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  northwest dialect
     We believe that in Shanbei Jin dialect the difference between Zhuang-zu (庄组) , Zhi-er (知二) and Zhang-zu (章组) ,Zhi-san (知三) may represent early phonetic level, and such phonetic pattern had come into being in northwest dialect of the Tang-Wudai period (唐五代) .
     本文认为陕北晋语开口的庄组、知二与章组、知三分立应该代表比较早的语音层次,并且这种语音层次在唐五代西北方音里就已经初步形成。 疑母和泥微影喻这几个中古声母在今陕北晋语中多有关涉。
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  “西北方音”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The Rules of Sanskrit-Chinese Phonetic Transcription in the Sutras Translated by Xixia(西夏) and the Dialect of Northwest China
     西夏译经的梵汉对音与汉语西北方音
短句来源
     Colloquial stratigraphy is language phenomenon's reduplication of different historical stratigraphy of ancient, middle and modem levels.
     白读层是上古音、中古音、唐五代西北方音、近现代音四个历史层次的叠置。
短句来源
     These features have important values for us to comprehend the Northwestern dialects of the Late Tang and Five Dynasties, and provide some beneficial ways and scientific bases to compile and to proofread Dunhuang literature.
     这对我们进一步了解和认识晚唐五代西北方音具有很重要的价值,进而也为敦煌文献的整理与校勘提供了一些有益的方法和科学依据。
短句来源
     Using the new method of two -faced evidence integrated by historical linguistic comparison and the evidence provided by historical literature, the thesis compares comprehensively the phonetic phenomena in the colloquial layer in the Fenhe river group with those in the northwest Chinese dialect in Song dynasty, so as to find more linguistic facts to set up the successive relationship between the two.
     本文采用历史比较法与文献考证相结合的新二重证据法,从声母和韵母两方面将今汾河片方言和宋代的西北方音作了较为全面的比较,以期找出更多的语言事实建立二者之间的对应关系;
短句来源
     The result reveals that in the dialect of Wubu(吴堡) exists different phonological strata including the dialect of the north-west during Tang(唐) and Song(宋)dynasty or the middle ancient Chinese and later borrowed from the authority dialect or the common language.
     在吴堡话的声母、韵母中,叠置着中古或唐宋西北方音与后来从权威方言或共同语借入的不同语音层次。
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  相似匹配句对
     Northwest China.
     西北区。
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     The Bygones in The Northwest
     西北往事
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     Seventy Years of Kunming Local Sound
     昆明方音七十年
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     Inner Differences of Yong'an Dialectal Speech
     永安方音的内部差异
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The rhyme system of Li Junmin and Duan shi er miao in the Jin Dynasty had 18 categories,yet there were many cases of duplicate rhyming between different categories.By comparing with Northwest dialects of the Song Dynasty and modern Jin dialects,we find that some duplicate rhyming between different categories reflected characteristics of Jin dialects in the Jin Dynasty.

金代山西人李俊民、段成己和段克己诗词文的用韵可归纳为18部,但同时也存在许多不同韵部之间的通叶现象。经过与宋代西北方音等的比较,并联系现代晋语进行分析,我们发现不少合韵应该就是金代晋语特点的反映。

The author puts forward that data for studying the pronunciation history of Jin Dialects includes contemporary dialect data and historical document data.The former involves the present data of all kinds for studying Jin Dialects and the data for studying the rest important dialects;The latter contains the rhyming dictionaries and poetry rhymes of Jin people in different periods,the notes of the pronunciation of Jin Dialects scattered in ancient books and records in different historical periods,and the accomplishment...

The author puts forward that data for studying the pronunciation history of Jin Dialects includes contemporary dialect data and historical document data.The former involves the present data of all kinds for studying Jin Dialects and the data for studying the rest important dialects;The latter contains the rhyming dictionaries and poetry rhymes of Jin people in different periods,the notes of the pronunciation of Jin Dialects scattered in ancient books and records in different historical periods,and the accomplishment made by sorting out the data of the pronunciation of the external territory languages with the pronunciation of Northwest Dialects in Chinese language.At last,the author suggests we adhere to four principles for studying the the pronunciation history of Jin Dialects.

文章提出研究晋方音史的资料包括当代方言资料和历史文献资料。当代方言资料包括:现有研究晋方言的各种资料及研究各大方言的资料;历史文献资料包括:晋人不同时期的韵书及诗词用韵,不同历史时期散见于典籍中的有关晋方音记载,域外民族语言与汉语西北方音的对音材料的整理成果。最后提出应当遵循的四条原则。

Among the Chinese sutras excavated at the ruins of Khara-khoto,some were new versions translated by the Xixia(西夏) preceptors from the Sanskrit originals,and most of these were printed during the reign of Renzong(仁宗)(1140-1193)of the Xixia(西夏) State.Different from the other Buddhist texts in Chinese,the phonetic values of the Chinese characters used in translating and transcribing the dharani of the sutras accorded to those in the dialect of Northwest China.The main purpose of this paper is to explore the rules...

Among the Chinese sutras excavated at the ruins of Khara-khoto,some were new versions translated by the Xixia(西夏) preceptors from the Sanskrit originals,and most of these were printed during the reign of Renzong(仁宗)(1140-1193)of the Xixia(西夏) State.Different from the other Buddhist texts in Chinese,the phonetic values of the Chinese characters used in translating and transcribing the dharani of the sutras accorded to those in the dialect of Northwest China.The main purpose of this paper is to explore the rules of Sanskrit-Chinese phonetic transcription and explain how the Sanskrit syllables were transcribed into Chinese by adapting to the Chinese phonology,hoping that it can help people to grasp the general picture of the dialect of Northwest China in the 12th century and provide assistance to the phonetic reconstruction of the Tangut phonology based on the Tangut-Chinese transcription of Fanhan He Shi Zhangzhong Zhu(番汉合时掌中珠).

黑水城出土的汉文佛经中的陀罗尼的对音秉承了唐代以来梵汉对音的传统,特别是为准确描摹梵语的实际音值所采用的那些注音辅助手段,颇能显现与中原汉译佛经的个中渊源,所不同的是夏译密咒所用汉字的字音是西夏地区流行的汉语西北方音。特别是《胜相顶尊总持功能依经录》中的陀罗尼,对帮助人们认识12世纪汉语西北方音的概貌有重要意义,同时亦为建立在《番汉合时掌中珠》夏汉对音基础上的西夏字的拟音提供参考。

 
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