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神经     
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  nerve
    Hepair of Nerve Gaps with Acellular Nerve Scaffolds Extracted by Detergents
    去细胞神经支架修复周围神经缺损的研究
短句来源
    Effects of Adenovirus-mediated BDNF Gene Transfer into Spinal Cord to Treat Nerve Root Injury and Its Mechanism
    腺病毒介导的BDNF基因脊髓内转移治疗神经根损伤及其机理
短句来源
    Biomemberane Wrap, Peripheral Nerve Graft and Nerve Conduit Repair of the Oculomotor Nerve in Cats
    生物膜包裹、神经桥接及神经导管小间隙套接法修复猫动眼神经的研究
短句来源
    Experimental Study of Effects of PDLLA-T_3 in Peripheral Nerve Injury
    甲状腺激素人工神经修复周围神经缺损的实验研究
短句来源
    Mechanisms and Effects of GDNF-modified Artificial Nerve on Sciatic Nerve Defects in Rats
    GDNF基因修饰的人工神经对大鼠坐骨神经缺损的修复作用及机理
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  nerves
    The Methods of Examining Swelling of the Peripheral Nerves in Leprosy
    麻风病神经肿大的检查法
短句来源
    The nerves of abductor digiti quinti the treatment of heel pain
    小趾展肌神经与跟痛症的关系及治疗
短句来源
    Intracranial anastomosis of traumatized cra nial nerves
    颅内段颅神经重建
短句来源
    Analysis of 59 Lower Limb Nerves Injury Treated with Microsurgery
    59条火器性下肢神经伤显微外科修复疗效分析
短句来源
    THE BELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RENAL NERVES AND SODIUM RETENTION IN HEPATIC
    鼠胆管结扎性肝损伤时肾神经与钠瀦留的关系
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  nerve palsy
    [Results] All 21 patients underwent endoscopic thyroidectomy successfully without conversion to open thyroidectomy. The average time of operation was 112.0±30.2 min and the average intraoperative blood loss was 65.8±19.5 mL. We observed 1 case of transient recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy.
    结果21例全部成功,手术时间95~245min,平均(112.0±30.2)min,平均术中出血(65.8±19.5)mL,术后并发1例暂时性喉返神经损伤。
短句来源
    Tendon transfer for radial nerve palsy
    肌腱移位治疗桡神经不可逆损伤72例报告
短句来源
    Nerve Palsy and Total Hip Replacement
    全髋关节置换术与神经损伤
短句来源
    Serum AKP decreased also significantly (P < 0. 01) Recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy was observed in 1 case.
    血清AKP亦显著降低(P<0.01)。 1例发生一过性喉返神经麻痹。
短句来源
    Results:The operative mortality was 2 5%. The complication incidence during postoperative period was 52 5%. Morbidity included prolonged respiratory support (>7 days) in 6 patients,persistent air leakage in 12 cases ,refractory ventricular extrasystole in 1 case,phrenic nerve palsy in 1 case,stress ulcer with bleeding in 1 case .
    结果 :围术期死亡 1例 ,术后并发症发生率5 2 .5 % ,呼吸机辅助呼吸 >7日者 6例 (其中气管切开 4例 ) ,持续漏气 >1周者 12例 ,频发室性期前收缩 1例 ,膈神经麻痹 1例 ,应激性溃疡 1例。
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  equina
    Pathogenesis of Cauda Equina Syndrome Experimental Studies and Clinical Implications
    马尾神经综合征发病机制的实验与临床研究
短句来源
    Surgical treatment for spondylolisthesis complicated with cauda equina and nerve root compression
    腰椎滑脱合并马尾及神经根受压的外科治疗
短句来源
    Cauda Equina Syndrome Resulting from Lumbar Disc herniation-A reporte of 12 cases
    腰椎间盘突出伴马尾神经综合征(附12例报告)
短句来源
    Lumbar intervertebral disc herniation and syndrom of cauda equina
    腰椎间盘突出症和马尾神经综合征
短句来源
    CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF REDUNDANT NERVE ROOTS OF THE CAUDA EQUINA
    马尾神经根松弛症的临床诊断及治疗
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      nerve
    The compound 12 was found to be five times more potent than 11 in reducing twitch response to nerve stimulations, indicating the importance of extended interonium distances and 17-acetoxy function for potent antagonist activity.
          
    Differential diagnosis of cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen
          
    The aim of the present research is to study the mechanism of cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen and its differential diagnosis with cervical spondylosis.
          
