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测度模型
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  measure model
    At the same time, the concept,characteristic, intension and function of Tourism Environmental Bearing Capacity hasbeen defined, the relation between the Tourism Environmental Bearing CapacityTheory and the Sustainable Development Theory has been explained, the evaluationindex system has been put forward, and the measure model has been set up usingfuzzy linear programming method, after consulted many data in abroad and domestic.
    同时,在对国内外有关旅游环境承载力方面的理论进行深入研究的基础上,界定了旅游环境承载力的概念、特性、内涵及功能,阐述了旅游环境承载力理论与可持续发展理论的关系,提出了旅游环境承载力的评价指标体系及用模糊线性规划的方法建立了测度模型
短句来源
  “测度模型”译为未确定词的双语例句
    A Study on The Model of Measuring Tourism Carrying Capacity
    旅游环境承载力测度模型研究
    Pointing out the rational tourism environmental bearing capacity and the rational disposition of tourism resources in this famous scenic spot.
    基于此 ,本文运用模糊线性规划测度模型来分析云南丽江云杉坪景区的合理环境承载力及合理的资源配置 ,以期为旅游规划和景区开发提供一种新的思路和量化方法
短句来源
    A kind of multi-plan model, which may be used to measure the Tourism Carrying Capacity, was put forward in this paper.
    本文提出一类旅游环境承载力的多目标规划测度模型
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  measure model
In this paper we deal with the measure model with independently distributed errors.
      
A method is developed on the basis of the fundamental measure model of the density functional theory for calculating solvation of hydrophobic particles.
      
Measured pressure distributions can now be properly interpreted in terms of observed detailed flow patterns, without having to undertake complementary wind tunnel experiments to measure model loading.
      
Nonlinear error in measure model is adopted in the camera calibration; the interactive correlation matching is used under constraint of epipolar line and edge of tree detected by Canny operator.
      
In this way, only the oxygen, neon and iron abundances of Pottasch (1967), combined with either an isothermal or exponential temperature-emission measure model are consistent with both sets of data.
      
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  measuring model
Therefore, whenever minimax estimation is used for these problems, the mixture index of fit provides a natural approach for measuring model fit and for variable selection.
      
For this purpose, a generic IC measuring model was used.
      
Herein, we are engaged in estimating hyperparameters for measuring model complexity and resolving model selection problem.
      
This paper shows how an IC measuring model can be connected with the key success factors for implementing KM within an SME.
      
The measuring model presents an intuitive and quite generalized structure.
      


The authors researchon Tourism environmental bearing capacity the key issue of sustainable development of tourism industry, and in practice analyses tourism environmental bearing capacity of Yunshanpin scenic spot by using the measure model based on fuzzy linear programming. Pointing out the rational tourism environmental bearing capacity and the rational disposition of tourism resources in this famous scenic spot.

旅游环境承载力是旅游业可持续发展中的一个十分重要的问题 ,旅游环境承载力的测度、分析、研究 ,不但是对一旅游地进行开发、规划的有效工具 ,也不仅是被动地控制游客流量 ,不使其超过承载力的某一阀值 ,更重要的是 ,通过它可以指导我们主动地对旅游地进行合理管理 ,更好地延长旅游产品的生命周期 ,这对实现旅游业的可持续发展具有重要的理论价值和应用的现实意义。基于此 ,本文运用模糊线性规划测度模型来分析云南丽江云杉坪景区的合理环境承载力及合理的资源配置 ,以期为旅游规划和景区开发提供一种新的思路和量化方法

Visitor satisfaction theory is the basic part of tourism consumer theory and tourist destination service management theory.Since 1970s,visitor satisfaction theory experienced from conception recognition stage to factor identification stage,finally to measurement model creation stage.In this paper,both international and domestic research literature on visitor satisfaction is reviewed by dividing three parts.The first part begins by surveying the foreign literature on conception definition,mechanism of visitor...

