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时间     
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  timing
    Experimental study on revascularization and timing of division of crossfinger flap and its clinical application.
    邻指皮瓣血运重建规律与断蒂时间的实验研究及临床应用
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    Each group was then divided into early surgery group (SAH <72 h), intermediate surgery group (SAH 4-10 d) and late surgery group (SAH >11 d) based on the surgical timing.
    根据手术时间分为早期手术组(SAH3d内手术)19例,延期手术组(SAH4~10d手术)82例,晚期手术组(SAH11d之后手术)95例。
短句来源
    The average angle of pedestrian group was 168. 70°(peak time was 11:25),its confidence interval was 153.70°? 83.70°(height timing segment was 10: 25-12:25).
    车外组平均角α’位于168.70°,(峰值时间推算是11:25),将峰值时间前后推移15°(周期30°范围),平均角α’153.70° -183.70°,(高峰时间段是10:25-12:25)。
    Influence of different timing intervals of NP chemotherapy and radiotherapy on MCF-7 breast cancer cell
    NP方案联合不同间隔时间放疗对乳腺癌MCF-7细胞作用研究
短句来源
    Influence of Different Timing Intervals between NP Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy Upon MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cell
    NP方案联合不同间隔时间放疗对乳腺癌MCF-7细胞作用研究
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  average time
    The average time for bony union was 13.2 weeks (range 12-16 weeks).
    结果患者平均随访17.7个月(12~24个月),骨折愈合时间平均13.2周(12~16周)。
短句来源
    The average time for full weight-bearing was 14.2 weeks (ranging 12-18 weeks).
    术后开始完全负重时间平均14.2周(12~18周)。
短句来源
    Results The operation time of the 22 cases was 48 min + 12 min,and the volume of blood loss was 125 ml±43 ml; the average time of 12 cases who got fracture union was 11.5 weeks. According to Parker function score,9 cases obtained excellent result,and 3 good result.
    结果22例患者的手术时间为(48±12)min,术中出血量为(125±43)ml,12例达到骨性愈合的平均时间为11.5周,其中Parker评分优9例,良3例。
短句来源
    The average time of incision healing was 4.3 days,the average hospitalization period was 4.8 days. Eighteen patients (29.5%)had postoperative complications,which were cured or relieved after certain treatments.
    切口平均愈合时间4.3 d,术后平均住院时间4.8 d,18例(29.5%)术后出现不同程度的并发症,经相应治疗后均痊愈或缓解。
短句来源
    All the fractures healed after an average time of 3.5 months.
    所有患者骨折全部愈合,平均愈合时间3.5月。
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  mean time
    in open abdominal operation group was 3.1±1.1h(2.5~4.1h),there was statistical difference(P<0.05),mean time of gurgling sound recover in laparoscopy group was 1.1±0.3d(0.9~1.4d),there was defecation on one's own recovery diet.
    开腹手术组平均手术时间3.1±1.1h(2.5~4.1h); 两组比较,P<0.05,差异有统计学意义。
短句来源
    The mean time from the injury to surgery was 4.5 days(rang,2 hours~ 12 days).
    受伤距手术时间2h~12d,平均4.5d。
短句来源
    The control group's mean time of extubation was 8.74±0.67d,the incidence rate of subcutaneouly fluidify was 34.1%. There was significantly diference between two groups(P<0.05,P<0.01).
    对照组平均拔管时间8.74±0.67 d,皮下积液发生率为34.1%,2组间比较差异显著(P<0.05,P<0.01)。
短句来源
    The mean time of operation was 45 minutes, 15-20 minutes for donor cervix operation and only 2-4 minutes for anastomosis were among the rest.
    手术平均时间45分钟,其中受体颈部手术时间为15~20分钟,吻合时间仅2~4分钟。
短句来源
    Results 1.Brain water content of group MI was significantly higher than group MH(p<0.01); 2.Meantime ,in group MI,brain mannitol content at 24,48 hours after injury was significantly higher than the other twoteams(p<0.01).
    结果1.在脑外伤加注甘露醇组的伤侧脑(MI组)中,伤后6、12、24、48小时脑组织甘露醇的含量均明显高于同组健侧脑(MH)相同时间点甘露醇含量,p<0.01;
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  “时间”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The Effect of Pentoxifylline and Immunodepressant on Xenograft Survival in Mouse-to-Rat Cardiac Xenotransplantation and Its Mechanism Study
    Pentoxifylline联用免疫抑制剂对小鼠→大鼠异种移植心脏存活时间的影响及其机制实验研究
短句来源
    Effect of Cold Ischemia on Early Acute Rejection after Orthotopic Liver Transplantation in Rats
    冷缺血时间对大鼠原位肝移植术后早期急性排斥反应影响的实验研究
短句来源
    The Effect of CO 2 on the Quality and Onset of Brachial Plexus Block
    CO_2对臂丛神经阻滞作用时间的影响
短句来源
    Treatment with large dose FTY720 led to a survival of (4.25±0.71)d (P<0.01).
    单用ICAM-1mAb组移植心存活时间无明显延长,单用FTY720大剂量组移植心平均存活(4.25±0.71)d(P<0.01);
短句来源
    Combination therapy with large dose FTY720 and ICAM-1 mAb achieved a significant prolongation of graft survival with (10.25±2.12)d (P<0.01).
    FTY720与ICAM-1mAb大剂量联合用药组移植心存活时间平均(10.25±2.12)d(P<0.01)。
短句来源
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  timing
To make RMAC fit WSN better, we designed an easy and efficient routing protocol base station flooding (BSF) and then integrated it with a MAC protocol timing out MAC (TMAC) [1], while traditionally BSF and TMAC work separately at two layers.
      