    Fifteen cases with cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen were healed by the diagnostic treatment.
          
    Diagnostic treatment was propitious to differentiate cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen from cervical spondylosis.
          
    更多          
      nerves
    The comparison of the sequence with known sequences of short scorpion toxins led to the conclusion that toxin 14 belongs to a novel group of toxins affecting the excitability of myelinated nerves.
          
    The current findings support previous observations that the periods of dependence and independence of urodele limb regeneration on the integrated control of brachial nerves reflect changes in the metabolism of individual sensory and motor neurons.
          
    Effects of Electric Stimulation or Low-Frequency Laser Irradiation on the pH of the Nerves
          
    The sensory peptidergic component of control is evaluated by electric stimulation of nociceptive afferent nerves, which causes antidromic vasodilation.
          
    Olfactory placodes, that give rise to the olfactory and respiratory epithelia during ontogenesis, are a source of many neurons migrating into forebrain in the direction of growth along the olfactory nerves.
          
    更多          
      nerve palsy
    A case of chronic progressive peroneal nerve palsy is reported.
          
    The pathogenesis of cranial nerve palsy in tetanus is not known.
          
    A case of isolated anterior interosseous nerve palsy with its characteristic clinical picture of lack of function is described.
          
    Unilateral cranial nerve injury is usually mild but will require delay of controlateral carotid reconstruction to avoid severe bilateral cranial nerve palsy.
          
    Of 61 patients with isolated third nerve palsy, 23 (38%) had the characteristic clinical features of an ischaemic oculomotor nerve palsy.
          
    更多          
      equina
    According to principal karyological features, the species examined are divided into the equina and salopiensis groups.
          
    Zur Differentialdiagnostik der Verletzungen der Cauda equina und der Lendenanschwellung
          
    Ein Beitrag zur Differentialdiagnose der Erkrankungen des Conus medullaris nnd der Canda equina
          
    Zur L?sion des Conus medullaris und der Cauda equina
          
    über Erkrankungen des Conus terminalis und der Cauda equina
          
    更多          


    The author analysed a series of 57 cases with cysticercosis of posterior fossa in this study. The cardinal clinical features are as tollows, intermittent destructive attacks of intracranial hypertension; less neurological deficit by involvement of cerebellum and brain stem and meningo-encephalitis like change of the cerebrospinal fluid. Cysticercosis of the posterior fossa may be classified as follows: ventricle type (fourth ventricle or aqueduct) pia mater type (cisterna Magna or cerebello pontine angle), cerebellar...

    The author analysed a series of 57 cases with cysticercosis of posterior fossa in this study. The cardinal clinical features are as tollows, intermittent destructive attacks of intracranial hypertension; less neurological deficit by involvement of cerebellum and brain stem and meningo-encephalitis like change of the cerebrospinal fluid. Cysticercosis of the posterior fossa may be classified as follows: ventricle type (fourth ventricle or aqueduct) pia mater type (cisterna Magna or cerebello pontine angle), cerebellar cortex type, and mixed type; end among them there are strikingly different clinical manifestations, treatments, and prognosis. The complement fixation reaction with the cerebrospinal fluid and the Conray Ventriculography are still effective examination methods in diagnosis of cystecercosis of posterior fossa. The surgical method was discussed for cysticercosis of posterior fossa. In this series, all of 57 cases were treated by operation. Its results were fairly good, the mortality of 3.5% was obtained.

    本文对57例颅后窝脑囊虫病进行分析,其主要临床特点如下:颅内压增高呈间歇性梗阻性发作,小脑及脑干受损神经体征较少;脑脊液呈脑膜脑炎性变化。颅后窝脑囊虫病可分脑室型(第四脑室或导水管),软脑膜型(枕大池或桥脑小脑角),小脑皮质型和混合型,其临床表现、治疗和予后各有不同。脑脊液囊虫补体结合试验和脑室碘水造影仍是诊断颅后窝脑囊虫病有效检查方法。对颅后窝脑囊虫病的手术方法进行讨论,本组57例均行手术,手术效果较好,手术死亡率3.5%。

    The blood vessels and nerves of musculus gracilis were studied in 50Chinese adult male cadavers. It was found that, as a rule, the musclewas supplied by 2-3 small arteries. The largest artery, the main arteryto gracilis, most frequently sprung from arteria profunda femoris. Ar-teriograph of the main artery to gracilis revealed its wide distributionwithin the muscle. The nerve to gracilis was found derived constantlyfrom ramus anterior of nervus obturatorious and accompanied closely bythe main vessels to gracilis....

