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新垦地
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  virgin soil upturned
     A Study of the Feminine Images in Virgin Soil Upturned
     《新垦地》女性形象研究
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     Virgin Soil Upturned has ever been considered as classical works of socialist realism,in which, however,there are a series of plots that cannot coincide with socialist realism.
     《新垦地》曾被认为是社会主义现实主义的经典作品 ,但其中又有种种与社会主义现实主义不合拍之处。
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  freshly plowed soil
     Study on Characteristics of Freshly Plowed Soil Sandification and Measures of Prevention and Harness in Panxi District
     攀西地区新垦地土壤沙化特征与防治措施的研究
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  “新垦地”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Analysis of high yield spring maize which obtained covering rice straw on new-rectamation land.
     新垦地覆盖稻草春玉米高产机理分析
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     PUBLIC CHOICE THEORY:NEW AREAS FOR U.S.ECONOMIC THEORIES
     美国经济学的新垦地——评公共选择理论
短句来源
     The Limitation of Intuitive Knowledge and the Choice in a Dilemma ——Rereading Sholokhov's Virgin Soil Upturned
     良知的限度与选择的两难——重读肖洛霍夫《新垦地
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     A Liberated Kazak Farmer——image of Shugal in The Untouched Land
     一个翻身的哥萨克农民——《新垦地》中的狗鱼(舒卡尔)形象
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     This thesis mainly interprets the feminine images in Virgin Soil Vpturned on a viewpoint of feminist criticism, and analyses its special signification.
     本文试从女性主义批评视角阐释《新垦地》的女性形象,并对其特殊意义作出分析。
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  相似匹配句对
     A Study of the Feminine Images in Virgin Soil Upturned
     《》女性形象研究
短句来源
     PUBLIC CHOICE THEORY:NEW AREAS FOR U.S.ECONOMIC THEORIES
     美国经济学的——评公共选择理论
短句来源
     Analysis of high yield spring maize which obtained covering rice straw on new-rectamation land.
     覆盖稻草春玉米高产机理分析
短句来源
     A NEW SPECIES OF LAELAPITID MITE
     厉螨属的一
短句来源
     The Limitation of Intuitive Knowledge and the Choice in a Dilemma ——Rereading Sholokhov's Virgin Soil Upturned
     良知的限度与选择的两难——重读肖洛霍夫《
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  newly reclaimed soil
A survey of fungi and actinomycetes colonizing the newly reclaimed soil of the polder Zuidelijk Flevoland
      
Colonization by fungi and actinomycetes of a newly reclaimed soil was studied during a period of five years.
      
However, the crop did influence the actinomycetes, especially in the newly reclaimed soil of Oostelijk Flevoland.
      
This paper summarizes and reviews some of the results of a 12-year experiment which was carried out in order to examine drainage requirements of apple trees on a newly reclaimed soil.
      
Effect of cutting, phosphorus and potassium fertilization on guar plant (Cyamoposis tetragonoloba) in newly reclaimed soil in Eg
      


The materials of present report were collected from reconnaissence soil survey of Kwangtung and Kwangsi provinces in 1958—1960. Soils investigated include yellow earths, red earths and lateritic soils. They are developed under natural vegetations of tropic monsoon forest (secondary), subtropic evergreen broadleaf forest, conifer and broadleaf mixed forest, subalpine dwarfing and bamboo ferests, confer forests of Cunninghamia lanceolata and Pinus massoniana, and grass land. A few samples of rice paddy soil were...

