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     The riieversible process consists of spontaneous and nonspontanous changes.
     不可逆过程不仅是自发过程,还包括非自发过程
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     The riieversible process consists of spontaneous and nonspontanous changes.
     不可逆过程不仅是自发过程,还包括自发过程
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The riieversible process consists of spontaneous and nonspontanous changes. Several examples prove the fact that ΔSiso>0 is a spontaneous change but ΔSsys+ΔSsurr>0 is not sure for the spontaneous change. In irreversible process the energy dissipation, which might have done useful work, converts into heat exchange and transfers to surroundings. Bused on this principle, the writer calculates ΔSsure (=ΔSsys+ΔSurr whech results in I.Prigogine's entropy produce, Thkee examples are given to illustrate.

不可逆过程不仅是自发过程,还包括非自发过程。因此,△S_(隔离)>0的过程是自发的,而△S_(物系)+△S_(环境)>0的过程就不一定了。几个算例说明了这一点。不可逆过程中能量耗散,原本可做有用功的能量没有做功,变成了热交换给环境,以此为原则,可计算△S_总(=△S_(物系)+△S_(环境)),它就是I.prigogine的熵产生。列举了几个算例。

For explores the large syuergety between spontaneous process and non-spontaneous, reversible process and non-reversible and between self-organic process and it-organic which widely exist in the relation of the "system-environment" system and the large system outside the environment, this paper introduces the difinition of co-dominance reaping by the use of prolongate L_p space, and then find larger analytic frame. This paper preliminaryly explores the basic path to the research on major synergy and introduces...

For explores the large syuergety between spontaneous process and non-spontaneous, reversible process and non-reversible and between self-organic process and it-organic which widely exist in the relation of the "system-environment" system and the large system outside the environment, this paper introduces the difinition of co-dominance reaping by the use of prolongate L_p space, and then find larger analytic frame. This paper preliminaryly explores the basic path to the research on major synergy and introduces a kind of definitions of major synergy by the use of co-dominant condition of Liapunov. Besides, this paper preliminaryly establishes the evolution euation of large synergic system, and then extend the dominate principle.

我们可将“协同性”分为三个层次:(Ⅰ)系统内子系统之间的合作;(Ⅱ)自组织与它组织之间的协调、统一;(Ⅲ)在“系统—环境”体系与环境外大系统关系中广泛存在的自发过程与非自发过程之间、可逆过程与不可逆过程之间、自组织与它组织之间的大协同。为探讨大协同性,本文利用延拓的Lp空间引入共引致映照,并在Lipschitz共引致条件下给出大协同性的定义;初步建立大协同系统进化方程,从而拓广支配原理。

The characteristics of reversible and non reversible, spontaneous and non spontaneous processes have been summarized. We discuss that under certain condition the state function S, F and G can be used as the criteria for reversibility, direction and limitation of the chemical and physical processes.

叙述了体系中热力学可逆与不可逆过程 ,自发与非自发过程的特征 ,讨论了一定条件下 ,热力学状态函数 S、F、G作为过程可逆与否 ,以及方向和限度的判据

 
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