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  calcium
    Empirical Study on Mechanism of Action about Calcium Metabolism of the Bone, and Regulation of the Nanometer Traditional Chinese Medicine Complex to Osteoporosis
    纳米补肾中药调节骨质疏松症骨代谢作用机制的实验研究
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    Effect of Sal A on Regulating Intracellular Calcium, Scavenging Free Radicals, Memory, Signal Transduction, c-fos Expression and SIV Infection.
    丹酚酸A在抗氧化,细胞内调节,信使传递,记忆,c-fos基因表达和艾滋病感染中的作用
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    Effect of Low Calcium Diet and Ovariectomy on Vitamin D Endocrine System in Rats and the Antiosteoporotic Activity of Erythrina Variegate L. and Ligustrum Lucidum Ait.
    低饮食/去卵巢对大鼠维生素D内分泌系统的影响以及刺桐、女贞子抗骨质疏松作用与机制的研究
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    Effect of Copper Pyrites on Fracture Callus in Rabbits with Special Reference to the Content of Collagen, Calcium and Phosphorus
    自然铜对家兔骨折后骨痂中胶原、、磷等的影响
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    The effects of henbane drugs on calcium accumulation of rat liver induced by carbon tetrachloride
    莨菪类药物对四氧化碳所致大鼠肝积累的作用
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  ca 2 +
    10μmol/L and 100μmol/L of As2O3 could increase 0.12±0.06 and 0.30±0.07 of the intracellular calcium compared with that in control in Ca2+ free extracelluar solution,respectively.
    无液中10μMol/l、100μmol/L As2O3升高海马神经元[Ca2+]i与对照组相比[Ca2+]i分别提高了0.12±0.016和0.30±0.07。
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    Rat cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury model was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion,the nerve injury symptoms was evaluated,the level of SOD and MDA in brain tissue were determined,the concentration of intracellar Ca2+ of brain was measured,and the pathological change of brain was also observed.
    采用线栓法建立大鼠大脑中动脉阻断再灌注模型,观察CVB-D对模型大鼠神经损伤症状、脑梗死范围、脑组织超氧化物岐化酶(SOD)活性、丙二醛(MDA)含量、脑细胞内离子(Ca2+)浓度及脑组织病理变化的影响。 结果:CVB-D高、中剂量能显著改善局灶性脑缺血大鼠神经症状,提高脑组织SOD活性;
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    The intracellsular liberation Ca2+ concentration of peritoneal mast cells in sensitized rats in experiment group((78.31±3.28)nmol/L) was significantly lower than that in control group((436.16±12.30)nmol/L)(P<0.05).
    对照组和实验组致敏大鼠腹腔肥大细胞内游离浓度分别为(436.16±12.30)nmol/L和(78.31±3.28)nmol/L,2组相比有显著性差异(P<0.05);
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    Methods HUVECs were incubated with the calcium ion-sensitive fluorescent indicator fluo-3/AM, and then a laser confocal microscope was applied to measure changes of fluorescence intensity under different agonists to investigate the effects of Breviscapine on intracellular Ca2+ concentration in HUVECs.
    方法采用新一代Ca2+荧光探针Fluo-3/AM标记培养的HUVECs,激光共聚焦显微镜检测细胞胞内荧光信号,观察灯盏花素对培养的HUVECs胞内Ca2+水平的调控作用。
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    ②The Ca2+ transients induced by BE could be overlapped by cyclopiazonic acid (CPA);
    灯盏花素的Ca2+释放作用与泵抑制剂CPA存在着交迭;
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  “钙”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The Experimental Study on Jianpi and Shugan Prescription Regulating Th Cells Differentiation and Expression of Signaling Protein CaN
    健脾、疏肝方药对Th细胞分化及其信号蛋白调神经磷酸酶转录表达的影响
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    Study on Calcium-Chelate Compound of Rhubarb Anthraquinone
    大黄蒽醌络合物的研究
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    Single channel analysis and ESR spectral study on the myocardical effects of Soyasaponin AI
    大豆皂甙AI对心肌作用的单通道分析及ESR谱研究
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    Results CCC could reduce the contents of lead in blood,brain,liver and femur significantly,decrease the level of maleicdialdehyde(MDA),increase activities of superoxide dismutase(SOD),glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px)and total antioxidative capacity(T-AOC) in liver markedly.
    结果羧甲基壳聚糖能显著降低染铅小鼠血液、全脑、肝脏、股骨铅含量,降低染铅小鼠肝脏中MDA水平,显著升高SOD、GSH-Px、T-AOC活性,增加股骨含量。
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    Neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were employed to study the inhibitory effects of JM on cytotoxicity induced by hypoxia-hypoglycemia.
    利用流式细胞术,观察褐藻多糖JM对缺糖缺氧的Neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y细胞凋亡及细胞内离子浓度的影响。
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  calcium
Study and Application of Electrochemical Behavior of Calcium-ARS on a Mercury Film Electrode
      