The materials of present report were collected from reconnaissence soil survey of Kwangtung and Kwangsi provinces in 1958—1960. Soils investigated include yellow earths, red earths and lateritic soils. They are developed under natural vegetations of tropic monsoon forest (secondary), subtropic evergreen broadleaf forest, conifer and broadleaf mixed forest, subalpine dwarfing and bamboo ferests, confer forests of Cunninghamia lanceolata and Pinus massoniana, and grass land. A few samples of rice paddy soil were also studied for comparison. Laboratory investigations invplved the determination of chemical composition of forest litters, fraction of soil humus (after Turin and Kononova), and analysis of soil exchangeable bases, active iron and alumina, etc. From the results obtained the writers come to the following conclusions: 1. The ratios of humic acid over fulvic acid under natural vegetations are usually less than 1. Fulvic acid prevails in acid soils of tropic and subtropic regions with the presence of active iron and alumina. On the contrary, intensively cukivated paddy soils of neutral to slightly alkaline reaction in the same areas, after a long-time application of lime and manures, give a humic acid over fulvic acid ratio of about 2. 2. Active soil humus, including humic and fulvic acid extractable by 0.1 N NaOH (Fraction Ⅰ), also predominates in soil organic matter. The ratio of soil humus "Fraction 1" over "Fraction Ⅱ, including humic acid and fulvic acid only soluble through repeatedly extraction by 0.1 N H_2SO_4 and NaOH", ranges from 5:1 to 10:1. 3. Soils developed under natural vegetations contain 20—35% of readily soluble humus {extractable by 0.05 N H_2SO_4) in total organic matter. Rice paddy soils in the same area usually contain readily soluble humus less than 5%. It appears that under present agricultural practices, the more active forms of soil humus undergo rapid decomposition, and the maintenance of soil fertility is largely dependded on manures and nitrogenous fertilizers. 4. Soils of the investigeted areas contain 40—50% humin (residual organic matter resistant 1.0 acid and alkaline extraction) in total organic matter. 5. Soil litters of conifer forest of Cunninghamia lanceolate contain CaO+Mg+K_2O+Na_2O up to 59.51% and SiO_2 10.57% in the ash. Litters of bamboo forest contain CaO+MgO+K_2O+ Na_2O 8.87% and SiO_2 up to 78.21% in the ash. Litters of Pine massoniana contain CaO+MgO + K_2O+Na_2O 11.18% and a very high content of A1_2O_3 (13.91%). The present data, however, give no correlation between the chemical composition of soil litter and that of soil exchangeable bases. Soils under Pine massoniana contain relatively greater amounts of exchangeable alumina (4—16 m.e./100 gm. of soil) and active iron (65—200 m.e./100 gm. of soil) in surface layer.

本文对华南地区不同植被下的土壤有机貭、土壤活性矿物貭組成及枯枝落叶层进行了研究,企图探求植被类型对于土壤腐殖貭組成以及肥力变化的影响。供試土壤包括山地草甸土、黃壤、紅壤及砖紅壤性紅壤,由不同母貭发育而成。植被类型包括常綠闊叶林、針叶闊叶混交林、高山矮林及竹林、杉木林、馬尾松灌丛、草坡等。此外,还选了三个珠江三角洲地区不同肥力的水稻土,以比較自然植被下土壤性貭和农田土壤性貭的异同。根据初步研究結果,获得下列几点认識。 1.土壤活性腐殖质的变化两广地区自然植被下的土壤,其活性腐殖貭占土壤有机貭总量的百分比显然高于农田土壤。森林及以禾本科为主的中生性草地下的土壤,表土有机貭中合有約20—35%的活性腐殖貭(为0.1 N NaOH所能提取),但是水稻土中,通常只占6%以下。这点說明了在热带和亚热带地区的生物气候条件下,一年2—3造的耕作制度,可使結构比較簡单的活性腐殖貭很快的被矿化,而土壤肥力的維持在很大程度上依賴于有机肥料和化学肥料的逐年补給。 2.土壤中胡敏酸与富里酸的比率华南自然植被下的土壤有机貭中,胡敏酸与富里酸的比率通常小于1,紅壤地区土壤中富里酸比胡敏酸高的特点,是由于富里酸能在酸性溶液中和活性R_2O_...

