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环境辐射影响
相关语句
  environment radiation impact
     Evaluation about Environment Radiation Impact for Pulsed Reactor
     脉冲堆环境辐射影响评价
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  “环境辐射影响”译为未确定词的双语例句
     METHODOLOGY FOR ASSESSING THE RADIOLOGICAL IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENT
     环境辐射影响评价方法学
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     ANALYSIS OF IHE IMPACT OF BEIJING ELECTRON-POSITRON COLLIDER ON THE ENVIRONMENTAL RADIATION
     北京正负电子对撞机对环境辐射影响的分析
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     DISCUSSION ON THE METHODS OF THE ASSESSMENT OF RADIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT---ANOTHER SOURCE-RELATED ASSESSMENT MODEL
     环境辐射影响评价方法讨论──另一种与源相关的评价模式
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     DISCUSSION ON THE METHODS OF THE ASSESSMENT OF RADIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ——THE BASIS OF SOURCE RELATED DOSE COMMITMENT MODEL FOR THE ASSESSMETN OF PUBLIC EXPOSURE.
     环境辐射影响评价方法讨论——公众照射源相关剂量负担模式基础
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     Preliminary Radiological Consequence Assessment of China Pilot HTR Power Plant
     中国高温气冷堆核电示范工程环境辐射影响初步分析
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  相似匹配句对
     The Environment
     环境
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     environment;
     环境;
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     A New Data Logger for Environmant Radiation Measurement
     环境辐射数据记录仪
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     SPACE RADIATION ENVIRONMENTS AND DOSIMETRY
     空间辐射环境与测量
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     METHODOLOGY FOR ASSESSING THE RADIOLOGICAL IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENT
     环境辐射影响评价方法学
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The site proposed for the construction of the 50 GeV Proton Synchrotron of theAcademia Sinica near Beijing is close to residential areas and places with a high cul-tural and touristic value. The impact of the construction and operation of the accele-rator on the environment and in particular the radiological impact is of Prime concernto the authorities who licence and support the project. It is shown in the present re-port that the influence on the area outside the fence of the proposed site is indeedvery small:...

The site proposed for the construction of the 50 GeV Proton Synchrotron of theAcademia Sinica near Beijing is close to residential areas and places with a high cul-tural and touristic value. The impact of the construction and operation of the accele-rator on the environment and in particular the radiological impact is of Prime concernto the authorities who licence and support the project. It is shown in the present re-port that the influence on the area outside the fence of the proposed site is indeedvery small: the stray radiation level can be kept below 20 mrem/y outside the fence,and the radioactivity released in air will not, in the most exposed location outsidethe accelerator area, give rise to a submersion does of more than 10mrem/y. Provid-ed some precautions are taken. The release of activity by water will not result inactivity concentrations of more than one tenth of the maximum permissible concentra-tions according to the legislation of the People' s Republic of China. The estimationsin this report have been based both on calculations and on experience with the CERNand other accelerators. The conclusions arrived at confirm that the radiological im-pact on the environment of high-energy accelerators of such beam powers(~20 kW)are insignificant.

中国科学院准备建造的50 GeV质子同步加速器 (简称BPS) 的地点拟选在北京十三陵附近。这里是中国著名的文化古迹和游览区,周围有一些居民点,又处在首都的上风、上水方向。因而,加速器在这里建成运行后对环境的影响,尤其是在辐射方面的影响,是人们非常关心的。本文表明,BPS对其环境的辐射影响是非常小的,围墙外杂散辐射水平可保持低于20毫雷姆/年;采取某些防护措施后,其排放到大气中的短寿命放射性气体所造成的“浸没”剂量不超过10毫雷姆/年;进入水中的放射性物质,按很保守的估计,也不会使排出水的放射性浓度高于中国“放射防护规定”中所列适用于居民饮水的露天水源限制浓度的1/10。采取本文中建议的防护措施后,BPS不构成对环境的污染。本文是在参考欧洲核子研究中心(CERN)及其它高能加速器的经验的基础上,根据中国的有关标准或规定,以及加速器的设计参数,由高能所和CERN合作完成的。

The attenuation low of neutron scattering in atmosphere thatgenerated by K-600 Neutron Generator at IMP was measured in order toevaluate the effect of the neutron generator to surroundings.The attenuationlenth λ=396m was abtained and this result is in aggreement with the measureddata at some laboratory abroad.

以 K-600中子发生器为对象,测量了中子在大气中散射的衰减规律,以评价中子发生器对周围环境的辐射影响。实验测得中子在大气中的衰减长度为396m。

During the 1940s,the early stages of nuclear programmes,the assessment of the radionuclides released to the environment was first initiated for the large nuclear facilities,with emphasis placed on environmentalmonitoring.The radiological assessment is a quantitative process of estima-ting the impact on human,resulting from the releases of the radionuclidesto the environment.It is a multidisciplinary subject including identificationof source terms,environmental transport and dispersion,transfering throughfoodchain,internal...

During the 1940s,the early stages of nuclear programmes,the assessment of the radionuclides released to the environment was first initiated for the large nuclear facilities,with emphasis placed on environmentalmonitoring.The radiological assessment is a quantitative process of estima-ting the impact on human,resulting from the releases of the radionuclidesto the environment.It is a multidisciplinary subject including identificationof source terms,environmental transport and dispersion,transfering throughfoodchain,internal and external dose calculation,health,effect evaluationand so on.This paper briefly,but comprehensively,discribes the methodo-logy for the assessment of the environmental radiological consequence,anddiscusses the trend of various research fields related to the subject.

在本世纪40年代核计划开发的初期就开始了对大型核设施向环境释放放射性物质的评价。但早期的“评价”主要侧重于监测。辐射影响评价旨在定量估算放射性核素向环境释放对公众的影响。因此它是一门多学科的课题,包括:源项的确定,环境中的输运与弥散、生物链转移,内外照射剂量计算以及健康效应估计等。本文简要而全面地介绍了环境辐射影响评价方法学,并讨论了有关领域的发展动向。

 
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