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文学区域
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  “文学区域”译为未确定词的双语例句
     We probe into the development of literature and authors.
     第四部分以文学创作为中心,对北朝本土文学区域进行空间的横向研究。
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     Regional Literature:A New Perspective in Literary Study
     区域文学——文学研究的新视野
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     Distinction between Regional Culture and Regional Literature
     区域文化与区域文学辨析
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     Beijing Literature
     京味文学
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     Fifth, Literature.
     (五)文学
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     Outline of regional geological setting
     区域地质概况
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This essay outlines the“Red Mansion Studies”(the study of the Dream of the RedMansion) in the past one hundred years. What can really be called the beginning of the“RedMansion Studies”is Hu Shi’S“Textual Research of The Dream of the Red Mansion.”Lu Xun’sviews on the book are much more insightful than those of his contemporaries,and became anearly standard of the RMS.In the early l 950s,the RMS became a means of political struggle. Asa result,the academic element in the RMS diminished,and the study itself was...

This essay outlines the“Red Mansion Studies”(the study of the Dream of the RedMansion) in the past one hundred years. What can really be called the beginning of the“RedMansion Studies”is Hu Shi’S“Textual Research of The Dream of the Red Mansion.”Lu Xun’sviews on the book are much more insightful than those of his contemporaries,and became anearly standard of the RMS.In the early l 950s,the RMS became a means of political struggle. Asa result,the academic element in the RMS diminished,and the study itself was turned into the“Red Mansion Studies of class struggle.”Consequently,the RMS loses its true essencecompletely.In general,Chinese people do not have a high opinion of the RMS.The fundamentalcause for this phenomenon is that though it has the word of“Studies”in its name,it lacksacademic essence,Therefore,the author of this essay calls for the restoration of the academicessence in the RMS. This“Study”should be the study of the Chinese culture,instead of literarycriticism,because The Dream of the Red Mansion by Cao Xueqin is more than a mere literarypiece,but is a representative work of Chinese culture. This“Study”should be scientific andacademic study,instead of general criticism of basic knowledge of literature and history.

本文评述了近百年来“红学”概况,指出这门学问本身带着巨大的悲剧性。够得上学术的“红学”,是自胡适《红楼梦考证》开始。鲁迅对《红楼梦》识解之高明远过当时流辈,为“红学”早期模范和圭臬。50年代初,由于为政治斗争服务,“红学”之“学”的质素成分越来越微;后来衍变为“阶级斗争红学”等,于是“红学”扫地尽矣。社会群议对“红学界”印象是并不十分良好的,其最根本的症结就是号称“学”而缺少真学的本质。这种以非学充学之名、占学之位的畸形事态,是我国近年来学术领域中值得引起注意反省的一大问题。鉴往知来,作者呼吁还“红学”以“学”:这学,应是中华文化之学,而不指文学常论,因为曹雪芹的《红楼梦》是中华大文化的代表作之一,其范围层次远远超过了文学的区域;这学,应是科学学术的研究,而不指一般的文史基本知识的考据;这学,也必然会引发理解认识的“冲突”──思想的.学力的,文化素养的,审美层次的以及人生阅历的种种冲突。

Any developing strategy of a city must be based on the city's cultural stra tegies.The principle of a modern metropolis is that the success of a metropolis hinges on its cultur e.Compared with other metropolises,Chongqing has a long way to go in terms of cultural aggradations,cultural talents as well as cultural personality and cultural psychology.However,Chon gqing has gradually shown its cultur al consciousness and is sifting out i ts cul-ture in modern way.Regional culture has led to its writers' distinguished...