本文对华南地区不同植被下的土壤有机貭、土壤活性矿物貭組成及枯枝落叶层进行了研究,企图探求植被类型对于土壤腐殖貭組成以及肥力变化的影响。供試土壤包括山地草甸土、黃壤、紅壤及砖紅壤性紅壤,由不同母貭发育而成。植被类型包括常綠闊叶林、針叶闊叶混交林、高山矮林及竹林、杉木林、馬尾松灌丛、草坡等。此外,还选了三个珠江三角洲地区不同肥力的水稻土,以比較自然植被下土壤性貭和农田土壤性貭的异同。根据初步研究結果,获得下列几点认識。 1.土壤活性腐殖质的变化两广地区自然植被下的土壤,其活性腐殖貭占土壤有机貭总量的百分比显然高于农田土壤。森林及以禾本科为主的中生性草地下的土壤,表土有机貭中合有約20—35%的活性腐殖貭(为0.1 N NaOH所能提取),但是水稻土中,通常只占6%以下。这点說明了在热带和亚热带地区的生物气候条件下,一年2—3造的耕作制度,可使結构比較簡单的活性腐殖貭很快的被矿化,而土壤肥力的維持在很大程度上依賴于有机肥料和化学肥料的逐年补給。 2.土壤中胡敏酸与富里酸的比率华南自然植被下的土壤有机貭中,胡敏酸与富里酸的比率通常小于1,紅壤地区土壤中富里酸比胡敏酸高的特点,是由于富里酸能在酸性溶液中和活性R_2O_3相結合(特別是活性鉄),这項特性在邱林、科諾諾娃、波諾馬列娃等人的研究中早已証明了。珠江三角洲上的高度熟化水稻土(土壤pH7.8),由于长期施用有机肥料及石灰的影响,有机貭中胡敏酸的数量高出富里酸一倍,胡敏酸与富里酸的比率为1.95。但是在新垦的紅壤性水稻土中(土壤pH4.5),这項比率是0.39,这点也可以証明有机貭分解过程和富里酸的形成是和土壤酸度及活性鉄、鋁有关的。 3.活性铁和鋁与腐殖质組成的关系本区一般森林及草本植被下的土壤,表土活性鋁的合量通常为每百克土4—10毫克当量,活性鉄为20—100毫克当量;馬尾松灌丛下的紅壤,活性鋁的含量每百克土可达20毫克当量左右。这些土壤的盐基飽和度一般在20—30%之間,每百克土的代換性鈣通常仅在1—2毫克当量上下,但是土壤有机貭分組分析結果,第一組腐殖貭(包括活性較強的胡敏酸和富里酸)的含量远远超过了第二組腐殖貭(指由酸液和碱液反复提取以后能溶解的部分),它們的比率为5:1和10:1(只有一个例外)。这項結果說明土壤中大量活性鋁离子和鉄离子的存在,使腐殖貭的活度增強。在珠江三角洲水稻土中,第一組腐殖貭和第二組腐殖貭的比例也在这个范围內。 4.土壤腐殖貭中的不溶性殘渣(胡敏素)的含量在表土中所有供試土壤都很一致,約占土壤腐殖貭总量的40—50%上下。植被类型、海拔高度、耕作过程、成土母质等对于胡敏素的合量,均沒有明显的影响。这样在热带和亚热带土壤的腐殖貭中,似乎有一半是胡敏素,它在短期內是不能矿化的。 5.土壤腐殖貭中的碳氮比率(C/N) 森林及草本植被下的表土腐殖貭中,其C/N比率通常在10—15左右,只有馬尾松灌丛下的紅壤,C/N比率为19.6。在这个地区的水稻土中C/N比率一般为9—11。耕作縮小了C/N比率,但是自然植被下有机貭中活性腐殖貭的含量,都远远地超过农田土壤,因此,碳氮比率的縮小,很难认为土壤有机貭中氮素有效性的提高。这在国內外的研究材料中也指出过,例如合胡敏素极高的泥炭和褐煤,其C/N比率可以在10以下。 6.不同植被下殘落物的灰分組成杉木林的殘落物合有最高的基性物貭,CaO+MgO+K_2O+Na_2O的总量占灰分的59.51%;竹林和馬尾松灌丛的殘落物合基性物貭最低,前者为8.87%,后者为11.18%(都是CaO、MgO、K_2O、Na_2O的总量)。竹林殘落物的灰分中含SiO_2高达78.21%,而杉木林的殘落物灰分中含SiO_2量最低,为10.57%。馬尾松灌丛及亚热带針闊叶混交林下的殘落物灰分中含Al_2O_3高于其他植被的殘落物,为13.91%5及12.86%。其他一般的常綠闊叶林、針闊叶混交林和亚高山矮林等殘落物灰分中的基性物貭总量均在30%左右。虽然不同植被类型地表殘落物的矿貭組成有明显的差异,但就現在的初步材料,远远不足以闡明这項差异在生物物貭循环过程中的作用。这些成分上的变化,对于土壤活性矿物貭很少有直接的相关性。只有馬尾松灌丛下的紅壤,其活性鋁含量高于一般土壤,这点可能是受了殘落物貭腐解体的影响。我們初步接触了华南地区的植被类型、土壤腐殖貭組成和活性矿物貭間相互关系的問題以后,觉得波雷諾夫所启示我們的生物地球化学的研究方向,在这一地区中有許多工作可以推进。这項研究方法如果进一步地应用于农田土壤中的輪作方式及耕作措施对于土壤肥力消长关系的研究,便可以把森林和草地土壤以及农田土壤的生成发育方向做出具体的比較。此外,我們感到,尽管邱林、科諾諾娃和瓦克斯曼(Waksman,S.A.)等近三十年来在土壤有机貭的研究上做了很多工作,但是目下的有机貭分級方法应用于热带及亚热带的土壤(特别是水稻土)的适应性还值得研究。至于胡敏酸、富里酸等在土壤中与活性矿物貭的結合情况,以及各种腐殖貭物貭对于土壤肥力及植物营养上的作用,更是一个急待进一步研究的問題。

Big mung bean(Phaseolus aurens var.gigantica)belongs to the leguminous family.It is an annual herbaceous plant,tall in stature and with luxurious growths,Being adapted to many soils,it is widely grown in cultivated field, virgin lateritic farm,old cultivated land,and red sandy loam.With highly ratooning capacity,it can be harvested green by reaping four or five times in a year.The cut green roughage gave a high yield amounted to 4,000 kg.per mu,per year.The green roughage is very nutritious,containing 24.8%...

