study on the secular trend of road traffic injuries and its influencing factors in China
     中国道路交通伤害长期趋势及其影响因素分析
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     Analysis of the behaviors related to road traffic injuries among pupils in four primary schools in Ningbo City
     宁波市4所小学学生道路交通伤害相关行为分析
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     Correlation between Road Traffic Injuries and the Change of Motor Vehicle Owned
     道路交通伤害与机动车保有量变化的相关性分析
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     Projections indicate that these figures will increase by about 65% over the next 20 years. Without appropriate action, by 2020, road traffic injuries are predicted to be the third leading contributor to the global burden of disease and injury.
     预计在今后20年中,道路交通伤害的死亡和受伤人数将增加65%左右,到2020年道路交通伤害预计将成为全球疾病与伤害负担的第三大原因。
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  road traffic harm
     Results The traffic accident in shijiazhuang decreased significantly from 2001 to 2003. Conclusions The road traffic harm could be under control if preventive mesures were token.
     结果  3年来石家庄市道路交通事故数明显下降。 结论 掌握道路交通伤害的严重程度和采取预防干预措施 ,可以预防道路交通伤害
短句来源
  traffic accident injury
     Study on time epidemic and related factors of traffic accident injury in Langfang City during 2000~2004
     2000~2004年廊坊市道路交通伤害时间流行病学与相关因素的研究
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     The Development of Health Education Intervention on Traffic Accident Injury
     道路交通伤害的健康教育干预研究进展
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     Study on the Risk Factor of Traffic Accident Injury
     道路交通伤害危险因素的研究
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     Objective By analyzing relevant factors of time epidemic of traffic accident injury in Langfang City during 2000~2004,offer scientific reference to traffic accident prevention.
     目的通过对2000~2004年廊坊市道路交通伤害(简称车祸)时间流行病学相关因素分析,为今后预防和降低车祸发生提供科学依据。
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  road traffic injury
A breakdown showed that six females were assaulted with weapons while one sustained a road traffic injury.
      
One study modelled the effect of Safe Routes to School projects on local road traffic injury rates, and found a reduction in injury rates.
      
Road traffic injury is an increasing health problem globally and especially in the SEA Region.
      
This paper presents a summary of recent and ongoing efforts in road traffic injury prevention in Ethiopia.
      
There is good evidence linking traffic factors to road traffic injury.
      
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  road traffic injuries
Road traffic injuries among young car drivers by country of origin and socioeconomic position
      
Premature avoidable deaths by road traffic injuries in Belgium: Trends and geographical disparities
      
Road traffic injuries are a major public health problem.
      
The YPLL rates decrease for 'all causes mortality', 'total avoidable causes' and 'road traffic injuries'.
      
A slowing down of the decrease of the YPLL rates for road traffic injuries, both for men and women is observed: 11.7% between periods 2 and 1, and only 3% between periods 4 and 3 for men (16.2 and 7.5% for women).
      
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  其他


Objective To explore the pattern of road traffic injuries (RTI) in China and to furnish

目的 探讨中国道路交通伤害的模式。方法 分析中国1951~2001年的道路交通伤害资料,讨论道路交通伤害的时间趋势、发生特征和影响因素,并对中国31个省、市、自治区的道路交通伤害进行综合评价。结果 中国在1951~2001年的51年中道路交通伤害一直呈上升趋势,20世纪80年代以后这个趋势尤为明显。2001年道路交通伤害的发生数、受伤人数和死亡人数均比1951年增加了100倍以上;死亡率攀升至8.51/10万人口,比1990年翻了一番。在过去的10年中,广东、山东、浙江等省的道路交通伤害死亡人数始终占据前五位,2001年道路交通伤害的综合事故率显示,西藏、新疆、青海、宁夏和甘肃等西部诸省区是道路交通碰撞最严重的地区。道路交通伤害造成的死伤以男性青壮年为最多,65岁以上的伤亡者有逐年上升趋势。道路质量、机动化程度、交通运输量等交通环境,以及驾驶员或路人的过失等人为因素是道路交通伤害的影响因素。结论 改善道路交通条件,交通立法与执法,提高城乡居民的交通安全意识等,是预防和控制道路交通伤害$...

