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高能球磨技术及热压烧结
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     The preparation method and arc erosion characteristics of the AgNi and AgSnO2 contacts materials which was fabricated by high-energy ball milling, hot pressing and sintering were studed. The powder morphology and microstructure of contact were analyzed by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Scan Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM).
     利用高能球磨技术及热压烧结工艺制备出第二相弥散均匀分布于 Ag 基体中的纳米复合 AgNi 和 AgSnO2 触头,对复合粉末和合金触头进行了 X 射线衍射(XRD)、扫描电镜(SEM)和透射电镜(TEM)分析。
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     Ag(SnFe)O2 electrical contacts alloys were fabricated by chemical co-precipitation, high-energy ball milling, hot pressing and sintering. The nano composites powder morphology and microstructure of contact alloys were analyzed by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), scan electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM).
     利用化学共沉淀、高能球磨技术及热压烧结等方法制备出纳米掺杂Ag(SnFe)O2触头合金,通过X射线衍射(XRD)、透射电镜(TEM)和冷场发射扫描电镜(FESEM)等对合金触头及其燃弧性能进行了分析。
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The preparation method and arc erosion characteristics of the AgNi and AgSnO2 contacts materials which was fabricated by high-energy ball milling, hot pressing and sintering were studed. The powder morphology and microstructure of contact were analyzed by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Scan Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The results shows that the grain size of composite powder has been fined, that the particle size of second phase was about 40 nm after high energy ball milling...

The preparation method and arc erosion characteristics of the AgNi and AgSnO2 contacts materials which was fabricated by high-energy ball milling, hot pressing and sintering were studed. The powder morphology and microstructure of contact were analyzed by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Scan Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The results shows that the grain size of composite powder has been fined, that the particle size of second phase was about 40 nm after high energy ball milling and the particles are dispersed in the Ag matrix in inlaying and welding, in witch the second phase aggregatin in the matrix and deposition on the grain bourdary that was caused by orthodox method has been abated. After hot pressing and annealing, there was not obviously growth of second phase and the particle size was about 50 nm. It was also found that the Ag film distributed on the grain boundary was retained in both contacts, which was propitious to the improvement of conductance capability. Compared with the commercial contacts, there was not obviously melting pool and splash of fused mass on the nanocomposite contact surface, which indicated that the arc on the contact surface was dispersed and the material was possessed of less are erosion in the arcing process.

利用高能球磨技术及热压烧结工艺制备出第二相弥散均匀分布于 Ag 基体中的纳米复合 AgNi 和 AgSnO2 触头,对复合粉末和合金触头进行了 X 射线衍射(XRD)、扫描电镜(SEM)和透射电镜(TEM)分析。结果发现:经长时间高能球磨后,复合粉末的晶粒明显细化,第二相粒子尺寸已达到 40 nm 左右,并在球磨过程中通过嵌入、焊合弥散分布于Ag 基体中,消除了传统方法第二相聚集及在晶界处的连续析出等缺陷。在退火、热压过程中第二相并未明显长大,仍保持在 50 nm 左右。对触头进行 SEM 观察时发现,2 种触头的晶界处都保持着有利于电性能的 Ag 膜。与常规商用触头相比,纳米复合触头有分散电弧作用,表面没有明显的熔池和液体喷溅,呈现出较好的耐电弧侵蚀特性。

Ag(SnFe)O2 electrical contacts alloys were fabricated by chemical co-precipitation, high-energy ball milling, hot pressing and sintering. The nano composites powder morphology and microstructure of contact alloys were analyzed by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), scan electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). Results show that the grain size of nanosized SnO2 doped with Fe is not obviously growth and it is about 20 nm, after the composites...

Ag(SnFe)O2 electrical contacts alloys were fabricated by chemical co-precipitation, high-energy ball milling, hot pressing and sintering. The nano composites powder morphology and microstructure of contact alloys were analyzed by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), scan electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). Results show that the grain size of nanosized SnO2 doped with Fe is not obviously growth and it is about 20 nm, after the composites powders are calcined at 550 ℃ and the samples are hot pressed and sintered or heated at 750℃. The nano-scaled second phase particles dispersed evenly in the silver matrix in the microstructure of the nano composite contacts alloys. In the experiment of arc erosion, the arc cathode spot of contact alloy spreads in a larger field and shows the shape of dotty arc burning, this can decrease the time of arc burning and arc electric current efficiently, distract the arc energy, there has not obviously splash of fused mass, vaporized of Ag and sublimated of the second phase on the nano composite contact surface, meanwhile, the nanosized second phase of non-crystalline can be more better wetted with the molten silver, this can increase its viscosity and prevent liquid silver from splatter erosion, which indicates that nano composite Ag(SnFe)O2 contacts disperse arc and has less arc erosion in the arcing process.

利用化学共沉淀、高能球磨技术及热压烧结等方法制备出纳米掺杂Ag(SnFe)O2触头合金,通过X射线衍射(XRD)、透射电镜(TEM)和冷场发射扫描电镜(FESEM)等对合金触头及其燃弧性能进行了分析。结果发现:Fe元素的加入,使SnO2纳米颗粒在550℃以下焙烧制粉和750℃以下块体烧结成型时都未明显长大,保持在20nm左右,制备的触头合金呈现纳米第二相弥散均匀分布在Ag基体中。在模拟电弧侵蚀试验中,该合金电弧阴极斑点铺展在较大区域,形成多点燃弧形貌,有效降低燃弧时间和电弧电流,分散电弧能量,使阴极斑点没有明显的液体喷溅、Ag的蒸发和第二相的分解,同时非晶的纳米第二相与Ag的润湿性更好,可进一步增加熔体粘度,提高耐电弧侵蚀性能。

 
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