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  modern chinese literature
This article reviews and sorts out the major trends of the research on modern Chinese literature in the 1980s.
      
This course aims to foster interest in the great works of modern Chinese literature and to help students develop and sharpen their writing skills.
      


Jean Jacques Rousseau, the great French thinker and writer of the 18th century, greatly influenced modern Chinese literature, especially with his autobiography “Confessions”. Of those who admired and copied Rousseau, Yu Dafu was the most successful one. The spirit of their times, literary ideology and personality were similar between both writers, which earned Yu Dafu the nickname, “the Chinese Rousseau”. Of course, their autobiographies have different connotations. The autobiography of Rousseau, in the form...

Jean Jacques Rousseau, the great French thinker and writer of the 18th century, greatly influenced modern Chinese literature, especially with his autobiography “Confessions”. Of those who admired and copied Rousseau, Yu Dafu was the most successful one. The spirit of their times, literary ideology and personality were similar between both writers, which earned Yu Dafu the nickname, “the Chinese Rousseau”. Of course, their autobiographies have different connotations. The autobiography of Rousseau, in the form of “confession”, is to self express. In contrast, Yu Dafu did not have his self fully expressed as he had insufficient confidence in his self, seeking hope in his confessions. Rousseau was one of the founders of modernistic culture in the West while Yu Dafu was a pioneer in the history of modern Chinese literature.

18世纪法国伟大的思想家、文学家卢梭对中国的现代文学产生了巨大的影响 ,尤其是他的自传———《忏悔录》。在众多崇拜卢梭其人 ,仿效卢梭写作风格的中国作家之中 ,与之最为贴近的要数郁达夫。时代精神的契合、文学观念的相近、个性气质的投合 ,使郁达夫对卢梭很偏爱 ,并被世人称为“中国的卢梭”。但是 ,从卢梭和郁达夫的自传中却体现出两者不同的精神内涵。卢梭的自传只是借用“忏悔”的外衣 ,目的就是要突现自我 ,表现自我。与之相比 ,郁达夫的自我意识尚未成熟到这种程度 ,他没有卢梭那样对自我的充分信任 ,他是在忏悔中寻找希望。卢梭是西方现代主义文化的奠基人之一 ,而郁达夫也称得上是中国现代文学史上的一位大胆探索者

The emergence and flourishing of literary schools result from the impact of foreign literary trends of thought on modern Chinese literature and the breakthrough of traditional Chinese literary pattern; the formation of literary schools lies in the interplay of such factors as society, politics and culture. As a link between literary entirety and individuality, literary schools not only synthesize individuality but constitute the texture of entirety as well. The literary schools studies is basic to furthering...

The emergence and flourishing of literary schools result from the impact of foreign literary trends of thought on modern Chinese literature and the breakthrough of traditional Chinese literary pattern; the formation of literary schools lies in the interplay of such factors as society, politics and culture. As a link between literary entirety and individuality, literary schools not only synthesize individuality but constitute the texture of entirety as well. The literary schools studies is basic to furthering the entire modern literature research epistemologically and methodologically, for it can render modern literary studies in a three_dimensional, situational and dynamic manner.

文学流派的出现和繁荣是中国现代文学接受外国文学思潮的影响 ,突破传统文学格局的一项重要收获。它的形成离不开社会、政治、文化对它的诸多作用。作为一个有生命力的文学构成和文学过程 ,在其张扬个性和组合个性中不同程度地具备五个要素 :风格要素 ,师友要素 ,交往行为要素 ,同人刊物和报纸专栏要素 ,社团要素。流派是文学的整体性和个体性中间环节 ,是个体性的综合 ,又综合成整体性的肌理。流派研究对于整个现代文学研究的深化 ,既有认识论的价值 ,又有方法论的价值 ,它使现代文学研究立体化、层面化、动态化。

This article was based upon the view of influence study of comparative literature. It clarified the origin and moving relation between the unnecessary persons in the literature of Russian and the remnants group portraits in Chinese modem literature. And it developed the Remnant figure that YU Da-fu wrote about .The remnants became the group portraits whom people felt sorry for his unfortunate and angry for his hesitation in the nineteen twenties and the nineteen forties in the Chinese Literature.

本文立足于比较文学的影响研究角度阐明了俄罗斯文学中的“多余人”系列中国现代文学中的“零余者”群像存在渊源与流变关系,而巨将“零余者”从特指郁达夫文笔下的人物拓展为二十世纪二十至四十年代令人“哀其不幸,怒其不争”的中国现代文学史上的群像

 
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