N-labeled calculus is the smallest formal system applicable to verification and analysis of cooperative real-timing systems on natural number time introduced as an adaptation of tense arithmetic (TA).
      
Homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) has challenges in ignition timing control, combustion rate control, and operating range extension.
      
From the analyses of combustion process, it is also found that diesel HCCI combustion is a process with a finite reaction rate and is very sensitive to injection timing and injection mode.
      
At injection timing of -90°CA ATDC, extra low NOx emissions can be obtained along with high thermal efficiency.
      
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  average time
In addition, the average time of data readout from the activated channels has been reduced and the maintenance of the hodoscope has been simplified.
      
The connection is studied which exists between the finiteness of the average time to achieve certain subsets, on the one hand, and, on the other, the ergodic properties of the process.
      
Analytical expressions for basic characteristics of the method-the average time of delay of the determination of the change-point and the average time between two "incorrect determinations"-are derived.
      
The frequencies of counts vary randomly near the average time-independent level.
      
As the luminescence recording wave-length increases from 470 to 530 nm, the average time of rotational relaxation in a glycerol solution decreases from 25 to 15 ns.
      
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  mean time
In the mean time, some guidelines or "design rules" are summarized by the results of this study.
      
In contrast with the cited studies, we consider the region of applicability of the Hilbert method and solve the problem of the initial Knudsen layer (where the time t* is of the order of the mean time between collisionsτ=μ/p).
      
Asymptotic values are obtained for formulas of distribution functions of an additive functional of a semi-Markov process with absorption, on the assumption that the mean time to absorption increases without bound.
      
After the growth of the cracks is terminated, the fractoluminescence intensity decreases exponentially with a mean time of ≈12 μs, which does not depend on the temperature.
      
In the mean time, the thermal stability of the complex is increased.
      
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  time facts
The analyses will be critical in your decisionmaking, which will be based on real time facts.
      


Traumatic hemorrhage of brain stem is a serious and irreversible brain damage.It consti- tutes one of the important causes of death in patients with acute cranio-cerebral injury.Un- fortunately,this condition is rarely diagnosed antemortemly,although much has been learnt recently regarding its clinical manifestations. In the present series of 33 fatal cases of acute cranio-cerebral injury,10 cases of brain stem hemorrhage were found on autopsy.Definite focal hemorrhages in the brain stem were seen grossly in...

Traumatic hemorrhage of brain stem is a serious and irreversible brain damage.It consti- tutes one of the important causes of death in patients with acute cranio-cerebral injury.Un- fortunately,this condition is rarely diagnosed antemortemly,although much has been learnt recently regarding its clinical manifestations. In the present series of 33 fatal cases of acute cranio-cerebral injury,10 cases of brain stem hemorrhage were found on autopsy.Definite focal hemorrhages in the brain stem were seen grossly in 6 cases and microscopically in another 4 cases.The most common site of hemorrhage, was found to be on the dorsal part of the pens, periaqueductal area and median raphe.In 3 cases Hemorrhage was also found in the segmental part of the mid-brain.Bleeding might have been either petechial or massive with clot formation. Death occurred to about half of these patients within 24 hours after injury,while the rest survived for varying periods,the longest being 53 days.