The peak current was proportional to the concentration of calcium in the range of 5.0×10-8-4.2×10-5 mol L-1.
      
This method was applied successfully to determining traces of calcium in blood serum.
      
The interaction of water molecules with the calcium and phosphate sites at the HAP-water interface was also studied.
      
The regeneration of exhausted solutions of electroless nickel plating wood veneer was realized using soluble calcium salt to precipitate and remove phosphite and then using fluoride to remove residual calcium ions from the solution.
      
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  ca 2 +
Ultracytochemical localization of Ca2+ during the phloem ganglion development in Phyllostachys edulis
      
Ultracytochemical localization of Ca2+ was investigated using the potassium pyroantimonate precipitation method during the development of phloem ganglion.
      
The result showed that Ca2+ was mainly localized in the cell wall and intercellular spaces in the initiating phase.
      
With the development of the phloem ganglion, the distribution of Ca2+ transferred to the vacuole, and the Ca2+ deposits in the cell wall and intercellular space decreased.
      
At the later stage of the developmental phase, Ca2+ was distributed in the tonoplast and vacuole phagocytosis, and the vacuole became the main calcium storage in this phase.
      
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Chang Shan, the subterranean portion of Dichroa febrifuga Lour. (family Hydrangeaceae), and Shu Chi, the leafy tops of the same plant, have been used in Chinese medicine more than two thousand years, but their antimalarial action has been scientifically proved and constituents investigated only in recent years. A brief account of their history, botanical source, plant habit, cultiva-tion and collection and a detailed description of their sensory, macroscopical and microscopical characters are given. The important...

Chang Shan, the subterranean portion of Dichroa febrifuga Lour. (family Hydrangeaceae), and Shu Chi, the leafy tops of the same plant, have been used in Chinese medicine more than two thousand years, but their antimalarial action has been scientifically proved and constituents investigated only in recent years. A brief account of their history, botanical source, plant habit, cultiva-tion and collection and a detailed description of their sensory, macroscopical and microscopical characters are given. The important diagnostic features of Chang Shan are:-vessels with long oblique end-plates having well-marked scalariform perforations and often containing tyloses; septate xylem-fibres; idioblasts containing bundles of acicular crystals embedded in mucilage; thick-walled pericyclic fibres; the deep-seated origin of the cork. A well-marked medullary sheath of thick-walled, lignified and pitted parenchyma occurs in the pith of both the stem and rhizome. The important diagnostic features of Shu Chi are:-thick-walled, warty, unicellular trichomes; paracytic (rubiaceous) stomata; epidermal cells with pitted anticlinal walls and finely striated cuticle; water-pores in the teeth of the leaf; idioblasts with bundles of acicular crystals em-bedded in mucilage; droplets of fixed oil in most of the cells of the leaf; thick-walled pericyclic fibers from the stem as well as deep-seated cork and characteristic vessels as seen in the subterranean organs. The significance of some of the microscopical findings as a further illustration of the connexion between anatomy and taxonomy is also discussed.

