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集合数值预报
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  “集合数值预报”译为未确定词的双语例句
     THE DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF THE OPERATIONAL ENSEMBLE PREDICTION SYSTEM AT NATIONAL METEOROLOGICAL CENTER
     国家气象中心集合数值预报业务系统的发展及应用
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     A BRIEF REVIEW ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENSEMBLE PREDICTION SYSTEM
     集合数值预报发展与研究进展
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     THE VERIFICATION FOR ENSEMBLE PREDICTION SYSTEM OF NATIONAL METEOROLOGICAL CENTER
     国家气象中心集合数值预报检验评价
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     THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENSEMBLE PRODUCTS BASED ON THE SHENWEI MEDIUM-RANGE ENSEMBLE PREDICTION SYSTEM
     基于神威中期集合数值预报系统的产品开发
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     THE OPERATIONAL APPLICATION OF THE SHENWEI MEDIUM-RANGE ENSEMBLE PREDICTION PRODUCTS
     神威中期集合数值预报产品的业务应用
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     A BRIEF REVIEW ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENSEMBLE PREDICTION SYSTEM
     集合数值预报发展与研究进展
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     A Brief Overview of Ensemble Forecasts
     数值预报发展的新方向——集合数值预报
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     Estimations of Ensemble Size for Numerical Climate Predictions
     短期气候数值预报中的集合个数问题
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     THE OPERATIONAL APPLICATION OF THE SHENWEI MEDIUM-RANGE ENSEMBLE PREDICTION PRODUCTS
     神威中期集合数值预报产品的业务应用
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     THE VERIFICATION FOR ENSEMBLE PREDICTION SYSTEM OF NATIONAL METEOROLOGICAL CENTER
     国家气象中心集合数值预报检验评价
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The basic concepts of the Ensemble Prediction System (EPS) are addressed. A brief review is given on the development and implementation of the operational EPS at National Meteorological Center (NMC): the main components and their functions of the EPS/NMC, the interpretation of the EPS' products and the routine uses in the Weather Forecast Offices (WFO). The future development issues of the EPS, the national-wide uses of the EPS products in the provincial WFO over China are discussed.

介绍集合数值预报的基本概念 ,简要回顾国家气象中心的集合数值预报系统的开发过程 ,并概述了国家气象中心现有的中期集合数值预报业务系统的组成、集合数值预报产品的解释与应用、集合数值预报的未来发展趋势

Based on 32 forecast members of the Shenwei Medium-Range Ensemble Prediction System and the need of operational forecast, some new ensemble products are developed. These products include the clusters of 500 hPa height trajectories, "spaghetti" charts of special 500 hPa height contours, probability "plumes" and ensemble mean charts of 850 hPa temperature, and weather element forecasts from provincial capitals of China.

用我国神威中期集合数值预报系统 3 2个成员的输出资料 ,根据预报业务的需要 ,开发出新的集合预报产品。其产品有 5 0 0hPa高度场分簇和特征等高线面条图、关键点 85 0hPa温度的概率烟羽图和温度变化趋势图、全国省会城市的要素预报分布图

The products issued by the Shenwei Medium-range Ensemble Prediction System include the ensemble mean of 500 hPa height fields, the probabilities of 850 hPa temperature anomalies, and probabilities of rainfall. The ensemble-mean of 500 hPa height fields has been used in the forecast of the Eurasia circulation pattern, the sandstorm in spring, the rain process, and the change tendency of the subtropical high in summer. The probabilities of 850 hPa temperature anomalies are very useful in the forecast of temperature...

The products issued by the Shenwei Medium-range Ensemble Prediction System include the ensemble mean of 500 hPa height fields, the probabilities of 850 hPa temperature anomalies, and probabilities of rainfall. The ensemble-mean of 500 hPa height fields has been used in the forecast of the Eurasia circulation pattern, the sandstorm in spring, the rain process, and the change tendency of the subtropical high in summer. The probabilities of 850 hPa temperature anomalies are very useful in the forecast of temperature change tendency and cold air processes. The probabilities of rainfall have been used by forecasters directly.

目前神威中期集合数值预报产品包括 5 0 0hPa集合平均预报图、85 0hPa温度距平概率分布图、不同降水级别的降水概率分布图。其中 5 0 0hPa集合平均预报场对欧亚大型环流形势演变趋势、春季风沙天气、降水天气过程以及夏季副热带高压变化趋势等的预报中得到应用 ,85 0hPa温度距平概率分布图对未来气温变化趋势以及冷空气过程的预报有很好的使用价值 ,而降水概率分布图可供预报员在做降水预报时参考

 
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