对10例外伤性脑干出血死亡病例进行了临床及病理资料的分析。发现致伤机制都属于加速性损伤。脑干出血部位均见于桥脑背部,大脑导水管周围或正中缝附近,其中3例同时伴有中脑被盖部出血。本组中半数于伤后24小时内死亡,但少数病例是尚可维持较长生存时间,最长者达58天。对脑干损伤综合征作了简单的描述。本组患者同时合并急性颅内血肿者5例,其中4例虽经血肿清除术,但未取得预期疗效,另一例钻孔探查阴性,尸检见巨大脑内血肿,并已破入脑室内。对产生脑干出血的机制作了简单的讨论。认为可根据病人(1)受伤当时的意识状态,(2)出现脑干损伤综合征的时间,及(3)致死时间,作为区别是原发性或继发性脑干损伤的标准,并提出外伤性脑干出血系脑干不可逆性损伤的一种表现,目前对脑干出血还不能找到其特征性的临床表现,因此仍是诊断中有待解决的问题。关于防治工作方面,强调提出对防止继发性脑干损伤的发生或防止其发展为不可逆性阶段的重要意义,因此应当仔细观察病情的发展动向,经常保持戒备状态,及时识别颅内血肿,迅速予以手术处理,并提出在清除血肿后尚有明显脑疝存在时的处理步骤及采用其他各种综合治疗的重要性。

The aim of replantation is not only to obtain survival of the replantedlimb, but also to achieve a satisfactory function. Since 1972, a total of88 limb or digital replantations have been performed, with 67 survivors(76%), their age ranging from 4 to 56 years. Every case has been follow-ed up regularly, and 3/4 of them have satisfactory function. The factors which determine the functional results of the replantedlimbs are:1. Age. No patient over 50 years of age had obtained excellent functional result.2. The...

The aim of replantation is not only to obtain survival of the replantedlimb, but also to achieve a satisfactory function. Since 1972, a total of88 limb or digital replantations have been performed, with 67 survivors(76%), their age ranging from 4 to 56 years. Every case has been follow-ed up regularly, and 3/4 of them have satisfactory function. The factors which determine the functional results of the replantedlimbs are:1. Age. No patient over 50 years of age had obtained excellent functional result.2. The duration of limb ischemia. When the durtion of ischemia was less then 8 hours, there were 33 survivors out of 40 replantations, and 15 of them obtained excellent results (Grade I); whereas it exceeded 8 hours, there were 34 survivors among 48 replantations, and only 4 of them obtained excellent results.3. The temperature of amputated ischemic limb. High ambient temperature had definite deleterious effect on amputated limbs. However, the way of storage of the detached limb affected the deleterious effect to certain extent. We had a case of amputation through the upper arm being stored with good cooling for 20 hours. Replantation was performed and movement of the fingers regained 2 years afterward.4. The nature of injury. Amputation with extensive local tissue damage usually does not result in good function.5. As to the chance of obtaining good functional result after replantation, complete major amputation is definitely inferior to the incomplete major amputation. In case of amputation with severe local crush of all the four fingers, which could not be replanted in situ, a better way to deal with this condition is to transplant the relatively suitable fingers available to the positions of the index and middle fingers.6. After major replantation, functional results vary mainly with the recovering condition of the injuried nerves and the flexibility of the small joints of fingers. In palm and digital replantations, the functi- onal results were mainly affected by the severity of the damage of the local bones and joints, particularly the metacarpo-phalangeal joints, and the gliding mechanism of the tendons.7. To obtain a good functional result after replantation, appropriate opera- tive procedures and meticulous postoperative management are manda- tory.

本文报告再植存活断肢67例的随访结果,提出功能考核的分级标准,对影响功能效果的因素,进行了讨论。年轻伤员,整齐的断离伤,缺血时间在8小时以内的断肢,再植后常能获得良好功能。

A report of long-term follow-up results of 259 cases with Pott'sparaplegia was presented. All the patients were treated with combinationof chemotherapy and various operations. The overall recovery rate was87. 6%, improvement rate 7.0% and failure rate 5. 4%. According to this retrospective study, it was suggested that the mainfactors influencing the therapeutic efficacies should include the age of thepatient, duration and severity of paraplegia, pre- and postoperative compli-cations, pathological impairments...

A report of long-term follow-up results of 259 cases with Pott'sparaplegia was presented. All the patients were treated with combinationof chemotherapy and various operations. The overall recovery rate was87. 6%, improvement rate 7.0% and failure rate 5. 4%. According to this retrospective study, it was suggested that the mainfactors influencing the therapeutic efficacies should include the age of thepatient, duration and severity of paraplegia, pre- and postoperative compli-cations, pathological impairments of the spinal cord and the operativeprocedures.

本文总结了获得长期随访的259例脊柱结核截瘫,采用全身支持疗法和抗结核药物结合不同类型的手术,使截瘫的治愈率达87.6%,好转7.0%,无效仅5.4%。通过本组病例分析认为,患者年龄,截瘫的时间、程度和并发症,手术途径,脊髓的病理损害以及治疗是否彻底是影响疗效的主要因素。

 
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