1.常山是八仙花科植物黄常山Dichroa.febrifiuga Lour.的地下部分,而蜀漆是本植物的带叶枝梢,两者都有抗疟的效力。2.木文简单地介绍了前人研究常山的情况,然後详细地描述了,常出和蜀漆的性状和组织构造;并指出了某些组织特徵在分类学上的意义。3.常山的重要特徵是:(1)导管,末梢壁长而斜置,有显著的梯纹穿孔,并常含有侵填体;(2)分隔木纤维;(3)含草酸针晶束的异细胞,针晶束外有粘液包围;(4)厚壁的中柱梢纤维;(5)内生性的木栓层。根茎和茎的根部周围有显着的根鞘,根鞘由厚壁的木化细胞所成,壁上有单纹孔。 4.蜀漆的重要特征是:(1)厚壁有疣的单细胞毛;(2)平轴式气孔;(3)垂周壁上具有纹孔的表皮细胞;(4)叶绿锯齿上的水孔;(5)含草酸针晶束的异细胞,针晶束外有粘液包围;(6)脂肪油珠,存在於大多数叶肉细胞中。此外、并有由茎中来的厚壁的中柱鞘纤维和内生性的木栓层,以及特殊的梯纹导管,其形状和在地下器官部分所见的一样。

The LD_(50) in mice was found to be 19.4 g/kg and 0.98±0.075 g/kg respectively for the infusion and crude extract of Chou-wu-tung, given by intravenous injections. The subacute toxicity is negligible when the infusion was crally administered to rats (0.25—2.5 g/kg/day) for 60 days, except that some animals showed quietness, slight fall of systolic pressure and soft stool. No apparent toxic effects were observed. A crude extract and infusion of Chou-wu-tung, when injected intravenously at respective dosages...

The LD_(50) in mice was found to be 19.4 g/kg and 0.98±0.075 g/kg respectively for the infusion and crude extract of Chou-wu-tung, given by intravenous injections. The subacute toxicity is negligible when the infusion was crally administered to rats (0.25—2.5 g/kg/day) for 60 days, except that some animals showed quietness, slight fall of systolic pressure and soft stool. No apparent toxic effects were observed. A crude extract and infusion of Chou-wu-tung, when injected intravenously at respective dosages of 50—100 mg/kg and 150 mg/kg, produced primary and secondary falls of blood pressure on anaesthetized rats and dogs, but with intramuscular injection or oral administration, only the secondary fall of blood pressure was apparent. This hypotensive effect might last for 2—3 hours. Intravenous injection of the decoction to anaesthetized animals produced only primary fall of blood pressure, the infusions of alcohol, ether and ,chloroform, given by the same route, did not lower the blood pressure. Twenty-eight renal hypertensive rats were divided into three groups, the first (11 rats) and the second (7 rats) groups were treated with the infusion at respective dosages of 0.5 g/kg/day and 5 g/kg/day, and the third (10 rats) with the crude extract at 50 mg/kg/day. The drug was given to all the rats for 2 weeks by oral administration. Hypotensive effect was observed in 3—10 days after medication, and became more remarkable in the second week of the therapeutic period or the first week after cessation of medication; the blood pressure dropped 57.4%. The blood pressure in most rats returned in 2 weeks, and in some rats in 2—4 days or 4 weeks after the stopping of medication.

1.本文就臭梧桐的一般性质作了实验性研究,结果证明其降血压成分易溶于水,难溶或不溶于乙醚、乙醇和氯仿,对热稳定,在碱性溶液中可被氯化沉淀出来。臭梧桐降血压效果可因产地而不同。开花前的和新鲜的臭梧桐降血压作用分别较开花后的和经长时间保存的要强。 2.臭梧桐毒性甚小,其热浸剂和提出物给小鼠静脉注射时半数致死量分别为19.4克/公斤和0.98±0.075克/公斤。给大鼠每天用热浸剂(0.25—2.5克/公斤)灌胃经60天,除少数动物出现安静、轻度收缩压下降和大便变稀外,未发现其他毒性反应。 3.臭梧桐提出物(50—100毫克/公斤)和热浸剂(150毫克/公斤)给麻醉大鼠和狗静脉注射时,可引起两度血压下降,但肌肉注射或经口给药,仅引起第二度降血压作用,其作用可维持2—3小时。静脉注射煎剂(麻醉大鼠和狗实验)仅出现第一度降血压作用,经口给药时无效。乙醚、乙醇和氯仿的浸出液不论静脉注射或经口给药,均不引起麻醉动物的血压下降。给肾型高血压大鼠每天经口投予臭梧桐热浸剂(0.5—5克/公斤)和提出物(50毫克/公斤)时,给药的第3—10天卽口出现血压下降,在给药的第二周和停药后的第一周,血压下降最明显,最大降血压...