目的 探讨中国道路交通伤害的模式。方法 分析中国1951~2001年的道路交通伤害资料,讨论道路交通伤害的时间趋势、发生特征和影响因素,并对中国31个省、市、自治区的道路交通伤害进行综合评价。结果 中国在1951~2001年的51年中道路交通伤害一直呈上升趋势,20世纪80年代以后这个趋势尤为明显。2001年道路交通伤害的发生数、受伤人数和死亡人数均比1951年增加了100倍以上;死亡率攀升至8.51/10万人口,比1990年翻了一番。在过去的10年中,广东、山东、浙江等省的道路交通伤害死亡人数始终占据前五位,2001年道路交通伤害的综合事故率显示,西藏、新疆、青海、宁夏和甘肃等西部诸省区是道路交通碰撞最严重的地区。道路交通伤害造成的死伤以男性青壮年为最多,65岁以上的伤亡者有逐年上升趋势。道路质量、机动化程度、交通运输量等交通环境,以及驾驶员或路人的过失等人为因素是道路交通伤害的影响因素。结论 改善道路交通条件,交通立法与执法,提高城乡居民的交通安全意识等,是预防和控制道路交通伤害的主要措施。

Objective To compare data from an epidemiological survey on injuries with a survey conducted in hospitals on injuries in the same areas and to find out the differences and shortcomings of hospital data in describing the feature of injuries in an area. Methods Comparing the causes and age distributions of injuries from the two surveys. Results The. first 4 leading causes of injuries from the population-based survey were mechanical injuries, falls, burns/scalds and traffic accidents while the first 4 leading causes...

Objective To compare data from an epidemiological survey on injuries with a survey conducted in hospitals on injuries in the same areas and to find out the differences and shortcomings of hospital data in describing the feature of injuries in an area. Methods Comparing the causes and age distributions of injuries from the two surveys. Results The. first 4 leading causes of injuries from the population-based survey were mechanical injuries, falls, burns/scalds and traffic accidents while the first 4 leading causes of hospital-based survey were traffic accidents, assault, mechanical injuries and burns/scalds. The differences of the age distributions of these leading causes between the two surveys were significant except mechanical injuries. Conclusion Differences were noticed between population-based survey and hospital-based survey. It should be cautions when using hospital data to describe the features of injuries in a certain area. Injuries; Epidemiology; Hospital; Distribution

目的 比较人群伤害调查和医院调查中伤害原因顺位,以及同一伤害在人群和医院就诊病例中的年龄构成的差异。方法 比较人群调查和医院调查获得的伤害发生原因构成,同一伤害在人群和医院就诊病例中的年龄构成的差异。结果 四县人群调查前四位伤害原因为机械性损伤、跌倒、烧烫伤和道路交通伤害。四县医院急诊科的伤害就诊病例原因构成前四位为道路交通伤害、他人加害、机械性损伤和烧烫伤。人群调查和医院调查中道路交通伤害的年龄构成差异没有显著性,机械性损伤、烧烫伤、跌倒和他人加害年龄构成差异有显著性。结论 人群调查和医院调查的结果存在差异,使用医院数据进行伤害情况描述时应慎重。

Objective To understand the epidemiological features of road-related injury in Shanghai.Methods Retrospective study of road-related injury between 1989 and 1998 in Shanghai was conducted.The distribution of injuries was described.Results From 1989 to 1992,the accident rate had decreased gradually,on the contrary,the case fatality had increased.From the year of 1993,the accident rate began to increase,but the case fatality began to decrease.The higher risk hours in one day were 9:00~11:00,13:00~15:00 and 20:00~21:00.The...

Objective To understand the epidemiological features of road-related injury in Shanghai.Methods Retrospective study of road-related injury between 1989 and 1998 in Shanghai was conducted.The distribution of injuries was described.Results From 1989 to 1992,the accident rate had decreased gradually,on the contrary,the case fatality had increased.From the year of 1993,the accident rate began to increase,but the case fatality began to decrease.The higher risk hours in one day were 9:00~11:00,13:00~15:00 and 20:00~21:00.The higher risk areas were between city and suburb.The incidence of injury in males was higher than in females,and the age of high accidence was 25~45.Faulty driver was the main factor to cause traffic injury among the three ingredients of people,road,and vehicle.Conclusion Road related injury was one of the main public health problems in Shanghai.

目的 了解上海市道路交通伤害流行特征。方法 回顾性收集上海市 1 989- 1 998年度道路交通伤害发生资料 ,描述伤害发生的三间分布。结果  1 989- 1 992年间上海市万辆车事故率逐年下降 ,但致死率却呈逐年上升趋势 ,1 993年后道路交通事故发生次数明显增加 ,事故发生率开始回升 ,但伤害致死率呈逐年下降趋势。道路交通伤害的好发时段位于上午的 9:0 0~ 1 1 :0 0 ,下午 1 3:0 0~ 1 5 :0 0 ,晚间 2 0 :0 0~ 2 1 :0 0。事故的高发且死亡率较高的地区主要为城郊结合部。道路交通伤害的主要肇事人群为机动车驾驶员。道路交通伤害的伤亡人员男性高于女性 ,且多集中于 2 5~ 4 5岁年龄组。在各类受伤人员中 ,以头部、下肢、多部位伤最多见。事故原因的人、车、路三个因素中 ,驾驶员因素是主要因素。结论 道路交通伤害是上海市重要公共卫生问题之一。

 
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