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  ancient dialects
     Some researcher considered 益 and石 as the representations of two kinds of Chong-niu (重纽) owing to their origins from Old Chinese, and deduced that Chong-niu in Qie-yun(切韵) was the synthesis of ancient dialects accordance with modern Min(闽) Dialect.
     论者根据“益”与“石”的上古来源,认为它们分别代表重纽的两类,并由现代闽方言推论《切韵》的重纽是综合了古代方言
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  “古代方言”译为未确定词的双语例句
     SHUO WEN JIE ZI , an immortal linguistic monograph , inherits the tradition of dialect investigation , collects nearly 187 dialect words from different areas and reflects the dialect phenomenon of Han Dynasty .
     《说文解字》这部不朽的语言学巨著继承了古代方言调查的传统,记载了不同地域的方言词近187条,反映了汉代的方言现象,直到今天仍然是研究汉语方言词汇发展史的宝贵资料。
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  相似匹配句对
     This method is easy and feasible,it can be compared from two aspects: ancient Chinese and mandarin,ancient Chinese and modern dialect.
     古代汉语和现代方言对比。
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     Back to the Ancient Time
     回到古代
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     On Authors Remuneration System in Ancient China
     古代的稿费
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     The Dialect Words of Ancient Wu and Chu Kingdom in Puxian Dialect
     莆仙方言中的古代吴楚方言词语
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     On the Origin of Dialect
     “方言”考
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The primitive Chinese language came into being at latest in Times of Xia-Yu,which witnessed the appearance of primitive Chinese dialects, formed mainly through two methods: breakup and assimilation.The concept of dialects made its first appearance in the pre-Qin Dynasty period;the words which embodied the meaning of dialects can be traced back to the Western Han Dynasty,and finally the Chinese word FangYan" appeared in the Eastern Han Dynasty.The research of dialects in the ancient times,according to their...

The primitive Chinese language came into being at latest in Times of Xia-Yu,which witnessed the appearance of primitive Chinese dialects, formed mainly through two methods: breakup and assimilation.The concept of dialects made its first appearance in the pre-Qin Dynasty period;the words which embodied the meaning of dialects can be traced back to the Western Han Dynasty,and finally the Chinese word FangYan" appeared in the Eastern Han Dynasty.The research of dialects in the ancient times,according to their respective characteristics in different stages can be divided into four periods: the first period,from the Zhou Dynasty to the Jin Dynasty;the second period,from the Northern and Southern Dynasties to the Song Dynasty;the third period, from the Yuan Dynasty to the Ming Dynasty;the fourth period,from the Qing Dynasty to the beginning of Republic of China.The research on the history of Chinese dialectology commenced,however,in the first half of the 20th century.Luo Chang-pei's A Brief History of Chinese Dialects Studies",if judged by loose standards,can regarded as the symbol of the beginning of research in that area.Generally speaking,the research on the history of Chinese dialectology is, for the time being,not well-developed.Therefore,the research in this area is of great significance for the development of various aspects of Chinese linguistics and philology.

原始汉语最迟形成于夏禹时代 ,原始汉语形成的同时也形成了原始汉语方言 ;分化和同化是汉语方言最初形成的两种基本方式。方言概念形成于先秦 ,表达方言概念的词语产生于西汉 ,“方言”一词出现于东汉。古代的方言研究按照它本身所形成的阶段性特点可以分为周秦汉晋、南北朝至唐宋、元明、清至民初四个时期。汉语方言学史的研究开始于 2 0世纪上半叶 ,罗常培的《汉语方音研究小史》是该学科草创的标志。汉语方言学史的研究从总体上来说还很薄弱 ,加强这方面的研究对于汉语言文字学各分支学科的建设都有重要意义。

Some researcher considered 益 and石 as the representations of two kinds of Chong-niu (重纽) owing to their origins from Old Chinese, and deduced that Chong-niu in Qie-yun(切韵) was the synthesis of ancient dialects accordance with modern Min(闽) Dialect. This paper indicate this is a mistake for the configuration of Chong-niu, and modern Min Dialect and some ancient dialect that was alleged to corresponds with Min do not tally. Certainly, some ancient dialect that separated益 and石 to dissimilar rhymes and modern Min...

Some researcher considered 益 and石 as the representations of two kinds of Chong-niu (重纽) owing to their origins from Old Chinese, and deduced that Chong-niu in Qie-yun(切韵) was the synthesis of ancient dialects accordance with modern Min(闽) Dialect. This paper indicate this is a mistake for the configuration of Chong-niu, and modern Min Dialect and some ancient dialect that was alleged to corresponds with Min do not tally. Certainly, some ancient dialect that separated益 and石 to dissimilar rhymes and modern Min Dialect reflect some features of Old Chinese and the orbit of evolution of vowels from Old Chinese to Ancient Chinese. But they are foreign to Chong-niu. Chong-niu existed in Qie-yun system as the phonemic difference.

论者根据“益”与“石”的上古来源,认为它们分别代表重纽的两类,并由现代闽方言推论《切韵》的重纽是综合了古代方言。本文指出论者误解了重纽的结构,而现代闽方言与论者所谓的古代“乙方言”也并不吻合。中古“益”、“石”分属两韵的音系及现代闽方言的确反映了上古音的特点,表现了上古至中古元音演变的轨迹,但与重纽无关。重纽是《切韵》音系内部的音位区别。

This article mainly discusses about the following points:(1)the implicature of ancient Chinese dialect and the nature of modern Chinese dialect;(2)the immigration tides since Qin and Han Dynasties;(3)the evolution of Chinese dialect structure and form and types;(4)the Chinese southern dialect's age and the language bottom of Baiyue Miao dialects;(5)the division rules and regions of modern Chinese.

 本文主要讨论了:1.中国古代方言的含义和现代汉语方言的本质;2.秦汉以后中国境内规模人口的多次迁徙浪潮;3.中国语言的分布格局演变以及方言形成类型;4.汉语南方方言的语言年代与百越苗蛮语言底层;5.汉语方言的分区原则和现代汉语的方言分区。基本观点是,肇始于永嘉之乱,大量居民的迁徙致使中原汉语分化为北留汉语和南迁汉语,日益兴起的汉语化进程彻底打破了汉魏以来中国境内的语言分布格局。特别是南迁中原汉语的纵(沿江中原汉语带)横(中原语言南流走廊)T字型语带,奠定了后世汉语方言格局的历史基础。

 
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