1.本文就臭梧桐的一般性质作了实验性研究,结果证明其降血压成分易溶于水,难溶或不溶于乙醚、乙醇和氯仿,对热稳定,在碱性溶液中可被氯化沉淀出来。臭梧桐降血压效果可因产地而不同。开花前的和新鲜的臭梧桐降血压作用分别较开花后的和经长时间保存的要强。 2.臭梧桐毒性甚小,其热浸剂和提出物给小鼠静脉注射时半数致死量分别为19.4克/公斤和0.98±0.075克/公斤。给大鼠每天用热浸剂(0.25—2.5克/公斤)灌胃经60天,除少数动物出现安静、轻度收缩压下降和大便变稀外,未发现其他毒性反应。 3.臭梧桐提出物(50—100毫克/公斤)和热浸剂(150毫克/公斤)给麻醉大鼠和狗静脉注射时,可引起两度血压下降,但肌肉注射或经口给药,仅引起第二度降血压作用,其作用可维持2—3小时。静脉注射煎剂(麻醉大鼠和狗实验)仅出现第一度降血压作用,经口给药时无效。乙醚、乙醇和氯仿的浸出液不论静脉注射或经口给药,均不引起麻醉动物的血压下降。给肾型高血压大鼠每天经口投予臭梧桐热浸剂(0.5—5克/公斤)和提出物(50毫克/公斤)时,给药的第3—10天卽口出现血压下降,在给药的第二周和停药后的第一周,血压下降最明显,最大降血压作用可达原值的57.4%。多数高血压大鼠的血压在停药后的第二周恢复,少数在停药的2—4天或4周后恢复。

As previously reported, the drug Huang-Ch'i is mainly the roots of Astragalus membranaceus and A. membranaceus var. mongholicus, family Leguminosae. In a few districes, the roots of A. chrysopterus, A. tongolensis, A. maowenensis and A. floridus are also used. The drug Hung-Ch'i is the roots of Hedysarum polybotrys, used as a substitute for Huang-Ch'i, and is said to be equally effective. Besides, adulterants of Huang-Ch'i derived from 14 species of plant were also reported. In this paper, the authors described...

As previously reported, the drug Huang-Ch'i is mainly the roots of Astragalus membranaceus and A. membranaceus var. mongholicus, family Leguminosae. In a few districes, the roots of A. chrysopterus, A. tongolensis, A. maowenensis and A. floridus are also used. The drug Hung-Ch'i is the roots of Hedysarum polybotrys, used as a substitute for Huang-Ch'i, and is said to be equally effective. Besides, adulterants of Huang-Ch'i derived from 14 species of plant were also reported. In this paper, the authors described the morphology and histology of Huang-Ch'i and Hung-Ch'i. It is found that no marked difference is present which can be served to distinguish the roots of the five species of Astragalus, viz. Astragalus membranaceus A. membranaceus var. mongholicus, A. chrysopterus, A. tongolensis and A. floridus. Hung-Ch'i can be easily distinguished from the genuine Huang-Ch'i by the presence of prisms of calcium oxalate in the parenchymatous cells surrounding the bundles of phloem- and xylem-fibres.

本文詳細地报告了黄耆和紅耆的生药形态及組織构造,并认为黃耆、蒙古黄耆、金翼黃耆、塘谷耳黄耆、多花黄耆的根,在形态組織上无明显区别,而紅耆和黄耆有区别,主要是紅耆的韌皮纤維束及木纤維束周围,均有含草酸鈣稜晶的薄壁細胞。

 
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