Big mung bean(Phaseolus aurens var.gigantica)belongs to the leguminous family.It is an annual herbaceous plant,tall in stature and with luxurious growths,Being adapted to many soils,it is widely grown in cultivated field, virgin lateritic farm,old cultivated land,and red sandy loam.With highly ratooning capacity,it can be harvested green by reaping four or five times in a year.The cut green roughage gave a high yield amounted to 4,000 kg.per mu,per year.The green roughage is very nutritious,containing 24.8% gross protein on dry weight basis.It is palatable,and is highly prefered by cows, pigs,rabbits and poultry in their rations.It may be considered as the chief source of protein in the animal feed in the subtropical region and is well recom- mended for extension.Cultivation of big mung bean and the reaping of green rough- age for animal feed was well investigated in the college experimental plots for three years,beginning from 1977 to 1980.Observations from trial and check expe- riments revealed the ecological charateristics of the plant.We were thus able to manipulate the cultivation technique so as to acquire the best palatability and richest nutrient contents as the feed for animals.Extension work to introduce the green leguminous feed to farmers has also been done.

大绿豆是豆科一年生草本植物。其主要特点是:植株高大,茎叶繁茂,对土壤适应性广,无论农地、新垦红壤地、熟荒地或红壤砂土等均能种植;再生力强,每年可刈割4至5次,青割亩产可达4000公斤以上;营养丰富,粗蛋白含量(占干物)24.8%,适口性好,牛、猪、禽、兔喜爱采食,是亚热带地区解决畜禽蛋白质饲料来源的一个重要途径,值得推广.大绿豆作为家畜饲料进行青刈栽培和饲喂试验,系从1977年由本院开始.经四年试验和系统观察,掌握了其生物学特性、青刈栽培技术和营养成分及饲喂家畜的适口性等材料.

Vigna dolicboides Baker is an annual trailing leguminous plant, which develops a vigorous root system. The results of our experiments indicated that lateral roots near the soil surface developed abundant nodules housing Rhizobium bacteria that fixed atmospheric nitrogen. The average number of nodules per plant was 66. Both the number of nodules and the nitrogen fixing activity of the lateral roots were higher than that of the taproot. The number of nodules and nitrogen fixing activity were lower in the early...

Vigna dolicboides Baker is an annual trailing leguminous plant, which develops a vigorous root system. The results of our experiments indicated that lateral roots near the soil surface developed abundant nodules housing Rhizobium bacteria that fixed atmospheric nitrogen. The average number of nodules per plant was 66. Both the number of nodules and the nitrogen fixing activity of the lateral roots were higher than that of the taproot. The number of nodules and nitrogen fixing activity were lower in the early stage of growth and markedly increased in fully branching stage. Nitrogen fixing activity rose to a maximum in the fully flowering stage and declined sharply during pod-filling. Approximately 5.91 kg nitrogen per mu(88.65 kg per ha) fixed by nodulated Vigna dolicboides during the growth period (May 11th to July 8th) under our experimental conditions. The results of this preliminary study show that nodulated Vigna dolicboides is a leguminous plant with high nitrogen fixing activity, highly resistant to diseases. and greatly adaptable to our locality It grows rapidly and makes an ideal intercropping grecn manurc plant in the orchard

印度豇豆根瘤发达,在我们的试验条件下,平均每株植物的根瘤粒数可达66个,一般密布于侧根上部。主根上的根瘤较大,但数量少。侧根上的根瘤不仅数量多于主根上的,而且其固氮活性也较高。印度豇豆生育早期根瘤的固氮活性较低,分枝盛期根瘤数量和固氮活性都显著增加,开花期,特别是开花盛期固氮活性最高,结荚后固氮活性明显下降。经测算,每亩柑桔园中如套种30815株印度豇豆,从5月11日(分枝初期)至7月8日(第一次割青)的两个月期间内,每亩印度豇豆根瘤固定的氮素约为5.91公斤(折合硫酸铵27.8公斤)。印度豇豆作为果园复盖绿肥,每年可割青2~3次。试验结果表明,印度豇豆根瘤发达,固氮能力强,抗逆性大,适应性广,生长迅速,枝叶茂盛,是新垦果园改良土壤的优良先锋作物。

 
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