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垂直协作
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  vertical coordination
     Case study is used to get an insight of the vertical coordination of innovative pork supply chains in Jiangsu province.
     本研究运用案例研究的方法对新型猪肉供应链的垂直协作状况进行了考察。
短句来源
     A survey of 289 hog producers was conducted in order to analyze vertical coordination between pig finishing stage and slaughtering stage. Principal component analysis was employed to analyze factors influencing producers' choices of marketing channels and binomial logit models was employed to determine factors influencing producers' willingness to adopt a type of production contract.
     本文采用问卷调查的方法调查了江苏省289户育肥猪生产阶段农户的垂直协作状况,使用主成分分析法分析了农户选择销售形式的考虑因素,运用Logit模型分析了农户对生猪养殖生产合同方式的意愿及影响因素。
短句来源
     Between slaughtering stage and retailing stage, vertical coordination takes forms of contracts, joint ventures, vertical integration and other closer means.
     新型猪肉供应链中屠宰加工企业与零售环节的垂直协作采取了合同、合资、一体化等密切协作的方式。
短句来源
     Between slaughtering stage and finishing stage, although diversified vertical coordination forms can be found, the main mechanism is open market mode. Open market mode not only leads to uncertainty of price, quality and quantities for packer, it also brings uncertainty of production decision and price to producers.
     虽然屠宰阶段与生产阶段的垂直协作方式是多样化的,存在合同、合资、一体化等密切协作方式,但市场形式依旧是这些屠宰加工企业获取生猪的主要渠道,这既给屠宰加工企业带来价格、质量与供应量的不确定,也给生猪养殖农户带来生产、销售和收入的不确定。
短句来源
  “垂直协作”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The paper summarizes the struc-tural changes in the world food system,discusses thefood safety control actions of governments and foodindustries,and analyzes the impact of food safety con-trol on the structure of food industry.
     各国的食品产业通过实施HACCP食品安全管理体系等第三方认证、加强与供应商的合作等方式加大了对产品质量的管理,以提高其在国内和国际市场的竞争力。 政府和食品产业加强食品安全控制的行动,促进了食品产业的集聚度,增强了产业间的垂直协作
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Vertical Limit
     垂直极限
短句来源
     Institute cooperative service.
     建立协作制度,
短句来源
     Intellig ent and Cooperative Control System
     智能协作控制系统
短句来源
     adopting vertical management;
     实施垂直管理;
短句来源
     Case study is used to get an insight of the vertical coordination of innovative pork supply chains in Jiangsu province.
     本研究运用案例研究的方法对新型猪肉供应链的垂直协作状况进行了考察。
短句来源
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  vertical coordination
Operative controlling in hospitals aims at horizontal and vertical coordination of subunits and decentralisation of process regulations.
      
The challenge for export managers is to identify the important transaction costs and to find the vertical coordination mechanism which minimises transaction costs given the new importing regime.
      
Collectivist values for learning in organizational relationships in China: the role of trust and vertical coordination
      
Results from 103 pairs of customer and supplier organizations in China indicate that trust and vertical coordination are useful ways to characterize this integrative interaction and together they promote learning.
      
Contracts and vertical coordination provided an efficient means of organizing markets by reducing these transaction costs.
      
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  vertical cooperation
Local Content Requirements, Vertical Cooperation, and Foreign Direct Investment
      
We examine the effects of an LCR in the context of potential FDI in upstream manufacturing by a foreign multinational and potential vertical cooperation between a host country's upstream and downstream producers.
      
In case of vertical cooperation domestic producers have an incentive to set the price of the intermediate strategically to discourage FDI.
      
Vertical cooperation is found to enhance the rent-shifting effect of the LCR, whereas the FDI response increases price competition and reduces domestic profits.
      
In the majority of cases there are also clear indications of vertical cooperation and networking.
      
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Under the background of economic globalization and technological revolution, industrial cluster has become a new successful model for regional economic development as a space framework of economic activity. First, this paper reviews the basic connotation and type of industrial cluster, and then expatiates the internal mechanism of the cluster from five aspects, such as level efficiency, uprightness efficiency, internal system environment, external relationship, right framework coming from equality and dependence....