    The blood vessels and nerves of musculus gracilis were studied in 50Chinese adult male cadavers. It was found that, as a rule, the musclewas supplied by 2-3 small arteries. The largest artery, the main arteryto gracilis, most frequently sprung from arteria profunda femoris. Ar-teriograph of the main artery to gracilis revealed its wide distributionwithin the muscle. The nerve to gracilis was found derived constantlyfrom ramus anterior of nervus obturatorious and accompanied closely bythe main vessels to gracilis. The calibers of the main arteries and veinsto gracilis and nerves were larger than 1.0 mm,being big enough formicro-neuro-vascular anastomoses.

    本文观测了50具(100例)成年男性尸体股薄肌的血管和神经。供应该肌的动脉一般为2~3支,其中最粗大的一支是从股深动脉发出的主要股薄肌动脉。与其伴行的静脉多数为2支。供应该肌的神经来自闭孔神经前支,与主要股薄肌血管伴行入肌。主要股薄肌动脉、静脉及与之伴行神经的外径均值都大于1毫米,因而是能够满足当前显微外科吻合技术的需要的。

    It has been shown clinically that the analgesic effect of electricalacupuncture anaesthesia (EAA) for cranial operatjons was more effec-tive than that for other parts of the body. Among all cranial opera-tions the analgesic effect of prefrontal craniotomy was the best. Since1975, 43 patients with pituitary adenoma were operated on under EAAand the result was "good to excellent" in 95.3%. In this series thepatients' general condition and mental status were quite similar. Theoperation was carried out as a small...

    It has been shown clinically that the analgesic effect of electricalacupuncture anaesthesia (EAA) for cranial operatjons was more effec-tive than that for other parts of the body. Among all cranial opera-tions the analgesic effect of prefrontal craniotomy was the best. Since1975, 43 patients with pituitary adenoma were operated on under EAAand the result was "good to excellent" in 95.3%. In this series thepatients' general condition and mental status were quite similar. Theoperation was carried out as a small osteoplastic flap craniotomy in theright frontal region. All acupuncture points used in these cases wereclose to the branches of sensory nerves around the operative field.According to puncture locations the cases were divided into two groups.In Group A the points were very close to the nerves distributed in thefronta1 operative field, such as, Zanzhu (攒竹),Yuyao (鱼腰), Ermen (耳门)and Shangguan(上关). In Group B the point Chuanliao(颧髎) was locatednear the infraorbibital nerve with another point at the ipsilateral lobeof ear as a coupling point, and both of them were a little fartheraway from the oprative field. The rate of "good to excellent" in GroupA was 96.5%, in Group B 92.8% (statistically insignificant) .Althougha few patients had some complaints or goraned a little, they could stillcooperate till the end of the operation. EAA for such operation usuallyavoided the complications of both general anaesthesia and local anaesthe- sia, such as vomiting and instability of vital signs. Clinically itappeared that the nearer the points to the sensory nerves round theoperative field the better was the analgesia. A test using a G-6805electric pulse stimulator on cat's superficial radia1 nerve proved thatthe conductivity of the nerve was depressed under EAA. It seemed toshow that the EAA effect of the points of Group A was related to themodification of the conductivity of the sensory nerves of the soalp.On the other hand, Chuanliao point of Group B was close to thebranches of infraorbital nerve which was farther away from the opera-tion field. However the analgesic effect was almost as good as that ofGroup A. Here the assumption of depression of conductivity of sensoryuerves in the operative field could not be the adequate explanation.The authors believe that neuroanatomical segmentation is probably connec-ted with the relief of pain, because all points of Group A and B wereclose to the sensory branches of trigeminal nerve, and/or with changesof some neurochemical materials within the central nervous system (e.g.endorphine, 5HT). Whatever mechanism might it be the authors'experience is that points close to the sensory branches nearer to thecentral nervous system have better analgesic effect of EAA.

    本文总结在电针麻醉下摘除垂体腺瘤43例的临床经验,临床麻醉效果良好。通过动物实验观察,证明电针对感觉神经有局部阻滞作用,其效果与所用的电流强度、刺激频率及电针与近感觉神经干的距离有关。作者认为采用这种方法经前额剖颅施行垂体腺瘤摘除术,是一较为适宜的麻醉方法。

     
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