Any developing strategy of a city must be based on the city's cultural stra tegies.The principle of a modern metropolis is that the success of a metropolis hinges on its cultur e.Compared with other metropolises,Chongqing has a long way to go in terms of cultural aggradations,cultural talents as well as cultural personality and cultural psychology.However,Chon gqing has gradually shown its cultur al consciousness and is sifting out i ts cul-ture in modern way.Regional culture has led to its writers' distinguished qualities and the exterior characteristics of its literary works,which are the main factors leading to different literary schools.Chongqing culture is th e cradle of Chongqing literature as well as its a esthetical literary subjects.Thou gh the immature and unstable Chongqi ng lit-erature has greatly confined its ach ievements and influences,it is certain that time will give birth to a lite rary school and a group of writers with regional c haracteristics.In the process of mo dernization,Chongqing writers are sure to form their own features and natural deposition and they will realize their literary ideal with regional chara cteristics.

区域文化与文学研究是学术界提出的“重写文学史”理念的原质性延伸,整体文化与文学是区域文化与文学的整合,区域文化与文学是整体文化与文学图谱中的区域文化与文学;区域文化与文学既具有异于他者的区域性,又具有同于他者的整体性。城市发展的任何战略都必须立足于文化战略,现代化都市发展的战略原则是“大都市以文化论输赢”。重庆无论在深厚的文化积淀、丰沃的文化土壤和密集的文化人才方面,还是在鲜明的文化个性和开放的文化心理方面,与其他一些大都市相比都有着绝对的差距。重庆已逐渐表现出其文化自觉,正在努力将重庆的城市文化特征经过现代整理,实现创造性的转换。区域文化形成作家不同的内在气质及其作品的外在特征,也是文学流派形成的重要原因。重庆文化是重庆文学的摇篮,又是重庆文学重要的审美对象。重庆目前并没有形成成熟稳定的文学面貌,成就和影响都极其有限。但是时间一定会孕育出具有明显区域文化特征的文学流派和作家群体,重庆作家会在走向现代化的进程中,在文化选择和文化开放中形成自己的文学禀性和特色,完成具有特色区域性的文学理想。

Owing to the Japanese invasion, China's territory had, from 1937 till 1945, been divided into three parts: "the Japanese- invaded area" , "the Kuomintang - controlled area" and "the revolutionary base area". Such a division had exerted a tremendous impact on the culture and literature. Under close scrutiny, it can be discerned that literary schools and constituents of writer community in each of the three areas were fairly complicated and there had been a process of migration, transfer, breaking - up and reshuffle...

Owing to the Japanese invasion, China's territory had, from 1937 till 1945, been divided into three parts: "the Japanese- invaded area" , "the Kuomintang - controlled area" and "the revolutionary base area". Such a division had exerted a tremendous impact on the culture and literature. Under close scrutiny, it can be discerned that literary schools and constituents of writer community in each of the three areas were fairly complicated and there had been a process of migration, transfer, breaking - up and reshuffle over those years. The literary arenas in Qiongqing, Yanan and Kunming, reflective of different cultural "backgrounds" and features, exhibited diversified developmental trends of literature in the 1940s. Though affected by war to some degree, activities and publications of literary associations were rather active in the 1940s. An article published in Dagong Paper one day after the May 4th Literature and Art Festival in 1940s showed much concern for the status quo and development prospect of literature and art, which mirrored the common blankness of many Chinese people in the late 1940s.

1937年到1945年,由于日本的侵略,中国广大的版图被分割为“沦陷区”、“国统区”和“根据地”三个部分。这种分割,对本时期的文化、文学的构成产生了很大影响。如果进一步考察,这三个文学区域中文学流派、作家群体的组成是比较复杂的,其间有一个迁徙、转移、分化和重组的过程。重庆、延安和昆明这三座城市代表着三地,折射出不同的文化“背景”和文坛面貌,反映了40年代前半期中国文学多元化的发展态势。在40年代,虽然战争使交通和媒体的传播受到一定的影响,但是文艺协会和杂志的活动、发行仍然呈现出比较活跃的局面。1946年“五·四”文艺节的次日,上海《大公报》发表了该报编辑萧乾写的“社评”《中国文艺往哪里走?》,对文艺现状和发展前景表示了深深的忧虑,表现了40年代后半期相当一部分中国人中所普遍感受到的一种“大茫然”。

 
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