Visitor satisfaction theory is the basic part of tourism consumer theory and tourist destination service management theory.Since 1970s,visitor satisfaction theory experienced from conception recognition stage to factor identification stage,finally to measurement model creation stage.In this paper,both international and domestic research literature on visitor satisfaction is reviewed by dividing three parts.The first part begins by surveying the foreign literature on conception definition,mechanism of visitor satisfaction,the identification of factors and attributes,visitor satisfaction research in the fields of nature and culture heritage sites,and measurement model of visitor satisfaction.The second part focuses on the domestic research literature,finds that visitor satisfaction research in Taiwan comparatively is keeping ahead,and all of above study areas are involved,whereas researchers in mainland and Hong Kong pay much attention to the measurement of tourist satisfaction for the cities.In terms of the disconfirmation between visitor's expectation and perception,the last part summarizes and concludes that such an established conceptual framework indicates the basic recognition route for visitor satisfaction.The paper also argues the less concern on the unique characteristic of tourism,which is different from the other service industries.Finally,recommendations for further study are draw with specific reference to the current and future position of visitor satisfaction study.The recommended topics include the significance of the visitor satisfaction to the visitor management,the relationship between different regional scale visitor satisfaction of destination,the case study of different areas,the impact factors,the index and criteria for the measurement model and its measurement,the operation standard and procedure of visitor satisfaction,the approach to improve the service quality in the tourism destination,and the study based on the perspective of service marketing.Comparing with normal destination,the nature and culture heritage sites need extra consideration on the significance and the mechanism of the visitor satisfaction impacting the site management.

阐述国内外关于旅游目的地游客满意理论的研究进展。国外研究主要包括游客满意的定义、影响因素的鉴别、遗产地游客满意研究、游客满意度测度;国内研究文献少而零散,且中国内地、港澳和台湾的研究在时间、视角和深度上表现不平衡。旅游目的地游客满意研究经历了概念辨析、因素分析和满意度测度模型研究的过程,游客满意理论基本沿用服务管理领域的顾客满意理论。提出游客满意的未来研究方向。

It is very important to establish a suit of eco-compensation system for natural reserve residents,and which is the key to acquire sustainable development for nature reserve.The paper puts forward the concept of touristic ecological footprint and its calculation model by taking Jiuzhaigou natural reserve as an example,calculates and analyses the tourists and residents ecological footprints.Based on the touristic ecological footprint,it constructs an eco-compensation estimate model for residents of the nature...

It is very important to establish a suit of eco-compensation system for natural reserve residents,and which is the key to acquire sustainable development for nature reserve.The paper puts forward the concept of touristic ecological footprint and its calculation model by taking Jiuzhaigou natural reserve as an example,calculates and analyses the tourists and residents ecological footprints.Based on the touristic ecological footprint,it constructs an eco-compensation estimate model for residents of the nature reserve.Four conclusions have been summarized:(1)The touristic ecological footprint of Jiuzhaigou is 0.061hm2 per capita in 2002.In comparison, extrapolating the footprint of a tourist to Jiuzhaigou (1.8 days) to 1 year,results in an area of 8.8817hm2 per capita in 2002, 9.27 times that of the average footprints 0.961 6hm2 of citizens of Jiuzhaigou. (2) Plus the tourist ecological footprint,the total ecological footprint of Jiuzhaigou in 2002 is 1.005 3hm2 per capita,ecological capacity is 1.202 6hm2 per capita,ecological remainder is 0.197 3hm2 per capita.(3)In Jiuzhaigou,the average tourist output of 1 hm2 ecological footprint is 8 643 yuan,3.31 times the average output 2 613 yuan of the Jiuzhaigou citizens ecological footprint.(4) Takes the direct lost benefits of De-farming and Reafforestation as the lowest eco-compensation level,Jiuzhaigou residents should be paid 2 159 yuan per family or 472 yuan per person.Takes the adding recreational benefits of De-farming and Reafforestation as the highest eco-compensation level,Jiuzhaigou residents should be paid 7 142 yuan per family or 1 561 yuan per person.Takes the difference of economic efficiency of ecological footprint between tourists and residents as a reasonable level,Jiuzhaigou residents should be paid 4 983 yuan per family or 1 088 yuan per person.

建立自然保护区周边社区居民的生态补偿制度,是自然保护区取得社会经济发展和自然资源保护的关键。文章提出旅游生态足迹的概念与计算方法,以九寨沟为例,构建基于旅游生态足迹效率的自然保护区居民生态补偿标准的测度模型。结果表明:①2002 年九寨沟游客人均旅游生态足迹为0.061hm2,其年度转化值为8.881 7hm2,是当地居民人均生态足迹0.961 6hm2 的9.27倍;②叠加游客人均旅游生态足迹,九寨沟总人均生态足迹需求为1.005 3hm2,人均生态承载力为1.202 6hm2,生态盈余为0.197 3hm2;③旅游生态足迹效率为8 643 元/hm2,是当地居民生态足迹效率2 613 元/hm2 的3.31 倍;④以居民退耕还林还草的直接收益损失作为生态补偿最低标准,户均应补偿2 159 元,人均应补偿472 元,以退耕还林还草的游憩功能价值作为生态补偿上限,户均应补偿7 142 元,人均应补偿1 561 元,以旅游者与当地居民的生态足迹效率之差来确定合理的补偿水平,户均应补偿4 983 元,人均应补偿1 088 元。

 
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