Under the background of economic globalization and technological revolution, industrial cluster has become a new successful model for regional economic development as a space framework of economic activity. First, this paper reviews the basic connotation and type of industrial cluster, and then expatiates the internal mechanism of the cluster from five aspects, such as level efficiency, uprightness efficiency, internal system environment, external relationship, right framework coming from equality and dependence. At the same time, the authors make a systematic research and analysis by integrating investigation data of Pudong IC industrial cluster. This paper considers that Pudong IC industrial cluster is the outcome of the industrial transfer from the multinational companies, and it is one of the largest IT-clusters in China. So at the very start, the IC industrial cluster has joined the global network. The multinational companies exert important influence on IC cluster development, but at the same time MNCs control the upgrading of the IC cluster, and impact passively the local innovations in the IC cluster. The paper points out that the IC cluster develops rapid, and has extensive external relationships. But the level relationship in the IC cluster is weak because of lack of good institutional environment. Finally, this paper concludes that only by reinforcing the local network relationships, arousing the desire for gain new knowledge collectively, paying attention to external relationships, grasping the initiatives in industrial development, and building a good institutional environment, can the IT cluster in Pudong develop well and fast in the future.

产业集群作为一种典型的经济活动空间组织现象,成为区域经济发展的成功模式。作者回顾了产业集群的基本内涵和类别,并从水平效应、垂直效应、内部制度环境、外部联系和平等与依赖的权利机构等5个方面从理论上系统地阐述了产业集群的内部机理。同时,结合实际调研资料,对上海浦东的信息产业集群建设问题进行了系统的分析和研究。作者认为,浦东信息产业集群具有规模扩张快、外部联系广泛,但内部水平垂直协作薄弱、内部制度环境建设滞后的特点。在此基础上,提出了加强本地网络联系、激发集体学习、注重外部联系、积极把握产业发展的主动权、构建适宜的区域制度环境等对策建议。

Food safety is becoming more important infood markets due to several structural changes,whichinclude advancements in the science of public health,changes in how consumers obtain and prepare food,and increased international trade in food products,inthe world food system. These changes are creating en-hanced incentives for governments and food producersto improve food safety. The paper summarizes the struc-tural changes in the world food system,discusses thefood safety control actions of governments and foodindustries,and...

Food safety is becoming more important infood markets due to several structural changes,whichinclude advancements in the science of public health,changes in how consumers obtain and prepare food,and increased international trade in food products,inthe world food system. These changes are creating en-hanced incentives for governments and food producersto improve food safety. The paper summarizes the struc-tural changes in the world food system,discusses thefood safety control actions of governments and foodindustries,and analyzes the impact of food safety con-trol on the structure of food industry.

公共卫生领域的技术进步、消费者食物准备方式以及膳食结构的变化、日益活跃的国际食品贸易,使食品安全问题受到了各国的重视。各国政府通过成立单一的控制机构、修订食品安全法规和标准、在食品产业强制实施市场准入和质量认证等方式加强了对食品安全的控制。各国的食品产业通过实施HACCP食品安全管理体系等第三方认证、加强与供应商的合作等方式加大了对产品质量的管理,以提高其在国内和国际市场的竞争力。政府和食品产业加强食品安全控制的行动,促进了食品产业的集聚度,增强了产业间的垂直协作

Agricultural technology service motivates the development of agricultural industrialization.Regarding the commercial-type agricultural technology,enterprises play a pivotal role. A new service model for agricultural technology composed of goods flow,information flow,capital flow and technology flow was developed theoretically based on web cob model.Peasant agent,a legal benefit representative selected by the peasant household,was introduced into the model to strengthen the vertical cooperation between enterprises...

Agricultural technology service motivates the development of agricultural industrialization.Regarding the commercial-type agricultural technology,enterprises play a pivotal role. A new service model for agricultural technology composed of goods flow,information flow,capital flow and technology flow was developed theoretically based on web cob model.Peasant agent,a legal benefit representative selected by the peasant household,was introduced into the model to strengthen the vertical cooperation between enterprises and peasants.'Letter of Credit' was put forward to operate the capital,which prevented breaking the promise made by enterprises and households and made the relationship between the sides act like original equipment manufacturer(OEM).The vertical cooperation between enterprises and peasant household should be further strengthened through financial and lawful policies to improve the service quality provided by enterprises.

农业技术服务是农业产业化发展的重要动力,对于“商品型农业技术”而言,企业是最优的推广主体。本研究以蛛网模型为理论基础,分析了以企业为主体的农业技术服务模式,并在此基础上提出了由货物流、信息流、资金流和技术流组成的新型“商品型农业技术”服务模式,在该模式中引入了由诸多农户自发选择的具有法律效力的利益代表———“农户代理”,以加强企业与农户之间的垂直协作关系;并针对目前企业与农户双方均普遍存在毁约行为,提出了通过“信用证”的方式运作资金,使企业与农户之间的关系类似于“贴牌生产”(OEM)。还呼吁通过各种金融与法律制度,引导企业加强与农户之间的垂直协作关系,以减少企业“商品型农业技术”供给对价格的弹性,进而提高企业对农户技术服务的质量。

 
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