Since the 1990s, in the mainland of China,due to the transition of major scholars'researching principles, the coming into being and the increasing intensification of the phenomenon of academic commercialization and the contamination by bad social phenomena such as political and economic corruption,etc. , the academic standard and construction of academic style have been the new hot point in the Chinese academic circle .
In the light of this the editorial departments of Social Sciences in China and Historical Research held an academic discussion in relation to academic dialogue and academic standards in Beijing on 14 March 1999. Scholars from Shanghai, Shandong and Beijing attended the discussion and engaged in heated debate.
Results indicate strong support for communism as an academic norm defined in relation to sharing research results and teaching materials as opposed to protecting intellectual copyright and withholding access.
Disinterestedness, defined in terms of personal detachment from truth claims, is the least popular contemporary academic norm.
Their dual mandate requires commitment to traditional academic norms and scholarship through the disciplines on the one hand, and commitment to the transmission of distinctly vocational skills and attitudes on the other.
This paper re-examines the relevance of three academic norms to contemporary academic life - communism, universalism and disinterestedness - based on the work of Robert Merton.
The paper concludes by considering the claims of an alternate set of contemporary academic norms including capitalism, particularism and interestedness.
Profiting from knowledge: Organisational innovations and the evolution of academic norms
Socialization of Doctoral Students to Academic Norms